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Building From the Bottom Up
I caught up with my dear friend Honora Wolfe, in her Colorado painting studio where, if she is not praying in Bhutan or doing charitable work in a Nepali free clinic, she spends most of her time now.
9 Common Causes of Thyroid Imbalance and How You Can Help
How you sleep, how easily you wake up, and how much energy and stamina you have during the day are directly related to levels of the thyroid hormones.
Don't Turn a 2 Into a 10
The Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale1 is so useful because it can be used by almost anyone. Patients can use the numbers associated with the faces depicted on the scale or select the face that demonstrates their current level of pain from 0-10.
A Vibrating Capsule for Constipation? Relevance to Your Chiropractic Practice
The relationship between gastrointestinal (GI) complaints and back pain is not typically written about or discussed.
CCE Finally Takes a "Baby Step" Toward Reform
During a 16-month period from October 2010 to February 2012, I devoted four separate columns to the heavy-handed attempt by the Council on Chiropractic Education to radically change the chiropractic profession through the accreditation process.
News in Brief
National Chiropractic Health Month: Be Proactive; Collegiate Roundup: Academic Appointments at Parker, Logan.
MPA Media Wins 7 Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Dynamic Chiropractic and DC Practice Insights, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecedented seven publishing awards by the American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE), the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
A History Worth Telling
The popularity and the use of acupuncture for the treatment of animals in the United States is at its peak.
Pain Underfoot: Metatarsalgia
Foot pain can interfere significantly with normal activities and severely limit participation in sports. Metatarsalgia is foot pain involving the metatarsal bones in the forefoot – the complaint of pain on the bottom of the ball of the foot.
Why Young People Need Chiropractic Now More Than Ever
According to a recent study published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, "It is now widely acknowledged that neck pain (NP), mid back pain (MBP), and low back pain (LBP) (spinal pain) start early in life and that the lifetime prevalence increases rapidly during adolescence to reach adult levels at the age of 18."
Waking Up the Gluteus Maximus
In previous articles in this series, we expounded on the importance of the gluteus maximus (GM) in athletic performance and protecting the knee from injury. We also know there is a link between iliotibial band syndrome and GM weakness.
Finders Keepers: The Secret to Relationship-Based Marketing
Becoming a successful practitioner has less to do with what you learned in school, and more to do with your ability to find new patients and keep them!
Chiropractic Research in Review
Chiropractic Treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis; Cost / Benefit Analysis: Different Doses of SMT for Low Back Pain; Imaging for Occult Rib and Costal Cartilage Fractures; Treating Neck Pain: Thoracic Thrust Manipulation vs. Non-Thrust Mobilization.
A Guide for Talking to Doctors about Acupuncture and Brain Chemistry
Before I begin any discussion of how to talk about the effects of acupuncture on brain chemistry, nervous and endocrine function, it is essential to understand just what physicians most need help with.
Peer Points: Always Seeking To Grow
Ellen "Kiki" Geary has spent the last decade honing her craft. As a specialist in integrative holistic care, she went straight from completing her master's degree in acupuncture and chinese herbal medicine from Bastyr University to building a successful and thriving practice in the small community of Anacortes, Washington.
Medical Qigong for the Heart: Part III
Part 1 and Part II of this series focused on the physical aspect of the Heart and mental emotional aspects of the Heart respectively. Now, I would like to focus on the spiritual aspect of the Heart.
New Medical Technologies You Need to Know
We're all familiar with how fast computers become obsolete, as well as the rapid pace of development in the field of cell phone technology. The latest smart phones are far more powerful than desktop computers were only a few years ago.
October, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 10
Nutritional and Supplement Needs Differ with Gender and Age
By Tina Beaudoin, ND
Life is significantly more complicated than it was just a few decades ago and knowing what to eat and what to supplement can be confusing. According to the National Health and Nutrient Examination Survey (NHANES), more than half of Americans report taking one or more supplements.In terms of nutrition and supplementation, there are some universal guidelines, as well as some variations in recommendations based on gender and age. Proteins, fats and carbohydrates are the three basic macronutrients of our diet that should be enjoyed in balanced proportions during meals and snacks. Balance in most endeavors is beneficial and the right balance of certain macro- and micronutrients can change with age, gender and activity level.
Most people think about protein being essential to build strong muscles, but adequate protein intake also influences the production of antibodies, hormones, enzymes, clotting factors and brain chemistry. Protein needs, in terms of grams/kilogram/day, are highest in infants and gradually decrease as age increases. Pregnant and lactating women, as well as athletes, have increased metabolic needs that require additional protein intake.
In private practice, I have many patients that either skip breakfast altogether or opt for just a bagel or muffin. If you aren't able to consume more than a quick carb at breakfast, a protein shake or protein bar is a great way to get what you need to start the day right. Eating a simple carbohydrate at breakfast will give you a brief bump in energy as glucose is quickly released into the bloodstream. The adage, "all that goes up must come down" holds true in this situation. After the initial bump in energy, you then feel a sharp drop in blood sugar, which leaves you feeling tired and lethargic. Having a balanced meal that includes some protein and fats ensures a more gradual release of glucose and nutrients that gives you more consistent energy.
I wouldn't want anyone calling me a "meat head" on the playground, but I would be just fine with receiving the title "fat head." Fats and cholesterol are the essential building blocks of neurons, the individual cells of the nervous system. The recommendations around fat intake vary with age. Children between the ages of 1 and 3 have the highest AMDR (Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range) at 30% to 40% of calories per day of total fat. The AMDR is established based on reducing the risk of developing chronic disease while providing adequate intake of essential nutrients. Infants and toddlers have especially high needs for adequate fat intake to support healthy development of their brain and nervous system.
Omega-3's are polyunsaturated fatty acids that have been found to be an especially beneficial fat to both the young and old. Adequate DHA has been shown to offer cognitive benefits during pregnancy and early childhood development. Brain and retinal maturation are optimized with adequate DHA availability during fetal development and infancy. DHA has also been found to be of benefit to elders by providing resistance to the deleterious effects of aging and stress on the brain. Unfortunately, the typical American diet does not provide adequate intake of omega-3's and therefore does not offer an optimal supply of DHA for brain health. Eating a diet rich in walnuts, ground flax, wild-caught fatty marine fish and soybeans will help you enjoy the benefits of this healthy fat. Adding a daily omega-3 supplement is a great option to maintain adequate levels and help ensure that you keep your quick wit and cognitive abilities as you age.
Folate and zinc are great examples of how micronutrient requirements can differ between the sexes. It is not surprising that pregnant women have increased intake needs across the board of most macro and micronutrients. Folate is especially important during fetal development to ensure complete development of the nervous system and decrease the risk of neural tube defects.
The recommendations around zinc increase as you age with slight variations between the sexes. Teenage boys and adult men should consume 11mg daily of zinc daily, which is slightly more than teenage girls at 9mg daily and adult women at 8mg daily. Zinc is not only essential to immune function and our sense of taste and smell, it is vital to the sexual development and fertility of males. Research studies have shown that zinc supplementation produced positive changes in sperm quality and function. Supplementing or a targeted increase of zinc-rich foods (e.g., oysters, pumpkin seeds, and lamb) should also be a consideration for anyone taking thiazide diuretics or ACE-inhibitors, as these medications increase the amount of zinc lost in the urine. If you opt to supplement with zinc for an extended amount of time, you need to add 1-2 mg/day of copper for every 15-30 mg/day of zinc to avoid zinc-induced copper deficiency.
Whether discussing macro or micronutrients, our nutrient needs vary somewhat with age and gender. Eating a whole-food, nutrient-dense diet is a great way to ensure you have what your body needs to stay healthy and vital. Working with a licensed nutritionist or your family doctor can offer additional guidance on which nutrients should not be overlooked to ensure optimal health. When diet is not optimal, there is a growing body of research that has shown how specific supplementation can offer a variety of benefits. Remember that when you look down at your plate, be sure to enjoy a balanced meal with a colorful assortment of vegetables, proteins and healthy fats.
Dr. Beaudoin is a Medical Educator for Emerson Ecologics, a distributor of professional nutritional supplements to healthcare practitioners. She also enjoys maintaining a naturopathic family practice and is the president of the New Hampshire Association of Naturopathic Doctors. She can be reached at
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