resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Percussion Therapy: An Experiment
My study of qi began more than 20 years ago — long before my study of TCM, points or pathways. It all started with an awareness in my hands and physical manifestations in the way of blockages while working on clients.
Changing the Cultural View of Medicine
Many hospitals in the U.S. are incorporating integrative clinics that include Traditional Chinese Medicine. Cleveland Clinic has led the charge for adding a traditional Chinese herbal medicine clinic to their existing acupuncture program.
RAND Study Recruiting DCs
Dr. Ian Coulter, RAND / Samueli chair for integrative medicine and senior health policy researcher for the RAND Corporation, has issued a call for participation, recruiting doctors of chiropractic for a practice-based research study that will examine "the impact of evidence, outcomes, costs and patient preferences on the choice of treatment for chronic low back pain and neck pain."
From Antiquity to Modernity: Huang Qin Tang at Yale Medical School, Part 1
Traditional Chinese medicine is a coherent medical system with several unique characteristics: it originated almost 3,000 years ago; in its area of origin, it has been practiced without interruption since its inception.
Taking Another Step Toward a Secure Future
In 2008, the Council on Chiropractic Guidelines and Practice Parameters (CCGPP) released a literature review on chiropractic care for low back disorders.
Yo San University Helps Make LA Communities Healthier
An element of healthcare training often overlooked is the residual benefit to communities served by Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (AOM) schools nationwide.
Integrative Medicine Can Shape the Profession
As the AOM profession struggles to define the role of "integrative" medicine within their practices their schools and organizations, students, faculty, alumni and administrators at schools wrestle with discussions of how much, where, how, and what to "integrate."
Lab Rats (Roaming the Streets)
The title of this article is an accurate description of American consumers (regardless of age) in the modern era.
Forgotten Options for Musculoskeletal Health
Challenges with musculoskeletal health are of tremendous concern for many people today.
Enhancing Performance in Cross-Fit Athletes
Cross-fitness centers are expanding in number and increasing in popularity. To remain relevant to this growing portion of society, practitioners need to learn about the exercises and injuries common to this group.
The Roots of Insomnia
One of the most common clinical presentations is insomnia. Next to digestive disorders, sleep disorders are one of the most common complaints the clinician will encounter in daily practice.
East Meets West
Gung Hay Fat Choi. Welcome to the year of the Monkey. There will be fireworks for both January and February this year. What great celebrations.
The Clinical Versatility of Milk Thistle (Part 2)
Evidence is growing that the silymarin complex of flavonolignans from milk thistle can impact serum ferritin and iron overload in various clinical circumstances.
Chiropractic Around the World: WFC Country Reports December 2015
The following country updates are reprinted with permission from the December 2015 World Federation of Chiropractic (WFC) Quarterly World Report. Information is excepted for space and edited to DC-specific style guidelines.
Window of the Sky Points
The acupuncture points known as Window of the Sky are a modern creation. There is no reference in Chinese medical texts for an acupuncture point category called Window of the Sky.
Interprofessionalism: What it Means and Why You Should Care
Interprofessionalism in education and in practice is a growing trend across health care in the United States. The idea that team-based care and collaborative practice can improve health care has been around more than 50 years.
Do Doctors Lie to Patients? (Do You Lie to Yours?)
In a previous column ["When Patients Lie (Bribe or Flatter)," Oct. 1, 2015], I discussed the issue of patients lying to doctors, and the many reasons why this can occur.
Billing and Coding for Moxibustion
Q: I am trying to locate a code for cupping and moxibustion, and have had various fellow acupuncturists indicate that they bill using the existing codes for heat, 97010 hot packs or 97026 infra-red for moxa and 97016 vasopneumatic device for cupping.
Ethics: The Glue That Holds Us Together
Kudos to the National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (NCCAOM) for creating a code of ethics for the nationwide profession and for deciding to make courses in ethics a requirement for certification renewal.
Is There a Neurological Basis and Correction for Macular Degeneration?
Macular degeneration, aka AMD (age-related macular degeneration), is a common eye disease and a leading cause of blindness in people age 50 years and older, according to the National Institutes of Health National Eye Institute.
Diet, Nutrition and the Context of Risk (Part 1)
Food and supplement safety is a topic that often comes up when I speak to chiropractors for CE relicensing, even when it is not the advertised subject.
Asking the Insurance Rep the Right Questions
One of the first or last questions a potential patient often asks is: "Do you take insurance?" An ill-informed or optimistic, "yes" can result in delayed or non-payment. Instead, just say: "Let me check if you are eligible first."
Treating Pain: The Hypermobile Coccyx
When I write about the coccyx, I recognize that I am talking about a relatively small subset of patients. When I write for Dynamic Chiropractic, I am trying to reach 60,000 chiropractors.
The MRI: What to Do With the Results
As I wrote in my previous article on this topic, it is my goal for you, the doctor, to be an expert in interpreting MRI images yourself; and to be able to independently make decisions based upon a combination of clinical presentations and findings, followed by the MRI images.
December, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 12
Know What You Are Dealing With: Radiation Therapy and Massage
By Tracy Walton, LMT, MS
Radiation therapy, often abbreviated as XRT for "X-Ray Therapy," is sometimes brushed aside as having fewer side effects than other cancer treatments. But radiation therapy can have strong effects on the body and some require significant adjustments in the massage session.
Myths and misinformation about massage and cancer treatment prevent patients from receiving good, supportive massage therapy care.
Radiation therapy is roughly classified as external beam radiation therapy (EBRT or EBT) and internal radiation therapy. External radiation is the more common of the two, where the patient lies on a surface and a machine, called a linear accelerator, delivers a beam of radiation to the tumor.
It can be used to shrink a tumor before surgery, prevent recurrence after surgery, or it can be used as palliative care when lesions cause pain.
Two Types of Radiation Therapy
External radiation treatments are usually only a few minutes long — most of the patient's session is spent making sure they are properly lined up on the treatment table.
A radiation oncologist typically maps out a specific field of treatment to treat the tumor from a number of angles. This is done to best target the tumor and spare the healthy tissue surrounding it. The sessions themselves are also usually painless.
Internal radiation often involves the placement of small radioactive implants inside the body near the tumor cells. This internal application, also called brachy therapy, allows for a higher dose of radiation and a more focused approach without the risk of damaging too much neighboring tissue.
Internal radiation seeds can be implanted and left in the body (such as with prostate cancer), a wand can be placed and removed (such as with gynecologic cancer), or a radioactive iodine solution can be ingested (as with thyroid cancer).
Touch and Radiation Therapy
Education about massage and cancer is limited in most basic training programs. As a result, a common misconception among massage therapists is that any client going through radiation therapy is "hot" and "radioactive" and either the practitioner should only touch them while wearing gloves, or the client should not be touched at all.
But the truth is that, in the case of EBRT, the radiation source is the linear accelerator which stays in the room. The client is not "contaminated" and the therapist should make appropriate massage adjustments for other factors in cancer treatment. It is safe for a massage therapist to touch the client.
In the case of internal radiation therapy, clients are considered "hot" if the implants are still in and if they are still radioactive (and not expired seeds, as in the case of prostate cancer). You should ask the client ahead of the session.
Ask where and when the internal radiation was implanted, and if there are any contact precautions in place. Most people are already following these precautions and clients are unlikely to seek out massage unless they are cleared for contact.
Radiation is aimed at the cancer cells, but nearby tissues in the path of the beam may be affected as well. Clients can experience swelling, reddening or change in pigmentation and dry and/or itchy skin. They may lose hair in the radiation field.
Another common side effect is overall fatigue. It often starts up a few weeks after treatment begins and can linger for weeks or even months after treatment is complete.
Some side effects depend on where the radiation field is located. Here are some examples:
One complication of XRT is of particular note for massage therapists: Radiation treatment can injure lymph nodes, and lymph nodes in the neck, axilla or groin are often included in the field. This can put a client at lifelong risk for lymphedema, a disfiguring, debilitating and often painful condition that can cause a host of complications.
There is little specific research on massage for clients in XRT, but our clients tell us that the contact of skilled touch can be healing. Relaxation during a stressful time and relief from side effects such as nausea, fatigue and pain provide welcome possibilities for clients.
The key is making sure we apply this touch safely. Finding out how to best serve our clients going through radiation therapy, or who have recently completed therapy, starts with asking the right questions in the intake interview. Here is a "starter list" of questions for these clients:
Therapists will find many massage adjustments for radiation treatment echo common sense: On a current or recent radiation field, we use no friction, pressure, no heat, hot stones or cold therapy, nothing besides hospital-approved lubricants (metals are contraindicated and fragrances can be irritating) and generally no direct contact if it's a current field.
A simple hold through the drape may be possible over a dry radiation field, and the hands-on contact may be soothing. Any other sort of technique brings with it the risk of disturbing healing skin and other tissues, or further exacerbation of skin changes such as flaking, itching, blistering or weeping.
Because the risk of lymphedema is very real in many clients after XRT therapy, it is important to fully understand the condition before attempting to work with clients with histories of cancer treatment. Lymphedema risk is an example of a "hidden contraindication." The adjustments are not intuitively obvious and working safely requires good interviewing and hands-on skills.
If key lymph nodes were in the radiation field, there are strict massage adjustments in pressure, stroke direction, joint movement and position.
It is essential to avoid anything that would redden the skin or injure the intact lymphatic structures. "Just working lightly" is not a complete guideline here and the wrong pressure, thermal application, joint movement or stroke direction could trigger irreversible, chronic lymphedema.
For specifics, refer to Gayle MacDonald's Medicine Hands: Massage Therapy for People with Cancer.
Language is Important
When speaking with a client, we do not ask about "radiation burns" or refer to any areas as "burned." Although we essentially treat these areas as if burned, in cancer care these areas are referred to by more neutral terms: "skin changes" or "skin effects."
For complete massage therapy guidelines, therapists are referred to the Society for Oncology Massage, to the literature on oncology massage and to the growing availability of specialized training.
Because radiation treatment can place a significant demand on the body and effects are often cumulative, oncology massage therapy is careful and does not introduce any more stressors.
Click here for more information about Tracy Walton, LMT, MS.
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