Erik Dalton head and tail
Erik Dalton head and tail

Leveling the Head and Tail

By Erik Dalton, Ph.D.
May 23, 2023

Leveling the Head and Tail

By Erik Dalton, Ph.D.
May 23, 2023

Most massage therapists have made the mistake of chasing pain around a client's body. One week the client reports that pain arises in the left hip, while the next week it’s the right knee that hurts. We massage the muscles around the hip and then the muscles around the knee. The pain moves and may even change in intensity—but doesn’t resolve.


Instead of chasing pain symptoms, we should consider doing what I call “leveling the head and the tail.” What do I mean by that? When we level the head and tail, we balance the head on the neck and the pelvis on the legs. This practice addresses the root of the client’s pain pattern because it corrects imbalances from anatomical asymmetry.

No person is entirely symmetrical. From birth, most of us express one-sided motor dominance. For example, look at yourself in a full-length mirror. If you’re right-side dominant, you’ll see that the toes of your right foot turn out more than the toes of your left foot. Your right shoulder is probably lower than your left, and your body is rotated slightly to the left. You know this because you see more of the back of your right hand.

In addition to motor dominance, injuries cause asymmetry because they drive us to alter how we move to minimize our pain and prevent further injury. Similarly, habitual activities like sitting hunched at a computer for long hours or carrying a heavy bag over one shoulder lead to uneven weight distribution and misalignment throughout our musculoskeletal system.

See Also: What are Myoskeletal Alignment Techniques?

Muscle guarding and aberrant postural patterns become entrenched in the nervous system, where spinal cord reflexes instigate changes to the mid-brain and cause compensations up and down the kinetic chain. Instead of correcting faulty posture, the brain begins to see abnormal muscle tension and postural adjustments as normal. The body does its best to adapt, and will even remodel bones in response to unusual stresses.

Some people adapt to postural changes without experiencing pain or discomfort. Most people, however, develop pain patterns that persist. Massage methods that level the head and tail help rebalance the body and retrain the nervous system.


The brain wants the head to sit on an even platform to allow maximum head-on-neck rotation. Scientists believe that this helped us to track prey more effectively. Although in this modern world few of us need to track prey, a level head is still necessary. When the head is poorly aligned, the brain tries to compensate. As a result, some muscles overwork while others turn off, creating and continuing a cycle of tension, pain, weak posture, and reduced mobility.

Massage therapists are often quick to address head tilts, rotations, and head-forward postures by applying deep massage to hypertonic or shortened cervical muscles.

While such methods have their place, let’s first use gentle mobilizations on the joints of the cervical vertebrae. Mobilizations (not thrust adjustments) capture the brain’s attention by introducing novel stimuli that help reset faulty nervous system responses.

Soon, the body enjoys the movement and releases protective guarding. Passive, active, and resisted movement, nerve flossing, and muscle spindle stimulation reprogram the nervous system and allow a return to balance.


Just like the head needs to sit on a level platform, so does the spine. Leveling the tail refers to creating a level sacral base. Motor dominance, leg-length discrepancies, poor posture, sitting for long periods, and other factors that cause pelvic tilts and rotations lead to a sacral base that’s off-kilter.

Consider the rectus femoris, for example. Because of its attachments to the anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS), shortness or tightness in this muscle may lead to lumbopelvic distortions. A shortened or hypertonic rectus femoris can tug on the ilia, creating torsional forces that anteriorly rotate the ipsilateral pelvic bowl. Unilateral shortening of the rectus femoris results in anterior rotation of one ilium, whereas bilateral contraction produces increased lumbar lordosis and lumbosacral angle.

Our initial impulse might be deep work on the rectus femoris and iliopsoas. Instead, let’s use some Myoskeletal Alignment Techniques, or, more specifically, graded-exposure stretching to reduce muscle tension and balance the innominates.

In Myoskeletal Alignment Techniques, we often choose movement first because we want to expose the nervous system to new movement possibilities and reduce the threat of pain. When the body feels safe to move, it down-regulates sympathetic nervous system activity and drops protective muscle guarding.

We can use deep friction if necessary, but we are just as likely to apply muscle spindle activation techniques to wake up inhibited muscles and nerve flossing to free trapped nerves.

See Also: 4 Tips for Better Client Retention

The next time you see a client with unresolved pain, don’t chase their symptoms around their body. Instead, assess the position of the client’s head and tail. Resist the impulse to drop your elbow into hypertonic muscle, and begin by using passive, active, and resisted movement to engage the brain and downregulate the sympathetic nervous system.

You may find the body does your work for you, and you can put your elbow away. By focusing on the levelness of the head and tail and by choosing movement first, we help retrain the nervous system, and stop chasing pain.