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The Science Behind Happiness
Are you happy right now? Whether yes or no, there are a myriad of reasons why you feel that way. A whole academic discipline has developed to find out what causes or obstructs happiness, and how to amplify it.
Healing Community Trauma in Israel and Palestine
It's the beginning of August and Israel and Hamas have just agreed to a 72-hour ceasefire after a month of brutal fighting. In the last four weeks, 1,830 Palestinians and 67 Israelis have been killed.
A Commonly Missed Spinal Fixation: The Upper Lumbar Spine (Part 1)
When we think of lower back pain, we tend to think in terms of the lower lumbar spine and the SI joint. These joints and their discs are obviously important. However, we tend to miss fixations that occur just above – in the upper lumbar spine. Three questions come to mind: 1) Why is the upper lumbar spine so important? 2) Why do we miss the fixations here? 3) How can we adjust them?
Improving Our Political Effectiveness
The November 2014 elections are right around the corner; members of Congress, governors and state legislators are all running. Now is a good time to talk frankly about our overall political involvement.
A Glimpse Into China's Top Brain Hospital
The sounds of the city pass through the open window are overwhelming the microphone - car horns, construction machinery - and then there's the family at the adjacent bed talking loudly on cell phones, yet you can still hear the faint beep of our patients monitoring equipment.
Let the Patient Tell Their Story
Often when a patient presents with an injury, they want to tell their story. People by nature like to talk about themselves, particularly when they're worried about their health.
The Problem With Prolonged Sitting
We need to constantly talk to our patients about spending less time sitting and about what can go wrong with poor sitting postures. The fact is we sit too long in repetitive malpositions.
Help Secure Our Future by Sharing It
The National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) conducts one of the most comprehensive surveys of the U.S. chiropractic profession every 4-5 years.
News in Brief
NBCE Launches Computer-Based Testing Era; California Chiropractors Get Expanded DOT Exam Privileges; New Jeff Hays Documentary.
The Truth About Herbs
I appreciate the effort and research put into the article written in the June issue of Acupuncture Today regarding pesticides and Chinese herbs.
The Spirit of the Point
After receiving a large amount of positive feedback on my San Zhen Protocols series, I have decided to focus this article on some relevant clinical aspects of acupuncture therapy prior to moving on to San Zhen Protocols III.
When Big Pharma Meets Chinese Medicine
Earlier this year, Bayer made a media splash with their decision to buy the Dihon Pharmaceutical Group Co., a Chinese TCM manufacturer.
History of Animal Acupuncture: Part II
In Part I of this article, I had gone back to 1969 and tried to describe the atmosphere and events of that year that engulfed many of the younger generation, some who were all the core members of the National Acupuncture Association.
If You Get a Request for Records, Respond!
In our previous two articles, we discussed two of the main reasons for denial when chiropractic records are reviewed by Medicare contractors.
Medicalization and Mindfulness
The past several years have seen a veritable explosion of research on mindfulness. Research abstracts we've published in each issue of Health Insights Today under the heading "Mind-Body News" have increasingly reported on studies about mindfulness interventions.
Uncle Sam Needs You
Scrutiny into the Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA) continues to grow after efforts to reform the DVA by the former Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Eric Shinseki, were deemed "a stunning period of dysfunction" by Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.).
Thoughts to Live By
When speaking to your patients about their health make sure to ponder the following points and have them assess if they are making themselves even more sick by the thoughts they have about life. Are these some of the traits and thoughts that your patients might have?
A Healthy Dose of Failure is Vital to Your Success
As an acupuncturist I tend to see people after they have already suffered for years and "tried everything." They are so desperate for some relief that they want to know everything about how to get better, right now.
Get Ready For AOM Day
This year, AOM Day 2014 falls on Friday, (October 24th). This is a great opportunity to make your AOM Day celebration or event even bigger by extending it throughout the weekend!
Thoracolumbar Syndrome: The Great Mimic
The thoracolumbar junction is a common area of joint dysfunction. The most obvious cause is dysfunctional breathing or lack of diaphragmatic breathing. Treating this breathing problem will ultimately be the long-term cure for the syndrome.
Rethinking GMO: Less Panic, More Context
Some of you may have noticed that after writing parts 1 and 2 of “Genetic Modification of Organisms for Human Consumption” a while back [Nov. 15, 2013 and Jan. 1, 2014 issues], part 3 never appeared.
February, 2014, Vol. 14, Issue 02
A Distorted View: How Massage Impacts Body Image Issues
By Tina Allen, LMT, CPMMT, CPMT, CIMT
Having concerns or worrying about body size, weight and appearance is quite common. However, in some cases, this concern becomes a problem which can lead to a distorted view of one's self, unhealthy eating and confusing views of the body.These thoughts are often complicated by negative feelings, low self-esteem and depression. Massage therapy providers may find value in learning more about supporting clients with body image differences.
Eating disorders are complex, with both anorexia and bulimia having their own treatment concerns, criteria and issues. At the core of anorexia is the belief that being thin will lead to a better life, while bulimia consists of the pattern of binging and purging, often used as a coping mechanism during times of stress.
Anorexia often leads sufferers to become severely underweight, while bulimics are often able to maintain a normal weight. The largest contrast studies have found between anorexia and bulimia is impulsivity. Control is the main motivator for many anorexics, while impulsivity, or the action of releasing pressure from unrealistic standards, cause the action of binge and purge for bulimics. It is not uncommon to see both diagnoses together and it is important to note that physical symptoms may not be obvious for both conditions.
Statistics and Lack of Touch
A recent study on the prevalence of eating disorders in adolescents estimates approximately a half million teens struggle with eating disorders or disordered eating. Even more disturbing was the finding that the onset of these eating behaviors starts around ages 12 and 13, but are most typically found in the late teenage years and continue into adulthood.
Eating disorders are often related to emotional issues such as control and self-esteem. There are typically a number of contributing factors including difficult relationships with friends or family, physical, emotional or sexual abuse, loss and grief, stress or feelings of losing control.
Why Nurturing Touch?
Nurturing touch and massage have been linked not only as a prevention method early in life, but as a form of treatment for those suffering from eating disorders and disordered eating. In the early years, it has been further observed that when body boundaries have not been consistently outlined by touch, caress and secure holding, individuals in later life experience their body image as disproportionate, misshapen and overly large. Research findings suggest that physical modes of nurturing, that is, "nurturance by touching and hugging," are of importance in the development of body image, especially among females.
A study focused on anorexia nervosa followed nineteen women who either received standard treatment or standard treatment plus massage therapy twice a week for five weeks. Using standard Swedish massage techniques, the participants received a 30-minute full body massage. The massage group reported lower stress and anxiety levels and had lower cortisol (stress) hormone levels following massage. Over the five-week treatment period, they also reported decreases in body dissatisfaction on the Eating Disorder Inventory and showed increased dopamine and norepinephrine levels.
In a similar study, 24 adolescent females affected by bulimia were randomly assigned into either a massage therapy or control group. The massage therapy group received massage two days a week for five days, all were administered by massage therapists. The patients remained fully clothed and were massaged on various areas of their body, including 15 minutes in the supine position and 15 minutes in the prone position. The results showed an immediate reduction in anxiety/depression and by the last day of the therapy, results showed they had lower depression scores, lower cortisol (stress) levels and higher dopamine levels.
A Massage Therapists Approach
As with all clients, safety and ethical practice are our first concern. Always perform a detailed client intake and personal health history. In some cases, having eating differences, body image issues, anorexia nervosa and bulimia may cause complications and other health issues. Follow all known contraindications to massage therapy.
When working with youth who are dealing with body image issues, or are diagnosed with anorexia or bulimia, practice with client confidentiality and comfort in mind. Provide a safe and nurturing environment where the client can choose to disrobe or not, to their individual comfort level. Always allow the client to choose position for the massage, whether that be sitting up or lying down and take time to work slowly, allowing for time to take breaks as the client may request. A gentle, supportive approach is best in creating a safe session for youth.
Click here for more information about Tina Allen, LMT, CPMMT, CPMT, CIMT.
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