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The App Advantage: Get More for Less
You may have noticed the list of "app-exclusive" articles in the directory on the front page of the print issue and in the Table of Contents on page 4. You can't find these articles in print or even in our online archives.
Helping to Create the Healthiest Generation
The imperative to create the "Healthiest Generation by 2030," envisioned by the American Public Health Association (APHA), was in full force at the APHA's 142nd Annual Meeting held in New Orleans from November 15-19, 2014.
Fight Colorectal Cancer With Folic Acid
CRC is the second most common cause of cancer mortality in the U.S. and Canada. Although genetic susceptibility plays a role in the etiology of CRC, dietary factors, including certain vitamins, have also been shown to influence the development of the disease in various studies.
How to Use Online Video as a Tool to Market Your Practice
Health care practitioners, including chiropractors, should consider online videos as a key element of their Internet marketing strategy. In the next three years, videos are expected to account for nearly 70 percent of all consumer online traffic, according to Cisco.
The Way of Zen Performance Enhancement
Working with elite athletes and implementing various techniques to keep athletes focused and at their optimal performance for a sustained period of time includes incorporating various meditation techniques that counterbalance their sport-specific physical and mental demands, which is an important element of success throughout the years.
We Get Letters & Email
Rethinking Our Approach to Immunization; Coming Together for the Good of Our Patients.
AWB Makes a Difference in the Yucatan
We are in the sleepy town of Izamal, located about an hour from the Merida airport where our group arrived last night. Later that morning, on a bus winding through the dusty roads of the Yucatan, fourteen acupuncturists, two facilitators from AWB and two tour guides make their way to the small rustic town of Popola.
Two for One: The Cervical Distraction Test
In today's healthcare system, diagnoses and treatment plans follow a western medical model - especially if you work with attorneys or insurance companies.
Chiropractic Research in Review
Occupational LBP in Primary- and High-School Teachers; Treating MVA Complications With Chiropractic Care; Neck Pain: Immediate Effects of Active Scapular Correction; Taping Benefits Stride, Step Length in Fatigued Runners.
Ringing in the Billing New Year
What are the new modifiers that replace modifier 59? Will they allow doctors of chiropractic to be paid for 97140, manual therapy, when done with chiropractic manipulation?
Right Back Where We Started?
More than 25 years after Judge Susan Getzendanner issued her historic opinion in the Wilk v AMA anti-trust case, evidence suggests that despite increasing collaboration between doctors of chiropractic and their allopathic medical counterparts, when it comes to organized medicine, we may be right back where we started.
Show Up and Show Respect
I was recently asked about my chiropractic philosophy. My answer surprised my questioner.
Acupuncture and its Place in the Integrative Healthcare Practice: The Need to Move from Modality to Profession
Acupuncture and oriental medicine (AOM) has grown and flourished from its inception thousands of years ago in China. In surrounding regions of Asia, AOM developed as a response to differing cultural, pathological, health and wellness care needs.
The Conscious Evolution of Healing: Importance of Opening the Sensory Portals in Classical Chinese Medicine
The Chinese medical classics are not just clinical guides. They give advice; ways we can awaken more fully into conscious awareness.
Professionalism and Evidence-Based Health Care
Today's chiropractors are facing a conundrum with the Affordable Care Act and its health care reform requirements, including evidence-based practice and health technology assessment.
Animal Acupuncture Gaining in Popularity
We have just finished the year of the fire hoarse and now it is time to spend some time alone, daydreaming and thinking outside the box in terms of where our profession is headed. The sheep person is well organized and creative so this should not be difficult to do.
Trouble Down Under: San Zhen Therapy for Lower Jiao Issues
In the last several columns, I have discussed many clinical options for utilizing San Zhen or Three Needle Therapy. In this installment, I will continue this trend and discuss several foundational patterns which can be found in several very common clinical presentations.
Age and Fertility: Why We Should Worry Less About Age and More About Overall Health
Recently, on one of the acupuncture alumni forums, the topic of age and fertility came up when a practitioner posted a question regarding a patient that was about to turn 40-years-old.
Movement Assessments: The DC's Sphygmomanometer
I think back to when I was going through chiropractic school outpatient clinic. I was embarrassed to have my family and friends come in for treatment because initial evaluations took three hours to complete.
News in Brief
While indignation may be your immediate reaction to H.R. 5780, the Protecting the Integrity of Medicare Act of 2014, the American Chiropractic Association suggests the legislation is just what the chiropractic profession needs.
Environmental Toxins: Cause of Modern Illness, Part 2
In Part I of this article, we detailed the variety of environmental toxins assaulting our bodies. These include pesticides and herbicides; plastics; preservatives; cosmetics; gasoline additives, solvents and glues; and heavy metals.
The Static Postural Pelvic Exam
I include a static postural analysis in my evaluation routine whether you are a patient in pain or an elite-sport athlete in training. In my day-to-day practice, I require patients to stand still while I "just look" at them.
Taking the Freeze Out of Adhesive Capsulitis
Adhesive capsulitis or "frozen shoulder" is a relatively common condition resulting in severe shoulder pain and global loss of glenohumeral joint range of motion. Incidence of the condition is approximately 3 percent in the general population.
I Felt it in My Fingers First
I'm not afraid to say it. Massage therapists make better acupuncturists. I'll tell you how I know, but first I have a question: What do a microcurrent device, a laser and a hippie massage therapist have in common?
Three for One: The Cervical Distraction Test
Taking the time to do an exam is important, but it is time spent. The exam serves as a way to physically validate your clinical impression following a history and clinical consultation.
May, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 05
The Journey to Find the Cause of a Pain in the Butt
By Debbie Roberts, LMT
I hope that title caught your attention because I like to get you questioning and thinking before we begin. I'm going to be talking about a possibly new term I may have just coined: sports butt.The definition is a non-specific condition that might be known as a royal pain in the Assumption. This is what I encountered recently when working with a gentleman that had pin point pain located at the ischial tuberosity, with some radiation of pain from time to time down the back of the leg and occasional groin pain.
The client is an avid walker of 4-5 miles per day, post runner and 73 years old. He presented with pain on sitting, pain on walking when his heel struck the ground, pain on straight leg raise, and pain that was chronic located in one circular area at the hamstring origin and lower hip rotator region. In addition, he had a medical diagnosis of spinal stenosis by x-ray results. He cannot have an MRI because of his pace maker. The unresolved pain sent me on this journey to find out everything there is to know about what causes a pain in the butt. So, I invite you on this journey with me to learn the many reasons behind a pain in the bum.
The Many Names Of Sports Butt
The names and definitions vary, but here are some of my favorites. In the Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction The Trigger Point Manual, you get the term "Chair-seat Victims." Think of the activity of cycling.
Another of my favorites is "Yoga Butt," a term for a range of symptoms frequently experienced in Ashtanga and other forms of Vinyasa or Power yoga. This is typically blamed on the over stretching of the hamstring.
"Weavers Bottom" is inflammation of the bursa that separates the gluteus maximus muscle of the buttocks from the underlying bony prominence of the bone that a person sits on (ischial tuberosity). Weaver's bottom is a form of bursitis that is usually caused by prolonged sitting on hard surfaces. Also known as ischial bursitis.
"Ischial tuberosity pain" is the point of origin of the adductor and hamstring muscles, as well as the sacrotuberous ligaments. The forceful pull of these muscles can happen during a variety of sports, as a result of a trauma, such as a fall or other type of injury, or through the overuse of the hamstrings, as in the case of my client an avid walker/post runner.
"Piriformis Syndrome" is another common term. The piriformis muscle is responsible for the symptoms of the piriformis syndrome and is a "double devil" because it causes as much distress by nerve entrapment as it does by projection pain from trigger points.
"Ischiofemoral Impingement" is when the lesser trochanter of the upper femur is impinging on the ischial tuberosity. The quadratus femoris muscle, which is near the piriformis deep under the gluteus maximus, is often irritated in this syndrome. An MRI is the best study of this condition which will show the measurements of the left/right distances from the lesser trochanter to the ischial tuberosity.
"Sciatica" is perhaps the most well known and its symptoms include pain that begins in your back or buttock and moves down your leg and may move into your foot. Weakness, tingling or numbness in the leg may also occur. The most common cause of sciatica is a bulging or ruptured disc in the spine pressing against the nerve roots that lead to the sciatic nerve. Sacroiliac joint dysfunction happens when patients usually experience pain in the low back or hips. So, which one do you think he had? Tough decision, right? There are a lot of things that can cause hip and buttocks pain. Where would you begin?
Patient History And Evaluation
Orthopedic tests and my clients test results:
I do want to remind you that the reason you still do the orthopedic tests are not to find another diagnosis (which is outside our scope of practice) but to rule-out should they be in your care and/or is there another medical referral that should be made.
Let's rule out some other things together. Since he was an avid walker, maybe it's sports related and an ischial tendonitis? He has a very small pelvis with a posterior tilt, so maybe it's ischiofemoral impingement of the quadratus femoris muscle? He also has lack of internal hip rotation and groin pain, so maybe it's DJD or a torn labrum? He had loss of strength in the gluteus maximus, so maybe it has to do with the trigger point or sciatic nerve? He had removed his orthotic that was placed in his shoe to help with his foot pronation, so maybe it's piriformis syndrome?
All of these things ran through my mind, including his diagnosis already from the orthopedist that said his pain was probably due to spinal stenosis. He was given an injection that didn't help. That is also why he asked for my help because the injection and anti-inflammatories really hadn't helped change his pin-point buttock pain. He is a winter resident and had received deep tissue massage therapy up north which, for awhile, gave him temporary relief of symptoms. He sought out an orthopedist there with no resolve. He visited a chiropractor who told him 30 visits of spinal decompression would relieve the pain. He did not go forward with this option yet.
Here is some of the therapy I used during his visit: myofascial release to the hip complex with cupping (hoping if it was impingement we could relieve some compression), PNF stretching to the psoas (thinking of helping his postural distortion), isometrics around the hip complex (helping reset the muscle spindle fibers for length), direct tissue work to quadratus femoris (possible relief of ischial impingement), hamstrings,adductors, IT band, quadriceps and muscle energy techniques for the SI dysfunction.
He was happy and thrilled for about a day. Then his symptoms returned, but were different in that the direct pin-point pain wasn't there. I was still hopeful. I re-evaluated and treated again, and got a phone call saying, "it's gone, no pain." Two days later, with one episode of prolonged sitting, it returned. I re-evaluated and treated again, for the third time and with one day of absolutely no pain. Then, you guessed it, he went for a walk and within a quarter of a mile the pain was right back to square one.
I know what you are thinking. Why doesn't he avoid things that would aggravate it? Well, he did that, too, for more than four weeks. The pain in the butt was just never relieved more than temporary. This is my personal rule if it returns after three or four visits: the patient requires another medical evaluation and opinion. What causes pain? Our choices are nerve, bone or muscle-fascia. Because we work with muscles, the therapist can sometimes get fooled into thinking that it just has to be a muscle impinging on a nerve. This is limited thinking and can be the mistake of any professional who specializes.
Well, are you ready for what it was? Finally, a CT scan revealed a ruptured disc. The doctor is confident that specific pain relieving injections will do the trick. However, the physician said he is open to further investigation to rule out ischiofemoral impingement in the event the injections don't work. Why write an article in a massage publication about something that wasn't helped by massage. Well, as therapists it is always good to look at all the possible causes of pain and postural dysfunction.
"Every master knows that the material teaches the artist," IIya Ehrenburg (1891-1967). Even with all the orthopedic assessments we have available to us today this still is not enough. We can often times be fooled by thinking it is a muscle because we are in the business of treating dysfunctional muscles and getting temporary relief of symptoms. By not over treating and encouraging the patient to seek further tests, we play a vital role in our clients' health and well-being.
Editor's Note: For more information from Debbie Roberts, visit http://youtu.be/hmgBLjx5tvc.
Click here for more information about Debbie Roberts, LMT.
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