resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
An Alternate Method For Choosing The Right Formula For Your Patients
A constant question for us in the clinic is when to make adjustments and when to stay the course. A patient comes in and says, "Things are the same as last week."
Peer Points: Spreading The Word
Pedram Shojai describes his venture into Traditional Chinese Medicine as a journey led by various "mystical experiences." Shojai decided to change the course of his career when he looked deeper into the basics of TCM.
The Many Faces of Cervical Compression
When evaluating the neck, there are any number of orthopedic tests to be considered.
An Introduction to Evidence-Based Clinical Practice - Again
One of your patients is in for treatment and catches you off guard by asking you a question about a news article she recently read. It seems that a new intervention for back pain was found to reduce the rate of serious side effects by 50 percent.
Increased Breast Cancer Risk: Another Implication of High Cholesterol
In addition to being a known risk factor for heart and cardiovascular disease, recent studies have highlighted the link between high cholesterol and increased risk of breast cancer. Breast cancer is the second most common malignancy in women after skin cancer.
The Importance of Staying Focused
Our world is so full of over stimulation and constant information. We live in a fast paced, ever-changing society. If you seek you will receive.
Gallop Confidently Into The New Year
Happy New Year! As you may know, this is the year of the Wooden Horse. I received a wonderful gift for Christmas. It is a beautiful glass sculpture of a horse, by Luili Gong Fong, a Chinese artist.
New Knee, New Pain (Part 2)
The patient presented to the chiropractic clinic with symptoms of genu varum and pain on the medial aspect of the tibiofemoral joint.
The Urinary Bladder Official
The Bladder Official is known as the Official Who Controls the Storage of Water. In Western medical terms, this organ collects the urine excreted by the kidneys.
The Deficiency Myth
If you went to the same kind of medical school I did and took the same kind of licensing exam I took, you were trained to seek out and expect to find primary deficiencies here in the U.S.
Embracing the Light
Four years, ago I was diagnosed with a labral tear in my hip that was excruciating and "required surgery" according to an orthopedic surgeon. I tried everything and although the symptoms had mostly abated, I had to give up Yoga practice and everything that could exacerbate the tear.
Putting Public Health Into Action: Thinking Globally, Acting Locally
The Chiropractic Health Care section of the American Public Health Association (APHA) met at the 141st APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition in Boston late last year, and it was another triumph for chiropractic and its public health advocates.
Common Disorders of the Temporomandibular Joint
The evaluation and management of craniofacial pain is a complex endeavor, which often encompasses the presence of temporomandibular joint disorders.
Look, Listen and Learn to Code
Study of the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) Evaluation and Management (E&M) coding system can leave a doctor of chiropractic a bit confused. The description of the five new-patient and five established-patient examination codes takes up several pages in most coding books. The degree of detail and charts used to describe the codes can be overwhelming.
Preserving the Natural Resources and Culture of Chinese Herbal Medicine
As the world experiences unprecedented population growth and ever-increasing ecological pressures, the topic of preserving Chinese medicine's natural resources has attracted steadily increasing attention from practitioners.
News in Brief
Parker Announces Executive Director of Parker Professional; Athletic TIPS Program Getting Financial Support; ANJC Award Recipients Named.
Climbing the Ladder of Opportunity (Part 1)
President Obama spoke of building "ladders of opportunity" in his State of the Union and Inauguration addresses.
Why Stretching Doesn't Work
Like most chiropractors, a good part of my day is spent working with sedentary office workers who spend eight to 12 hours a day glued to a desk chair in front of a computer.
Ask and You May Receive
A friend of my mother has had a problem with her ears for almost 20 years. Whenever the wind blows, it sends shooting pain through her jaw. She has seen any number of medical specialists over that time, but with no relief.
Using Facial and Scalp Acupuncture To Treat Neuromuscular Facial Conditions
As a practitioner and instructor of facial rejuvenation acupuncture I have gotten many calls over the past 10 years from individuals seeking help for various conditions affecting the facial muscles, nerves, and overall function of the face.
Gaining an Independent Occupational Code with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
One of the most important national activities currently taking place in relation to the development of the field of AOM profession is the Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics' (BLS) revision of the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system.
Qigong to Empower Our Youth
Qigong is an ancient form of exercise and meditation used to promote longevity and health. This practice has traditionally been used by adults to balance the body through mindfulness, focused breathing and gentle movements.
Acupuncture Ambassadors: A Chat with Leader Anthony M. Giovanniello, MSAc,LAc
When you first meet Anthony Giovanniello, you realize he's a humble practitioner, yet is bursting with a type of dedication that you can't help but be overwhelmingly inspired by.
We Get Letters & E-Mail
Let's Restore Integrity to Health Care – Starting With Us; MDs Offer More – So Can We.
June, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 06
Help in Understanding Parkinson's, Part 2
By Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR
In part one of this series from the April issue, I presented an understanding of Parkinson's disease (PD), its symptoms and current medical treatment.Now we'll take a look at how massage and other bodywork may play an important role in managing symptoms and offering those with PD a better quality of life.
I'd like to challenge you to ponder what it means for a person living with PD to have "quality of life." Most massage therapists immediately think of tremors and muscle stiffness when asked to name a symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). What about symptoms that can't be seen but only experienced by the people living with this progressive neurological disease? The Parkinson's Outcomes Project reports that negative mood and depression have the greatest impact on health status and that 40% of people with PD experience depression and/or anxiety disorder.
These symptoms seem to have even greater impact on quality of life than motor symptoms. There's constant frustration from struggling to get through daily activities. But I've observed another invisible symptom – feeling isolated. One symptom of PD is a mask-like expression that comes from poor motor control of facial muscles. The subtleties we rely on for communication and social connection are gone. Imagine a man with PD at a social gathering, say a neighborhood picnic. Here's a man who can't move or walk well so will stay in one place and has a blank and staring expression on his face. Is this a person who will likely be approached by others? I suspect not. Strangers will misread the expression as boredom and withdrawal. Acquaintances may feel uneasy about what to say as they notice the changes that have occurred and avoid him. Closer friends may overcompensate for their uneasiness and dote or be overly helpful. Children may even be a little frightened of him. The end result is that few people will treat this man as they would have before PD. Satisfying social relationships must be hard to come by for many people living with the symptoms of PD.
I have a client who has, for many years, been an active board member of a community music guild. In his early seventies, he developed PD, however he continued to be involved on the board. During a recent session, he told me about the board meeting he attended last week. He said that hardly anyone spoke to him directly and he felt ignored. "I'm the same person," he told me. "Do I smell? I'll never go back." The more I think about this, the more I realize the full impact of his statements. He's been cut out of a community and he knows it. Now, he's left to wrestle with the loss and anger along with feelings of low self-worth. I don't think his situation is unique at all. So how can we, as massage therapists, make a positive difference?
Which modalities are most effective?
It's reported that up to 40% of individuals who have PD use at least one type of complementary therapy with herbal supplements, vitamins, massage and acupuncture most commonly used. I was curious about which bodywork modalities have proven most effective. The following is a survey of the literature along with my personal experience.
Alexander Technique: This educational method teaches the client how to change faulty postural habits to improve mobility, performance and alertness along with relief of chronic stiffness, tension and stress. Main benefits are coordination of the musculoskeletal system, improved breathing, vocal production and speed and accuracy of movement. One study demonstrated that following 24 lessons in Alexander Technique, people with PD had less depression and greater self-concept. These results were sustained for six months. Alexander Technique may have the greatest impact on these PD symptoms: bradykinesia, which means slow, deliberate movements and difficulty performing rapid alternating movements such as combing one's hair or clapping. Because Alexander Technique uses a cognitive approach to re-learning movement patterns it may also help develop new neural pathways in the brain to compensate for those no longer functioning properly. The client may also feel empowered by being actively involved in learning new movement patterns resulting in improved mood and feelings of confidence and self-worth.
Neuromuscular Therapy: This approach is described as soft tissue manipulation techniques including myofascial release, positional release and trigger point techniques. One study examined the effects of neuromuscular therapy on motor and non-motor symptoms of PD. Following treatments twice a week for four weeks, clients had significant decreased tremor and improved rapid alternating movements (finger tapping). However, clients did not have substantial changes in mood. It appears that neuromuscular therapy may be most beneficial for motor symptoms of PD, which would contribute to improved ability to perform activities of daily living.
Swedish Massage: In my experience, rocking broad compression and moderate pressure effleurage seem especially effective for PD symptoms. Rocking stimulates the vestibular system as well as the proprioceptor nerves in the skin, joints and muscles which may improve postural tone while promoting an overall relaxation response. Gentle, sustained compression applied to muscles that are rigid or hypertonic encourages "letting go" or relaxation of the muscle and increases range of motion at least temporarily allowing greater postural comfort for those who have advanced PD. Broad, slow-stroke effleurage on the full back seems especially helpful. Studies have shown that three minutes of slow-stroke back massage decreases blood pressure and heart rate while skin temperature increases. Slow-stroke back massage has been used as a common nursing intervention to help patients sleep. We've long understood the link between massage and improved mood. One study showed that Swedish massage increased serotonin and dopamine levels by 28% and 31% respectively while decreasing cortisol levels by 31%. This is important in understanding that massage changes the biochemistry of the body and decreasing stress reactions.
It's clear that touch therapies can be effective in easing the physical symptoms of PD which goes a long way in improving function and alleviating physical discomfort. But I'd like to go back to those hidden symptoms I described earlier, the frustration, isolation and feelings of low self-worth. Let's look beyond bodywork to the power of compassionate human touch to heal in ways we are only beginning to fully understand. The man I described who felt shunned by his peers looks forward to our sessions which take place in his home. Following the massage, he reports decreased pain and appears physically comfortable and is able to move his arms a little smoother. But what shines through the physical benefit is a shift in his demeanor. The other day he told me how much our sessions mean to him. "You treat me like I still matter." I believe his statement had nothing to do with bodywork but rather by reaching past the disease to serve the human being inside of the body impacted by PD.
Acceptance and compassionate presence comes through caring human touch. I'll close with a quote from one of the sources for this article, "While complementary treatment modalities are used widely by patients with PD, only use of various massage techniques seems to improve subjective well-being and quality of life," from Rehabilitation Interventions in Parkinson Disease by Alex Moroz, MD, et.al.
Click here for more information about Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR.
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