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Chinese Doctors Poke Holes in Australian Study
A recent Australian clinical trial, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) in 2014 by Rana Hinman, et el., evaluating the effectiveness of both needle and laser acupuncture for chronic knee pain.
The Source-Luo Point Combination, Part 2
The Da Cheng includes symptoms for the source-luo points that indicate when to use them for treatment. Yang defines the method as the guest-host (it is one of a variety of acupuncture point combinations called guest-host).
Treatment of PTSD: An Opportunity for the Practice of Integrated Medicine
PTSD is widespread across America today. Not only do many of our honored men and women in uniform bring it home with them from the war zones they have been active in, but it often follows any life-threatening event people go through when their lives have been in danger.
An International Life: An Interview with Mary Elizabeth Wakefield
I met Mary Elizabeth Wakefield during her class last summer in Seneca Falls, New York at the Finger Lakes School of Chinese Medicine.
Q&A With the First VA Chiropractic Residents
As you may have read previously, a major step forward for the profession occurred in July 2014 when the Department of Veterans Affairs began piloting a chiropractic residency program at five locations.
News in Brief
Investigating the Cellular Impact of Mechanical Force; National Board Seats (Not-So) New Officers at Annual Meeting.
Desert: A Metaphor from the Study of Genetics
In most of the human lives I know about, there are stretches of time which feel stagnant, or worse. We can feel adrift, or wounded and sidelined, and these times don't seem to carry much usefulness while they are unfolding.
Integrative Medicine for the Underserved: A Seat at the Table
Numerous organizations have risen to the challenge of providing care to medically-underserved populations and here we feature one such group.
Going On-Site With Chiropractic Care
The Foundation for Chiropractic Progress has released a position paper highlighting the financial, clinical and patient-satisfaction benefits of providing chiropractic care at on-site corporate health clinics.
NCCAOM Video Contest
The NCCAOM is excited to announce the launch of the second annual video contest "Because it Works!" 2015.
Should You Change an Athlete's Natural Running Form?
Once past the ankle, impact forces travel at about 200 mph into the knee. In addition to allowing the quad to absorb force, bending the knee (E) prevents the hip and pelvis from moving up and down too much (F), which is important for injury prevention and efficiency.
The Three Heater Official
This Official, belonging to the element Fire, is responsible for maintaining and regulating the heating system of the body, mind, and spirit. It is named for its function. The trunk is divided into three "burning spaces" or "jiaos."
I was sitting in a Pizza Hut in Peoria, Ill., with my friend Reggie, sometime in the spring of my senior year in college, when he started doodling on his paper placemat. In those days, the company had a picture of U.S. on the mats, showing all the locations of the "Huts" in the country.
Free Yourself From the Pocketbook Practice
Let's take a journey together; there's an important lesson to be learned. Imagine a town or city just like yours.
Marketing with a Microphone
When given an option, it stands to reason that people prefer to do business with those they know, like, and trust.
Creating Relationships at Southwest Symposium
The month of May brought many interesting activities. As I have said in many previous columns this year, this profession is moving in a very exciting direction. Make sure you are getting involved. If you're not, you just might get left behind.
Meet Cheyenne: Your Future Colleague
Allow me to introduce you to Cheyenne (Chey), the daughter of some of our family's closest friends. We attend and serve at the same church together, and have known each other for many years.
Leg-Length Inequality and Pelvic Fixation: A New Approach to the Negative Derifield (Part 3)
A patient with sacroiliac fixation and dysfunction ordinarily demonstrates a noticeable leg-length inequality when placed in the prone position on the adjusting table.
The Risks I Took
We all take risks when we choose this profession. For some, it is not knowing if you can make a living practicing TCM. For others, it is parental or cultural disapproval.
Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology: Version 2.0
The Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology consensus, published in 2001 by the collaborative efforts of the North American Spine Society, the American Society of Spine Radiology and the American Society of Neuroradiology, has guided radiologists, clinicians and the public for more than a decade.
Key Changes and Updates to the 7th Edition CNT Manual
Acupuncture Today recently interviewed Jennifer Brett, ND, L.Ac. regarding the updates to the CNT manaul.
Sports Medicine 101: Surgery or No Surgery?
In the world of sports medicine, many careers are saved by surgeries that correct traumatic damage to the body. Muscle tears, ligament damage, fractures, spinal disc herniations, and joint instabilities are a few of the issues frequently addressed with surgical intervention.
July, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 07
Freeing the Heart: The Importance of the Vagus Nerves/Cranial Nerve X
By Dale G. Alexander, LMT, MA, PhD
In my clinical work involving clients who typically present with chronic somatic problems, it is truly a joy when markers emerge that reflect, "the means by which" their healing experiences occurred.Since beginning to write this series of articles on "Freeing the Heart," more and more of my clients are regaining their quality of life more quickly.
Additionally, for those clients who have progressions of degenerating physiological function, their bodies are expressing their symptoms in more classic medical ways allowing for clearer and more appropriate diagnosis and treatment. And, for those whose bodies have held sub-clinical infections, many for multiple decades, they are responding so fast that I am in true amazement.
My latest premise about human aging is that the vagus nerves, for many possible reasons, cedes the functioning of the digestive system to the enteric nervous system which is probably overseen by the celiac plexus. The ceding of this responsibility is proposed to be the result of the need for the organism as a whole to concentrate its efforts toward running of the heart/lung complex and its contributions to our ability to speak.
The progression of cardiovascular disease is an exceedingly subtle one until, it isn't. Let's be clear, our bodies are not that different from how we organize our lives. We prioritize and distribute our energies as the obvious needs present themselves, disregarding what we can and delegating to others what we must.
Consider this analogy: Life gets hectic in the family, more money is needed to make ends meet and one or both parents take on a second job to financially keep up with the expanding needs, wants and desires of their children. As a result, one or more of the children is assigned the cooking responsibilities or even does the shopping, planning, clean-up and taking out the trash to accommodate this loss of parental skill and supervision. Most everything gets done but without the finesse, organization or thoroughness of an adult. It's a crude analogy but, in the ballpark for our purposes.
So it is when our autonomic nervous system is evolutionarily focused on the higher priority of getting the next breath and pumping freshly oxygenated blood, digestion becomes a secondary priority. Thus, without the brain's monitoring the Gastrointestinal tract, digestion, assimilation of nutrients and waste removal all happens, but with less coordination and efficiency.
Two years ago, a former student of mine had sent me an article that referenced that the Vagus Nerves were composed of 90% afferent fibers and 10% motor nerves.1 This information was novel, but it floated by in my consciousness without me acting upon it. Then, more recently, I happened upon a book that validated much of what I have asserted over many years regarding the importance of the length and tone of the esophagus and also restated this 90%/10% ratio between sensory and motor supply inherent within the vagus nerves.2
It suddenly dawned on me that the style of stretching I had developed to vent pressure from the thorax might also be stretching the filaments of the vagal nerves. This technique was described in the "Equalizing the Pressure" article of this series (Massage Today, February 2012). Could it be that these gentle stretches might be stimulating the vagal afferent fibers such that the brain was again coordinating the body as a more unified organism? And, could it also be that the immune system was also being stimulated to wake up and began to recognize deteriorating physiological progressions and aggregations of bacteria and viruses that it previously had been too overloaded to notice? Admittedly, it is a curious idea yet, it has very significant positive implications.
Might this be "the means by which" such improvements for clients were being realized? It is a very possible therapeutic response to my constant mantra of the past few years, "if one can restore nerve and blood supply, then almost any healing can occur." Full credit is given to Dr. Richard MacDonald, DO, for presenting this maxim from his long Osteopathic teaching career when I assisted him in his Functional Anatomy courses in 1989 & 1990.3
Let's return to the notion of 90% afferent vagal fibers and 10% vagal motor fibers. Stimulating the afferent filaments is being proposed as a method to assist the central nervous system in re-engaging its full attention to coordinating physiological function inclusive of a more alert and responsive immune system.
The next proposal is that reducing the compressive forces upon the vagus nerves motor fibers is also a part of this re-engagement of normal vagal function. Based on my clinical experience with clients, the most frequent places in anatomy where this compressive force is most plausibly obstructed is where the vagus nerve exits the cranium through the jugular foramen and in the superior sympathetic ganglion immediately lateral to C1, C2 and C3 where there exists an intimate relationship between the sympathetic fibers and the parasympathetic vagal fibers.
The successful long history of upper cervical adjustments by osteopathic and chiropractic physicians in addressing a plethora of somatic and visceral dysfunctions bear testimony to the importance of these anatomical relationships. Then, when one adds myofascial stretching to the fibers of the esophagus and to the stretching of the pleural, pericardial and peritoneal sacs, this is how the proposed stimulation of vagal fibers as they descend into the abdomen is effected. I share these observations and ideas, not because of my certainty that they are absolute facts, but because I desire to stimulate other practitioners in our field to join with me and explore whether these ideas can be reflected in our choices of skill sets and techniques which collectively comprise our profession. Thus, producing more effective results for our respective clients. In doing so, anatomy is our common language.
It has long been my instinct that our profession can make a number of significant contributions to how healing may be realized. It is my prayer that this concept of "Freeing The Heart" may simply be one of many more to come.
Author's Note: Additional credit to John Upldeger, DO, developer of CranioSacral Therapy, for his healing paradigm of lowering sympathetic tone and assisting parasympathetic outflow; to Dr. Jean Pierre Barral, DO, for his premise about the importance of re-establishing normal pressure differentials between the body's three great cavities in its role toward enhancing normal circulatory efficiency; to Lansing Barrett Gresham, founder of Integrated Awareness® for his postulation that since the visceral organs are functioning well before the skeletal muscles are capable of moving the body in a coordinated fashion, that the tensional patterns of the visceral suspensory ligaments play a major role in the eventual range of motion for most of the body's joint structures; and finally to Frank Lowen, LMT, for his contributions as I have an indelible memory of his fascial stretching between the thorax and the abdomen in 1991 in West Palm Beach that I know was part of the inspiration to develop these techniques.
Click here for more information about Dale G. Alexander, LMT, MA, PhD.
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