resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
New Knee, New Pain (Part 2)
The patient presented to the chiropractic clinic with symptoms of genu varum and pain on the medial aspect of the tibiofemoral joint.
The Importance of Staying Focused
Our world is so full of over stimulation and constant information. We live in a fast paced, ever-changing society. If you seek you will receive.
The Deficiency Myth
If you went to the same kind of medical school I did and took the same kind of licensing exam I took, you were trained to seek out and expect to find primary deficiencies here in the U.S.
Common Disorders of the Temporomandibular Joint
The evaluation and management of craniofacial pain is a complex endeavor, which often encompasses the presence of temporomandibular joint disorders.
Acupuncture Ambassadors: A Chat with Leader Anthony M. Giovanniello, MSAc,LAc
When you first meet Anthony Giovanniello, you realize he's a humble practitioner, yet is bursting with a type of dedication that you can't help but be overwhelmingly inspired by.
Increased Breast Cancer Risk: Another Implication of High Cholesterol
In addition to being a known risk factor for heart and cardiovascular disease, recent studies have highlighted the link between high cholesterol and increased risk of breast cancer. Breast cancer is the second most common malignancy in women after skin cancer.
Using Facial and Scalp Acupuncture To Treat Neuromuscular Facial Conditions
As a practitioner and instructor of facial rejuvenation acupuncture I have gotten many calls over the past 10 years from individuals seeking help for various conditions affecting the facial muscles, nerves, and overall function of the face.
Betraying Patients and the Profession
Imagine flying from New York to Paris on a jumbo 747. Your thoughts are on your vacation and experiencing the City of Lights. Midway over the Atlantic Ocean, you overhear the flight attendants talking in muffled voices.
Qigong to Empower Our Youth
Qigong is an ancient form of exercise and meditation used to promote longevity and health. This practice has traditionally been used by adults to balance the body through mindfulness, focused breathing and gentle movements.
Look, Listen and Learn to Code
Study of the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) Evaluation and Management (E&M) coding system can leave a doctor of chiropractic a bit confused. The description of the five new-patient and five established-patient examination codes takes up several pages in most coding books. The degree of detail and charts used to describe the codes can be overwhelming.
Preserving the Natural Resources and Culture of Chinese Herbal Medicine
As the world experiences unprecedented population growth and ever-increasing ecological pressures, the topic of preserving Chinese medicine's natural resources has attracted steadily increasing attention from practitioners.
Ask and You May Receive
A friend of my mother has had a problem with her ears for almost 20 years. Whenever the wind blows, it sends shooting pain through her jaw. She has seen any number of medical specialists over that time, but with no relief.
Gaining an Independent Occupational Code with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
One of the most important national activities currently taking place in relation to the development of the field of AOM profession is the Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics' (BLS) revision of the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system.
Climbing the Ladder of Opportunity (Part 1)
President Obama spoke of building "ladders of opportunity" in his State of the Union and Inauguration addresses.
News in Brief
Parker Announces Executive Director of Parker Professional; Athletic TIPS Program Getting Financial Support; ANJC Award Recipients Named.
Peer Points: Spreading The Word
Pedram Shojai describes his venture into Traditional Chinese Medicine as a journey led by various "mystical experiences." Shojai decided to change the course of his career when he looked deeper into the basics of TCM.
An Alternate Method For Choosing The Right Formula For Your Patients
A constant question for us in the clinic is when to make adjustments and when to stay the course. A patient comes in and says, "Things are the same as last week."
Embracing the Light
Four years, ago I was diagnosed with a labral tear in my hip that was excruciating and "required surgery" according to an orthopedic surgeon. I tried everything and although the symptoms had mostly abated, I had to give up Yoga practice and everything that could exacerbate the tear.
Why Stretching Doesn't Work
Like most chiropractors, a good part of my day is spent working with sedentary office workers who spend eight to 12 hours a day glued to a desk chair in front of a computer.
The Urinary Bladder Official
The Bladder Official is known as the Official Who Controls the Storage of Water. In Western medical terms, this organ collects the urine excreted by the kidneys.
Gallop Confidently Into The New Year
Happy New Year! As you may know, this is the year of the Wooden Horse. I received a wonderful gift for Christmas. It is a beautiful glass sculpture of a horse, by Luili Gong Fong, a Chinese artist.
The Many Faces of Cervical Compression
When evaluating the neck, there are any number of orthopedic tests to be considered.
We Get Letters & E-Mail
Let's Restore Integrity to Health Care – Starting With Us; MDs Offer More – So Can We.
Putting Public Health Into Action: Thinking Globally, Acting Locally
The Chiropractic Health Care section of the American Public Health Association (APHA) met at the 141st APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition in Boston late last year, and it was another triumph for chiropractic and its public health advocates.
An Introduction to Evidence-Based Clinical Practice - Again
One of your patients is in for treatment and catches you off guard by asking you a question about a news article she recently read. It seems that a new intervention for back pain was found to reduce the rate of serious side effects by 50 percent.
April, 2009, Vol. 09, Issue 04
Incorporating Lymphatic Drainage in Facelift Massage
By Rita Woods, LMT
More and more therapists are performing facial massage as a stand alone session such as a facelift massage. Women in their 60s, the typical age group treated in my practice, present with specific issues that should be taken into consideration. First, if they do not receive regular massage and do not have an active lifestyle, they may have sluggish circulatory/lymphatic systems. Second, they may have health and medication issues that impact how, and if, you can proceed with the session. In this column, I'll discuss what you need to know and how to approach the facial lymphatic system in a basic and uncomplicated session.
Areas of Caution
First, some words of caution. If your client suffers from an active infection such as sinusitis, strep throat, tooth abscess or any skin infection, do not proceed. Active head/face infection is your number one contraindication for this work. If, however, they have been taking antibiotics for at least three days, it is generally safe to proceed. Next, if your client has facial swelling of unknown origin, do not proceed. Remember this is for a typical session with a healthy client and no extenuating circumstances. While it is possible to use this work to address blunt force trauma and post-facial surgery, that requires advanced training. Standard massage contraindications also apply even when working on the face alone.
Facial Lymphatic System
Now, onto the treatment itself. You remember from your massage school curriculum that massage increases circulation; it also increases lymphatic flow. That is, massage also increases the release and flow of lymphatic waste. As with any "waste disposal," some form of clearing should be done before adding more waste to the system. (For example, if there is mud stuck in the end of a garden hose, the mud must be cleared out before the water can flow effectively. The same holds true in the body's waste removal systems.)
Unlike the blood circulation in the face which drains in a variety of directions before ending up back at the heart, the facial lymphatic system follows a very exacting drainage path. The right side of the face flows to the right and the left side to the left - with both sides ultimately flowing into submandibular lymph nodes. While there are other locations housing lymph nodes involved with head/face "cleaning," such as under the occiput, the main ones for facelift style work are the submandibular ones. Lymph nodes vary in size from small - about the size of a pin head - to large, about the size of an olive. The ones under the mandible are about the size of a pea.
During a regular full body massage, muscles are warmed and circulation increases. When performing a stand alone face session, muscles must also be "prewarmed" in order to gain the necessary effects. As importantly, submandibular lymph nodes must be stimulated (rubbed) in order to open and enhance circulatory and lymphatic flow. Failure to do so could result in edema and puffiness especially under the eyes, an area prone to sluggish lymph flow.
If your client suffers from bags under the eyes or obvious fluid retention in the face, you may choose to focus more time on lymphatic work until some of the fluid and puffiness has decreased, possibly in one or two sessions. Although it is not possible or practical to teach a facial lymphatic protocol in this format, we can follow some basic steps that will surely help your client. Do not mix muscle work and lymphatic work. The lymph vessels are just under the surface of the skin on the face and are easily flattened by pressing too deeply. While they recover quickly, they need time to do so. A muscle technique to break up adhesions should not immediately be followed by a lymphatic stroke.
Two Key Areas
Two key areas to focus your attention are the submandibular nodes and the terminus. The terminus is where the lymph vessels dump into the circulatory system just before entering the heart. Unlike the rest of the body, the lymph vessels of the face have a straight shot down the neck and into the heart. You want to stimulate this area to prepare it to receive more lymph. This stimulation, while gentle, is more aggressive than work on the actual vessels. The same is true of the submandibular nodes. You will exert a steady and firm pressure, almost in a milking/pumping action, to these nodes. Done correctly, your client will be able to breathe, swallow and speak while you affect the nodes. The tips of your fingers apply pumping pressure on the underside of mandible and your fingers must remain in constant contact with the inner edge of the jaw line. The nodes are tucked up under the inside edge and in some cases can be palpated. Keeping your fingers on the bone will also ensure that you are not encroaching on arteries or veins in the neck.
Steps of Treatment
A typical session would be as follows: 1)Warm the facial muscles using any gentle, non-invasive technique; 2)Gently stimulate the lymphatic terminus which is found below the clavicles and on either side of the manubrium; 3) Stimulate the submandibular lymph nodes by using digital pressure up underneath the mandible bone; then 4) Proceed with your facelift session protocol. Upon completion of the facelift protocol, allow 5-10 minutes for stimulating the lymph flow through the lymphatic vessels. These vessels respond well to light stroking that is almost featherlike. Starting with the region closest to the nodes, apply a light stretch to the skin then follow the movement with a featherlike trailing toward the nodes. Your stroke will look like a 7 or an L. Work your strokes up to the middle of the face with the featherlike trailing toward the nodes. You may encounter some drag if there is lubricant on the face. If so, you can use a cotton ball for the trailing stroke. Cotton balls work well on and around the eyelids.
The combination of the proper facial and/or facelift massage and lymphatic drainage of the face can multiply the effects of facial work. Some of my happiest clients are those who finally get rid of the bag-gage.
I want to thank Charlotte Versagi, lymphatic massage instructor extraordinaire for sharing her knowledge and experience in the writing of this article.
Click here for more information about Rita Woods, LMT.
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