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Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
December, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 12
Using TDR Massage When Treating Sciatic Nerve Pain
By Linda LePelley, RN, NMT
A new client called, asking to be seen as soon as possible. She was experiencing severe right-sided low back pain. Her chiropractor had sent her to a joint and spine specialist. She was diagnosed with Sciatica and given an injection containing pain relievers and steroids, with no abatement of her pain. Diagnostic tests concluded there were no disc problems, so her doctor gave her permission to seek massage.
I palpated the tissues of her right sided glutes, pirifomis and hip joint. Together, we determined the precise locations of the pain. I was careful to ascertain that my client agreed with my findings as I went along. For example, I would say, "This spot feels denser than the tissues around it. It feels to me there is a border here where the tissues thicken, how does it feel to you?" And, "I feel a thick strand of tissue right along here, is this tender?" I was able to feel with my fingers the hardened, dense tissue at the places that were hurting her. She guided me to the areas that were the most involved with her pain and discomfort. I generally find the tissues which are most dense will also be the ones which hurt the most, although this is not always the case. While I have consistently found tissues that hurt have elevated tissue density (TD), not all dense tissue hurts. In this case, however, the most firm tissues were the most painful.
I found what felt like a thick, fibrous pad, approx 3' by 5", over the client's SI joint, which she identified as the location of the worst pain. The second worst area, and the one most responsible for my client's inability to lay on her right side, was another thickened mass of dense tissue which had formed over the greater trochanter, approx 9" by 4". Both felt to be variably ¼ to ¾ inches in depth, with the thickest part over the most firm, dense area (I consider these hardened pads to be Adventitious Tissue Structures (ATS) (see "Adventitious Tissue Structures of Elevated Tissue Density," Massage Today, June 2013). Other involved tissue was noted to follow the probable course of the sciatic nerve behind her thigh on down to her knee; also involving a notably tender ATS at the medial aspect of the knee; and finally, the distal lateral portion of her right leg, which felt as firm as a rubber tire.
Tissue Density Restoration (TDR) Massage is based on my observation and theory that musculoskeletal pain and dysfunction increases in direct association with an elevation in TD. I find this method to be very effective. Over my years of clinical observation and experience with TDR Massage, I have developed a few principles of application:
Having determined that the worst of my client's pain involved the ATS at the SI joint and the greater trochanter, and using a massage cream with excellent glide; I began massaging the areas with wide handed, circular motions, reminding my client to let me know if her pain level reached or surpassed a 3 on the 1/10 pain scale. At the beginning of a treatment, the overall area may feel uniformly tight and firm. As the tissues warm with the friction of the circular massage movements, the least affected tissues will begin to relax and soften. At this point, the outlines of the hardened, painful areas will become more apparent and easily palpable. As you are able to do so without causing pain, increase the intensity of the pressure and movement. Use your thumbs, knuckles or the ulnar side of your hand to target and focus on the boundaries of the hyper-dense tissue.
As you work, the tissues will eventually begin to feel as if they are becoming smoother, then softer. I checked with my client often, making sure I was still at the right level of pressure and that I was still working on the area that hurt. As dense tissues are warmed and moved, they become softened, resulting in pain relief. So, you will find that over the course of the treatment, the area of focus will often slowly shift into adjacent areas. As you are able to use more pressure and movement, you will find tissues that felt quite firm and solid at the outset become malleable to the point that you will be able to gently grasp and squeeze the area of focus without causing pain. It is at this point that the density of the deeper tissues may be reached through the increased pressure and mobilization you will be able to implement. Eventually, the tissues will be restored all the way to the bone.
Throughout the course of the massage, I explained to my client that my goal was to soften all of the overly dense tissues. As her pain levels and elevated TD areas were relieved, she was amazed to see there was indeed a relationship between the density and pain. I explained to my client that, once cleared, there are things she can do to help prevent the return of the elevated TD. They include staying appropriately hydrated, using warm packs or baths for sore muscles whenever they occur, massaging any area that feels tight and sore, being as active as possible and getting a regular, full body massage.
The worst of my client's pain was resolved at the first massage, giving her a great deal of relief and allowing her to sleep. She had a second massage three days later and then once a week for the next 10 weeks. At the point in time when the thickened pads at the hip and SI joint were no longer palpable, I worked my way down her leg to restore the density, ending at the calf. The tissues are now malleable and pain-free.
Clients often feel proud of the hardness of their muscles; they believe it is a sign of strength. I recall a gentleman who pounded his fist into his thigh, telling me, "This is all muscle! I don't want to lose my muscle, I just want the pain to go away!" I explain that as the tissues become denser, they crowd, engulf, squeeze, and compress the nerves and nerve endings within them. These nerves are no longer able to slide and glide around with movement, so they end up being tugged, pulled and pinched – which hurts and eventually causes dysfunction. My evidence is the repeated observation that dense tissue that hurts is relieved of the pain once it has been restored to an uncompressed state.
Click here for more information about Linda LePelley, RN, NMT.
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