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Epigenetics: The Western Science Supporting Essence
Since the days of Darwin, western medicine has touted that our genes were set in stone, that our genetics were our destiny. We were told that the diseases that ran in our family were likely coming to us as well.
AAAOM – The Beginning of the End (Part II)
In 2012, the AAAOM board members met in Chicago for their annual meeting. The goal was to come to a consensus on a long list of issues the AAAOM needed to work on including a functional board and budget.
Green Tea Catechins Lower PSA, Other Biomarkers in Men With Localized Prostate Cancer
A 2006 study (Cancer Research) was the first human investigation to show that green tea catechins (GTC) are highly effective in reversing premalignant prostate lesions (high-grade prostate intra-epithelial neoplasia), an established precursor to prostate cancer.
News in Brief
Hamm Elected New President of the ACA; WFC / ACC 2014 Education Conference: Call for Papers; F4CP Recognizes Standard Process as $1 Million Supporter; Texas Chiro. College Begins Search for New President; League of Chiropractic Women Hosts Women's Success Summit.
Collaboration for a Cause
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act strongly encourages the formation of multidisciplinary practitioner teams called Patient Centered Medical Homes (PCMHs) and Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs).
Get That Shoulder to Move: Restoring Internal Rotation
How many times have you mobilized, performed ART, Graston, FAKTR and PIR, and stripped a patient's posterior capsule, yet on re-exam, discovered it was still blocked?
Leaving a Lasting Legacy: Donna Liewer
For the past 31 years, Donna Liewer has been on a personal mission "to comfort the afflicted and afflict the comfortable." In her role as executive director of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Liewer has accomplished that and much, much more.
Why DCs Need to Understand the Principles of "Inclusive Design"
In the past few columns, I've written about the negative effects of prolonged sitting at work. I've attempted to make the point that prolonged sitting (or prolonged standing) takes a toll on workers. Now let's discuss a related issue: the concept of "inclusive design."
Chiropractic Prevents ADHD? Research Shows...
Now that I have your attention, let me tell you what the latest study actually states. As you may have noticed, research over the past few years has begun to reveal that acetaminophen (the primary ingredient in Tylenol) is not as safe as once thought.
Stress in the Modern Age: Impact on Homeostasis and What You Can Do (Part 1)
In 1926, Hans Selye first used the word stress in a biological context, referring to the nonspecific response of the body to any demand placed upon it.
AAAOM – Making Promises They Can't Keep
When the AAAOM first formed in 2007, their mission was clear: to support the profession through education, resources and legislative advocacy. The first years of the organization were filled with promise and hope.
One and Done: Keeping Patients From Vanishing After Just One Appointment
What happened to my 3:30 p.m. ROF? They may have rescheduled, but there are two common answers no one wants to hear: 1) "She called to cancel. I tried to get her to reschedule, but she refused." 2) "She no-showed.
Resilience is the New Longevity
Sometimes we must enter a room through one door and not another, even though they both lead into the same space. I am talking now of the recent cachet with the concept of "resilience" regarding health, chronic pain and longevity.
Flexion-Intolerant Lower Back Pain (Pt. 3): Mobilization & Soft-Tissue Treatment
What is the biggest challenge to the chiropractor in treating discogenic pain? You have to completely reframe the purpose of your manipulation. It is rarely about unlocking a stuck segment at the disc involvement level; it is not about putting a joint back in alignment.
Successful Strategies in Integrating Acupuncture and Shiatsu in a Hospital Oncology Program
Colleagues from the Network of Researchers in Public Health in CAM recently published an article of interest to our Traditional Asian Medicine community.
Monoculture of the Mind: Part II
Cases are built within boundaries. Such bounds may be a program, event, activity or individuals. In this instance, a medical case has boundaries that include clinical interactions that are comprised of history, signs, symptoms, diagnoses, treatment plans and treatments.
Steven Rosenblatt: Birthing A Cross-Cultural Acupuncture Profession
The existence of a cross-cultural acupuncture profession in the United States, one that is legalized, licensed, supported by formalized, academic training and inclusive of non-Asian practitioners, is an important part of the medical landscape in this country and is responsible for improving the lives of hundreds of thousands of Americans.
What is a Discipline in Medicine?
In my now prolonged dialogue with physicians, one question emerges with enough regularity to deserve mention and naming: what is a discipline?
Risk Factors for Heel Problems
Heel pain and gait disability are common occurrences in adults, often the result of thinning heel pads and a lifetime of exposure to heel-strike shock. One condition experienced by many people is plantar fasciitis.
The Healing Properties of Light: An Interview With Researcher Anna Cocliovo
This interview is with Anna Cocliovo, a light researcher and Acupuncturist in Arizona. During my own research in light, I came across the article she published for the American Journal of Acupuncture and sought her out as a result.
Creating Child-Friendly Clinics with ABT
The Zurich Dojo was scattered with toy ducks, dolls, trains, exercise balls and teddy bears during my recent pediatric workshop.
Are You Guilty of Paternalism in Your Approach to Patient Care?
Einstein is purported to have said, "When a man sits with a pretty girl for an hour, it seems like a minute. But let him sit on a hot stove for a minute and it's longer than any hour. That's relativity." In some way, everything is relative to one's point of view.
Absorbing Essential Oils Through the Skin
I have always told students that an immediate and very effective form of aromatherapy is inhaling the aromatic molecules. It is a proven, powerful way to deliver the effects on body, mind and spirit. Even when body workers apply a lotion or oil product containing essential oils during a session, both the client and therapist are breathing. As such, both are receiving the effects of inhalation.
The question of absorption via the skin has been fairly mysterious and full of controversy for many years. Essential oils can and do affect the skin cells, but do they get into the body via lymph or bloodstream this way? Old research showing lavender in the bloodstream within a half hour after diluted skin application did not factor out inhalation.
The case against absorption through the epidermis begins at the uppermost layer, the stratum corneum that is designed to keep things from passing into the body. The other layers do not contain lymph or blood vessels, the reason why a cut needs to pass into the dermis and the subcutaneous layers to produce bleeding. How much of a product that will manage to reach the dermis has also been addressed. Aromatherapist and educator Robert Tisserand1 has said in his answer to whether a topical essential oil application could interact with a medication, "Only about 10% of that would be absorbed by the skin, so 10% EO applied becomes 1% EO absorbed." And any product containing true essential oils that has a detectable aroma indicates that an amount of the essence in the product is vaporizing, becoming a gas that is diffusing into the air (again, to be inhaled).
Medicinal products relying on skin absorption are frequently applied on areas of thinner epidermal layers, such as the axillary region. One might then assume that this would be true for essential oils, too. Some have suggested that fragrant molecules were more easily absorbed in openings in the skin, such as hair follicles and sweat glands. This gave rise to the idea that applying essential oils (often neat) to the feet, well known for their ability to sweat, was a potent way to deliver desired properties.
However, it appears that pores created by follicles and sweat glands have an exterior directed function and are not really a reliable delivery route. An article posted by Aromatherapy United2 titled, "Myth — Apply to Feet," listed some other interesting articles and research about dermal penetration including the following: "Absorption via the pores and follicles is considered to be insignificant because the orifices account for only 0.1% of the skin area and diffusion along sweat ducts is against an outward aqueous flow."
And these statements that also argue against the efficacy of dermal application to the feet and elsewhere: "The stratum corneum of the palms and soles is very thick (400-600 µM) whereas that of the arms, back, legs and abdomen is much thinner (8-15 µM)." "Normally, cells in solid tissues (for example, skin or mucous membranes of the lung or intestine) are so tightly compacted that substances cannot pass between them. Entry, therefore, requires that the xenobiotic have some capability to penetrate cell membranes. Also, the substance must cross several membranes in order to go from one area of the body to another."
More recently, researchers studying absorption methods have conducted an experiment to study dermal penetration via the feet. This study was not about essential oils, but sought to investigate an urban myth claiming people could become drunk by submerging their feet in vodka. (BMJ 2010; 341 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.c6812 (Published 14 December 2010)) The conclusion proved that this was false and alcohol was not detected in the blood when samples were taken every 30 minutes for a total of 180 minutes.
Despite the clinical approach to reflexology that uses no type of lotion or oil product, I have taught a CE course in the past on aromatic foot massage with reflexology. It combines soothing massage of the feet with aromatic oil, warm moist fragrant towels and some standard reflexology moves. While I agree with the clinical reflexology practitioners that their method is adequate and needs no additions, this class was designed as a spa treatment. Again, my primary idea was that the specifically chosen essential oil aromas would be inhaled by the client and affect desirable changes in that way. The soothing massage would enhance the receptivity of the client, increasing those effects. In practice, this seems to be the case.