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Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Code Connection: Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
December, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 12
Why Do Clients Keep Coming Back for Massage?
By Massage Therapy Foundation Contributor
Contributed by Sandra K. Anderson, BA, LMT, ABT; Beth; MK Brennan MS, RN, LMBT; Jolie Haun PhD EdS LMT
In this month's Massage Therapy Foundation (MTF) research review, we are reporting on a focus group study that explored the reasons clients continue to use massage therapy. The article was written for Complementary Therapies in Medicine in 2009, by a research team from New Zealand associated with the Southern Institute of Technology and the Centre for Physiotherapy Research.
As professional massage therapists and bodywork practitioners, we rely on a stable client base for income. We know that by providing client-centered treatments, a welcoming therapeutic atmosphere, as well as conducting ourselves professionally and ethically, clients are more likely to return. However, unless we explore clients' reasons for continued use, we may not know why they come back for massage.
Over the past few years, research supporting the psychological and physiological benefits of massage therapy has been on the rise. The authors thought it would be useful to gain clarity about the contributing factors for the popularity of massage from the clients' perspective. The goal of this research was to explore the reasons why (or "drivers") clients use, value and continue to seek massage therapy services.
Determining the reasons for repeated use of massage requires listening to the clients about their needs, insights and activities. Therefore, Smith et al chose to use the focus group methodology, which is a qualitative approach for studying participants' attitudes and perceptions. Telephone focus groups were conducted with current and repeat massage therapy clients throughout New Zealand.
Participants were male and female, 16 years of age or older. Participants were included if they had at least one massage within the previous three months or at least two massages within the previous six months. Participants were excluded if they received student massages, or if the massage was provided by another practitioner (e.g. physiotherapy, beauty therapist, or other CAM practitioner) since these types of massage were considered an adjunct to another therapy. No more than two clients from any one therapist were recruited and massage therapists as clients were excluded.
Three telephone focus groups were conducted in August, 2007. Groups included five to seven participants and lasted approximately an hour. A moderator with previous focus group experience facilitated the telephone focus groups, which followed a semi-structured format. All sessions were recorded, observed by another study author and then transcribed.
According to the article, during the focus groups, "Initially, each person was asked for their individual input; at other times, the line was open for anyone to answer first. The moderator provided opportunities for inclusion of all participants using a range of approaches including: probing questions, group discussion strategies and different points of view and experiences were sought. A speaker grid was used to record responses, and to cue and monitor participation. The moderator and assistant held a debriefing discussion after each session."
Results of the study showed four driving forces for continued use of massage:
These results are in line with other studies that show massage therapy is considered part of wellness maintenance, placing value on the client's physical, psychological and emotional needs to achieve mental and physical balance.
Limitations to the study include possible bias resulting from the therapists selecting their own clients to participate, small sample size and low number of male participants. It should be noted qualitative research is not qualified by large sample sizes, but rather the depth and breadth of information gathered. The goal of qualitative research is to reach saturation, which can be achieved given the reported sample size of this research. However, since 95% of participants in this study were female, there is little information regarding what drives male clients to receive massage. In addition, the sample may not reflect individuals who had a negative experience with massage. Consecutive sampling to minimize therapist bias and including more male participants could improve methodology in future studies. It would also be interesting to replicate this study in North America to see if reasons for continued massage therapy use are consistent cross-culturally. Further, qualitative findings such as these, can inform a subsequent quantitative study to investigate how commonly these views and experiences are reported in a larger representative sample of massage therapy clients.
Overall, massage therapy is a client-centered wellness practice where clients desire results. However, clients report that they continue to seek treatment because of the beneficial experiential aspect of receiving massage therapy. This suggests that as massage therapy and bodywork practitioners, it is not only our skilled touch, but also our ability to provide a professional and hospitable environment that draws clients in and brings them back. Our professionalism sets the tone for our career longevity.
To learn more about the economic impact of CAM, you can review the Massage Therapy Foundation article archives, read accepted MTF Research Grant abstracts, or search Pub Med for CAM/CIM cost analysis studies.
Click here for more information about Massage Therapy Foundation Contributor.
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