Is Primary Spine Care the Answer for Chiropractic?
Recently, we sat down with Mark Studin, DC, FASBE(C), DAAPM, DAAMLP, to discuss the state of chiropractic and why primary spine care may hold the key to chiropractic's future. Read what he had to share in this exclusive interview.
Dropping Insurance: 4 Steps
My office manager just got off the phone with the secretary of a long-standing patient. I have treated this woman and 10 members of her family for more than a decade. She has, as have all of my patients, paid my fee at the time of service since I dropped insurance in 1997.
Better With Chiropractic
While chiropractic care is receiving high levels of exposure these days, most pain patients who consult with a health provider still do so with their primary-care MD. And of course, that means in most cases, they're receiving standard medical care, not chiropractic.
Spring Allergies & The Spleen: Looking at Pattern Differentiation
As the season of Spring fades away and we shift into the warm summer months, many patients suffer from chronic allergies. This is by far one of the most common issues I see in the clinic as well as often mistreated and misdiagnosed.
Regenerative Medicine: How to Do It by the Books
The "lay of the land" for regenerative therapies, including but certainly not limited to adult stem-cell treatments, seems to change almost daily.
Missed Causes of LBP: It's the Syndrome, Not the Subluxation
When I read the chart notes of other chiropractors, I am usually disappointed. They list what vertebrae are fixated or misaligned. They may describe the involved fascia and muscles.
Old Trend, New Risks: Heavy Weight Training
With more opportunities to exercise than ever, a greater selection of exercise options, and the subsequent opinions supporting and challenging their merits, it's easy to be confused as to which approach is best.
State by State: Chiropractic Leads Changes in Health Care
Monumental legislative bills in support of the chiropractic profession were passed recently in Washington, West Virginia and Oregon. Here is a review of this important legislation, state by state...
New Opportunities for DCs
For decades, the model chiropractic practice has been the single-doctor practice. Recent surveys have found that approximately two-thirds of U.S. doctors of chiropractic still practice this way, with another 20 percent practicing in multiple-chiropractor practices.
Transforming Exam Delivery
The NBCE Board of Directors has never wavered on its promise to deliver an excellent, on-campus computerized testing experience to students. Likewise, there has never been a compromise to the delivery of fair, valid and legally defensible exams.
Cyber Threat Checklist: Defend Your Business With These 10 Steps
Living in an internet connected society brings many conveniences and benefits. The power of the internet to connect us with customers, store data, and find information has opened the door for many small business owners to grow and flourish.
Diagnosing & Treating Aggressive Energy
Recently, there has been an article, and subsequent discussion, about the subject of Aggressive Energy (AKA "AE"), including ways to detect its presence and an alternative method of treating it.
First World Spine Care Graduate: Hildah Molate
Hildah Molate, the first World Spine Care (WSC) scholarship student, graduated from Palmer College of Chiropractic earlier this year and is now working at the WSC community spine clinic in Shoshong, Botswana.
Practice Pearls: There's More to ROM Than Meets the Eye
As part of my neuromusculoskeletal examination, I perform range-of-motion (ROM) evaluations. I can "eyeball" the range and measure, I can use a goniometer and measure, I can use my phone app and measure, or I can use various other instruments to help determine degrees of motion.
News in Brief
Parker University Launches New Open-Access Research Journal for Chiropractic; Western States, Cleveland-KC Name New Deans of Chiropractic Colleges; Sherman College Goes Tobacco-Free; Life University Wins 11 Awards.
Paving the Way to Integrative Health & Wellness
Jared Polis (D-Colorado) and Mike Coffman (R-Colorado) launched the integrative health and wellness (IHW) caucus in October, 2018.
Bastyr University: On the Front Lines of the Pain Epidemic
At University of Washington's Harborview Medical Center, the Seattle region's only Level I Trauma and Burn Center, the demands for in-patient care are dramatically different from a private clinic environment.
Chiropractic's Next Frontier: Adjusting the Microbiome
Restoring a healthy microbiome to help treat disease may be the next frontier in chiropractic offices around the country.
Prompting Memory: How to Stimulate Cognition
Recently I gave a talk titled, The Art of Memoir – Tapping the Past to Sharpen the Present at a senior lunch event in Austin, Texas.
Official NCCAOM Practice Tests
The National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (NCCAOM) is excited to announce the launch of the new NCCAOM Exam Preparation Center.
The Acupuncturist and the Opioid Crisis: Conquering Pain & Addiction in the U.S.
The current opioid epidemic dominates the discussion among national health leaders, recovery advocates and families nationwide. Opioids include heroin as well as prescription pain relievers such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, codeine, morphine, fentanyl, and others.
Acupuncture's Standard of Care
Both a concern and critique of acupuncture, frequently espoused by the bio-medical community is, "there is no standard of care in acupuncture." The following is why I believe this statement is disingenuous at best.
Multi-Dimensional Acupuncture: 3D, 4D & 5D
Maggie is an intuitive healer and workshop leader who I met on a recent hike. While we were talking she told me how she had to take it easy because of her knees. She said that her doctor told her that she has the early signs of arthritis.
NBCE to Reinstitute Computer-Based Exams
The National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) has announced it will reinstate computer-based testing in January 2019 courtesy of a partnership with testing and assessment solutions provider Prometric.
A Novel Way to Prevent Elderly Falls: Toe Strength
In any given year, nearly 40 percent of senior citizens ages 70 and older will fall at least once. Each fall significantly increases the risk of not only sprains, strains and contusions, but also fractures.
Catch the Workplace Wellness Wave
Do you offer workplace wellness services to local businesses? If not, you might want to consider this lucrative channel for expanding your practice. Workplace wellness programs and wellness-related benefits have grown in popularity over the past several decades.
Prevention: Stop Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections
The recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of those nuisance conditions that can play havoc with quality of life, and this particular infection is much more common than most people realize.
TCM Codes for the World
I just received an email concerning the ICD-TM11 codes. The World Health Organization (WHO) will be presenting the new ICD-11 codes to World Health Assembly very soon.
Reducing Allostatic Load & Stress Through Heightened Awareness
Your contemporary mental health and psychotherapy colleagues may often approach the treatment of allostatic load as a mental health condition and use prescription psycho-pharmaceutical medicine to affect general and specific central nervous system (CNS) pathways and brain neuro-chemistry medicine to alleviate the associated symptoms.
It's Time for a Functional Approach to Chronic Illness
It seems one of the more modern buzzwords is chronic, referring to diseases – that is to say, "ongoing and incurable." However, we can take a different perspective and recognize that, although the body may have been traumatized and injured, healing should always be viewed in the realm of possibility.
April, 2015, Vol. 15, Issue 04
Using Essential Oils on Clients with Cancer: What You Need to Know
By Shellie Enteen, RA, BA, LMBT
The potential for the massage therapist to encounter a client in a stage of treatment for some form of cancer has grown in the last few decades. If you use essential oils in your massage practice, there are some things to consider.
Despite an idea being enthusiastically circulated by purveyors of essential oils, no essential oil is known to be a cure for cancer. Those promoting the essential oil of frankincense (Boswellia carteri) for its anti-cancer activity, especially those recommending it for topical and ingestion treatment to effect a cure, might be overlooking a fact about aromatherapy chemistry. Most of the actual research done on frankincense and cancer has involved promising active ingredients found in the resin. One of these is boswellic acid, a non-volatile, triterpene that does not exist once the resin is put through hydro-distillation to produce the essential oil.
For this, and other reasons, applying frankincense in massage will not create a miracle. It's also out of the scope of practice to prescribe a tea made with resin tears and that's also not advisable. Boswellia carteri is an endangered species with regulations imposed on production which results in scarcity. That creates a high probability of a resin adulterated by inclusions or substitution. And even if the absolute, 100% pure resin is available at an affordable cost, the studies undertaken do not convey the safe and appropriate dosage that might achieve in the body what has been seen in a petri dish.
As is frequently the case, there is little scientific research to report about the efficiency of aromatherapy for patients undergoing treatment for cancer. Most of the information we have comes from the empirical evidence of practicing aromatherapists and their clients.
I did find one study* that measured changes in patient-reported levels of physical or psychological distress or quality of life using essential oils and massage. The most observable effect was relief of anxiety. The study did not conclude that the addition of essential oils was necessary to achieve this. They reported that beneficial effects on other symptoms, such as depression and pain, may occur, but they concluded that more testing is necessary to make evaluations. I did not find any evidence of further research.
There have also been studies on the monoterpene content of essential oils relating to cancer prevention and treatment, particularly limonene.** But it is extremely important to understand that one isolated component used in vitro does not replicate the experience of topical use of the whole essential oil. This evidence would not support the idea that an aromatic massage with an essential oil containing limonene (such as lemon, Citrus limon) would produce a cure.
Having said this, can aromatherapy massage help cancer patients? Has that one study disproved the efficiency of essential oils in massage? I think not. And there are decades of empirical evidence that would agree with me. It's also helpful to know that empirical evidence is sometimes more useful than other forms of research. When scientific research is conducted on the use of essential oils in treatment of cancer patients, only a very few are selected for the trials. These are administered in a clinical setting, which can also affect the patient's response. What the educated aromatherapist knows is that the best way to use essential oils is in a holistic rather than symptom-specific approach. This is because essential oils have specific effects on physical, mental, emotional and spiritual levels. All essences that are known to reduce pain do not have the same specific effects on these subtle levels. Clinical trials do not generally address these differences.
One reason a test might include only a few essences is that, in the case of an institution such as a clinic or hospital, "efficiency" would require a one size fits all approach that would indicate one specific essential oil for each symptom. But there are underlying reasons why a person undergoing chemotherapy and radiation would have anxiety, reflecting the other life circumstances that need to be considered. The effective use of aromatherapy would include ascertaining these individual needs and using the corresponding essential oils that would address them. In a massage therapy practice, there is an opportunity to discover and to address all the client's life issues and create a specific blend that is likely to have very helpful results. Are there contraindications for using essential oils in massage for cancer patients?
It has long been believed that certain essential oils are not to be used during cancer treatment as they might inhibit or increase the uptake of chemotherapy ingredients. This idea has, for the most part, been disproven in the case of skin application. There is an in vitro study of the effect of the essential oil component geraniol*** (found in geranium and others) on cells of colon cancer that showed an increase in the uptake of 5-FU with geraniol present. In concluding statements: "By fluidizing the membrane, geraniol may favor cellular uptake of anticancer drugs. This could permit the use of lower concentrations of chemotherapeutic drugs and, at the same time, lower their secondary effects. Investigations are in progress with different colonic cancer models in rodents to determine whether the combination of geraniol and 5-FU may offer a promising approach for optimizing the treatment of colorectal cancer." However, this combination is not achieved during topical application or diffusion. And once again,the ratio and effect of a single component in the total chemistry of an essential oil is not the same as that used to measure this component in isolation.
On the matter of use with skin cancer, Robert Tisserand, renowned Aromatherapist and co-author of Essential Oil Safety, 2nd edition, had this to say in answer to a reader's question on his online blog via Robert Tisserand.com in 2012: "A number of essential oils enhance the transcutaneous penetration of other substances. This is a widely-studied phenomenon and research is ongoing. It happens because some essential oil constituents are very good at crossing the epidermis. In a 1991 paper, Williams and Barry found that 1,8-cineole, the major constituent of eucalyptus oil, enhanced the skin permeability of 5-FU by an incredible 95 times. 5-FU is only applied to the skin to treat skin cancers. In those situations, it would be prudent to avoid applying any essential oils or aromatherapy products to the same area of skin. When 5-FU is given intravenously (for internal tumors) applying essential oils to the skin will have no effect. Similarly, ingested essential oils will not affect the dermal delivery of 5-FU, or any other substance."
What the massage therapist can consider, then, is utilizing the empirical evidence that suggests certain essential oils for different phases, circumstances and emotions encountered during cancer treatment. Please consult a reference text for more information about each essential oil listed below. (Suggested texts appear at the end of this article.)
Shock: Neroli (orange blossom), rose otto, ylang ylang, clary sage, patchouli, petitgrain.
Anger: topical diluted and diffusion: roman and German chamomile, lavender, myrrh, mandarin.
Burns: (radiation): topical diluted: carrot seed, lavender, helichrysum.
Courage and Stamina: diffusion of all citrus, sweet orange, sweet basil, rosemary verbenone, thyme, cedar, ginger.
Depression: topical diluted and diffusion: lavender, geranium, rose otto, clary sage, roman chamomile, sweet orange, grapefruit, frankincense.
Insomnia: topical diluted and diffusion: lavender, roman chamomile, jasmine, sweet marjoram, sweet orange, neroli.
Malodorous Wounds: apply to external side of dressing: lemon, clove, lavender. Diffuse in room: pine, lemongrass, lemon, sweet orange.
Nausea: inhalation: peppermint, ginger, sweet fennel (as preferred by the client).
Wound (incision) Healing: topical diluted: lavender, geranium, myrrh, helichrysum, frankincense.
Opportunistic Infection Prevention: topical diluted and diffusion: lavender, tea tree, eucalyptus globulus.
Adrenal support: topical diluted and diffusion: rose geranium, sweet basil, pine.
Immune support: topical diluted and diffusion: ravensara, tea tree, lavender, spike lavender, thyme.
Lymphedema: topical diluted or compress: cypress, helichrysum, blue chamomile, yarrow, juniper berry.
I encourage the massage therapist to explore the use of essential oils for this client population. In this way, they can discover their own empirical evidence for using aromatherapy with clients diagnosed with cancer who have received the go-ahead from their physician for receiving massage therapy as part of their treatment protocol.
Suggested Reference Texts
*Aromatherapy and massage for symptom relief in patients with cancer. Fellowes D1, Barnes K, Wilkinson S. 2004, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15106172.
*** Geraniol, a Component of Plant Essential Oils, Sensitizes Human Colonic Cancer Cells to 5-Fluorouracil Treatment S. CARNESECCHI, K. LANGLEY, F. EXINGER, F. GOSSE, and F. RAUL, November 16, 2001 http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/301/2/625.full.pdf.
Click here for previous articles by Shellie Enteen, RA, BA, LMBT.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.