resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Don't Turn a 2 Into a 10
The Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale1 is so useful because it can be used by almost anyone. Patients can use the numbers associated with the faces depicted on the scale or select the face that demonstrates their current level of pain from 0-10.
A Guide for Talking to Doctors about Acupuncture and Brain Chemistry
Before I begin any discussion of how to talk about the effects of acupuncture on brain chemistry, nervous and endocrine function, it is essential to understand just what physicians most need help with.
A Chinese Medicine Story: An Interview with Mazin Al-Khafaji
Mazin Al-Khafaji's work has interested me for years. In February 2014, we invited him for the second time to speak at the Southwest Symposium in Austin, Texas.
A History Worth Telling
The popularity and the use of acupuncture for the treatment of animals in the United States is at its peak.
Chiropractic Research in Review
Chiropractic Treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis; Cost / Benefit Analysis: Different Doses of SMT for Low Back Pain; Imaging for Occult Rib and Costal Cartilage Fractures; Treating Neck Pain: Thoracic Thrust Manipulation vs. Non-Thrust Mobilization.
Pain Underfoot: Metatarsalgia
Foot pain can interfere significantly with normal activities and severely limit participation in sports. Metatarsalgia is foot pain involving the metatarsal bones in the forefoot – the complaint of pain on the bottom of the ball of the foot.
Medical Qigong for the Heart: Part III
Part 1 and Part II of this series focused on the physical aspect of the Heart and mental emotional aspects of the Heart respectively. Now, I would like to focus on the spiritual aspect of the Heart.
New Medical Technologies You Need to Know
We're all familiar with how fast computers become obsolete, as well as the rapid pace of development in the field of cell phone technology. The latest smart phones are far more powerful than desktop computers were only a few years ago.
Waking Up the Gluteus Maximus
In previous articles in this series, we expounded on the importance of the gluteus maximus (GM) in athletic performance and protecting the knee from injury. We also know there is a link between iliotibial band syndrome and GM weakness.
Peer Points: Always Seeking To Grow
Ellen "Kiki" Geary has spent the last decade honing her craft. As a specialist in integrative holistic care, she went straight from completing her master's degree in acupuncture and chinese herbal medicine from Bastyr University to building a successful and thriving practice in the small community of Anacortes, Washington.
9 Common Causes of Thyroid Imbalance and How You Can Help
How you sleep, how easily you wake up, and how much energy and stamina you have during the day are directly related to levels of the thyroid hormones.
News in Brief
National Chiropractic Health Month: Be Proactive; Collegiate Roundup: Academic Appointments at Parker, Logan.
Why Young People Need Chiropractic Now More Than Ever
According to a recent study published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, "It is now widely acknowledged that neck pain (NP), mid back pain (MBP), and low back pain (LBP) (spinal pain) start early in life and that the lifetime prevalence increases rapidly during adolescence to reach adult levels at the age of 18."
Finders Keepers: The Secret to Relationship-Based Marketing
Becoming a successful practitioner has less to do with what you learned in school, and more to do with your ability to find new patients and keep them!
A Vibrating Capsule for Constipation? Relevance to Your Chiropractic Practice
The relationship between gastrointestinal (GI) complaints and back pain is not typically written about or discussed.
Building From the Bottom Up
I caught up with my dear friend Honora Wolfe, in her Colorado painting studio where, if she is not praying in Bhutan or doing charitable work in a Nepali free clinic, she spends most of her time now.
MPA Media Wins 7 Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Dynamic Chiropractic and DC Practice Insights, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecedented seven publishing awards by the American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE), the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
February, 2014, Vol. 14, Issue 02
Massage Helps Children with Cancer
By Massage Therapy Foundation Contributor
Contributed by Elizabeth Barberree, RMT, BA; April Neufeld, BS, LMT; Derek Austin, MS, CMT
The Massage Therapy Foundation shares the love we have for our children. Pediatric cancer cases continue to grow in numbers and managing symptoms of both the illness and its treatment lead health care providers to seek affordable palliative treatment options. In line with that, complementary and alternative modalities, like massage therapy, are also increasing in popularity.
In 2009, the International Journal of Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork published a pilot study conducted at the University of Florida, Gainesville Shands Hospital Cancer Center. Previous research describes positive effects of massage therapy for a variety of pediatric and adult oncology populations. The authors report findings that massage therapy may improve circulation and immune function, dissolve soft adhesions, reduce swelling and relieve the pain and stress associated with many illnesses. However, little research has been done on the effects of massage therapy on pediatric oncology or haematology patients. The purpose of this study was to measure the physical and psychological effects of massage therapy on pediatric oncology and hematology patients, and to determine the feasibility of implementing this care as a palliative treatment option in a cancer clinic setting.
The research design was a randomized, non-blinded prospective study. When recruiting for this project, care was taken to maximize the external validity by seeking gender equality and diversity in age, disease and inpatient or outpatient status. Thirty children, aged six months to 17 years, with cancer or blood diseases were recruited for the study. Their parents provided reporting support as needed. Adverse physical and psychological symptoms associated with cancer and cancer care were measured before, during and after the massage therapy intervention.
In the treatment group, four 20-minute sessions of Swedish massage were delivered once daily for approximately four days for inpatients or once weekly for about four weeks for the outpatients. Treatment was delivered by a nationally certified massage therapist, licensed in the state of Florida, with five years of experience. The massage therapy treatment consisted of effleurage, kneading, percussion, compression and friction. The treatment was applied to the areas most comfortable for the participant, on the hands, feet, arms, neck, back and shoulders. To ensure participant comfort, treatments were delivered while the participants remained in their hospital robes and covers were provided. The control group received no massage.
Before and after each session, the participant’s vital signs, discomfort level, muscle soreness and emotional data were recorded. The general clinical progress scale was also completed after the second, third and fourth sessions. Standardized measures were selected for their validity and applicability for this participant population, the State–Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC) and the Child Health Questionnaire–Parent (CHQ-Parent) were used. These were completed by the participants, parents or both before the first and after the final session. The data collection schedules were the same for the treatment and control groups. The control participants were seen in the same environment, for the same period of time for conversation and play with the therapist. For a detailed description of these measures, please access the free full-text article at PubMed Central. Data analysis appropriate to the study design was carried out by the research team with many interesting results.
No significant differences were observed between the treatment and control groups at baseline before the treatment intervention. However, after treatment, a number of the measures yielded significant mean changes for the treatment group versus the control group. After the treatment series, participants who had received massage therapy care showed decreased muscle soreness, discomfort, respiratory rate, state and trait anxiety and Faces "I Feel ..." scores.
On the CHQ-Parent questionnaire, the researchers found no significant differences between the treatment and control groups for physical and psychological health before or after treatments. The same was found for the physiological measures of pulse rate and blood pressure.
The findings of this pilot are consistent with that of related cancer studies and indicate a general improvement in physical (i.e. reduced muscle soreness, discomfort, respiratory rate and improved muscle relaxation), psychological well-being (i.e. reduced state and train anxiety and overall emotional well-being) and, thus, quality of life. Although the current study did not examine this effect directly, the researchers argue that when the effects are considered together, massage therapy could also promote optimal immune system functioning. This assertion is consistent with the work by Dr. Mark Rappaport et al., which was summarized in the MTF Research Column titled, "Massage Benefits Immune and Neuroendocrine Function" in the August edition of Massage Today.
This study suggests that despite the hectic nature of cancer clinics and oncology wards, massage therapy treatment can be successfully added into that environment. Replication of this project with a larger sample would allow for a more detailed analysis of whether different types of patients have similar response to massage therapy. Potential is there to investigate the effects of treatment on a broader range of symptoms and to better generalize the study results.
To learn more about the effects of massage therapy, you can review the archives of the Massage Therapy Foundation Research Column, read accepted MTF Research Grant abstracts, or search PubMed for massage therapy studies. If you find this article of interest, please share it with friends and loved ones, especially those who are touched by kids with cancer.
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