resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Correcting Rib Dysfunction: Improve Patients' Pain, Posture and Breathing
As chiropractors, we tend to focus on the spine, and rightly so. Many problems our patients face can be corrected by manipulating the correct spinal level.
The Acupuncture Channel System (Part 2)
The primary channels (main channels) are introduced in chapter 10 of the Ling Shu, these channels are referenced in many chapters throughout the Su Wen and the Ling Shu. The primary channels have become the main channel system used in TCM.
A Brief History of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine Doctoral Programs
A doctorate in acupuncture and Oriental medicine has been a goal of the profession since its beginnings in the late 1970s. At that time, however, the maturity of the educational institutions and the regulatory environment made it a goal with only a distant completion date.
VF Works / DMX Works Epilogue: Almost Two Decades Later, the Lawsuits Continue
An article in the March 8, 1999 edition of Dynamic Chiropractic examined whether then-VF Works / Nu-Best Franchising was selling its franchises illegally to doctors of chiropractic.
Gather & Grow
I recently attended a faculty seminar held by one of the acupuncture schools. There was a facilitator who led us through some very interesting experiences. The attendees were a diverse group with varying opinions.
The Large Intestine Official
The large intestine (AKA colon) is the great eliminator, or as J.R. Worsley called it, "The Drainer of the Dregs." Dregs are defined as the remnants of liquid with its sediment left in a container, or the basest, least valuable portion of anything.
Near-Infrared Therapy for Diabetic Neuropathy
The pain experienced by people with diabetes is a symptom of diabetic neuropathy. The impact on quality of life is significant. Pain makes walking difficult, sleep troublesome, and eventually contributes to a decrease in social interaction.
Treating the Lower Pelvis (Pt. 2): Midline Structures and Fascia
My previous article [October 2016 issue] outlined evaluation and treatment of pelvic issues involving the sacrotuberous ligament and the pubic symphysis. Now let's discuss two case studies that illustrate how to address additional problematic areas of the pelvis.
Spiritual Initiation: Opening Your Higher Healing Abilities
People drawn to the field of acupuncture and Oriental Medicine tend to be those who march to the beat of a different drummer.
TCM & the Caregiving Population: Treatment Considerations & Our Vital Role
Informal caregiving is increasingly a reality for many Americans who find themselves providing unpaid care for a loved one or a family member with a long-term, terminal, or chronic illness.
Advancing the "Whole Organ" Spine Model
Historically, the human spine has been organized by body region utilizing specific anatomical landmarks and transition zones.
House Calls With Dad
My father was a chiropractor and he did house calls. On Wednesday nights, while my mother attended the weekly women's meeting at the Odd Fellows and Rebekahs hall in our small town, dad loaded up the portable adjusting table, fired up the Pontiac and drove off to treat a few patients in their homes. I went with him.
Latest Cassidy Study on Stroke Risk Published
The latest study to investigate whether a unique association between chiropractic manipulation and risk of cervical artery dissection / stroke exists has yielded similar encouraging findings, with the authors noting "no excess risk of carotid artery stroke after chiropractic care" and no significant risk difference between patients receiving care from a DC or a primary care medical provider.
ICA Goes on the Vaccine Offensive
Have you watched the vaccination documentary, "Vaxxed: From Cover-Up to Catastrophe," by Andrew Wakefield MD, director, and Del Bigtree, producer? This is the documentary Robert DeNiro was pressured to remove from his Tribeca Film Festival.
Paperwork Done Wrong, Done Right
I was visiting a doctor's office recently and a member of his staff brought a stack of forms to his private office and laid them on the doctor's desk. She informed him he needed to complete the forms for patients and a few third parties.
Waist Circumference: A Conversation Starter
New estimates suggest more than two-thirds of Americans are either overweight or obese. The medical significance of this statistic is astounding.
AOM Residency at NUNM
Imagine you're a recent acupuncture graduate, worried about making enough income as you forge your new career and seek more in-depth training in a particular treatment style.
Getting Unstuck: Healing From Trauma With TCM, Qigong & Movement
We all come into this world vulnerable, with seeds to grow into our strength. Some of us — through a combination of good fortune (i.e., family and culture we are born into, constitutional inheritance, or ability to learn) grow with minimal interruption from traumatic injuries and experiences.
Helping Patients With Parkinson's Disease
Parkinson's disease (PD), a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects motor function, has a slow onset over time.
Chiropractic in Texas Is Under Attack
The profession of chiropractic faces an unprecedented challenge in Texas, an attack that is more aggressive, sustained and dangerous than anything previously seen. The medical lobby has launched a coordinated, multi-front assault.
4 Things Every DC Should Know About Levels of Care & Prevention
As health practitioners, we help people with their health problems and assist them with health promotion and disease prevention.
Reader Beware: Consider the Source
The aftermath of last year's presidential elections brought a running conversation on the role played by "fake news" that was largely presented via social media.
April, 2014, Vol. 14, Issue 04
Highlighting the Use of Massage for Children Affected by FASD
By Tina Allen, LMT, CPMMT, CPMT, CIMT
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) refers to the very broad spectrum of health issues infants' encounter from their mother's alcohol use during pregnancy.FASD includes several different health diagnosis; fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders (ARND), alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD), fetal alcohol effects (FAE), and partial fetal alcohol syndrome (PFAS). There is still much debate about a safe level of alcohol use, with many advocates saying any use during pregnancy puts a child at risk for negative physical or behavioral problems.
When a mother drinks alcohol during her pregnancy, it crosses the placental barrier and into the womb. A mother's body may be able to metabolize the alcohol, while the small or underdeveloped infant liver cannot. The alcohol may then stay inside of the infant's system longer. So, even the smallest amount of alcohol can have detrimental effects to a fetus.
The amount, sequence and timing of alcohol to the fetus all directly influence the type of health issues the child may experience once born. This causes a wide range of effects on the spectrum from severe (facial anomalies) to mild (judgment skills compromised.) Even more problematic is that many issues may not arise until the child begins to grow. The child may initially appear typical until there are subtle, and not so subtle, behavioral problems associated with the prenatal injury. Children who display facial anomalies, growth retardation and developmental abnormalities of the center nervous system are associated with the severe end of the spectrum. or simply fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS.)
Diagnosis of full fetal alcohol syndrome is based on three key features, a pre- and post-natal growth deficiency, facial abnormalities, as well as brain and central nervous system dysfunction. Professor Sterling Clarren's primate and mouse research on alcohol and pregnancy found that the lip and philtrum anomaly of (full) FAS happened during a very small development period; the 19th to 20th day after conception in the human – the period called gastrulation. However, it is well documented that children with facial features are only the tip of the iceberg. For every child diagnosed with full FAS, there will be another three to ten with alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders.
The brain injury that results from FASD can lead to developmental delays, an information processing deficit, the inability to reason in the way that others do and a distressing inability to fit in with the rules and behaviors required by society (deficits in self-control, hyperactivity and increased rates of ADHD) due to damage of the sensory processing system, nervous system and the brain. Heavy prenatal alcohol exposure can lead to structural abnormalities in the orbitofrontal cortex, anterior singulate, hippocampus, amygdala and corpus callosum.
The corpus callosum is the part of the brain that links the right hemisphere of the brain to the left hemisphere. The right-brain handles creativity, intuition and impulse and the left-brain handles the rules, logic, order and thoughts. When the two cannot link properly, because of prenatal exposure to alcohol or another brain injury, then the person cannot always predict the outcome of his actions even though he knows and can repeat the "rules."
Primary characteristics in children, adolescents and adults affected by FASD, include memory problems, difficulty storing and retrieving information, impulsivity, distractibility, disorganization, cognitive processing deficits (may think more slowly), slow auditory pace (may only understand every third word of normally paced conversation), developmental lags (may act younger than chronological age) and inability to predict outcomes, or understand consequences and inability to show remorse. However they often have strengths such as being highly verbal, artistic, musical, mechanical, athletic, friendly, outgoing, determined and persistent. In addition to cognitive and functioning difficulties, sleeping is also of great concern for children affected by FASD.
How Massage Can Help
Growth and developmental issues are key to the diagnosis of FAS, and in research studies of pediatric and infant massage therapy, it has been demonstrated to assist in both. For infants born prematurely, the use of massage has demonstrated a measurable increase in weight for the infants who received the therapeutic intervention. Additionally, when followed to an infant's one year birthday, researchers found that the massaged infants had a weight advantage, as well as, placing 12 to 15 points higher on the mental and motor tests of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development than the infants who hadn't been massaged. Even better, these results have been replicated by at least two other groups of researchers.
Another study was done with full-term, healthy 1 to 3-month-old infants who were given 15 minutes of either massage or rocking for 12 days over a 6-week period. What the group found was that the massage group gained more weight, displayed better face-to-face interactions, improved on emotionality, sociability and soothability, displayed less stress hormones and increased serotonin levels.
Sleep issues are a common complaint for many children with FASD, massage may not only help the child fall asleep quicker, but can often improve the quality of deep sleep. Having adequate amounts of sleep can assist in the child's mood, their behavior and may even decrease hyperactivity. Attention issues are also another key issue for children and adolescents with FASD and research demonstrates that massage increases mental focus and concentration.
While research is ongoing with both FASD and massage therapy, it is important to best understand the child who may benefit from massage therapy and what those indications may be. As a practitioner, it is important to provide the time to complete a detailed intake. A safe environment benefits all clients, but in the case of children affected by FASD you should also consider an environment which is not over stimulating to other senses. Take your time and proceed slowly when introducing touch therapy, as children may experience sensory processing difficulties and may be hypo or hyper sensitive to touch.
While it is a clear that massage is beneficial for many children, those affected by FASD may see some wonderful improvements following the intervention of pediatric massage therapy.
Click here for more information about Tina Allen, LMT, CPMMT, CPMT, CIMT.
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