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Chinese Doctors Poke Holes in Australian Study
A recent Australian clinical trial, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) in 2014 by Rana Hinman, et el., evaluating the effectiveness of both needle and laser acupuncture for chronic knee pain.
NCCAOM Video Contest
The NCCAOM is excited to announce the launch of the second annual video contest "Because it Works!" 2015.
Desert: A Metaphor from the Study of Genetics
In most of the human lives I know about, there are stretches of time which feel stagnant, or worse. We can feel adrift, or wounded and sidelined, and these times don't seem to carry much usefulness while they are unfolding.
Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology: Version 2.0
The Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology consensus, published in 2001 by the collaborative efforts of the North American Spine Society, the American Society of Spine Radiology and the American Society of Neuroradiology, has guided radiologists, clinicians and the public for more than a decade.
Integrative Medicine for the Underserved: A Seat at the Table
Numerous organizations have risen to the challenge of providing care to medically-underserved populations and here we feature one such group.
Marketing with a Microphone
When given an option, it stands to reason that people prefer to do business with those they know, like, and trust.
Going On-Site With Chiropractic Care
The Foundation for Chiropractic Progress has released a position paper highlighting the financial, clinical and patient-satisfaction benefits of providing chiropractic care at on-site corporate health clinics.
News in Brief
Investigating the Cellular Impact of Mechanical Force; National Board Seats (Not-So) New Officers at Annual Meeting.
Sports Medicine 101: Surgery or No Surgery?
In the world of sports medicine, many careers are saved by surgeries that correct traumatic damage to the body. Muscle tears, ligament damage, fractures, spinal disc herniations, and joint instabilities are a few of the issues frequently addressed with surgical intervention.
Creating Relationships at Southwest Symposium
The month of May brought many interesting activities. As I have said in many previous columns this year, this profession is moving in a very exciting direction. Make sure you are getting involved. If you're not, you just might get left behind.
Leg-Length Inequality and Pelvic Fixation: A New Approach to the Negative Derifield (Part 3)
A patient with sacroiliac fixation and dysfunction ordinarily demonstrates a noticeable leg-length inequality when placed in the prone position on the adjusting table.
Meet Cheyenne: Your Future Colleague
Allow me to introduce you to Cheyenne (Chey), the daughter of some of our family's closest friends. We attend and serve at the same church together, and have known each other for many years.
I was sitting in a Pizza Hut in Peoria, Ill., with my friend Reggie, sometime in the spring of my senior year in college, when he started doodling on his paper placemat. In those days, the company had a picture of U.S. on the mats, showing all the locations of the "Huts" in the country.
Q&A With the First VA Chiropractic Residents
As you may have read previously, a major step forward for the profession occurred in July 2014 when the Department of Veterans Affairs began piloting a chiropractic residency program at five locations.
The Three Heater Official
This Official, belonging to the element Fire, is responsible for maintaining and regulating the heating system of the body, mind, and spirit. It is named for its function. The trunk is divided into three "burning spaces" or "jiaos."
Treatment of PTSD: An Opportunity for the Practice of Integrated Medicine
PTSD is widespread across America today. Not only do many of our honored men and women in uniform bring it home with them from the war zones they have been active in, but it often follows any life-threatening event people go through when their lives have been in danger.
Should You Change an Athlete's Natural Running Form?
Once past the ankle, impact forces travel at about 200 mph into the knee. In addition to allowing the quad to absorb force, bending the knee (E) prevents the hip and pelvis from moving up and down too much (F), which is important for injury prevention and efficiency.
Key Changes and Updates to the 7th Edition CNT Manual
Acupuncture Today recently interviewed Jennifer Brett, ND, L.Ac. regarding the updates to the CNT manaul.
The Risks I Took
We all take risks when we choose this profession. For some, it is not knowing if you can make a living practicing TCM. For others, it is parental or cultural disapproval.
Free Yourself From the Pocketbook Practice
Let's take a journey together; there's an important lesson to be learned. Imagine a town or city just like yours.
The Source-Luo Point Combination, Part 2
The Da Cheng includes symptoms for the source-luo points that indicate when to use them for treatment. Yang defines the method as the guest-host (it is one of a variety of acupuncture point combinations called guest-host).
May, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 05
Technique Synergy: Blending Unique Combinations for Success
By Whitney Lowe, LMT
Specific techniques and modalities are the key tools of our profession. But as any artisan or craftsmen will tell you, each tool is only as good as the person using it. Sometimes, we may look to one specific assessment or treatment technique to give us the key results we are looking for.Yet, in reality, the most effective approach might be a unique combination of different methods—technique synergy.
Synergy can be defined as the interaction of elements that, when combined, produce a total effect that is greater than the sum of the individual elements by themselves. So, how do you know which different techniques to combine together for the greatest effect? The key lies in understanding the physiological effects of your treatment or assessment techniques so you can choose the most effective approach. Let's look at an example of how several different assessment strategies were combined together to produce more effective evaluation methods for identifying carpal tunnel syndrome.
Variation on Common CTS Evaluation Procedures
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common median nerve pathology. Yet, there are still challenges in recognizing it, especially in the early stages before symptoms are prominent. Nerve evaluation tests need to be more sensitive to identify the problem at different stages of severity. The sensitivity of the test refers to how accurate it is at identifying the problem when it is present. Below are several variations on standard carpal tunnel syndrome assessment tests that make them more sensitive, and consequently more able to identify a problem before it is severe. These descriptions are excerpted from an article originally published in the Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies.1
Massage therapists routinely treat clients with carpal tunnel syndrome. Yet, they do not have the high-tech diagnostic procedures like nerve conduction tests available for identifying possible median nerve involvement. Therefore, the reliance on physical examination to support (or replace) findings from nerve conduction studies is very important. When performing any of these procedures, the practitioner should remember that exaggerated neural sensations may be indicative not only of mechanical compression neuropathy, but of a host of disorders that cause increased neural sensitivity. Appropriate contraindications for proper treatment should be carefully weighed after gathering evaluation information.
Phalen's Test is the most common special orthopedic test for evaluating carpal tunnel syndrome. To perform this test, the client presses the back of the hands together so the wrists are flexed close to 900 (Figure 1). If the sensory symptoms of pain, paresthesia or numbness in the median nerve distribution are reproduced within about 60 seconds, the test is considered positive for median nerve compression in the carpal tunnel.
When this test is performed, the wrist is in flexion, which decreases tension on the median nerve. If there is increased tension on the median nerve, there is a greater degree of sensitivity in the evaluation procedure and it could therefore pick up less severe conditions.2 Greater sensitivity would therefore result if the wrist was held in flexion (Phalen's test position) while the upper extremity was held in a position that increases neural tension on the remainder of the median nerve. An upper extremity position that would increase tensile stress on the median nerve, while compressing it at the carpal tunnel region, would include lateral flexion of the neck to the opposite side, shoulder abduction, elbow extension, and wrist flexion (Figure 2). This test would be performed unilaterally, unlike the standard Phalen's test, which is performed on both sides at the same time. Make sure the cervical region is laterally flexed away from the side that is being tested.
Another relatively new evaluation procedure that has demonstrated greater accuracy than the Phalen's test is the hand elevation test. In this procedure the client holds the hand as high as comfortably possible overhead (Figure 3). If neurological symptoms in the median nerve distribution of the hand are reproduced within one minute, the test is considered positive.3 Neural tension in the median nerve could be added to the hand elevation test to make it more sensitive. With the arm held overhead, the neck is laterally flexed to the opposite side. Additional tension on the median nerve is added by putting the wrist in extension (Figure 4). Another variation would be keeping the wrist in flexion (as in the Phalen's test wrist position).
Increased neural tension is already a component of this test. The wrist is held in extension and supination. While in this position, the index finger is pulled into hyperextension as far as motion allows (Figure 5). The finger movement can be performed by the practitioner or by the client.4 If neurological symptoms are felt within about one minute, the test is considered positive. As with several CTS tests, this test is considered more accurate when combined with other procedures to produce a comprehensive clinical picture.5
The tethered median nerve stress test already involves tension on the median nerve at the wrist. Additional neural tension can be added to the proximal upper extremity to make this procedure more sensitive. Positions to add include lateral neck flexion to the opposite side, shoulder abduction, elbow extension and forearm supination. Note that not all of these motions need to be added. In some cases symptoms will be exacerbated with addition of just one position.
Accurate evaluation of soft tissue pathologies is an essential element of effective treatment. No diagnostic procedures have proven to be the gold standard for accurately identifying carpal tunnel syndrome. Electrodiagonstic testing, which is commonly used by medical professionals, has demonstrated limited effectiveness. It is also not available to most manual therapy practitioners. There is, therefore, a need for alternative accurate physical examination procedures for CTS. Common physical examination procedures are not always sensitive enough to identify the pathology when it exists. Some of the variations described in this article could prove to be useful adjunctive evaluation procedures that help the manual therapist gather more precise information about their client's soft-tissue pathology so that appropriate treatment or referral may result. These variations on standard CTS evaluation tests show that applying biomechanical principles to various assessment procedures allows us to combine the different strategies together for more accurate results. And that is the key benefit of technique synergy.
Click here for more information about Whitney Lowe, LMT.
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