resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Communication 101: Please Explain Yourself!
Twice this past week, I overheard conversations about chiropractic. As you can imagine, it is a topic my ears naturally pick up. In both cases, a patient was talking to a friend about their experience with a chiropractor.
The Heart Protector
On the physical level, the Pericardium is a double-layered sac of fibrous tissue that envelops the Heart. The space between the layers is filled with serous fluid that protects the Heart from external shock or trauma and lubricates to allow for normal Heart movement.
Lime Jello on Morphine
Taste is in the eyes... actually the mouth... of the beholder. My food preferences have changed, lightening from the food of my youth. My parents loved heavy eastern European cuisine and I loved it as a child. Now I enjoy leaner, healthier whole foods.
Healing With TCM at San Quentin State Prison
For the prisoners at San Quentin State Prison, life-sentences are the reality of every day life. It is not often that prisoners get the opportunity to use alternative medicine to deal with common ailments they encounter behind bars such as, depression, anxiety and pain.
Essential Orthopedic Testing: Tests That Involve Standing on One Leg
Since these tests have a common mechanism of performance (standing on one leg), there are differential diagnostic concerns during testing. The tests cannot be completely isolated from each other for performance.
Pulse Diagnosis: What We Know
I am still finding pearls of wisdom from the books and papers that I inherited from my pulse diagnosis mentor Jim Ramholz.
CMT & Stroke Risk: Myth vs. Fact
By now, most of you have probably heard that the American Heart Association recently published a statement regarding the association between cervical dissection (CD) and cervical manipulative therapy (CMT).
Simple Ways To Find True Happiness
Patients in our clinics are always seeking happiness. As their health advocate, we need to ensure we inform them that in order to find happiness, they have to make sure to identify what makes them happy in the first place.
Uncle Sam Needs You (Part 2)
Where chiropractic care has been used in the military health services, it has been deemed very successful.
Managing Patient Expectations About Acupuncture
Last year, I attended the Pacific Symposium in San Diego for the first time in six or seven years. It was the 25th anniversary of this event, and on one evening there was a panel discussion with the title; "What is Qi?."
Managing Today's Fertility Patient
I recently received an email from one of my fertility patients: "Got my lab results back. FSH is 11, AMH is 0.7. My doctor said these numbers aren't good. I guess I'm infertile. Just as a thought. Just set up an appointment to speak with an adoption agency."
Jingei Diagnosis: An Effective and Powerful Diagnostic
I graduated from the Kotatama Institute under the direction of Drs. Masahilo and Katsuharu Nakazono in 1984. As a student, I was exposed to the practice of most of the various theories and modalites of Oriental Medicine.
The Wonders of Light Therapy: An Interview with Wes Burwell
I first met Wes Burwell in 2011 when he was teaching a class on light. Since then, every time I hear him speak, his understanding of the benefits, function and capacity of light has evolved.
Chiropractic Research in Review
Predicting Pain With Disability in Office Workers; Traction Approaches for Discogenic Cervical Radiculopathy; Intra-Articular Gas Bubbles Following Manipulation; Nonresponsive Chronic Ankle Sprains: Think Tendon Rupture.
AOMA Strengthens Leadership Team
AOMA Graduate School of Integrative Medicine, a leading college of acupuncture & herbal medicine, announced the appointment of Donna LaPoint Hurta, MBA as the new VP of Finance & Operations this Fall.
The Tao of Gender
If you think gender is as simple as having a new client check off the "male" or "female" box on your intake form, we hope this article will expand your understanding and thus the reach of your health care.
The Case for Immunization
As long as I have been a chiropractor, I have seen many in this profession oppose vaccinations. Indeed, it has often been taken as a "given" that to be a principled chiropractor requires a curmudgeon's willingness to hold aloft that banner of opposition.
Commingling Money: 12 Questions for the ACA About the CHAMP / NCLAF Merger
The American Chiropractic Association recently announced it was merging the National Chiropractic Legal Action Fund and the Chiropractic Health Advocacy and Mobilization Project into a single entity that will support both legal and legislative actions.
Correcting Pelvic Rotation Around the Long Axis: Adjustment Protocol
The pelvis can be considered a ring that can misalign on the sacrum rotating around the long axis. The following is a description of an adjustment that helps to correct sacroiliac rotation around the long axis.
A Commonly Missed Spinal Fixation: The Upper Lumbar Spine (Part 2)
As mentioned in part 1, using a flexion-distraction table is a great way to unlock this particular fixation. You have found the stuck segment. You have determined whether it is unilateral, midline or bilateral.
Dr. George Goodman and His Legacy to Logan University
Those who knew him called him a revered leader, a visionary and one of chiropractic's biggest advocates. George A. Goodman, DC, Logan University's sixth and longest-serving president, passed away on Sept. 9. He was 70 years old.
To The Finish Line With the Help of TCM
When acupuncturist Eddy De Smedt pursued a career in Traditional Chinese Medicine, he knew he wanted to make a difference.
February, 2014, Vol. 14, Issue 02
What Does an MRI Tell the Therapist? A Closer Look at Cervical Pain
By Debbie Roberts, LMT
There are more than six million car accidents every year in the United States alone. Worldwide, an estimated 1.2 million people were killed and fifty million injured from a car accident. There is a very big chance you will treat a whiplash injury over the course of your career.It is important not to treat these potentially serious trauma cases blindly. Even if you work in a chiropractic office ask to see their MRI report. The MRI and his prognosis for the case will give you a more precise treatment strategy. This will also help you determine how severe the injury is. You can divide a whiplash prognosis into three categories. Minor whiplash injuries usually resolve within one to two weeks. Moderate whiplash injuries with muscle spasm or ligament strains may take up to four to eight weeks to resolve. Severe whiplash injuries, or those that involve nerve damage or ligament or disc injury to the spine, may result in chronic or permanent disability. These injuries may require more drastic measures to resolve.
How many times has a patient said to you, "I feel like I am crazy?" Massage therapy is sometimes so much more than the physical portion of manual therapy. Massage therapy can be the gap of empathy, education and evaluation between the patient and their physician. Where does the process start? It starts with how well you assess and evaluate the situation. Evaluation takes a level of judgment, necessary to make sense of the clinical findings in order to correlate a relationship between the symptoms and the signs of dysfunction. This kind of thinking takes you away from treating symptom-based massage therapy into cause and affect therapy. Having real tangible evidence helps the therapist decide which techniques are necessary to help the client regain their previous level of health or even a better state of health.
Where is the easiest place to start? Start with the facts and not speculation. If the client has had a MRI, ask them to bring it to their first appointment. If you have never read a MRI report it can look and sound daunting, but it will actually help you make a more sound therapy session. The information this report can lend to you as a therapist is insight into what is really going on with the client. There may be certain range of motion movements you will not want to do with this client knowing their history. Also, now you will have a better idea on what you can expect from your treatment plan.
There are well over 100 types of massage and massage modalities to choose from these days so it is even more important to have a system on which to base the appropriate technique or tool from the tool box. I bring this up to help our community of massage therapists understand that although some techniques such as stretching, elongating fascia and helping with mobilization are good at times, certain directions of movements may not be appropriate after reading the clients MRI report. Holding ourselves accountable for knowing standard orthopedic joint range of motion measurements are critical in making sound stratagem for massage therapy. Just because you learned that a stretch in lateral side bending will lengthen the trapezius muscle, will that technique or modality be appropriate for this cervical patient? And without looking at their MRI report, you are trapped at speculating instead of correlating the facts.
It is not hard to read a MRI report of findings. You simply go to the end of the report and find the word IMPRESSION. This is where the basic conclusion of what the testing results showed. Taking the time to ask for the report and reading the report demonstrates to the patient you have knowledge and understanding as well as empathy. It also demonstrates you really want to know what to do and what not to do during their treatment session. Massage therapists have an opportunity to educate the client by showing charts of the muscles, joints and nerves involved that were indicated in the report. The patient doesn't understand why their muscles are still going into spasms one month, two months, even a year later, but you do. Giving the needed educational and emotional support when someone is in pain can immediately reduce their anxiety which in turn reduces their pain levels and an opportunity for healing can begin. When you take the time yourself to understand what a MRI report is saying, your treatment plan can be much more precise.
Here is the exercise for this article. I am going to give you the subjective information and the results of one of my cervical patients MRI report. Read the report all the way through. Jot down what you understand and then what you don't understand. Google it! Based on the subjective, how would you treat? Now, based on the facts how would you treat? Which technique or modality would you be comfortable using. Is there range of motion movements you would avoid? What muscles would you do manual muscle testing on?
Case Study Subjective
In total tears, over lunch my girlfriend relays she has been in neck and headache pain now for the past six months and can't workout. She had chiropractic care which included adjustments, ultrasound, hot/cold and electric stimulation which offered some relief.
Past Medical History
She had an accident one year prior to this car accident. She fell off of a ladder that tore her ACL, MCL, the medial meniscus and fractured her tibial plateau. She was found on the ground in a pool of blood.
Here is a beginning list of the muscles innervated at the different spinal roots. C5/6 innervate the Deltoid, Teres minor, Biceps, Brachioradialis, Subclavius, C4,5,6 Infraspinatus, Supraspinatus, C6/7 innervate Coracobrachialis, Pronator teres, Flexor Carpi Ulnaris, Triceps, C7 innervate the Latissimus dorsi. Let's look at a few terms that were in the report.
Spinal stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the spinal canal that may occur in any of the regions of the spine. This narrowing causes a restriction to the spinal canal, resulting in a neurological deficit. There can be either sensory or muscular weakness. Cervical spinal stenosis is dangerous because it involves compression of the spinal cord.
A bulging disk extends outside the space it should normally occupy. The bulge typically affects a large portion of the disk, so it may look a little like a hamburger that's too big for its bun. The part of the disk that's bulging is typically the tough outer layer of cartilage. Usually bulging is considered part of the normal aging process of the disk and is common to see on MRIs of people in almost every age group.
A herniated disk, on the other hand, results when a crack in the tough outer layer of cartilage allows some of the softer inner cartilage to protrude out of the disk. The protrusion of inner cartilage in a herniated disk usually happens in one distinct area of the disk and not along a large component of the disk, which is more typical of a bulging disk. Herniated disks are also called ruptured disks or slipped disks. A herniated disc is more likely to cause pain.
Relief In The Findings
Because she didn't understand the report of findings, she was not making the necessary adjustments to her lifestyle to help with relief of long term pain and dysfunction. Her neck seems like a train wreck and is the third type of whiplash discussed previously. We treated her with ice and heat, performed soft tissue work to tolerance. No deep tissue was used. She was treated in supine, prone and side lying. Other treatments included some craniosacral therapy, light traction, and no range of motion movements instead the use of isometrics in all directions and again to tolerance. I managed to take her pain level from a 10 down to a 3 with soft tissue work, home contrast therapy, lying down as often as possible during the day while she was working. Also, she made modifications to her workout routine. The focus was not to let the pain cycle get started.
Understanding the MRI helped her make the necessary lifestyle corrections to allow the chiropractic and massage therapy to be successful. Although both kinds of care lowered her pain levels, it still remained a constant nagging dull ache with limitations to her standard of living. On the advisement of her lawyer she sought care from an orthopedist. The orthopedist recommended a series of facet injections to help break her pain cycle and he felt strongly that it would eliminate her pain. The injections were successful and this allowed her to resume closer to her previous way of living and working out. To make sure she doesn't get into that pain cycle again she presently maintains herself on as needed bases of both massage therapy and Chiropractic care.
Because the disc does not always protrude in the same direction in relation to the nerve root there is no way to know for sure which motions or positions will aggravate a nerve root compression. A safe rule of thumb is that if any motion or position or technique further aggravates the client's symptoms, it should be immediately stopped.
Click here for more information about Debbie Roberts, LMT.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.