resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
What You Say Isn't Always What Patients Hear
A few years ago, my aunt Edna (name changed for the purpose of this story) suffered a stroke. After a short hospital stay, she was transferred to a nursing home for rehabilitation. When she arrived at the nursing home, Edna requested a private room.
Acupuncture's Impact on the World
For several years, I have been hearing about the town of Rothenburg, Germany. It seemed just a dot on a map until I arrived. It is the home of the TCM Kongress which began in 1968. It has been held annually for 47 years and it has only missed one year.
What's New in Phytonutrition: Mangifera Indica, "The King of Fruits"
One hundred percent pure Indian green mango fruit (mangifera indica), harvested at a special degree of ripeness for efficacy and taste, can now be concentrated as a phytonutrient nutraceutical powder.
Increasing the Value of Spine Care: CMS Approves New Low Back Pain Registry
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has approved the Spine IQ Low Back Pain Registry as a qualified clinical data registry for the Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS) in 2016.
Believe it or not, an estimated one-third of your patients have eaten some form of fast food within 24 hours of their appointment with you.
Kansas Achieves Licensing Law
Kansas Governor Sam Brownback signed House Bill 2615 into law on Friday, May 13, 2016. HB2615 includes provisions for the licensure of acupuncturists in the state of Kansas.
Treating Hip & Groin Pain With Abdominal Release of Upper Lumbar Nerve Impingements
Have you encountered patients with groin and hip pain you can't seem to solve? You know it's not a worn-out hip; you suspect the pain is somehow connected to the spine. But somehow, you just can't help them break through.
An MD Who Understands the Opioid Epidemic
Doctors of chiropractic have an important role to play in ending the opioid epidemic and dealing with chronic pain by conservative means (see our top story in this issue) – but who's to blame for opioid dependence and abuse in the first place?
Chronic Pain: Become Part of the Solution
I have lectured to more than 7,000 chiropractic physicians over the past five years regarding the chronic pain and opioid epidemic in this country.
An Emerging Partnership Model
Maryland University of Integrative Health (MUIH) has educated integrative health and wellness practitioners for the last 40 years, originally as an acupuncture clinic and school. The institution's transformative, relationship-centered programs integrate traditional wisdom with contemporary science
Introducing the Acupuncture Today Digital Edition
In response to the changing habits of our readers, Acupuncture Today will introduce a digital edition of the publication (in addition to our print edition) beginning with the August 2016 issue.
Sit or Stand? Analyzing a Mixed Message
I'm more than a bit confused. At my age, that seems to be a rather common occurrence. However, today more than ever, I'm getting a mixed message.
Insuring Quality Control in Herb Importation: An Interview with Wilson Lau
Wilson Lau is the vice president of Nuherbs, a Chinese herb importation company based in San Leandro, California. Before joining Nuherbs, he trained as a lawyer specializing in FDA law.
Tai Chi Documentary Premier
First Run Features recently announced the world theatrical premiere of Barry Strugatz's documentary The Professor: Tai Chi's Journey West, which premiered last month at the Laemmle Music Hall in Los Angeles.
Three Tips to Help You Analyze the Acupuncture Case Studies of the NCCAOM Exam
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Case study:
After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third
session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse
during cold weather.
Acupuncture Muscle Trigger Point and Oriental Medicine Sports Therapy
It is difficult to ascertain the internal condition of professional basketball player Lebron James during game one of the 2014 NBA finals, in which he developed debilitating muscle cramps that led to his premature removal from the game.
The Pertinent Negative
We all have to perform evaluations on patients. Most of us don't like doing it – exams take time, and worse it takes even more time after the evaluation to put together a narrative summary of the findings. Sometimes, this process becomes downright tedious.
Beating the Odds: Interview With Para-Powerlifter Adeline Dumapong-Ancheta
Since October 2015, the FICS Foundation, the charitable organization affiliated with the International Federation of Sports Chiropractic (FICS), has been supporting disabled athletes internationally.
Multivitamin Supplement May Reduce Breast Cancer Recurrence
There is a great deal of controversy regarding the value of multiple vitamin supplements in cancer prevention.
Adventures with the San Jiao
Those of us who have been in practice for several decades relish the way meridians and points reveal new diagnostic clues and new insights. I love to encourage my students to see this as an adventure that goes way beyond the textbooks.
A Long-Overdue Win for Oregon Medicaid Patients - and the Implications for Other States
Beginning July 1, 2016, Oregon Medicaid patients with spinal pain (cervical, thoracic, lumbar, pelvic) who are determined to be low risk based on a biopsychosocial assessment tool (STarT Back – Keele University) can receive four chiropractic visits per episode.
AOM Hospital-Based Practice: A Future Reality?
The natural evolution of health care on the planet is integrative health. We may have some challenges ahead, but based on my research, all indicators are pointing in a positive direction. There seems to be an evolving consciousness among our patient population that is "getting it."
September, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 09
Massage Can Relieve Workplace Pain and Stress
By Massage Therapy Foundation Contributor
Contributed by Jolie Haun, PhD, EdS, MK Brennan, MS, RN, LMBT and April V. Neufeld, BS, LMT
When we think of massage, we often think of spa and clinical care settings. In this month's research review, sponsored by the Massage Therapy Foundation, we take a closer look at an article by Back and colleagues who examined the impact of massage therapy as an intervention for healthcare providers in the workplace.
Back and colleagues report that healthcare is the second largest industry in Canada with a high incidence of occupational injury and illness. Particularly, long-term care staff suffers from high levels of musculoskeletal injuries, resulting in high rates of back-related worker's compensation claims. Despite decades of research, these work-related musculoskeletal injuries remain an unsolved problem. Yet, studies with on-site massage therapy programs in healthcare demonstrate that these programs have a positive impact. While past interventions focused on physical factors in the reduction of musculoskeletal injuries, Back and colleagues explored the effects of a massage-based wellness intervention that focused on psychological well-being and physical health.
The pilot program evaluated the efficacy of on-site massage therapy on outcomes including job satisfaction and workplace stress, as measured by work culture, job demands, social interaction, control at work, as well as pain and discomfort levels, as measured by pain severity, pain interference, pain relief and massage therapy perceptions.
Six matched questionnaires were distributed: three pre-intervention (Q1, Q2, and Q3) and three post-intervention (Q4, Q5, and Q6) during an approximate six month period. Using the questionnaires, organizational culture, job demand and social interactions were evaluated. Additionally, two of the questionnaires, Q3 and Q6, also included a pain inventory. One hundred and seven employees participated in the Q1 survey, which determined staff preference for each wellness program. Massage therapy was the most preferred relaxation modality and was subsequently offered to 145 healthcare workers immediately after Q3.
Participants were allowed to sign up for one 20-minute massage therapy session each week. The time taken for the massage was a paid break in addition to the employee's regular break times. Massage therapy sessions were offered for four weeks at the facility by one of four Registered Massage Therapists. Participants received up to four sessions of massage therapy over a four-week period. Participants did not necessarily receive treatment from the same therapist in all their sessions. The massage therapy was performed with participants fully clothed, sitting prone on a massage chair. Therapists used tapotement, effleurage, petrissage, passive stretching, grade 1 or 2 joint mobilization and traction, as well as active and passive range of motion. Treatment was limited to the neck, shoulders, upper back, lower back and arms; techniques reflected those for the purposes of general relaxation.
Findings indicate that the average number of participants receiving massage therapy sessions increased each week (except in between weeks two and three): 17.4% (week one), 25.7% (week two), 19.4% (week three) and 37.5% (week four). Work culture showed a significant decrease from Q3 to Q6, while massage therapy had no significant impact on job demands, social interaction or control at work. Data showed trends toward improvement of quality of life associated with the massage intervention, but this decreased after the intervention period, as indicated by responses in Q4. There was no significant change in staff feeling a lack of recognition in the workplace, although lack of recognition scores increased from Q3 to Q6. Findings indicate the number of massages received by a participant did not influence their perception of psychosocial constructs.
Pain severity significantly decreased between Q3 and Q4. However, pain severity showed an increasing trend from Q4 to Q6. Neither pain interference nor pain relief showed any significant change. Positive perception of massage therapy significantly increased from Q4 to Q6 with 80% of respondents perceiving that massage therapy was effective in Q6 compared to 79% in Q5 and 59% in Q4.
Initial results indicate benefits in terms of pain severity, with a possible improvement in job satisfaction and morale. Massage had a significant effect on pain severity, with the greatest benefit on individuals with preexisting musculoskeletal symptoms. A long-term effect was not demonstrated. Back and colleagues reported that six weeks after the intervention ceased, pain symptom reports became worse and decreased job satisfaction and lower morale was observed. The authors suggest the possibility that massage sessions increased participants' body and pain awareness; for example, contrast between days of massage treatment and non-treatment may have become more noticeable.
Study limitations include the lack of a control group, however Back and colleagues provide a reasonable justification for their choice to using quasi-experimental time-series methodology, including difficulty in finding similar participants and the possibility of communication between staff (treatment vs. control group members). However, one might have suggested the use of a cross over design, where groups participate in both treatment and control groups (also known as A-B design). Further, though 145 employees were offered massage, there were 98 participants; nonparametric statistics were used to evaluate pain outcomes on sub-sample sizes between 12 to 25 participants, which limit the power and generalization of findings to other populations. This should be considered when evaluating findings, such that larger sample sizes may have produced different results. The implementation of twenty-minute generic chair massage with clothing on is not a study limitation, however it should be considered when evaluating the outcomes of this study. It was noted that funding limited the time allotted for the treatments, and that such a factor could impact results. Authors also noted the same potential limitation associated with implementing non-specific relaxation massage techniques.
The findings of this research provide exciting implications for the field of massage therapy. First, this pilot research supports the efficacy of alternative workplace programs employing the use of massage therapy to benefit healthcare workers. Targeting individuals, such as those with preexisting musculoskeletal signs and symptoms are most likely to benefit from a massage therapy workplace program. Combining a massage therapy program with other health and safety programs is strongly recommended by Back and colleagues. Second, though much of the literature has previously focused on patient massage, implications of this work suggest that massage therapists may have a role in the healthcare environment to provide services to healthcare providers who provide patient care. With musculoskeletal injuries, lost days of work and morale issues, massage therapy may be just the wellness intervention needed to support this large workforce.
If you would like to know more about the effects of massage therapy or the use of massage therapy based wellness program in the workplace, review the Massage Therapy Foundation article archives, where you can read accepted MTF Research Grant abstracts, or search Pub Med for massage therapy studies.
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