resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
A Guide for Talking to Doctors about Acupuncture and Brain Chemistry
Before I begin any discussion of how to talk about the effects of acupuncture on brain chemistry, nervous and endocrine function, it is essential to understand just what physicians most need help with.
Immunizations by Colorado DCs: Really?
You probably didn't hear about it, but back on Nov. 21, 2013, the Board of Directors of the Colorado Chiropractic Association (CCA) adopted "immunization authority" for Colorado DCs as its No. 2 legislative goal.
Coding for the Subluxation: ICD-9 vs. ICD-10
When I attended chiropractic school, I was taught that chiropractors approach health care differently than the traditional medical establishment.
Medical Qigong for the Heart: Part III
Part 1 and Part II of this series focused on the physical aspect of the Heart and mental emotional aspects of the Heart respectively. Now, I would like to focus on the spiritual aspect of the Heart.
Building From the Bottom Up
I caught up with my dear friend Honora Wolfe, in her Colorado painting studio where, if she is not praying in Bhutan or doing charitable work in a Nepali free clinic, she spends most of her time now.
Finders Keepers: The Secret to Relationship-Based Marketing
Becoming a successful practitioner has less to do with what you learned in school, and more to do with your ability to find new patients and keep them!
Are You a Bad Chiropractic Patient?
My father was a great DC. In fact, as you might expect, he was the doctor of chiropractic I measured all other doctors against. Sadly, he died at age 61 when I was in my early 30s.
Why You Should Include the Single-Leg Stance Test in Every Patient Assessment
The single-leg stance (SLS) test, also known as the single-limb stance test, unipedal stance test or one-legged stance / balance test, is often used in the geriatric population to assess static postural and balance control.
A Chinese Medicine Story: An Interview with Mazin Al-Khafaji
Mazin Al-Khafaji's work has interested me for years. In February 2014, we invited him for the second time to speak at the Southwest Symposium in Austin, Texas.
A History Worth Telling
The popularity and the use of acupuncture for the treatment of animals in the United States is at its peak.
New Medical Technologies You Need to Know
We're all familiar with how fast computers become obsolete, as well as the rapid pace of development in the field of cell phone technology. The latest smart phones are far more powerful than desktop computers were only a few years ago.
The Science of Stretching
In 1986, Rob DeCastella set a course record by running the Boston Marathon in 2:07:51, just 39 seconds off the world record.
Curbing Label Overwhelm
For the average consumer, reading a food package can be overwhelming: natural, organic, non-GMO, gluten free, free range ... you get the picture.
Peer Points: Always Seeking To Grow
Ellen "Kiki" Geary has spent the last decade honing her craft. As a specialist in integrative holistic care, she went straight from completing her master's degree in acupuncture and chinese herbal medicine from Bastyr University to building a successful and thriving practice in the small community of Anacortes, Washington.
Physical Exam 101: The Hands
I am sure you are familiar with the old adage: "When the only tool in your toolbox is a hammer, everything starts to look like a nail."
Remembering Clarence Gonstead and 50 Years of the Gonstead Clinic
Dr. Clarence Selmer Gonstead (1898-1978) took chiropractic practice from back-alley bone setting to an understandable biomechanical science. His life was dedicated to clinical competency.
Fibromyalgia: Put the Pain in Its Place
While some fibromyalgia patients respond favorably to regular chiropractic care, others experience minimal relief. Unfortunately, many of these patients must rely on pharmacological management to relieve their constant pain.
Vaccines and Chiropractic: Evidence-Based Medicine or Medical Dogma?
Right or wrong, the chiropractic profession has historically been against vaccinations. However, a growing trend within the profession is seeking to reverse this position.
Knee Pain From the Kinetic Chain
As practitioners of manual medicine, chiropractors often treat patients suffering from knee pain.
May, 2014, Vol. 14, Issue 05
Myofascial Pain from the Gluteus Maximus
By David Kent, LMT, NCTMB
Client reports, "I have low back pain," as they rub the palm of their hand over their sacrum and ischial tuberosity. They walk with a limp to avoid standing on the painful side (antalgic gait) and are unable to find a comfortable seated position.Hip flexion is limited. Their sacrum and/or coccyx are tender to touch. While each symptom could have numerous origins, let's look at referred pain from myofascial trigger points (TrPs) in the gluteus maximus muscle.
There are numerous ways to differentiate trigger points in the gluteus maximus muscle from trigger points in the gluteus medius, minimus and deep hip rotator muscles, including the location and depth of the trigger points, the referred pain patterns identified and the specific movements that are restricted.
First, a quick anatomy review, proximally the gluteus maximus muscle attaches to the posterior surface of the ilium, posterior surface of the sacrum and coccyx and the sacrotuberous ligament. Distally, the majority of the fibers merge into the iliotibial tract, which is a thickened region of the fascia lata, which attaches on the lateral condyle of the tibia. The remaining fibers attach on the gluteal tuberosity of the femur. (Photo 1) The gluteus maximus muscle is innervated by the superior gluteal nerve (L5-S2).
The main action of the gluteus maximus is extension of the thigh at the hip. It also assists in lateral rotation of the thigh. When standing in forward flexion, the gluteus maximus works with portions of the erector spinae and hamstrings help us to stand erect. Gluteus maximus can influence posture by posteriorly rotating the innominate bone. When you are checking the client's range of motion, if the gluteus maximus is shortened, it will restrict flexion at the hip, verses the gluteus medius and minimus effecting adduction.
Just one or a combination of factors can cause trigger points to develop in the muscle including direct trauma from a fall, muscular stress from poor posture or improper workplace ergonomics. Repetitive movements that include leaning forward, ie: lifting a baby from a crib or lifting boxes off the floor, walking up an incline, hiking up a hill, jumping or running, are possible factors. Sometimes, the cause is a new exercise that requires hyperextension of the hip and low back when standing or prone (ex. swimming the crawl stroke).
Three regions in the gluteus maximus muscle have been identified for locating myofascial trigger points. Each trigger point region produces unique pain patterns. In photo 2, "X" indicates the common location of trigger points and the red color indicates the pain referral areas. Clients will describe the referred sensations from a trigger point as: pain, burning, tingling, numbness, aching, etc.
The region labeled Trigger Point 1 (TrP1) is immediately lateral to the midpoint of the sacroiliac joint. Referred pain from TrP1 can cover the sacroiliac joint, the gluteal cleft and continue over the ischial tuberosity. A small spillover pattern into the upper portion of the posterior thigh is sometimes reported. (Photo 2)
The second region, labeled (TrP 2), is just superior to the ischial tuberosity. Referred pain is often felt over the sacrum (not the coccyx or rectum), over the ischial tuberosity and buttock. The pain may feel like it originates in the deeper muscles. (Photo 2)
The third region (TrP 3) is located in the most medial and inferior fibers and can be the source for coccygodina (pain in or around the coccyx). (Photo 2)
Manual therapy techniques are one link in the healing chain. Teach client's self-care techniques like stretching. Show them how to stretch, when to inhale and exhale, where to place there hands, how to pull their knees to their chest or toward the opposite shoulder, etc.
Client education often involves explaining the negative effects of sitting all day with a wallet in their back pocket. If the client sleeps on their side, suggest they place a pillow between their knees to avoid over stretching the gluteus maximus at night.
Pain over the sacrum, coccyx and ischial tuberosity can start for many reasons. I hope it will be easier to identify and locate these three myofascial trigger points in the gluteus maximus.
Click here for more information about David Kent, LMT, NCTMB.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.