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What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Code Connection: Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
February, 2014, Vol. 14, Issue 02
Massage Helps Children with Cancer
By Massage Therapy Foundation Contributor
Contributed by Elizabeth Barberree, RMT, BA; April Neufeld, BS, LMT; Derek Austin, MS, CMT
The Massage Therapy Foundation shares the love we have for our children. Pediatric cancer cases continue to grow in numbers and managing symptoms of both the illness and its treatment lead health care providers to seek affordable palliative treatment options. In line with that, complementary and alternative modalities, like massage therapy, are also increasing in popularity.
In 2009, the International Journal of Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork published a pilot study conducted at the University of Florida, Gainesville Shands Hospital Cancer Center. Previous research describes positive effects of massage therapy for a variety of pediatric and adult oncology populations. The authors report findings that massage therapy may improve circulation and immune function, dissolve soft adhesions, reduce swelling and relieve the pain and stress associated with many illnesses. However, little research has been done on the effects of massage therapy on pediatric oncology or haematology patients. The purpose of this study was to measure the physical and psychological effects of massage therapy on pediatric oncology and hematology patients, and to determine the feasibility of implementing this care as a palliative treatment option in a cancer clinic setting.
The research design was a randomized, non-blinded prospective study. When recruiting for this project, care was taken to maximize the external validity by seeking gender equality and diversity in age, disease and inpatient or outpatient status. Thirty children, aged six months to 17 years, with cancer or blood diseases were recruited for the study. Their parents provided reporting support as needed. Adverse physical and psychological symptoms associated with cancer and cancer care were measured before, during and after the massage therapy intervention.
In the treatment group, four 20-minute sessions of Swedish massage were delivered once daily for approximately four days for inpatients or once weekly for about four weeks for the outpatients. Treatment was delivered by a nationally certified massage therapist, licensed in the state of Florida, with five years of experience. The massage therapy treatment consisted of effleurage, kneading, percussion, compression and friction. The treatment was applied to the areas most comfortable for the participant, on the hands, feet, arms, neck, back and shoulders. To ensure participant comfort, treatments were delivered while the participants remained in their hospital robes and covers were provided. The control group received no massage.
Before and after each session, the participant’s vital signs, discomfort level, muscle soreness and emotional data were recorded. The general clinical progress scale was also completed after the second, third and fourth sessions. Standardized measures were selected for their validity and applicability for this participant population, the State–Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC) and the Child Health Questionnaire–Parent (CHQ-Parent) were used. These were completed by the participants, parents or both before the first and after the final session. The data collection schedules were the same for the treatment and control groups. The control participants were seen in the same environment, for the same period of time for conversation and play with the therapist. For a detailed description of these measures, please access the free full-text article at PubMed Central. Data analysis appropriate to the study design was carried out by the research team with many interesting results.
No significant differences were observed between the treatment and control groups at baseline before the treatment intervention. However, after treatment, a number of the measures yielded significant mean changes for the treatment group versus the control group. After the treatment series, participants who had received massage therapy care showed decreased muscle soreness, discomfort, respiratory rate, state and trait anxiety and Faces "I Feel ..." scores.
On the CHQ-Parent questionnaire, the researchers found no significant differences between the treatment and control groups for physical and psychological health before or after treatments. The same was found for the physiological measures of pulse rate and blood pressure.
The findings of this pilot are consistent with that of related cancer studies and indicate a general improvement in physical (i.e. reduced muscle soreness, discomfort, respiratory rate and improved muscle relaxation), psychological well-being (i.e. reduced state and train anxiety and overall emotional well-being) and, thus, quality of life. Although the current study did not examine this effect directly, the researchers argue that when the effects are considered together, massage therapy could also promote optimal immune system functioning. This assertion is consistent with the work by Dr. Mark Rappaport et al., which was summarized in the MTF Research Column titled, "Massage Benefits Immune and Neuroendocrine Function" in the August edition of Massage Today.
This study suggests that despite the hectic nature of cancer clinics and oncology wards, massage therapy treatment can be successfully added into that environment. Replication of this project with a larger sample would allow for a more detailed analysis of whether different types of patients have similar response to massage therapy. Potential is there to investigate the effects of treatment on a broader range of symptoms and to better generalize the study results.
To learn more about the effects of massage therapy, you can review the archives of the Massage Therapy Foundation Research Column, read accepted MTF Research Grant abstracts, or search PubMed for massage therapy studies. If you find this article of interest, please share it with friends and loved ones, especially those who are touched by kids with cancer.
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