resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Meshing TCM With Environmental Pediatrics: Where's the Overlap?
Pediatrics has a long history within Chinese medicine dating back to the late Han dynasty (i.e., the late 200s CE), with the two primary areas of emphasis being herbal medicine and xiao er tui na (pediatric massage).
Assessing Core Stability and ROM: 5 Basic Checks
One of the first steps in addressing core stability is assessing static posture, ranges of motion, and motion of the pelvic bones, sacrum, femurs, lumbar spine and thoracic spine.
Another Chance to Make a Difference
Just a few months ago, "the worst natural disaster to strike the United States since Hurricane Sandy" hit Louisiana. During this storm, one area experienced 31 inches of rain in 15 hours as almost 7 trillion gallons of water rained down in just one week across the state.
End of an Era Looms at NYCC
New York Chiropractic College recently announced that Dr. Frank Nicchi will retire in August 2017 after 36 years with the college, the past 17 as president.
6 Steps to Make 2017 Your Best Year Yet
People often ask me what defines success. Success, for me, is simple: doing exactly what you want to do in life. Whether it's the kind of practice you run, your life at home, your hobbies or something else, it's achieving anything you put your mind to.
A Letter to the Profession from the New President at AAAOM
Volunteering for a national, nonprofit organization brings with it such highs, lows, and accomplishments, as well as a steep learning curve.
What We Can Learn From Spine Surgery
Patients with lumbar stenosis presumably present for conservative care to improve their quality of life and avoid surgery. However, providing clear guidance to these patients can be difficult for a number of reasons.
News in Brief
New President / CEO Takes Office at Yo San University. Electroacupuncture for Constipation?
A Q & A About Updated Codes
Yes, indeed there was an update to ICD-10 on Oct.1, 2016. This is a regular update to the diagnosis coding system and this type of update will occur every Oct. 1, just as it did when the ICD-9 system was in place.
Chiro School Reunion: Whatever Happened to...?
I opened the door to the closet slowly, carefully, since I knew it contained a large number of precariously stacked file boxes. It also held numerous outdated gizmos with electrical cords of various lengths that could trip or strangle a person.
Molecular Motors: Tiny Machines Behind the Rhythm of Life
In the clinic, we aim to restore healthy patterns of movement for qi that has gotten trapped or misdirected, or may have even collapsed. We may be focused on freeing stagnation, releasing heat or redirecting counterflow qi, but it often comes down to helping re-establish a flow of sorts.
Can a Multivitamin Reduce Breast Cancer Recurrence?
There is a great deal of controversy regarding the value of multivitamin supplements in cancer prevention. However, with respect to preventing breast cancer recurrence, an important study was published in the Journal of Breast Cancer Research and Treatment in 2011 by Kwan ML, et al.
Dedicated to Defending Chiropractic
Whether you're a veteran DC or a first-trimester student, the name George McAndrews should be part and parcel of your professional vernacular, as familiar as the word chiropractic.
DVT: Know the Signs and You Could Save a Life
I lost a friend several months ago. He died from a pulmonary embolism (PE) secondary to a deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) that originated in his lower leg. Bobby was in his mid-60s, soft-spoken and had a big heart.
All Fiber Is Not Created Equal
Sometimes the best place to start is at the end. So, the conclusion of this article is that all fiber is good ... but some fiber is better. Let's break it down. There are two main types of fiber: soluble fiber and insoluble fiber.
2016: A Year in the Life of Acupuncture
Happy Holidays, may you, your family and friends have peace, joy and blessings throughout this special time of year. As 2016 comes to a close, we can look back and celebrate the many events and accomplishments for the profession of acupuncture.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Pt. 2)
Most overuse injuries are benign, but there are some high-risk injuries that, if unrecognized or inappropriately treated, can result in significant loss in time from the sport or even require leaving the sport.
Little Sticker, Big Impact
It's the end of an election year. Hilary Clinton and Donald Trump were the subject of conversation for everyone, everywhere for the entire 2016 calendar year. I don't think any of us can deny that this election affected us all very deeply on a personal level.
A First for the Profession: CCE Accredits First Chiropractic Residencies
The Council on Chiropractic Education (CCE) has awarded accreditation to all five chiropractic residency programs currently administered at Veterans Administration facilities, "the first residency programs in the nation ever to be awarded this distinction, a significant advancement in the evolution of chiropractic education," according to a VA press release announcing the milestone.
Southwest Acupuncture College Brings It to Division 1 Athletes
When Michael Phelps' photograph with the distinctive round marks left by cupping went viral, the Division 1 student athletes treated through the Dal Ward Athletic Center at the University of Colorado (CU) could relate.
Herbs for Digestion: The Power of Bitter
Many cultures (and indeed herbal clinicians) around the world have long respected the role of bitter herbs and foods for promoting digestion. For example, aperitifs – drinks consumed before a meal to stimulate appetite and digestion – were originally derived from bitter herbs.
Branding: Set Your Practice Apart
Dr. Brad started his practice seven years ago on a shoestring budget. He created his generic logo in five minutes using a website because he didn't have the time to figure out how to make something special.
December, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 12
Ancient Cupping Tools Brought into the Modern Therapeutic World
By Shannon Gilmartin, CMT, CMCE
In today's society, health care is widely diversified. From Western to Eastern medicines to alternative health care, there is much to choose from. In recent years, various cupping therapies have become more known and yet not many people know why it works or what it does. My goal is to help clarify some of the mystique around this wonderful therapy.
Cupping therapies have existed practically as long as mankind. Its documentation from ancient Egypt, China, Europe, Africa and Native American cultures is proof of its widely diversified benefits. Its effects vary so widely and results can be quite impressive. However, many people know very little about it – mainly that it is considered alternative health care and it can leave marks.
Cupping therapies use negative pressure, or suction, to treat the body. Once the cups are applied to the skin, they pull various fluids to the surface. Vacuum therapies are a major vasodilator for the body and they encourage vascular structures to open. Cups draw fluids up, creating a clearing out of everything below its position. With proper use, it can be used to cleanse and dispose of accumulated materials to encourage a more balanced and thorough state of homeostasis. From surface skin, lymphatics and muscle to deep visceral organs and bones, vacuum therapies have almost limitless potential.
The lymphatic system is an awesomely powerful body system encased in a delicate environment. Its purpose is multifaceted; it is our body's defense mechanism and it disposes interstitial debris, along with dead blood cells, toxic materials, and even cancer cells. There are three layers of lymphatic drainage pathways: superficial (drains skin and subcutaneous), intermediate/intrafascial (drains muscles joints and ligaments) and deep (corresponding organs). The entire system can be addressed with superficial stimulation, with a suction pump-like effect. Using vacuum therapies appropriately at this level, we can help clear all layers effectively by helping to open their superficial flap-like valves and mimicking the rhythmic, pumping movement within; even gliding the cups along is a powerful wave-like cleansing process. Think of all the pathologies that have lymphatic involvement, lymphatic complications. Depending on the pre-existing training of the practitioner using the cups, so much can be enhanced with this tool.
Next, we must acknowledge the effects on the circulatory system. Both circulatory and lymphatic systems respond simultaneously to this therapy. Ischemic tissue is dry, has reduced oxygen-rich blood supply and can be characterized by pain and dysfunction. Just as a hot compress application can warm tissue, cups can do so with its added benefits mentioned above. This concept is important to grasp with vacuum therapies. A cup can be used to literally draw blood into ischemic tissues, creating localized hydration, while also clearing out any negative materials that inhibit optimal hydration and function ... all without heat added into an possibly inflamed area.
Think about all those marks some people get from cups. Understanding what is happening to the body can help to explain "those marks." Improper and aggressive use of cups can cause bruising that is traumatic capillary damage. However, when used correctly, the discolorations can clearly "mark" areas that need proper attention and help show you exactly where there is dysfunction and restrictions that need to be released. Everything from old blood deposits from repetitive motion injuries and surgical sites to carcinogenic materials can be seen in these marks. Ancient cupping often employed "wet cups" or "bleeding cups" and the practitioner would cut the skin to remove such materials. Nowadays, using a cup without cutting the skin is no less effective, and it keeps it within our legal scope of practice to do so. In addition, to show progress as the body responds and cumulative work is applied, marks will no longer appear in such areas as there is nothing more to purge at this time.
Putting the marks aside, think of how great vacuum therapies can be to encourage hyperemia in the tissue. The skin is the last organ to receive blood and this treatment is highly effective at feeding such tissue. Minimal use can grant immediate warming and pliability where there was rigid, immovable tissue before. So much treatment time is spent trying to stimulate blood flow, and using a cup can accelerate this process and allow you to make better use of your time in each treatment session.
Now, let's discuss the benefits for adhered tissues, ranging from slight dimpling to scar tissue. Adhesions are defined as an irregular union between two previously separated structures. Cups are used to literally lift and separate tissues, while simultaneously flooding oxygen-rich and nutrient-dense blood into these previously dehydrated, malnourished layers. So much work is done to break up adhesions – from cellulite to fascial binding, trigger points and scar tissue – wouldn't it make sense to lift and manipulate the tissue rather than continue to press on such structures?
When dealing with surgical scars, examine what may be locked into this structure. One of my best examples is a client of mine whose 30+ year old scars had inhibited her every movement (lymphatic to mechanical and visceral function). She came to me after almost a decade of aggressive scar tissue work. Over the course of many sessions, we not only had all types of black and purple and red blood deposits surface, we also saw colors of anesthesia that were left behind, and had quite a few stitches surface. Her visibly indented scars flattened, her mobility in all capacities drastically improved and her physical composition changed dramatically! All of this resulting from incorporating safe, logical and non-forced vacuum therapies into what I normally do as a massage therapist.
Next, we must address its effects on the fascial system. Fascia, as many body workers know, is a very complicated structure to work with. As muscle tissue has specific attachments, anatomy and direction, fascia is a web of interconnected tissue that runs throughout the entire body without interruption. Fascia is involved in every structure of the body; from a cellular level, through muscles, organs, nerves, bones and organs. Its restrictions prove to be some of the most complicated to try and soften, its patterns at times can be too rigid and bound to easily interrupt. Cups are an amazing tool that allow the body worker to unbind these holding patterns and roll the tissue out as cups glide over it, creating hydration as they move along. Thereafter, manipulations can work with the fascial planes with more ease to conjunctively interrupt such restrictive patterns. By no means is a cup the sole approach to relieving such delicately complex situations, but one experience of incorporating it into your work will prove its massive impact. Countless body workers and health care practitioners can attest to this experience.
Now that you can envision how cups are taking effect, I like to discuss various inflammations. Inflammatory conditions can be characterized by local heat, swelling, redness, pain and possible decrease of function. Countless pathologies have inflammation involved in some capacity. Inflammation is meant to eliminate debris and dead tissue from acute wounds, and can be a vicious locked cycle within the body in chronic conditions, such as fibromyalgia and Lyme's disease. In such cases, the inflammatory materials remain contained with no expulsive movement happening. Cups can be used to help with both acute and chronic inflammatory conditions. I cannot stress enough how appropriate safe training is necessary to approach such conditions, but the results are amazing!
Another great benefit of vacuum therapies is its effect on the central nervous system. Housed by the cranium and vertebral column, the cranial and peripheral nerves exit and innervate appropriately through intricate layers of tissue. All too often, clients are receiving therapeutic bodywork to alleviate not only compressions on nerves (ex. carpal tunnel syndrome) and the associated pain but also to (hopefully) reduce the symptoms of countless nervous system conditions. Massage therapy alone can reduce production of norepinephrine and cortisol (stress hormones) but it also increases production of dopamine and seratonin which encourage relaxation. Now blend the effects of the decompressive benefits of cups with these chemical influences in the body from massage, and the results are quite powerful.
In summary, cups have been used throughout civilized time to help heal people. In today's world, so many people are looking at alternative care to help heal and maintain wellness. Seeing how dynamic something like vacuum therapies can affect the body will hopefully encourage you to seek out safe and appropriate training. If we can retrain the eyes to see any marks that arise as beneficial clues instead of harm, then we can appreciate the idea of "better out than in!" That being said, marks are not necessary to receive benefits; they are simply a side effect, a "bonus" with this therapeutic tool. Countless clients and patients are receiving impressive benefits with no marks at all – only from the safe, appropriate use of negative pressure therapies.
Shannon Gilmartin has been in the bodywork industry since 1999, and working with A.C.E. Cupping Therapies and Anita Shannon since 2004. Having successful practices in both her native Massachusetts and now Virginia Beach, Va., she works in conjunction with a wide variety of both medical and alternative health care professionals. Both available classes and services offered can be found at: www.shannongcmt.com.
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