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Vitamin D Fails to Help Knee OA? The Proper Perspective
The March 8, 2016 issue of JAMA includes a study about vitamin D supplementation for osteoarthritis of the knee. This is a really weird study.
Asking Patients the Right Questions
When was the last time you asked a patient a question? Maybe 30 seconds ago? But, are you asking the right questions to elicit valuable and useful information? As a healthcare provider, you've likely spent hundreds of hours learning to ask the right questions to gather critical health information from your patients.
Constructing Our Reality: The Primary Channels and Perception, Part 1
My favorite topic of discussion within Chinese medicine is the acupuncture channel systems. First of all, each of us have them. They are part of our bodies; not something external to us. To learn about the acupuncture channels is to learn about ourselves.
Musculoskeletal Disorders Take Center Stage
Looking for the latest on the musculoskeletal pain epidemic and the increasing premium placed on preventive strategies including chiropractic? Check out The Impact of Musculoskeletal Disorders on Americans – Opportunities for Action.
The Rest of the Patient Story
I've written previously about allowing a patient to tell you their story – about taking the time to listen and engage all the aspects of their case history, the injury in question, and the related issues.
The Power of Eccentric Exercise: Hamstring Injury Prevention and Rehab
For almost 20 years, I've worked with professional athletes who make a living by running really fast. It goes without saying that hamstring injury (HSI) prevention and rehabilitation is a big part of what they expect from a sports chiropractor.
How to Find and Fix TL Nerve Impingements
The thoracolumbar junction (TLJ) and the peripheral sensory nerves that exit from it are frequent, important and rarely recognized sources of lower back, pelvic and hip pain. Let's outline a clear exam protocol for diagnosing the problem.
The Art of Listening
One of the most important clinical concepts for me was voiced by the legendary physician William Osler. "Listen to your patient, he/she is telling you the diagnosis." After treating literally thousands of patients, it can become almost second nature to quickly discover clues which reveal the underlying diagnosis.
News in Brief
A Moment of Silence for Dr. Stephen Press; New ACA President Elected; F4CP Offers New MemBership Benefit.
Essentials of Assessment: The Squat
The squat is a simple, fast and functional tool to evaluate patient symmetry and function. As simple and easy as it is to implement, it can yield considerable amounts of valuable, clinically relevant information.
Building Relationships and Referral Networks with Allopathic Practitioners
Dr. Doug, an orthopedist of 20 years, had heard stories from patients who tried acupuncture. While he was able to address many of their complaints effectively, some appeared to gain additional benefit when their care included TCM.
NCCAOM Launches New Membership Organization
The National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (NCCAOM) recently launched a new national membership organization, the NCCAOM Academy of Diplomates.
Filling the Gap: The Role of Alternative Practitioners in a Broken Health Care System
I have been asked many times what got me into alternative medicine. My answer is simple: I want to truly help and make a difference in people's health.
Health and Wellness Partnership
Yo San University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and The Wellness Center at the LAC + USC Historic General Hospital recently joined forces to extend care to the residents of Boyle Heights area of Los Angeles.
Business Lesson #1: Adapt or Else
My wife and I recently enjoyed an excellent meal at a restaurant recommended by some friends. We often have concerns about restaurant recommendations, as many have been disappointing.
The Value of Melatonin in Breast Cancer Prevention and Adjunctive Treatment
Although melatonin (MLT) is best known for its sleep-aid properties and as a natural remedy to prevent jet lag, extensive experimental studies suggest it possesses anticancer activity through several biological mechanisms.
Recording and Appropriate Billing of Timed Physical Medicine Services
There is a common misunderstanding about timed therapy services and although you do have some knowledge of timed service documentation, based on your comment on the 8-minute rule, your understanding is correct, but incomplete.
The IME System: A Current Public Health Risk and Solutions That Are Working
I strongly believe in the independent medical examination (IME) system. There are far too many doctors in every profession who are not following E&M protocols and never claim MMI (maximum medical improvement) has occurred for their patients, which has caused financial stress for many private and public carriers.
Transparency is Key at ASA First Annual Meeting
On March 4th and 5th the American Society of Acupuncturists (ASA) held a successful first annual meeting in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
An Interview with Amanda Shayle
JW: Can you share with us some of your history and how you became an acupuncturist? What did you do prior to becoming an acupuncturist? Where did you go to school?
Roots in the Community, Branches Far Beyond
The Jung Tao School of Classical Chinese Medicine (JTS) was founded in 1998 by Sean Christian Marshall in Sugar Grove, North Carolina, a small community near Boone in the state's westernmost mountains.
February, 2014, Vol. 14, Issue 02
Massage Helps Children with Cancer
By Massage Therapy Foundation Contributor
Contributed by Elizabeth Barberree, RMT, BA; April Neufeld, BS, LMT; Derek Austin, MS, CMT
The Massage Therapy Foundation shares the love we have for our children. Pediatric cancer cases continue to grow in numbers and managing symptoms of both the illness and its treatment lead health care providers to seek affordable palliative treatment options. In line with that, complementary and alternative modalities, like massage therapy, are also increasing in popularity.
In 2009, the International Journal of Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork published a pilot study conducted at the University of Florida, Gainesville Shands Hospital Cancer Center. Previous research describes positive effects of massage therapy for a variety of pediatric and adult oncology populations. The authors report findings that massage therapy may improve circulation and immune function, dissolve soft adhesions, reduce swelling and relieve the pain and stress associated with many illnesses. However, little research has been done on the effects of massage therapy on pediatric oncology or haematology patients. The purpose of this study was to measure the physical and psychological effects of massage therapy on pediatric oncology and hematology patients, and to determine the feasibility of implementing this care as a palliative treatment option in a cancer clinic setting.
The research design was a randomized, non-blinded prospective study. When recruiting for this project, care was taken to maximize the external validity by seeking gender equality and diversity in age, disease and inpatient or outpatient status. Thirty children, aged six months to 17 years, with cancer or blood diseases were recruited for the study. Their parents provided reporting support as needed. Adverse physical and psychological symptoms associated with cancer and cancer care were measured before, during and after the massage therapy intervention.
In the treatment group, four 20-minute sessions of Swedish massage were delivered once daily for approximately four days for inpatients or once weekly for about four weeks for the outpatients. Treatment was delivered by a nationally certified massage therapist, licensed in the state of Florida, with five years of experience. The massage therapy treatment consisted of effleurage, kneading, percussion, compression and friction. The treatment was applied to the areas most comfortable for the participant, on the hands, feet, arms, neck, back and shoulders. To ensure participant comfort, treatments were delivered while the participants remained in their hospital robes and covers were provided. The control group received no massage.
Before and after each session, the participant’s vital signs, discomfort level, muscle soreness and emotional data were recorded. The general clinical progress scale was also completed after the second, third and fourth sessions. Standardized measures were selected for their validity and applicability for this participant population, the State–Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC) and the Child Health Questionnaire–Parent (CHQ-Parent) were used. These were completed by the participants, parents or both before the first and after the final session. The data collection schedules were the same for the treatment and control groups. The control participants were seen in the same environment, for the same period of time for conversation and play with the therapist. For a detailed description of these measures, please access the free full-text article at PubMed Central. Data analysis appropriate to the study design was carried out by the research team with many interesting results.
No significant differences were observed between the treatment and control groups at baseline before the treatment intervention. However, after treatment, a number of the measures yielded significant mean changes for the treatment group versus the control group. After the treatment series, participants who had received massage therapy care showed decreased muscle soreness, discomfort, respiratory rate, state and trait anxiety and Faces "I Feel ..." scores.
On the CHQ-Parent questionnaire, the researchers found no significant differences between the treatment and control groups for physical and psychological health before or after treatments. The same was found for the physiological measures of pulse rate and blood pressure.
The findings of this pilot are consistent with that of related cancer studies and indicate a general improvement in physical (i.e. reduced muscle soreness, discomfort, respiratory rate and improved muscle relaxation), psychological well-being (i.e. reduced state and train anxiety and overall emotional well-being) and, thus, quality of life. Although the current study did not examine this effect directly, the researchers argue that when the effects are considered together, massage therapy could also promote optimal immune system functioning. This assertion is consistent with the work by Dr. Mark Rappaport et al., which was summarized in the MTF Research Column titled, "Massage Benefits Immune and Neuroendocrine Function" in the August edition of Massage Today.
This study suggests that despite the hectic nature of cancer clinics and oncology wards, massage therapy treatment can be successfully added into that environment. Replication of this project with a larger sample would allow for a more detailed analysis of whether different types of patients have similar response to massage therapy. Potential is there to investigate the effects of treatment on a broader range of symptoms and to better generalize the study results.
To learn more about the effects of massage therapy, you can review the archives of the Massage Therapy Foundation Research Column, read accepted MTF Research Grant abstracts, or search PubMed for massage therapy studies. If you find this article of interest, please share it with friends and loved ones, especially those who are touched by kids with cancer.
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