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Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Code Connection: Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
June, 2014, Vol. 14, Issue 06
By Cherie Sohnen-Moe
The spa industry has expanded in new and exciting directions over the last two decades. While the image of the local day spa remains most familiar, spas have also become common vacation destinations and are desirable amenities at resorts, in luxury hotels and on cruise ships.Dental and medical offices are including spa treatments to make their procedures more pleasant and attractive to their patients. Many spas have expanded their scope from simply furnishing beauty services to offering healthcare services. Estheticians, massage therapists, aromatherapists, acupuncturists, reflexologists, yoga teachers, nutritional consultants and energy practitioners are commonly found in these spa settings.
As public demand has grown, even the image of the local day spa is growing and changing with corporations like the Red Door Spa and franchise systems like Massage Envy Spa, Elements and Massage Heights getting involved in promoting day spas at the national level.
Online forum chats overflow with comments about the good, bad and ugly aspects of working for spas. Franchise organizations seem to bear the brunt of the negative remarks. Practitioners complain of the poor working conditions and the low wages. The people posting in these forums often claim these companies are making it difficult for independent therapists to survive. I have to question that. Because of these companies, many people are now receiving massage that wouldn't have even considered it in the past, and probably weren't aware of the benefits even a year earlier. These companies provide thousands of employment opportunities for massage therapists, as well as tremendous visibility at the national level. For example, in 2012, Massage Envy Spa provided 14.5 million services to 1.17 million members and 2.6 million guests. In 2013, they provided 56,000 services per day. And that is only one of the many national franchise organizations today. I see this as being analogous to the hair styling industry. Yes, there are many franchises such as Supercuts, where you can receive a haircut for about $15. Yet, many people still go to other salons where they pay closer to $60 for a haircut.
Most people working at a franchised day spa earn more than $25 per hour, including tips. So, if you are working 25 hours per week, that's about $30,000 per year. Plus, many of these companies offer benefits such as health care, paid time off and educational opportunities. That is much better than the average worker receives. Also, while some therapists have a college degree and extensive training, others enter into this field with a mere 500 hours of schooling. This is a good return on investment.
Part of the problem comes in when people think about how they could charge between $50 to $60 per hour (even more in some cities). Worse, they fail to consider the cost of building and maintaining a business. That $30,000 salary starts looking better when you factor in rent, utilities, equipment, linens, supplies, front desk staff, marketing, taxes and insurance. Just the cost per session (e.g., linens and lubricants) is between $2 to $6. Even the bare bones minimum cost to operate a small practice is about $12,000. And that amount doesn't include taxes, staffing, health insurance, continuing education or other benefits. Finally, this number includes a barely existing marketing budget — which needs to be dramatically increased when building a practice.
If you want to work an equivalent of the 25 hours per week at a franchise spa, then you really will only have time for 15 clients per week, as you will need at least 10 hours per week (and a lot more in the building phase) to manage and market your practice. Let's say you charge $50 per hour and work 50 weeks per year, seeing 15 clients per week. Your gross revenue would be $37,500. Then deduct the $12,000 for the base operating expenses and you are now making $25,500 per year. Realistically, your net profit will most likely be closer to $20,000 — and you have to bear all of the risks.
Of course, you can change those numbers by working more hours, charging higher fees and selling products. Yet, many people don't have the desire or personality to run their own business. According to CG Funk, Vice President of Industry Relations and Product Development for Massage Envy Spa, working for a franchise spa may be a good option for practitioners who are new graduates, those that want to supplement their private practice income, those that don't want the responsibility of operating their own business or those who simply want to work part time.
Overall Success Strategies
Working in a spa requires conforming to a corporate image and structuring your treatments to align with the company's schedule, treatment protocol, policies and philosophy. Marketing is another area that is often a source of conflict. In a spa, you don't have to do marketing or schedule clients, but there's no guarantee your work hours are filled. Many practitioners discover to their dismay that to increase the client flow they need to market their services themselves (this is more so in a local day spa than a destination spa).
To be successful in these environments, a practitioner needs to understand employer expectations and understand the rationale behind the policies and procedures set by the employer. Certainly these measures are set up to protect the client and the company; very often they are set to protect the practitioner as well.
Good communication skills are vital in this environment. In addition to client interactions, practitioners need to communicate well with the front desk staff, management and co-workers.
The Work Environment
Creating an ethical working environment is, of course, the mutual responsibility of spa management and employees. Ideally, spa management acts diligently to protect and serve the rights of both employees and clients. On their side, spa employees ideally commit themselves to quality work at all times and in all circumstances and express loyalty to the organization by cooperating with policies and procedures and avoiding conflicts of interest. Difficulties arise not just with actual lapses in these ideals, they also arise when suspicion and distrust surface within the organization. Both management and employees, therefore, need to practice transparency, honesty and integrity in communications with one another.
On one hand, the relationship between spa management and employees boils down to a question of autonomy. In most spas, practitioners don't have a choice about how many clients to see in a day, which clients they'll work with or even what type of work is to be performed. Serving the customer is the spa's priority. Management expects employees to work to an assigned schedule, to expand their therapeutic repertoire by learning spa treatments outside their specialty and to conform to the corporate image. On the other hand, spa management may offer the employee numerous benefits such as compensation based on seniority, commissions on product sales, health insurance, paid vacations, paid sick days, pension plans, profit sharing and reimbursement for continuing education.
Perhaps the most serious ethical concerns in the spa environment surround issues of inappropriate touch and sexual misconduct. Management usually has a zero tolerance policy, meaning that if a client complains of sexual misconduct on the part of a practitioner, that practitioner is terminated without recourse. A similar policy might exist regarding practitioner complaints against clients who sexualize a session. Management needs to examine whether their policies disempower practitioners in these situations, while employees should know the limits of their legal rights.
The next sections highlight some of the ethical considerations shared by spa management and spa employees to create an atmosphere where cooperation and ethical behavior are encouraged and supported.
Ethical Guidelines for Spa Employees
Ethical Guidelines for Spa Management
Destination spas and day spas are here to stay. The growth rate continues to be strong for these companies. The question really isn't, "Are these companies good for the profession?" The question is, "Are these companies good for you?" Evaluate your goals, style and personality before you decide to work for a spa on a part-time or full-time basis. Then evaluate each specific company to see if you mesh well with their corporate culture. Find out if they follow the above guidelines. Keep in mind that even though a company might be part of a larger corporation, every manager or owner has their own style and may run that specific location differently than others.
Click here for previous articles by Cherie Sohnen-Moe.
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