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Animal Acupuncture: A Case Study in the Treatment of Traumatic Injury in the Equine
The rise of animal acupuncture in the U.S. began in the early 1970's as a result of the work by members of the National Acupuncture Association in Westwood, Calif.
The Tide is Rising in the Acupuncture Profession
Former President Ronald Regan said, "When the tide rises all boats float." The tide is rising for the acupuncture profession. Many forces outside the profession are helping the tides to rise.
A View From the ER
The University of Western States has inked an innovative agreement with local nonprofit health system Legacy Health whereby UWS sports-medicine fellows can experience observational clinical rotations in emergency-room settings within the Legacy system.
Functional Hip Impingement (Part 1)
Every time I sit down to write an article, I realize how much more there is to know about musculoskeletal pain. I also learn something new every time. (I want to give special thanks to Lucy Whyte Ferguson for assisting with this article.)
5 Simple Steps to Create an Effective Marketing Calendar
In the educational experience of most healthcare practitioners, business and marketing are overlooked topics.
How Much Do You Know About the Benefits of Birds Nest?
Edible bird's nest is the nest made by the Swiftlet bird of Southeast Asia that is usually prepared as a soup and prized in Chinese culture as a healthful delicacy.
Term Limits: What's in a Word?
It was the French historian and philosopher Voltaire who once declared the Holy Roman Empire was neither holy nor Roman nor an empire.
Optimism = Compassion = Trust
A randomized clinical trial recently published online in JAMA Oncology examined how patients viewed their doctor based upon how the practitioner presented bad news to the patient.
PCOM Granted Regional Accreditation
Pacific College of Oriental Medicine (PCOM) recently announce it has received regional accreditation from the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC). This achievement reflects five years of hard work on the part of faculty, staff, and students.
Low Back Pain in Professional Golf: A Common Muscular Relationship
Every sport creates its own unique demands on the body. Some sports require such a myriad of body positions that assessing pathology is often difficult and unpredictable.
Sleep, Less Sleep or No Sleep?
I had a dream I wasn't getting enough sleep. It was a very realistic dream, even though I was probably slightly awake and not really deep dreaming. Most likely I had been dozing, caught in that twilight of sleep and wakefulness.
Marijuana, Apathy and Chinese Medicine, Part 1
This article was written in response to the unheeded acceptance of marijuana as a harmless substance that potentially does good when used for the medical relief of pain.
Applying the Thin Skull Principle
The "thin skull" principle, also known as the "you take your victim as you find them" principle, is a legal principle that can be summed up by the following statement.
Turning a Blind Eye to History – and Reality
The American Medical Association is taking the Supreme Court's Feb. 25, 2015 decision exactly as it always does – by turning a blind eye to history, legal precedent and reality.
The Challenges of Integrating Eastern and Western Medicine
My Masters thesis was titled, "The Challenges of Integrating Eastern and Western Medicine," which highlighted several reasons why it is hard for these two worlds to mix.
Integrating Art with Clinical Practice for Patients with PTSD: The Artemis Project
Are you restricted by those one-on-one clinic dynamics? Why not join colleagues and clients in experimental group settings? Three of us volunteered to do just that in Austin on behalf of women veteranss from all branches of the service.
5 Tips for Using Pinterest to Market Your Practice
Pinterest is a very popular, but often under-utilized, social media platform where people can bookmark, or "pin," fun and interesting things from all across the internet.
The Acupuncturist's Problem
I want share with you some observations and insights into what seems to be the most common problem my colleagues in the acupuncture profession struggles with. If you also struggle with this problem, I hope you get a valuable "aha" moment from reading this.
Talking to Patients About Lumbar Facet Denervation (Medial Branch Neurotomy)
Lumbar facet denervation, more appropriately termed medial branch neurotomy (MBN), is a procedure that may be considered when patients suffer from recalcitrant non-radicular axial back and/or leg pain.
A House Divided?
The American Chiropractic Association's House of Delegates voted on 30 resolutions at its annual business meeting in Washington D.C., but two in particular took immediate center stage due to their controversial nature.
June, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 06
Help in Understanding Parkinson's, Part 2
By Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR
In part one of this series from the April issue, I presented an understanding of Parkinson's disease (PD), its symptoms and current medical treatment.Now we'll take a look at how massage and other bodywork may play an important role in managing symptoms and offering those with PD a better quality of life.
I'd like to challenge you to ponder what it means for a person living with PD to have "quality of life." Most massage therapists immediately think of tremors and muscle stiffness when asked to name a symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). What about symptoms that can't be seen but only experienced by the people living with this progressive neurological disease? The Parkinson's Outcomes Project reports that negative mood and depression have the greatest impact on health status and that 40% of people with PD experience depression and/or anxiety disorder.
These symptoms seem to have even greater impact on quality of life than motor symptoms. There's constant frustration from struggling to get through daily activities. But I've observed another invisible symptom – feeling isolated. One symptom of PD is a mask-like expression that comes from poor motor control of facial muscles. The subtleties we rely on for communication and social connection are gone. Imagine a man with PD at a social gathering, say a neighborhood picnic. Here's a man who can't move or walk well so will stay in one place and has a blank and staring expression on his face. Is this a person who will likely be approached by others? I suspect not. Strangers will misread the expression as boredom and withdrawal. Acquaintances may feel uneasy about what to say as they notice the changes that have occurred and avoid him. Closer friends may overcompensate for their uneasiness and dote or be overly helpful. Children may even be a little frightened of him. The end result is that few people will treat this man as they would have before PD. Satisfying social relationships must be hard to come by for many people living with the symptoms of PD.
I have a client who has, for many years, been an active board member of a community music guild. In his early seventies, he developed PD, however he continued to be involved on the board. During a recent session, he told me about the board meeting he attended last week. He said that hardly anyone spoke to him directly and he felt ignored. "I'm the same person," he told me. "Do I smell? I'll never go back." The more I think about this, the more I realize the full impact of his statements. He's been cut out of a community and he knows it. Now, he's left to wrestle with the loss and anger along with feelings of low self-worth. I don't think his situation is unique at all. So how can we, as massage therapists, make a positive difference?
Which modalities are most effective?
It's reported that up to 40% of individuals who have PD use at least one type of complementary therapy with herbal supplements, vitamins, massage and acupuncture most commonly used. I was curious about which bodywork modalities have proven most effective. The following is a survey of the literature along with my personal experience.
Alexander Technique: This educational method teaches the client how to change faulty postural habits to improve mobility, performance and alertness along with relief of chronic stiffness, tension and stress. Main benefits are coordination of the musculoskeletal system, improved breathing, vocal production and speed and accuracy of movement. One study demonstrated that following 24 lessons in Alexander Technique, people with PD had less depression and greater self-concept. These results were sustained for six months. Alexander Technique may have the greatest impact on these PD symptoms: bradykinesia, which means slow, deliberate movements and difficulty performing rapid alternating movements such as combing one's hair or clapping. Because Alexander Technique uses a cognitive approach to re-learning movement patterns it may also help develop new neural pathways in the brain to compensate for those no longer functioning properly. The client may also feel empowered by being actively involved in learning new movement patterns resulting in improved mood and feelings of confidence and self-worth.
Neuromuscular Therapy: This approach is described as soft tissue manipulation techniques including myofascial release, positional release and trigger point techniques. One study examined the effects of neuromuscular therapy on motor and non-motor symptoms of PD. Following treatments twice a week for four weeks, clients had significant decreased tremor and improved rapid alternating movements (finger tapping). However, clients did not have substantial changes in mood. It appears that neuromuscular therapy may be most beneficial for motor symptoms of PD, which would contribute to improved ability to perform activities of daily living.
Swedish Massage: In my experience, rocking broad compression and moderate pressure effleurage seem especially effective for PD symptoms. Rocking stimulates the vestibular system as well as the proprioceptor nerves in the skin, joints and muscles which may improve postural tone while promoting an overall relaxation response. Gentle, sustained compression applied to muscles that are rigid or hypertonic encourages "letting go" or relaxation of the muscle and increases range of motion at least temporarily allowing greater postural comfort for those who have advanced PD. Broad, slow-stroke effleurage on the full back seems especially helpful. Studies have shown that three minutes of slow-stroke back massage decreases blood pressure and heart rate while skin temperature increases. Slow-stroke back massage has been used as a common nursing intervention to help patients sleep. We've long understood the link between massage and improved mood. One study showed that Swedish massage increased serotonin and dopamine levels by 28% and 31% respectively while decreasing cortisol levels by 31%. This is important in understanding that massage changes the biochemistry of the body and decreasing stress reactions.
It's clear that touch therapies can be effective in easing the physical symptoms of PD which goes a long way in improving function and alleviating physical discomfort. But I'd like to go back to those hidden symptoms I described earlier, the frustration, isolation and feelings of low self-worth. Let's look beyond bodywork to the power of compassionate human touch to heal in ways we are only beginning to fully understand. The man I described who felt shunned by his peers looks forward to our sessions which take place in his home. Following the massage, he reports decreased pain and appears physically comfortable and is able to move his arms a little smoother. But what shines through the physical benefit is a shift in his demeanor. The other day he told me how much our sessions mean to him. "You treat me like I still matter." I believe his statement had nothing to do with bodywork but rather by reaching past the disease to serve the human being inside of the body impacted by PD.
Acceptance and compassionate presence comes through caring human touch. I'll close with a quote from one of the sources for this article, "While complementary treatment modalities are used widely by patients with PD, only use of various massage techniques seems to improve subjective well-being and quality of life," from Rehabilitation Interventions in Parkinson Disease by Alex Moroz, MD, et.al.
Click here for more information about Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR.
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