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Not All Evidence Is Equal; An Abundance of Misinformation; A Well-Researched Decision; Far Too Dangerous.
A History Worth Telling
The popularity and the use of acupuncture for the treatment of animals in the United States is at its peak.
Are Your Work Orders in Order?
There are times when a patient's occupational duties will delay or prevent them from recovering. These circumstances create the need for the doctor to recommend modified duty or remove the patient from work.
The Wisdom of the Second Office Location (SOL)
There are some things I never want to do again, like riding a motorcycle 100 mph. I call these things my "negative bucket list." Other things I have on that list include water skiing, riding a roller coaster and eating habanero peppers.
Love a Nurse – and They'll Love You Back
According to various sources, there are about 3 million registered nurses in the U.S., and according to the American Nurses Association, they are under serious pressure in today's health care reality.
A Dream Come True for Chiropractic: Funding Prevention and Public Health
Back in 2005, Sen. Tom Harkin (D-Iowa) said: "Let's face it, in America today we don't have a health care system, we have a sick care system.
Medical Qigong for the Heart: Part III
Part 1 and Part II of this series focused on the physical aspect of the Heart and mental emotional aspects of the Heart respectively. Now, I would like to focus on the spiritual aspect of the Heart.
A Chinese Medicine Story: An Interview with Mazin Al-Khafaji
Mazin Al-Khafaji's work has interested me for years. In February 2014, we invited him for the second time to speak at the Southwest Symposium in Austin, Texas.
Image Is Everything: The Power of Branding
Successful businesses use color and design to attract people to their service. They understand how important image is and hire experts to create an attractive package. Starbucks works hard to create an atmosphere that is warm and inviting.
Billing for Same-Visit Extraspinal and Spinal Manipulation
Q: I have always been under the premise that when billing 98943, extraspinal chiropractic manipulation, on the same visit as spinal manipulation, 98940-98942, that the extraspinal manipulation requires modifier 51.
Women's Health: Herbal Formulas to Help Patients With Dysmenorrhea
Chiropractors have long treated women for menstrual pain (dysmenorrhea). Since roughly 60 percent of all chiropractic patients are women and 30-50 percent of women have a history of menstrual cramps, the vast majority of doctors of chiropractic will inevitably see patients with dysmenorrhea.
State by State: Comparing Chiropractic Scope of Practice
"The issue of 'scope of practice' has been a bugaboo ever since our early quests for legal recognition for chiropractic," according to Dr. Claire Johnson, editor in chief of JMPT and National's other two chiropractic journals.
Peer Points: Always Seeking To Grow
Ellen "Kiki" Geary has spent the last decade honing her craft. As a specialist in integrative holistic care, she went straight from completing her master's degree in acupuncture and chinese herbal medicine from Bastyr University to building a successful and thriving practice in the small community of Anacortes, Washington.
Building From the Bottom Up
I caught up with my dear friend Honora Wolfe, in her Colorado painting studio where, if she is not praying in Bhutan or doing charitable work in a Nepali free clinic, she spends most of her time now.
Finders Keepers: The Secret to Relationship-Based Marketing
Becoming a successful practitioner has less to do with what you learned in school, and more to do with your ability to find new patients and keep them!
Is the EHR Ship Setting Sail Without Us?
The numbers are in: As of July 2014, 10,253 doctors of chiropractic have received $123,059,868 in EHR stimulus funds – and yet that represents less than 15 percent of our profession.
Overcoming Barriers to Exercise Compliance
One of the most common questions other practitioners ask me is, "How do I get patients to do their exercises?" I am not frustrated by my patient compliance, as many doctors are; in fact, I am actually happy with my patients' involvement and commitment.
The Art of Day-to-Day Assessment and Treatment: Clinical Pearls
Let's focus on the day-to-day process of assessing and treating the patient. I am proposing a particular attitude; a way of looking at the patient. This often evolves over a few treatments and then changes as you figure out what is significant.
Defending With Vitamin D: Helps Prevent Progression to Diabetes
A 2014 clinical trial published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition provides additional evidence that optimal vitamin D nutritional status may be important in preventing the progression of prediabetes to diabetes in prediabetic adults.
A Guide for Talking to Doctors about Acupuncture and Brain Chemistry
Before I begin any discussion of how to talk about the effects of acupuncture on brain chemistry, nervous and endocrine function, it is essential to understand just what physicians most need help with.
New Medical Technologies You Need to Know
We're all familiar with how fast computers become obsolete, as well as the rapid pace of development in the field of cell phone technology. The latest smart phones are far more powerful than desktop computers were only a few years ago.
July, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 07
Ethical Considerations for Pediatric Massage
By Tina Allen, LMT, CPMMT, CPMT, CIMT
The practice of massage therapy is generally regulated throughout the U.S. with many states having standard guidelines and a method of licensing/registering massage therapists and practitioners.As a therapist, you must always adhere to the guidelines mandated within the area (geographic location) you are practicing. When working with pediatric populations, it is especially important to have a solid grasp of legal mandate, as well as ethical considerations due to the fact that not everyone has a clear understanding of pediatric massage therapy. Clarity and consistency will help develop a professional understanding of nurturing touch as an important part of every child's life.
Within a pediatric healthcare practice, privacy, safety and care is of the utmost importance. While these same qualities are important for all clients, children require a practice of extra special care. By learning and following a professional code of ethics, you will not only be able to better assist clients, their families and other healthcare providers through interactions, but will also ensure you are received as a professional service.
What are Ethics?
As healthcare providers, we are judged on our technical competence in our profession and the ability to build trust in others. In order to project this allure of pride and confidence in our field, we must have it within ourselves; when you practice ethically not only do you have more pride in yourself, but also your profession. Traditionally, ethics is defined as a philosophy which seeks to address questions about morality; concepts of good and bad, right and wrong. Ethics encompasses our moral principles that govern a person's or group's behavior, the correctness of specified conduct and the discipline of dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation.
Is It Legal?
Understanding the legality of your actions is an important factor in the decision-making process. With child clients, we face another layer of legality due to requirements of consent from not only the pediatric client, but also their parents/guardians, and in some cases, their healthcare provider.
Is It Ethical?
Professional ethical behavior relates to your actions and being sure they are consistent with the standards established or practiced by others in the same profession. It is best to adopt a standard of ethics that serves your practice and clients well and stick to it.
Is It Fair?
This is an area that is subjective and many people have a different understanding of what they feel is fair. We base our beliefs and understanding on what we feel is fair, while another may feel differently or may have chosen to do something in another way. Always reflect on whether the decision you are making may result in harm or an arbitrary benefit. If this is the case, then it is not considered "fair." With each child and family we must practice the same care and regard to safety, boundaries and scope of practice, no matter what.
Children need clear boundaries, as do health providers. It is imperative that we understand and follow good professional and personal boundaries to establish the best care.
Within the guidelines of informed consent, a client/patient must be fully informed of the care you wish to provide so they may make an educated choice in receiving hands-on care. This is the client's legal and ethical right to direct what happens with their care plan, their body and to consent to, or refuse therapy. For children, this may involve their parents or healthcare provider's request for you to provide massage therapy. Typically, a child is not calling you to schedule an appointment, but when a child says no to any part of the massage, or wishes to have it change, this is to be respected, whether the massage is medically ordered or not.
Many children don't understand what massage is or how it might be beneficial. Having a good explanation of massage therapy in terms they understand, along with why massage might be beneficial, will help you to inform and receive an appropriate consent to begin or continue your session.
Always respect cultural, ethnic and religious beliefs of the patient and family and do not impose your own beliefs or values. "The United States is becoming increasingly culturally diverse and this trend is expected to continue throughout the 21st century. One does not have to look far to see this reality, especially in metropolitan areas. In some cities (e.g., Miami, Los Angeles) persons in business and others must be bilingual to communicate. With the increase in cultural diversity comes a responsibility for ethical thoughtfulness on how this diversity affects health care practice." (Ludwick & Silva, August 14, 2000)
Working with children in hospice and palliative care can be emotionally different than working with other pediatric patients/clients. Not only are you dealing with your own belief system, but you may be challenged with the question, "What will happen when I die?" Children of all ages may pose this question. First, recognize your beliefs may not mirror those of the child or their family, and it is not your place to "fix it" or even answer it directly. You might try using a reflective response of, "What do you think will happen?" Listen to their response with open ears and mind. Do not judge, do not place your beliefs onto them and do not try changing their mind to your beliefs. You can always respond with an answer of, "That is definitely possible," or "That sounds lovely." The reality is whatever your beliefs may be, we do not know what will happen if the child is to pass, but being present is essential for the child.
Other Situations to Consider
Navigating the waters of massage can be tricky when you are working with children. The question of who is the client may be raised during the session. While it may seem obvious, when you work with children with special healthcare needs, you are often interacting with tired and stressed parents or healthcare providers who may need a shoulder massage. It is crucial to ask yourself if this seems appropriate, should a second appointment be scheduled for the caregivers or is it ethical to provide massage for the parents when referred to work with pediatric patient?
To Drink or Not to Drink
Should I offer my client a drink of water at the end of the session? In this question, we are reflecting on a typical practice of many massage practitioners. Offering a drink of water at the end of the session is almost industry standard, but not when dealing with children. Children can have many different healthcare concerns and may not be in a position to make this decision on their own. If they are undergoing medical treatment or have a special healthcare plan, having a drink of water could be harmful. Anything taken by mouth needs to be done under proper advisement, which is not your decision to make. Accordingly, it is out of your scope to determine if water is appropriate before, during or after your hands-on session.
What if I see signs of abuse or neglect, or if my pediatric client tells me they are experiencing abuse or are feeling suicidal? These type of events need to be reported as soon as possible. By working with the public as a healthcare provider we are mandated to report these situations. Some children have no one else they can speak with, or feel comfortable to talk to, so you may be it. If you have concerns that are real and legitimate, making an anonymous call or reporting it to your supervisor in a healthcare setting is required. First, do no harm, which means you should report when you feel harm has come or will come to your client.
How do I assess appropriate boundaries if my client is not able to communicate with me? Often times, communication is largely non-verbal. Always look at your client's body language and recognize their unique engagement and disengagement cues. If you feel you are not able to read your client's cues, or if communication is difficult, than speak with the client/patient's immediate care providers to seek guidance on communication. Parents and healthcare staff communicate with the child under their care on a daily basis and it is not safe to assume that you will already know how to recognize each child's cues. Taking the time to meet them at their level and communicate with those around them is extremely important.
Is it alright for me to accept gifts from my clients or their family members? Generally speaking no, this is not acceptable. Think carefully about why you are being given the gift and how this will impact the relationship. Remember, clients and family members sometimes struggle with receiving the generous gift you are offering, but it is simply what we do as massage therapists. Children may color you a picture or card as a thank you for their massage and this is generally acceptable to receive. However, if they offer you their favorite stuffed animal, it is best for you to ask them to keep it safe until you return another time.
Working with pediatric patients and clients is rewarding and different than working with any adult population. Knowing how best to communicate, maintain boundaries and practice ethically makes all of the difference to the child, their family and their healthcare team.
Click here for more information about Tina Allen, LMT, CPMMT, CPMT, CIMT.
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