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Professionalism and Evidence-Based Health Care
Today's chiropractors are facing a conundrum with the Affordable Care Act and its health care reform requirements, including evidence-based practice and health technology assessment.
Movement Assessments: The DC's Sphygmomanometer
I think back to when I was going through chiropractic school outpatient clinic. I was embarrassed to have my family and friends come in for treatment because initial evaluations took three hours to complete.
Taking the Freeze Out of Adhesive Capsulitis
Adhesive capsulitis or "frozen shoulder" is a relatively common condition resulting in severe shoulder pain and global loss of glenohumeral joint range of motion. Incidence of the condition is approximately 3 percent in the general population.
We Get Letters & Email
Rethinking Our Approach to Immunization; Coming Together for the Good of Our Patients.
Helping to Create the Healthiest Generation
The imperative to create the "Healthiest Generation by 2030," envisioned by the American Public Health Association (APHA), was in full force at the APHA's 142nd Annual Meeting held in New Orleans from November 15-19, 2014.
Animal Acupuncture Gaining in Popularity
We have just finished the year of the fire hoarse and now it is time to spend some time alone, daydreaming and thinking outside the box in terms of where our profession is headed. The sheep person is well organized and creative so this should not be difficult to do.
AWB Makes a Difference in the Yucatan
We are in the sleepy town of Izamal, located about an hour from the Merida airport where our group arrived last night. Later that morning, on a bus winding through the dusty roads of the Yucatan, fourteen acupuncturists, two facilitators from AWB and two tour guides make their way to the small rustic town of Popola.
Chiropractic Research in Review
Occupational LBP in Primary- and High-School Teachers; Treating MVA Complications With Chiropractic Care; Neck Pain: Immediate Effects of Active Scapular Correction; Taping Benefits Stride, Step Length in Fatigued Runners.
The Static Postural Pelvic Exam
I include a static postural analysis in my evaluation routine whether you are a patient in pain or an elite-sport athlete in training. In my day-to-day practice, I require patients to stand still while I "just look" at them.
Fight Colorectal Cancer With Folic Acid
CRC is the second most common cause of cancer mortality in the U.S. and Canada. Although genetic susceptibility plays a role in the etiology of CRC, dietary factors, including certain vitamins, have also been shown to influence the development of the disease in various studies.
I Felt it in My Fingers First
I'm not afraid to say it. Massage therapists make better acupuncturists. I'll tell you how I know, but first I have a question: What do a microcurrent device, a laser and a hippie massage therapist have in common?
Right Back Where We Started?
More than 25 years after Judge Susan Getzendanner issued her historic opinion in the Wilk v AMA anti-trust case, evidence suggests that despite increasing collaboration between doctors of chiropractic and their allopathic medical counterparts, when it comes to organized medicine, we may be right back where we started.
Trouble Down Under: San Zhen Therapy for Lower Jiao Issues
In the last several columns, I have discussed many clinical options for utilizing San Zhen or Three Needle Therapy. In this installment, I will continue this trend and discuss several foundational patterns which can be found in several very common clinical presentations.
Show Up and Show Respect
I was recently asked about my chiropractic philosophy. My answer surprised my questioner.
News in Brief
While indignation may be your immediate reaction to H.R. 5780, the Protecting the Integrity of Medicare Act of 2014, the American Chiropractic Association suggests the legislation is just what the chiropractic profession needs.
Two for One: The Cervical Distraction Test
In today's healthcare system, diagnoses and treatment plans follow a western medical model - especially if you work with attorneys or insurance companies.
How to Use Online Video as a Tool to Market Your Practice
Health care practitioners, including chiropractors, should consider online videos as a key element of their Internet marketing strategy. In the next three years, videos are expected to account for nearly 70 percent of all consumer online traffic, according to Cisco.
The Conscious Evolution of Healing: Importance of Opening the Sensory Portals in Classical Chinese Medicine
The Chinese medical classics are not just clinical guides. They give advice; ways we can awaken more fully into conscious awareness.
The App Advantage: Get More for Less
You may have noticed the list of "app-exclusive" articles in the directory on the front page of the print issue and in the Table of Contents on page 4. You can't find these articles in print or even in our online archives.
Happy New Year 2015 Gong Hoy Fat Choi
Welcome to the year of the sheep! We begin a new year guided by the sign of a quietly and creatively organized animal.
Three for One: The Cervical Distraction Test
Taking the time to do an exam is important, but it is time spent. The exam serves as a way to physically validate your clinical impression following a history and clinical consultation.
Environmental Toxins: Cause of Modern Illness, Part 2
In Part I of this article, we detailed the variety of environmental toxins assaulting our bodies. These include pesticides and herbicides; plastics; preservatives; cosmetics; gasoline additives, solvents and glues; and heavy metals.
Age and Fertility: Why We Should Worry Less About Age and More About Overall Health
Recently, on one of the acupuncture alumni forums, the topic of age and fertility came up when a practitioner posted a question regarding a patient that was about to turn 40-years-old.
Ringing in the Billing New Year
What are the new modifiers that replace modifier 59? Will they allow doctors of chiropractic to be paid for 97140, manual therapy, when done with chiropractic manipulation?
The Way of Zen Performance Enhancement
Working with elite athletes and implementing various techniques to keep athletes focused and at their optimal performance for a sustained period of time includes incorporating various meditation techniques that counterbalance their sport-specific physical and mental demands, which is an important element of success throughout the years.
Acupuncture and its Place in the Integrative Healthcare Practice: The Need to Move from Modality to Profession
Acupuncture and oriental medicine (AOM) has grown and flourished from its inception thousands of years ago in China. In surrounding regions of Asia, AOM developed as a response to differing cultural, pathological, health and wellness care needs.
October, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 10
Training Myths and Young Athletes
By Debbie Roberts, LMT
As a massage therapist, I think you would agree the most frequently requested therapy is for relief of back pain. Recently, I had three different cases of that exact client. The one I want to discuss with you is a young boy home from college wanting to get big or as he put it, "bulk up." His injury occurred while using a leg press machine to help him increase the size of his thighs.
In his youth mentality, he wanted to accomplish this goal as fast as possible because he would be heading back to college in a short couple of months. From a tendon and ligament standpoint, getting big quick means a quick road to injury. It is such a myth in our thought process about fitness that you can lose real weight overnight, that there is a fat-burning zone or that you can add muscle bulk and density in a few short weeks.
So, what did he do? Probably the worse lumbar sprain-strain I have ever taken care of; in fact, after the assessment (risk should they be in my office), I referred him out to a chiropractor and a physical therapist. So what happened and how did I assess it? First, let's gain a little education on the leg press machine for all of you out there who don't frequent the gym. It is a fixed-axis machine, so there is less recruitment of our stabilizing muscles. The danger with any machine is that they are designed to accommodate as many body types as possible, i.e., the one-size-fits-all scenario. However, each person has a different pulley and lever system which no machine is designed to accommodate. The other problem is no activity is performed sitting or lying down so there is no reason to train that way with the exception of rehabilitation and teaching a beginner controlled movement. All movement takes place on our feet. Once learning has occurred, it is time to get up and oppose gravity so muscles can respond, not just push against them. What my client did is the typical way to get hurt. He put too much weight on the machine, went to almost failure (another myth in fitness to gain mass), loaded the machine with over 900 lbs, rolled his pelvis under at the last moment because his legs and stabilizing muscles were failing him and, can you guess who had to help get him out of this mess? Ouch! His lumbopelvic complex is made up of 29 muscles, the fascia over this complex and the bones they are attached to. This is a very common mistake made by young athletes: training the movement system first and not the stabilizing system, which does not make structural or biomechanical sense. To quote Ida Rolf, "Consider fundamental movement before specific movement." Anything can hurt you, but weight machines force the body into a pre-determined movement pattern. The danger is present if forces exceed your structural capacity which in this case was more than 900 lbs.
The first assessment was taking the health history. Seems like a no-brainer, I know, but I want to help you determine all of the questions that need to be asked in this case; as well as what the answers would reveal to you as a massage therapist. All roads do not lead down to treatment; some roads lead out to making an appropriate referral.
The second assessment was asking him to perform certain movements while asking the question, "Pain or no pain?" Non-painful dysfunctional movement is just as important and, in some cases, more important than the painful movement. The third assessment was looking at bony land marks both stationary and during the action of movement. The fourth assessment was palpation to determine how much muscle spasm was present. First, take out a piece of paper, re-read the case study, see if you would have asked the same questions and arrived at the same resolution. With each question, write down what this would reveal to you about the client. Then ask yourself, would you treat this client or would you refer out? By doing this short, simple exercise we can help facilitate real learning.
How did you do it? "Leg Press" This told me I have a potential for a serious lumbar injury. Herniated disc, fracture, bulging disc, tendon-ligament damage, nerve involvement, severe subluxation and inflammation, etc. Knowing the action of the leg press is very important to the thought process of the amount of probable damage.
How much weight did you have on the machine? "Over 900 lbs." Back to all of the above; because of the load down through the lumbar spine, the likelihood of major damage is there.
Have you been doing this much weight all along? "No, I just increased it." Back to all of the above because now you know there was an increase in percentage of weight distribution through the lumbar spine, which its stabilizing muscles were not used to handling.
Did you feel anything at the time? "Not right away, but it started tightening down after I did squats." Were you doing back squats? "Yes." Back to all of the above and red flag for higher potential of increased damage. This is the beginning of the cumulative injury cycle: tissue trauma, inflammation, muscle spasm, adhesions, altered neuromuscular control, followed by muscle imbalance. He had an injury that he now had put a concrete block on top of. Back squats, which means the bar is loaded onto the back and the weight is distributed down through the entire spine, is a recipe for disaster.
How long ago was the injury? "A week ago and I tried to play basketball, but my back wouldn't let me." A well formed cumulative injury cycle includes lots of inflammation and muscle spasm which is not a good scenario for some forms of massage therapy. Using anything other than a very light massage such as MLD could cause more inflammation and spasm. At this point, there should be so many red flags going off in your mind that the only thing you can think to do is not treat until another higher medical professional looks at him.
Have you seen anyone for this? "Yes, a massage therapist but I didn't have any relief, but my Mom knows you and wanted to see if you could help me." After all of the above, I wasn't sure how, because I didn't have the whole story (x-rays, MRI, chiropractic opinion, orthopedic exam, etc).
Have you used ice or heat? "Ice, three times a day." This will give you a picture of how far into the cumulative cycle they are. If pain is starting to alleviate, then they might be on the road to recovery; if the pain remains the same, they should be on their way to your referral source.
I asked him to do two movements for me, squat and toe touch. The question was enough; he couldn't think about squatting because of the lumbar pain. Red flag! Normal motion has been lost and this is a fresh injury. The attempt at the toe touch was the most revealing. When you ask a patient to bend forward to touch the floor, combined motions of the lumbar vertebrae, pelvis and hip joints are put into play. Are you ready for this: he could only bend to about the T3 level, and you might as well say his toe touch was a chin tuck. This means the thoracic, lumbar spine, pelvis and hip joints should all be considered and further evaluated for damage. He could rotate the thoracic spine, but there was no flexion or extension at all because of limitation in the movement and pain over the lumbar and sacral region. That was more than enough for me to make a referral to the chiropractor, orthopedist and physical therapist immediately. The problem was that he had never been to a chiropractor and didn't really want to go. So, I took out the spine model, curled the pelvis under, rotated each vertebra in opposite directions and showed him what he had done, explaining the numerous possibilities of damage. His response: "Oh, not good."
I encourage you as the massage therapist to remember we are all educators. This was an opportunity to lead a youth into a better understanding about how the injury occurred, why he should stop and let the body heal, and why other professionals will probably be necessary to obtain more information and hopefully get him better quicker.
Seeing is Believing
One of the evaluation tools I use is a forward bend while looking at the movement of the PSIS. He was unable to do the test because it would have caused too much discomfort. Red flag! Loss of normal motion, but again the question is why. It is not ours to determine at this stage of treatment; we just confirmed the risk should they be in our office.
I will go into more detail on how to perform this assessment in the next article, which will discuss the other two cases of lumbar pain I mentioned earlier. Being careful and asking the right questions with a simple health history form will reveal a lot before getting on the table. Knowing the action of the injury helps you determine your next course of action. I hope I showed you that the way to help in some cases is to recruit a team of professionals to accomplish the goal. The only treatment I did that day was a lymphatic type of massage to help reduce inflammation and spasm. I kept him on his side to avoid any strain to the lumbar region with pillows between his knees. I did alternating massage between my hands and an ice cup the entire one hour. He felt better after the treatment, which relieved the symptoms but not the cause.
I saw him two more times after the exam with the chiropractor. The chiropractor called me and concurred with everything I had found, but didn't think he needed an MRI. He wasn't responding to chiropractic care and after two more massages the progress seemed slow. So, I called his mom and discussed getting physical therapy three times a week and having an orthopedist exam. This was a better route for their insurance. After six more weeks of receiving physical therapy, he was still in discomfort and insurance would not pay for an MRI. The orthopedist gave him a course of prednisone and his mother is happy to report he is now once again back to his "sexy self." Now, as an educated youth, he assured me he "will never do that again."
Click here for more information about Debbie Roberts, LMT.
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