resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
What is a Discipline in Medicine?
In my now prolonged dialogue with physicians, one question emerges with enough regularity to deserve mention and naming: what is a discipline?
Monoculture of the Mind: Part II
Cases are built within boundaries. Such bounds may be a program, event, activity or individuals. In this instance, a medical case has boundaries that include clinical interactions that are comprised of history, signs, symptoms, diagnoses, treatment plans and treatments.
Get That Shoulder to Move: Restoring Internal Rotation
How many times have you mobilized, performed ART, Graston, FAKTR and PIR, and stripped a patient's posterior capsule, yet on re-exam, discovered it was still blocked?
Green Tea Catechins Lower PSA, Other Biomarkers in Men With Localized Prostate Cancer
A 2006 study (Cancer Research) was the first human investigation to show that green tea catechins (GTC) are highly effective in reversing premalignant prostate lesions (high-grade prostate intra-epithelial neoplasia), an established precursor to prostate cancer.
Creating Child-Friendly Clinics with ABT
The Zurich Dojo was scattered with toy ducks, dolls, trains, exercise balls and teddy bears during my recent pediatric workshop.
AAAOM – The Beginning of the End (Part II)
In 2012, the AAAOM board members met in Chicago for their annual meeting. The goal was to come to a consensus on a long list of issues the AAAOM needed to work on including a functional board and budget.
Collaboration for a Cause
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act strongly encourages the formation of multidisciplinary practitioner teams called Patient Centered Medical Homes (PCMHs) and Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs).
Risk Factors for Heel Problems
Heel pain and gait disability are common occurrences in adults, often the result of thinning heel pads and a lifetime of exposure to heel-strike shock. One condition experienced by many people is plantar fasciitis.
The Healing Properties of Light: An Interview With Researcher Anna Cocliovo
This interview is with Anna Cocliovo, a light researcher and Acupuncturist in Arizona. During my own research in light, I came across the article she published for the American Journal of Acupuncture and sought her out as a result.
Epigenetics: The Western Science Supporting Essence
Since the days of Darwin, western medicine has touted that our genes were set in stone, that our genetics were our destiny. We were told that the diseases that ran in our family were likely coming to us as well.
One and Done: Keeping Patients From Vanishing After Just One Appointment
What happened to my 3:30 p.m. ROF? They may have rescheduled, but there are two common answers no one wants to hear: 1) "She called to cancel. I tried to get her to reschedule, but she refused." 2) "She no-showed.
Stress in the Modern Age: Impact on Homeostasis and What You Can Do (Part 1)
In 1926, Hans Selye first used the word stress in a biological context, referring to the nonspecific response of the body to any demand placed upon it.
Leaving a Lasting Legacy: Donna Liewer
For the past 31 years, Donna Liewer has been on a personal mission "to comfort the afflicted and afflict the comfortable." In her role as executive director of the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards, Liewer has accomplished that and much, much more.
Flexion-Intolerant Lower Back Pain (Pt. 3): Mobilization & Soft-Tissue Treatment
What is the biggest challenge to the chiropractor in treating discogenic pain? You have to completely reframe the purpose of your manipulation. It is rarely about unlocking a stuck segment at the disc involvement level; it is not about putting a joint back in alignment.
Successful Strategies in Integrating Acupuncture and Shiatsu in a Hospital Oncology Program
Colleagues from the Network of Researchers in Public Health in CAM recently published an article of interest to our Traditional Asian Medicine community.
Chiropractic Prevents ADHD? Research Shows...
Now that I have your attention, let me tell you what the latest study actually states. As you may have noticed, research over the past few years has begun to reveal that acetaminophen (the primary ingredient in Tylenol) is not as safe as once thought.
Steven Rosenblatt: Birthing A Cross-Cultural Acupuncture Profession
The existence of a cross-cultural acupuncture profession in the United States, one that is legalized, licensed, supported by formalized, academic training and inclusive of non-Asian practitioners, is an important part of the medical landscape in this country and is responsible for improving the lives of hundreds of thousands of Americans.
AAAOM – Making Promises They Can't Keep
When the AAAOM first formed in 2007, their mission was clear: to support the profession through education, resources and legislative advocacy. The first years of the organization were filled with promise and hope.
Resilience is the New Longevity
Sometimes we must enter a room through one door and not another, even though they both lead into the same space. I am talking now of the recent cachet with the concept of "resilience" regarding health, chronic pain and longevity.
Why DCs Need to Understand the Principles of "Inclusive Design"
In the past few columns, I've written about the negative effects of prolonged sitting at work. I've attempted to make the point that prolonged sitting (or prolonged standing) takes a toll on workers. Now let's discuss a related issue: the concept of "inclusive design."
Are You Guilty of Paternalism in Your Approach to Patient Care?
Einstein is purported to have said, "When a man sits with a pretty girl for an hour, it seems like a minute. But let him sit on a hot stove for a minute and it's longer than any hour. That's relativity." In some way, everything is relative to one's point of view.
October, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 10
The Theory of Orthopedic Massage, Part 2
By Ben Benjamin, PhD
In my previous article published in the August 2013 issue, I introduced the topic of orthopedic massage and explained five core theoretical principles of this modality.This article continues by discussing orthopedic massage assessment and treatment techniques.
The assessment process involves taking a detailed history and then performing a series of physical assessment tests. Each question in the history and each assessment test is designed to give you specific information about the client's condition — such as the possible causes of their injury, the severity of the injury, the specific structure(s) that are injured, any other relevant medical conditions and so forth. The duration of the assessment will vary depending on the area of the body you're testing. For example, for the back, there are 26 tests plus a set of palpations, while for the shoulder there are 12 tests. To yield accurate information, each test must be performed with precision and skill.
Orthopedic assessment tests fall into three major categories:
Following the assessment, the next challenge is determining the appropriate treatment for the client. The goal is to restore full functioning by eliminating any adhesive scar tissue or fascial restrictions, rebuilding strength and either restoring or increasing flexibility. In an orthopedic massage practice, you might use a combination of friction therapy, massage therapy, anatomy trains or some other form of myofascial work, muscle energy techniques, positional release, active release techniques, trigger point therapy, active isolated stretching and strengthening and various other modalities. The technique that I've found to be most effective at removing adhesive scar tissue in the majority of injuries is friction therapy, so I'll briefly describe that method here.
Cross-fiber friction therapy, also known as transverse friction massage, is a very precise form of medical massage developed by Dr. James Cyriax, commonly known as the “father of orthopedic medicine.” It is remarkably effective in treating most muscle, tendon and ligament injuries. Of course, if the injury site is inaccessible to the therapist's fingers, this treatment cannot be applied and another must be chosen.
As I explained in my previous article, when microscopic tears occur in muscles, tendons and ligaments, scar tissue develops to mend the damaged structures. It often forms in a jumbled matrix, so the resulting scar has much less integrity and uniformity of structure than the original tissue it replaces.
Cross-fiber friction massage works by breaking down scar tissue that is preventing proper healing. It also separates ligament-to-bone adhesions and promotes the formation of properly aligned and mobile tissue. In chronic tendon injuries where collagen tissues have degenerated, friction therapy promotes collagen formation. This type of treatment also increases the blood supply to areas that normally have very little circulation. It accomplishes this through a mild, controlled trauma to the injury site.
Of the three main components of orthopedic massage — theory, assessment and treatment — the cornerstone of this approach is the assessment. Unless you know exactly what is causing a client's pain, it's very difficult to relieve that pain. It's also difficult to know why what you do works or doesn't work. I find it very satisfying that after taking a detailed history and doing a physical assessment, I have a really good idea of whether or not what I do can help the person. In cases where my skills will not be helpful, I can provide an immediate referral to a more appropriate professional, without wasting the clients' time and money. In cases where I do offer treatment, I do so with the confidence that I can make a lasting difference.
Click here for more information about Ben Benjamin, PhD.
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