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Older Patients, Stroke Risk and Manipulation
The first population-based study in the United States to evaluate stroke risk following spinal manipulation – and the first involving older adults – suggests that "[c]hiropractic cervical spine manipulation is unlikely to cause stroke in patients aged 66 to 99 years with neck pain.
News in Brief
ACA Exec. Vice President Out, Acting EVP In; F4CP Executive Director Retires; New ED Named.
Joint Supplements for Athletes (Part 2)
A fairly recent discovery in nutrition supplemental medicine has proven to be a breakthrough in maintaining athletic joint health. Research suggests a combination of undenatured type-II collagen and tetrahydro-iso-alpha acids helps revitalize joint function and performance in athletes.
Pain Is Only a Piece of the Puzzle
More often than not, when a patient presents to the office, it is for a pain complaint: headache, neck pain, low back pain, sciatica, carpal tunnel, etc.
The Way We Are Designed: A Conversation with Gil Hedley, PhD
I was first introduced to the work of Gil Hedley by Tom DiFerdinando. He gifted me Gil's DVD series.
What Do You Know About Physician Compare?
Physician Compare is a website that allows consumers to search for and obtain information about physicians and other health care professionals who provide Medicare services.
Treating Beyond Pain
More often than not, when a patient presents to the office, it is for a pain complaint. Headache, neck pain, low back pain, sciatica, carpal tunnel... The pain is often the focus of the patient's mindset, and they don't often have any thought of what comes after the pain.
Keep Seniors Safe: Age-Proofing the Home
I want to give Dr. Claudia Anrig kudos for her Dec. 1, 2014 column, which highlighted safety issues youngsters might encounter in the home.
Recreational Cannabis Use and TCM
Many people are drawn to cannabis for its effects physically, mentally and emotionally. Medically, cannabis has some legitimate uses, however the scope of this article is limited to the recreational use of cannabis.
Treating GERD and Incontinence: Focus on Trigger Points
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is defined as the regurgitation of stomach acid in the esophagus. Previously, it was thought that GERD was caused by a hiatal hernia, but recent trials suggest the cause is an inability of the hiatal sphincter to contract normally.
The Need for a New Medical Model: A Challenge for Biopsychosocial and Ecopsychologica Medicine
Chinese medicine speaks of alignment between humans, heaven and earth. It is a complex view with a focus upon relationship. These are comprehensive ideas with no specific terms in contemporary medical practice.
Synergy Doesn't Happen in Silos: Acupuncture in Hospitals and Other Healthcare Settings
As acupuncture and traditional East Asian medicine continue to intersect and integrate with biomedical approaches, the conversation about integration expands and becomes richer.
There Really is No Room for Sexism
Recently, Matteo* (a transgender male) approached me during a break in an advanced shiatsu class in Berlin where he was one of two men in a group of 20 women. "Pamela. Don't forget to remind the translator to include male endings."
A Well-Kept Secret: 5 Element Acupuncture, Part II
Supervising acupuncture interns at a TCM college, it has always struck me how funny it is to hear the clinic manager tell the patients that the Five Element clinic specializes in treating emotions, as if patients with physical pain have no emotions!
Converting More Patients to Your Practice
In 2013 and 2014, the theme was "the money is in the list." This meant that if you had a big email list, you were really making some "cha-ching." Unfortunately, having thousands of emails doesn't equate to thousands of dollars in profit.
Viewpoints: Massage Reduces Nonspecific Shoulder Pain, Improves Function
While seemingly universal, pain and stiffness in the shoulders can be a significant cause of disability. Often a pain that does not go away on its own, shoulder complaints tend to linger, sometimes for 12 months or longer.
God and the Chiropractor
My wife went to church last Wednesday night and brought home a CD of the pastor's message. As she handed it to me, she said, "You should listen to this; you'll like it." Our family regularly goes to church and our faith plays a major role in our lives.
Managing Tibialis Posterior Tendon Injuries
The tibialis posterior is the deepest, strongest and most central muscle of the leg, with fibers originating from the tibia, fibula and interosseous membrane.
TCM Congress in Rothenburg is Largest in Western World
In the medieval town of Rothenburg, deep set within the Bavarian countryside in Southern Germany, the TCM Kongress Rothenburg each year draws around 1.200 participants from more than 40 different countries to attend the biggest TCM conference in the Western world.
The Dietary Supplement Research Dilemma
I do not care what the truth is, one way or another; I just want to know it. And when it comes to dietary supplements, the truth can be hard to find for a number of reasons.
How We Can Help the Injured Brain
The majority of patients with mild traumatic brain injuries recover within seven to 10 days. If concussion signs and symptoms continue beyond seven days, the diagnosis changes from acute concussion to post-concussion syndrome.
Will You Be an Amplifer or a Mute?
These times are changing, and changing quickly. There have been many challenges to this profession throughout the past few years. The challenge is to talk, then talk and talk some more about this medicine.
An Excerpt from TCM Case Studies: Pediatrics
This excerpt is reprinted with permission from Jamie Wu. TCM Case Studies: Pediatrics was released in 2014 by People's Medical Publishing House.
June, 2014, Vol. 14, Issue 06
By Cherie Sohnen-Moe
The spa industry has expanded in new and exciting directions over the last two decades. While the image of the local day spa remains most familiar, spas have also become common vacation destinations and are desirable amenities at resorts, in luxury hotels and on cruise ships.Dental and medical offices are including spa treatments to make their procedures more pleasant and attractive to their patients. Many spas have expanded their scope from simply furnishing beauty services to offering healthcare services. Estheticians, massage therapists, aromatherapists, acupuncturists, reflexologists, yoga teachers, nutritional consultants and energy practitioners are commonly found in these spa settings.
As public demand has grown, even the image of the local day spa is growing and changing with corporations like the Red Door Spa and franchise systems like Massage Envy Spa, Elements and Massage Heights getting involved in promoting day spas at the national level.
Online forum chats overflow with comments about the good, bad and ugly aspects of working for spas. Franchise organizations seem to bear the brunt of the negative remarks. Practitioners complain of the poor working conditions and the low wages. The people posting in these forums often claim these companies are making it difficult for independent therapists to survive. I have to question that. Because of these companies, many people are now receiving massage that wouldn't have even considered it in the past, and probably weren't aware of the benefits even a year earlier. These companies provide thousands of employment opportunities for massage therapists, as well as tremendous visibility at the national level. For example, in 2012, Massage Envy Spa provided 14.5 million services to 1.17 million members and 2.6 million guests. In 2013, they provided 56,000 services per day. And that is only one of the many national franchise organizations today. I see this as being analogous to the hair styling industry. Yes, there are many franchises such as Supercuts, where you can receive a haircut for about $15. Yet, many people still go to other salons where they pay closer to $60 for a haircut.
Most people working at a franchised day spa earn more than $25 per hour, including tips. So, if you are working 25 hours per week, that's about $30,000 per year. Plus, many of these companies offer benefits such as health care, paid time off and educational opportunities. That is much better than the average worker receives. Also, while some therapists have a college degree and extensive training, others enter into this field with a mere 500 hours of schooling. This is a good return on investment.
Part of the problem comes in when people think about how they could charge between $50 to $60 per hour (even more in some cities). Worse, they fail to consider the cost of building and maintaining a business. That $30,000 salary starts looking better when you factor in rent, utilities, equipment, linens, supplies, front desk staff, marketing, taxes and insurance. Just the cost per session (e.g., linens and lubricants) is between $2 to $6. Even the bare bones minimum cost to operate a small practice is about $12,000. And that amount doesn't include taxes, staffing, health insurance, continuing education or other benefits. Finally, this number includes a barely existing marketing budget — which needs to be dramatically increased when building a practice.
If you want to work an equivalent of the 25 hours per week at a franchise spa, then you really will only have time for 15 clients per week, as you will need at least 10 hours per week (and a lot more in the building phase) to manage and market your practice. Let's say you charge $50 per hour and work 50 weeks per year, seeing 15 clients per week. Your gross revenue would be $37,500. Then deduct the $12,000 for the base operating expenses and you are now making $25,500 per year. Realistically, your net profit will most likely be closer to $20,000 — and you have to bear all of the risks.
Of course, you can change those numbers by working more hours, charging higher fees and selling products. Yet, many people don't have the desire or personality to run their own business. According to CG Funk, Vice President of Industry Relations and Product Development for Massage Envy Spa, working for a franchise spa may be a good option for practitioners who are new graduates, those that want to supplement their private practice income, those that don't want the responsibility of operating their own business or those who simply want to work part time.
Overall Success Strategies
Working in a spa requires conforming to a corporate image and structuring your treatments to align with the company's schedule, treatment protocol, policies and philosophy. Marketing is another area that is often a source of conflict. In a spa, you don't have to do marketing or schedule clients, but there's no guarantee your work hours are filled. Many practitioners discover to their dismay that to increase the client flow they need to market their services themselves (this is more so in a local day spa than a destination spa).
To be successful in these environments, a practitioner needs to understand employer expectations and understand the rationale behind the policies and procedures set by the employer. Certainly these measures are set up to protect the client and the company; very often they are set to protect the practitioner as well.
Good communication skills are vital in this environment. In addition to client interactions, practitioners need to communicate well with the front desk staff, management and co-workers.
The Work Environment
Creating an ethical working environment is, of course, the mutual responsibility of spa management and employees. Ideally, spa management acts diligently to protect and serve the rights of both employees and clients. On their side, spa employees ideally commit themselves to quality work at all times and in all circumstances and express loyalty to the organization by cooperating with policies and procedures and avoiding conflicts of interest. Difficulties arise not just with actual lapses in these ideals, they also arise when suspicion and distrust surface within the organization. Both management and employees, therefore, need to practice transparency, honesty and integrity in communications with one another.
On one hand, the relationship between spa management and employees boils down to a question of autonomy. In most spas, practitioners don't have a choice about how many clients to see in a day, which clients they'll work with or even what type of work is to be performed. Serving the customer is the spa's priority. Management expects employees to work to an assigned schedule, to expand their therapeutic repertoire by learning spa treatments outside their specialty and to conform to the corporate image. On the other hand, spa management may offer the employee numerous benefits such as compensation based on seniority, commissions on product sales, health insurance, paid vacations, paid sick days, pension plans, profit sharing and reimbursement for continuing education.
Perhaps the most serious ethical concerns in the spa environment surround issues of inappropriate touch and sexual misconduct. Management usually has a zero tolerance policy, meaning that if a client complains of sexual misconduct on the part of a practitioner, that practitioner is terminated without recourse. A similar policy might exist regarding practitioner complaints against clients who sexualize a session. Management needs to examine whether their policies disempower practitioners in these situations, while employees should know the limits of their legal rights.
The next sections highlight some of the ethical considerations shared by spa management and spa employees to create an atmosphere where cooperation and ethical behavior are encouraged and supported.
Ethical Guidelines for Spa Employees
Ethical Guidelines for Spa Management
Destination spas and day spas are here to stay. The growth rate continues to be strong for these companies. The question really isn't, "Are these companies good for the profession?" The question is, "Are these companies good for you?" Evaluate your goals, style and personality before you decide to work for a spa on a part-time or full-time basis. Then evaluate each specific company to see if you mesh well with their corporate culture. Find out if they follow the above guidelines. Keep in mind that even though a company might be part of a larger corporation, every manager or owner has their own style and may run that specific location differently than others.
Click here for previous articles by Cherie Sohnen-Moe.
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