resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
A Conversation With Dr. Betty Edmond
This month's column is an exclusive interview with Betty Edmond MD, newly elected CEO/President of the AOMA Graduate School of Integrative Medicine in Austin, Texas.
Qigong for Substance Abuse
It is commonly believed that substance abuse, in addition to harming one’s physiological state, hurts the spirit. There is also a belief that one’s spirit does not weaken due to substance abuse, but rather, the person finds solace in addiction due to an already weak spirit.
Low Back Pain in Running Athletes
After 7 million years of adapting to upright postures, the lumbar spine and pelvis have become remarkably adept at managing ground-reactive forces associated with running.
We Get Letters & Email
Our Country Needs Us Between Elections, Too; Continuing Care: We Aren't There Yet; Our Associations Need to Do More.
An Opportunity & a Responsibility
Nearly 80 Americans die from an opioid-related overdose every day, and spine-related pain is one of the principle drivers of opioid use. This unfortunate situation creates both an opportunity and a responsibility.
True Practice Mobility for the Chiropractic Profession
When natural disasters occur, chiropractors can literally travel to the other side of the world to offer humanitarian relief in less than a day. The chiropractor's license to legally practice, however, can't make it past the state line.
News in Brief
Updated Neck Pain & Whiplash Guideline; Attention, IHS DCs; New VP of Institutional Advancement At Palmer; N.J. DC Interns At U.S. Olympic Training Center; Chiropractic Society Of R.I. On The Front Lines.
Prepare for the End, From the Beginning: Wealth Building and Retirement with the Tao
Yin and yang flow into and out from one another continually. Beginnings become endings and endings become beginnings again. Wholeness and cycles are the nature of Tao.
Five Branches University Has First Hospital TCM Residency
Established in 1984, Five Branches University (FBU) has campuses in Santa Cruz and San Jose, Calif., which serve the communities of Santa Cruz, the Monterey Bay, and Silicon Valley.
Anti-Aging With Dr. Ping Zhang
Jennifer Waters, TCM practitioner and writer of the Acupuncture Today column, "Talking With the Masters" sat down with Dr. Ping Zhang to discuss aniti-aging with acupuncture.
Shoulder Rehab: Start With the Scapula
The scapula is an incredible display of elegance and movement within the biomechanics of human motion. It's evolved for mobility and stability in the scapulo-thoracic region, giving us the ability to do things that are uniquely human, such as throwing with accuracy.
Scar Reduction With Acupuncture & Microneedling (Part 2)
Protocols & treatment Timing
Flirting With Alternative Therapies
There are about as many adjunct therapies being marketed to acupuncturists as there are acupuncturists. While some may remain purist in their application of traditional Chinese medicine, others choose to explore new horizons of treatment.
The Acupuncture Channel System (Part 1)
The earliest Chinese reference to channels is in the Mawangdui Medical Manuscripts,1 which are dated to the Warring States period of the Zhou Dynasty (475 BC-221 AD). The text presents 11 channels. There are no acupuncture points listed in those channels.
The Case Report: A Valuable Tool
Case reports are a valuable form of descriptive research. The most basic form of practice-based research, a case report is a detailed account of the history, presenting symptoms, assessment, observations, treatment and follow-up of an individual patient, discussed in the context of prior and potential future research.
Another Step Forward for Chiropractic
Chiropractic is now available to 86,000-plus Latter-Day Saints missionaries and you are invited to become a provider. LDS membership in not required; our only concern is that our missionaries get the best quality care available.
Crow Like the Rooster
As we welcome in the Year of the Rooster, we look at some of its major characteristics: confidence and communication, which suits the image we have of the Rooster...strutting in the farmyard, crowing to the others that it's time to wake up.
Let's Clear Up the Collection Confusion
This is an often-misunderstood practice swirling with misinformation. First, a few basics: Insurance is a contract between the patient and the insurance company. The insurance company is simply making a payment for services or care on behalf of the patient.
A New Year and Vision for the ACA
Inadequate pain management coupled with the epidemic of prescription opioid overuse and abuse has taken a severe toll on the lives of millions of people in the United States. Every day, more than 1,000 people are treated in the ER for misusing prescription opioids.
The winter season is upon us and offers unique challenges for the clinician and patient alike. To effectively navigate through the winter season there are two main TCM medicinals, Huang Qi and Gan Jiang, to consider, as well as two important formulas which feature these two TCM treasures.
An Education in Gluten Sensitivity
A relatively new syndrome officially documented as non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) or gluten sensitivity (GS) was officially recognized and published in the new list of gluten-related disorders in 2012.
Nutrition for Menopause: Front-Line Therapy for All Phases
Of all the changes women experience during their reproductive life, there is no doubt the most dreaded are the three phases of menopause. This is not surprising since all of the symptoms associated with menopause are replete with unpleasantness.
February, 2016, Vol. 16, Issue 02
Assessing and Treating Golfer's Elbow
By Ben Benjamin, PhD
The term golfer's elbow is a bit misleading, because golfers are only a small segment of the population that suffer from this injury. The muscle-tendon unit involved in this injury is the flexor carpi radialis, the structure used to flex the wrist.Bikers, tennis players, pianists, violinists, painters, construction workers, and individuals who work out using weights all get golfer's elbow fairly frequently. It is also common in those who spend many hours a day at their computer, and is frequently a part of the complex picture referred to as Repetitive Stress Injuries (RSI).
To locate the structures affected in golfer's elbow, press one of your elbows into the side of your body, squeezing it against your ribs as hard as you can. The bony protrusion pressing into your ribs is the medial epicondyle. Golfer's elbow usually occurs right at the medial epicondyle — specifically, at the tenoperiosteal junction of the flexor carpi radialis tendon (the portion of the tendon that is attached to the periosteum, or bone covering, of the medial epicondyle). This is the area of the muscle-tendon unit where the most stress and tension are exerted. If the structure is not rested after an initial strain, the injury may spread to affect the body of the tendon, the muscle belly, or at the distal attachment on the anterior side of the base of the second and third metacarpal bones of the hand. This spreading of the injury occurs if the structure is not rested or treated and worsens over time.
How and Why this Injury Occurs
It's often hard for clients to remember what they did that brought on golfer's elbow. It can be caused by almost any activity that uses a repeated forehand motion — for example, intensive writing or typing, hammering, lifting, or painting , or overdoing wrist curls at the gym — and the pain often starts up to several days after the strain occurs. Often, no pain is felt if the person is warmed up and involved in athletic activity like golf or tennis.
Golfer's elbow can last a week, a month, or a year or two, depending on how well or poorly the strained fibers heal. If the person keeps repeating the activity that caused the strain, adhesive scar tissue may form and prolong the healing time. If the client cannot or does not stop the pain-causing activities, the treatment will take much longer.
Referred pain is minimal in the elbow, but if the injury worsens, the person may experience the pain as radiating from the elbow toward the wrist. In that case, what's actually happening is that the injury is spreading throughout the muscle-tendon unit. Once the tenoperiosteal junction is injured, the whole structure is weakened and more vulnerable to injury. If it is repeatedly put under stress, more and more fibers become strained. As a result, an injury that started at the tendon attachment soon spreads to the tendon body and then the muscle as it tries in vain to do its work.
Increasingly in our society, people are working longer hours, exercising less, and spending more time on their computers for fun after work is over. This causes great strain on the flexor carpi radialis muscle-tendon unit. Whenever people don't exercise to gain and maintain flexibility and strength beyond what they need for their normal daily activities, things can break down quickly. I recently began treating a woman with golfer's elbow who spends most of her day working at a computer, and who hasn't exercised for four years because she is so busy. Her good arm could lift a two-pound weight just 20 times before tiring. Her injured arm could not lift even one pound without discomfort. The flexibility of both wrists was limited to 75 degrees. (A healthy wrist easily moves to 90 degrees of extension and flexion.) This is a case of an injury that was just waiting to happen. Our goal now is to build up flexibility and enough strength in her flexors and extensors that she can easily exercise with ten pounds with her good arm, and eventually (after six to eight weeks of treatment) with her injured arm as well.
Ask the client to hold the injured arm out in front of the body and flex the hand down toward the floor. Place one of your hands on top of the wrist to support it, and wrap the fingers of your other hand around the client's palm. Now, ask the client to hold the hand in this position while you try to pull it forward and up. Hold this isometric position for a few seconds. In a person with golfer's elbow, this action will cause pain at the medial elbow and/or into the forearm.
A combination of the following treatments is generally very effective within four to six weeks. The muscle-tendon unit is easily accessible.
To perform the friction, it's best to have the client's elbow bent at a 90-degree angle and the forearm slightly supinated. Place the tip of your thumb at the edge of the flexor carpi radialis tendon, just inferior to and up against the edge of the medial epicondyle; this is the tenoperiosteal junction. Now press down to compress the tendon, and friction in a medial direction. Continue for five or six minutes, take a break, and repeat, for a total of 10 to 12 minutes of frictioning. Then massage the upper arm and forearm to maximize blood circulation to the tendon.
An important caution when working in this area: The flexor carpi radialis is located right near the ulnar nerve. If your client feels tingling or electric sensations down the arm, that means you've hit the nerve and you need to shift where you're working.
Extend the injured arm in front of you, with the palm facing the ceiling, and you can use your other hand to support the elbow. Then, holding a one- or two-pound weight, curl the hand up in flexion and then slowly lower it to the starting position. Do three sets of 10 repetitions of this exercise, resting for a moment between sets.
Golfer's elbow is a very common condition, for golfers and non-golfers alike. With more and more people working on computers or playing computer games for long periods of time, it will likely become even more prevalent over time. In treating golfer's elbow, friction therapy to reduce and eliminate the adhesive scar tissue — coupled with exercises to increase the flexibility and strength of the flexor carpi radialis — have proved to be extremely effective. No matter what treatment is given, the person should be sure to limit activities, especially those that cause pain, until he or she is completely well. It is often very tempting for clients to resume activities as soon as they begin to feel better; it's easy to lose perspective and resume exercise or work at a level that the body is not yet ready for. A slow, careful build-up of strength and flexibility is the most prudent course of action to ensure a full recovery and minimize the risk for re-injury.
Click here for more information about Ben Benjamin, PhD.
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