resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Drug War Rages in Wisconsin
Based on its actions over the past 15 years (review the sidebar in the app version of this article), controversy and the Wisconsin Chiropractic Association seem to go hand in hand.
Ancient Chinese Medicine Meets Modern Anatomy Dissection
Have you ever thought it would be beneficial to explore under the skin and examine qi deficiencies in every system of the body? Would you like to see traditional Chinese medicine diagnosis patterns as they relate to western biomedical symptoms and conditions?
Body and Skin Rejuvenation Through Inner Balance, Equals Outer Beauty
First of all, I will draw a line in the sand. You know how there is often a big divide between the methods of Western medicine and holistic or energy medicine?
The Power of Positioning
During the evening, I like to relax while either reading a book or watching television. One of my shows, NCIS, has the main character always drinking coffee. Everyone knows it is a Venti from Starbucks because of its distinctive color and style.
Correcting Dysfunctional Movement Patterns – Is Local Treatment Enough?
It is widely believed that mechanical, non-traumatic back pain is largely related to dysfunctional or compensatory movement patterns the body has adopted over time.
Treating Our Veterans with PTSD
As July 4th, Memorial Day and Veterans Day continue to pass year in and year out, we honor our veterans from past wars with parades, BBQs and a day off from work, but our veterans live daily with the spiritual scars of war.
Alcohol Consumption Strongly Linked to Risk of Colorectal Cancer
Alcohol intake is one of the primary risk factors for many human cancers, and is strongly associated with cancers of the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, esophagus, liver, breast, and notably, the colon and rectum.
Finders Keepers: The Secret to Relationship-Based Marketing
Becoming a successful practitioner has less to do with what you learned in school, and more to do with your ability to find new patients and keep them!
Eight Ways to Help Manage Your Content
You have just completed your last session for the day, checked your voice mail and emailed a new patient about their appointment, but something it gnawing at you, something you just can't quite put your finger it on.
Giving Chiropractic Some Much-Needed PR
Public relations has not always been the chiropractic profession's strong suit, a shortcoming that has subjected the profession to countless attacks on its legitimacy and seemingly perpetual confusion among the public and the health care world as to the skills and services doctors of chiropractic provide.
The Art of Observation
How many of us spend time just watching our clients walk, climb in and out of cars, rise from a chair or navigate a flight of stairs? Spontaneity is the key. Along with a subtle ability to observe without the client knowing or being made to feel like a lab rat.
Hon Lee: Scholar, Warrior, Spy, Teacher and Healer
It was fun. Growing up in New York's Chinatown was like living in a Chinese village that had been transplanted to a five square block area in southern Manhattan. The thing I liked most about the city, and still do, is it's rich cultural diversity.
The Bottom Line ... From a Surgeon Who Knows
Regardless of individual relationships between providers, there continues to be a type of Hatfield-McCoy feud between the philosophies of medicine and chiropractic, particularly when it comes to musculoskeletal ailments.
The McGill Approach to the Lower Back (Part 1)
Stuart McGill, PhD, brings a unique combination of tools to the table. He is a scientist who also functions as a clinician. He describes himself as a medical consultant who is referred challenging patients. He is both evidence based and practical.
The Power of Vitamin K
You may have heard rumblings in recent years that vitamin K helps reduce the risk of osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease, and is administered intravenously by some integrative medical doctors who combine it with high-dose vitamin C in cancer treatment.
"Turn, Turn, Turn"
Many people are credited with saying, "If you remember the '60s, you really weren't there." Given the fact I didn't become a teenager until 1970, I actually do remember the '60s (or at least part of it). And as a child of the '60s, I was, of course, influenced by the music.
Yo San University Celebrates, Supports Community Clinic
Yo San University of Traditional Chinese Medicine recently celebrated 25 years of teaching excellence and serving its community by awarding actor Pierce Brosnan the Robert Graham Visionary Award and raising money for its popular community clinic.
What TCM Never Had to Deal With
You probably started getting a sense of it when you were in school. The professors would talk about diabetes as "wasting-and-thirsting disease" and you had a thought that you didn't know anyone who was wasting away in any way, shape or form.
MUIH Launches Doctoral Degree Programs
Maryland University of Integrative Health recently announce it will now offer doctoral degrees.
News in Brief
Foundation for Chiropractic Progress Enrolls Second Group Member; Focus on Chiropractic Education at WFC-ACC Conference in Miami; Are You Ready for Another "Have-a-Heart" Campaign?
Behavior as Symptoms of Energetic Imbalance
Karen and Josh said they wanted me to help them fix their marriage. That is why they were sitting on the couch in front of me, complaining about each other. She was too domineering, he said, overly controlling and bossy.
April, 2014, Vol. 14, Issue 04
Highlighting the Use of Massage for Children Affected by FASD
By Tina Allen, LMT, CPMMT, CPMT, CIMT
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) refers to the very broad spectrum of health issues infants' encounter from their mother's alcohol use during pregnancy.FASD includes several different health diagnosis; fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders (ARND), alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD), fetal alcohol effects (FAE), and partial fetal alcohol syndrome (PFAS). There is still much debate about a safe level of alcohol use, with many advocates saying any use during pregnancy puts a child at risk for negative physical or behavioral problems.
When a mother drinks alcohol during her pregnancy, it crosses the placental barrier and into the womb. A mother's body may be able to metabolize the alcohol, while the small or underdeveloped infant liver cannot. The alcohol may then stay inside of the infant's system longer. So, even the smallest amount of alcohol can have detrimental effects to a fetus.
The amount, sequence and timing of alcohol to the fetus all directly influence the type of health issues the child may experience once born. This causes a wide range of effects on the spectrum from severe (facial anomalies) to mild (judgment skills compromised.) Even more problematic is that many issues may not arise until the child begins to grow. The child may initially appear typical until there are subtle, and not so subtle, behavioral problems associated with the prenatal injury. Children who display facial anomalies, growth retardation and developmental abnormalities of the center nervous system are associated with the severe end of the spectrum. or simply fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS.)
Diagnosis of full fetal alcohol syndrome is based on three key features, a pre- and post-natal growth deficiency, facial abnormalities, as well as brain and central nervous system dysfunction. Professor Sterling Clarren's primate and mouse research on alcohol and pregnancy found that the lip and philtrum anomaly of (full) FAS happened during a very small development period; the 19th to 20th day after conception in the human – the period called gastrulation. However, it is well documented that children with facial features are only the tip of the iceberg. For every child diagnosed with full FAS, there will be another three to ten with alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders.
The brain injury that results from FASD can lead to developmental delays, an information processing deficit, the inability to reason in the way that others do and a distressing inability to fit in with the rules and behaviors required by society (deficits in self-control, hyperactivity and increased rates of ADHD) due to damage of the sensory processing system, nervous system and the brain. Heavy prenatal alcohol exposure can lead to structural abnormalities in the orbitofrontal cortex, anterior singulate, hippocampus, amygdala and corpus callosum.
The corpus callosum is the part of the brain that links the right hemisphere of the brain to the left hemisphere. The right-brain handles creativity, intuition and impulse and the left-brain handles the rules, logic, order and thoughts. When the two cannot link properly, because of prenatal exposure to alcohol or another brain injury, then the person cannot always predict the outcome of his actions even though he knows and can repeat the "rules."
Primary characteristics in children, adolescents and adults affected by FASD, include memory problems, difficulty storing and retrieving information, impulsivity, distractibility, disorganization, cognitive processing deficits (may think more slowly), slow auditory pace (may only understand every third word of normally paced conversation), developmental lags (may act younger than chronological age) and inability to predict outcomes, or understand consequences and inability to show remorse. However they often have strengths such as being highly verbal, artistic, musical, mechanical, athletic, friendly, outgoing, determined and persistent. In addition to cognitive and functioning difficulties, sleeping is also of great concern for children affected by FASD.
How Massage Can Help
Growth and developmental issues are key to the diagnosis of FAS, and in research studies of pediatric and infant massage therapy, it has been demonstrated to assist in both. For infants born prematurely, the use of massage has demonstrated a measurable increase in weight for the infants who received the therapeutic intervention. Additionally, when followed to an infant's one year birthday, researchers found that the massaged infants had a weight advantage, as well as, placing 12 to 15 points higher on the mental and motor tests of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development than the infants who hadn't been massaged. Even better, these results have been replicated by at least two other groups of researchers.
Another study was done with full-term, healthy 1 to 3-month-old infants who were given 15 minutes of either massage or rocking for 12 days over a 6-week period. What the group found was that the massage group gained more weight, displayed better face-to-face interactions, improved on emotionality, sociability and soothability, displayed less stress hormones and increased serotonin levels.
Sleep issues are a common complaint for many children with FASD, massage may not only help the child fall asleep quicker, but can often improve the quality of deep sleep. Having adequate amounts of sleep can assist in the child's mood, their behavior and may even decrease hyperactivity. Attention issues are also another key issue for children and adolescents with FASD and research demonstrates that massage increases mental focus and concentration.
While research is ongoing with both FASD and massage therapy, it is important to best understand the child who may benefit from massage therapy and what those indications may be. As a practitioner, it is important to provide the time to complete a detailed intake. A safe environment benefits all clients, but in the case of children affected by FASD you should also consider an environment which is not over stimulating to other senses. Take your time and proceed slowly when introducing touch therapy, as children may experience sensory processing difficulties and may be hypo or hyper sensitive to touch.
While it is a clear that massage is beneficial for many children, those affected by FASD may see some wonderful improvements following the intervention of pediatric massage therapy.
Click here for more information about Tina Allen, LMT, CPMMT, CPMT, CIMT.
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