Lost A Sale, But Initial Phone Consultations — A Big Part Of Brilliant Customer Service
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Should You Change an Athlete's Natural Running Form?
Once past the ankle, impact forces travel at about 200 mph into the knee. In addition to allowing the quad to absorb force, bending the knee (E) prevents the hip and pelvis from moving up and down too much (F), which is important for injury prevention and efficiency.
An International Life: An Interview with Mary Elizabeth Wakefield
I met Mary Elizabeth Wakefield during her class last summer in Seneca Falls, New York at the Finger Lakes School of Chinese Medicine.
News in Brief
Investigating the Cellular Impact of Mechanical Force; National Board Seats (Not-So) New Officers at Annual Meeting.
The Three Heater Official
This Official, belonging to the element Fire, is responsible for maintaining and regulating the heating system of the body, mind, and spirit. It is named for its function. The trunk is divided into three "burning spaces" or "jiaos."
Integrative Medicine for the Underserved: A Seat at the Table
Numerous organizations have risen to the challenge of providing care to medically-underserved populations and here we feature one such group.
The Source-Luo Point Combination, Part 2
The Da Cheng includes symptoms for the source-luo points that indicate when to use them for treatment. Yang defines the method as the guest-host (it is one of a variety of acupuncture point combinations called guest-host).
Marketing with a Microphone
When given an option, it stands to reason that people prefer to do business with those they know, like, and trust.
Sports Medicine 101: Surgery or No Surgery?
In the world of sports medicine, many careers are saved by surgeries that correct traumatic damage to the body. Muscle tears, ligament damage, fractures, spinal disc herniations, and joint instabilities are a few of the issues frequently addressed with surgical intervention.
NCCAOM Video Contest
The NCCAOM is excited to announce the launch of the second annual video contest "Because it Works!" 2015.
Meet Cheyenne: Your Future Colleague
Allow me to introduce you to Cheyenne (Chey), the daughter of some of our family's closest friends. We attend and serve at the same church together, and have known each other for many years.
Free Yourself From the Pocketbook Practice
Let's take a journey together; there's an important lesson to be learned. Imagine a town or city just like yours.
Q&A With the First VA Chiropractic Residents
As you may have read previously, a major step forward for the profession occurred in July 2014 when the Department of Veterans Affairs began piloting a chiropractic residency program at five locations.
Leg-Length Inequality and Pelvic Fixation: A New Approach to the Negative Derifield (Part 3)
A patient with sacroiliac fixation and dysfunction ordinarily demonstrates a noticeable leg-length inequality when placed in the prone position on the adjusting table.
Creating Relationships at Southwest Symposium
The month of May brought many interesting activities. As I have said in many previous columns this year, this profession is moving in a very exciting direction. Make sure you are getting involved. If you're not, you just might get left behind.
I was sitting in a Pizza Hut in Peoria, Ill., with my friend Reggie, sometime in the spring of my senior year in college, when he started doodling on his paper placemat. In those days, the company had a picture of U.S. on the mats, showing all the locations of the "Huts" in the country.
Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology: Version 2.0
The Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology consensus, published in 2001 by the collaborative efforts of the North American Spine Society, the American Society of Spine Radiology and the American Society of Neuroradiology, has guided radiologists, clinicians and the public for more than a decade.
Key Changes and Updates to the 7th Edition CNT Manual
Acupuncture Today recently interviewed Jennifer Brett, ND, L.Ac. regarding the updates to the CNT manaul.
Desert: A Metaphor from the Study of Genetics
In most of the human lives I know about, there are stretches of time which feel stagnant, or worse. We can feel adrift, or wounded and sidelined, and these times don't seem to carry much usefulness while they are unfolding.
The Risks I Took
We all take risks when we choose this profession. For some, it is not knowing if you can make a living practicing TCM. For others, it is parental or cultural disapproval.
Going On-Site With Chiropractic Care
The Foundation for Chiropractic Progress has released a position paper highlighting the financial, clinical and patient-satisfaction benefits of providing chiropractic care at on-site corporate health clinics.
Chinese Doctors Poke Holes in Australian Study
A recent Australian clinical trial, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) in 2014 by Rana Hinman, et el., evaluating the effectiveness of both needle and laser acupuncture for chronic knee pain.
Treatment of PTSD: An Opportunity for the Practice of Integrated Medicine
PTSD is widespread across America today. Not only do many of our honored men and women in uniform bring it home with them from the war zones they have been active in, but it often follows any life-threatening event people go through when their lives have been in danger.
May, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 05
Soft Tissue Tools Help Post-Natal Calf Pain: A Case Study
By Massage Therapy Foundation Contributor
Contributed By Derek R. Austin, BS, MS, CMT, Sandra K. Anderson, BA, LMT, ABT and April V. Neufeld, BS, LMP, NCTMB
Do you use massage tools in your practice? Do you work with post-natal women? If so, this month's Massage Therapy Foundation (MTF) research column features a case study that might interest you.According to the Massage Therapy Foundation's website (www.massagetherapyfoundation.org) a case study documents a massage therapist's experience with an individual client. Case studies help the practitioner and the massage therapy profession improve communication and critical thinking skills, and they can contribute to future research and clinical practice. If you are a massage therapy student, read on to see how you can enter the MTF Student Case Report Contest.
We all want to save our thumbs and have long, pain-free careers. This month, the MTF is reviewing what could be called massage tool research. It is not a commonly researched topic, so we are highlighting information from the Department of Physical Therapy at Indiana University. In this case study, Amy Bayliss, et al, reported on how instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (ISTM) was used to treat a post-natal patient with chronic calf pain.
Musculoskeletal pain is often reported by women at the end of pregnancy and following delivery. While lower back pain is most common in pre-natal women, non-specific lower leg pain is another common symptom reported during pregnancy. Such pain is thought to decline at some point after delivery. However, massage therapists know that this musculoskeletal pain can linger and is often successfully treated with massage. One method is cross-fiber friction (CFF), sometimes known as Cyriax technique. ISTM is based upon the concepts of CFF, applied with a uniquely-shaped instrument.
The patient in this case study was a 35-year-old female who had a two-year history of right mid-calf pain, beginning during the last trimester of her first pregnancy. The calf pain was preceded by severe lower leg edema. On a scale of 1 to 10, the pain was described as a dull ache, rating 2 on the day of examination, 0 at best and 5 on her worst day. Pain with deep palpation was an 8. There were no relieving activities and her symptoms were aggravated by direct pressure on the calf such as crossing her legs, and by activities that created tension in her calf, such as walking up stairs, jogging or strength training. The calf pain limited her activities of daily living, including standing and lifting her 35 pound son.
There were no significant issues with the arteries, veins or nerves, or with the endocrine and gastrointestinal systems. Additionally, the hip, sacroiliac joint and lumbar spine were cleared of dysfunction. An MRI was considered normal, although a dense soft tissue abnormality in the small superficial venous tissue network was noted that corresponded to the patient's pain in the right calf. Range of motion testing was normal. The instruments used by the physical therapist during treatment were those specifically for Graston Technique. The Graston Technique is a form of ISTM combined with a targeted stretching and strengthening program. (Currently, Graston tools are limited to chiropractors, physical therapists and athletic trainers and are restricted from massage therapists.)
The goals of treatment were for the patient to be able to stand for two hours, sit cross-legged and walk up stairs without right calf pain, as she was previously able to do. The patient also wanted to be able to lift 40 pounds from floor to waist without right calf pain so she could lift her child. The patient received nine treatment sessions over eight weeks, consisting of a 5 minute warm-up of brisk walking, 6 to 8 minutes of ISTM on the posterior right calf, standing stretches for gastrocnemius and soleus, eccentric exercise for the right calf and ice for 10 minutes to reduce inflammation.
On reassessment after eight weeks, soft tissue quality of the right calf was considered normal, meaning supple and easily moved. Additionally, her pain was reduced from 8 with deep palpation to 0. Her pain at rest had also improved to 0 and 0 to 1 with activity. Follow-up at one month and four months showed no return of pain. A follow-up MRI was not possible because the patient became pregnant three months after conclusion of treatment.
This study has several notable limitations for immediate application into massage practice including being a case report without experimental or comparison groups; featuring patented tools and techniques requiring specialized training and expense; and excluding any massage techniques such as gliding, kneading or compression, which are commonly used during a massage session.
Additionally, two points represent the gap between the work physical therapists and massage therapists do. First, the term "trigger point" never appears in this case study, even though it could be a possible cause of the tender mass in the patient's calf. Second, the authors write, "One of the consequences of targeted soft tissue mobilization and in particular ISTM is bruising over the site of the soft tissue dysfunction." They include an image of the patient's bruise, clearly visible after a treatment session and a few inches in diameter. Most massage therapists adjust their pressure to avoid bruising clients.
The authors conclude, "ISTM offers a mechanical advantage afforded to the clinician as well as the potential to minimize the clinician's joint stress. […] Allowing the tools to absorb mechanical stress rather than the therapist's hands has the potential to reduce over-use injury to the treating clinician." While the evidence is still preliminary, it points toward the continued use of massage tools. However, as massage therapists cannot practice Graston Technique, the application of this research to massage practice is unfortunately limited. Although alternative massage tools may be as effective, massage therapists should continue to rely on clinical judgment when deciding whether to use massage tools in practice.
To learn more about the effects of massage therapy, review the Massage Therapy Foundation article archives, read accepted MTF Research Grant abstracts, or search PubMed for massage therapy studies. For more information on Graston Technique, see their website.
Are you a massage therapy student with an interesting case of your own? The MTF Student Case Report Contest submission deadline is June 1, 2013. The Massage Therapy Foundation has offered Case Report Contests since 2006 to provide massage and bodywork practitioners and students a way to develop research skills and enhance their ability to provide evidence informed massage to the public. Cash prizes are available to the winners of each contest, contingent on publication of the case report.
Click here for more information about Massage Therapy Foundation Contributor.
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