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Scope of Chiropractic Practice: Why Now Is the Time to Expand
In my January article, "Scope of Chiropractic Practice: Is It Time for Change?" I discussed the use of the term primary spine care practitioner, the loss of privileges to diagnose in Texas, and the fact that the definition of "chiropractic" varied from state to state.
The Chiropractor's Guide to CRISPR
Science magazine's "Breakthrough of the Year" award for 2015 was described as "the gene-editing tool called CRISPR." CRISPR stands for "clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats."
Good Works at the Canandaigua VA
Faculty and students of the Finger Lakes School of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (FLSAOM) of the New York Chiropractic College have provided acupuncture to veterans at the Veterans' Administration Medical Center (VAMC) in Canandaigua, New York since September of 2007.
Treating the Terrain of Chronic Sinus Infections
Chronic sinus infections can be stubborn to treat, but the therapeutic path forward can be simplified when utilizing three distinct treatment principles which take into account the terrain of the body, and the way in which microbes grow.
Treating LBP the Right Way: Think Natural
An updated clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians (ACP) recommends spinal manipulation and other non-invasive, non-drug therapies as first options for acute, subacute and chronic low back pain, rather than pain medications, as stipulated in the original 2007 guideline.
Shedding Light on the Benefits of Heliotherapy
I can't imagine anyone not feeling good strolling in the sun on a beautiful spring day. The sun is responsible for all life on earth and is best illustrated along the equator touting the richest biodiversity on the planet, in stark contrast to the Arctic Circle and South Pole.
Give Your Patients the Ergonomic Advantage
Prolonged sitting contributes to low back pain and is a health risk. When I discuss my POLITE technique practice recommendations with patients, ergonomics may be last, but not least!
Insomnia Treatment Based on the Yu Theory
In recent years, acupuncture has risen in popularity as a form of alternative or supplemental medicine for the treatment of many different types of disorders.
Caring for Refugees in Greece
At the beginning of 2016 I had no idea what was in store for me, but I was looking forward to a personal retreat on the Greek island of Paros; a graduation gift to myself after 22 years of motherhood, and four-plus years of Chinese medicine school.
Toxicity & Kids: The Importance of Environmental Intake
The old adage is true that children are not little adults. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has long known that the physiology of children is unique, as are the diseases that plague them.
Making Sense of Liver Regulation
In Chinese medicine, the liver has the function of moving and storing qi and blood. In its moving function, the liver smoothly distributes qi and blood to the tendons, muscles and flesh through microcirculation.
Integrative Cardiology: The Heart of TCM & Western Medicine
Patient centered therapy is a growing trend in hospitals that are expanding to boutique services.
Help Save an Important Chiropractic Landmark
The chiropractic profession has a splendid and varied history. Sadly, many landmarks have been lost to bulldozers and wrecking crews, such as the Ryan Building, Little-Bit-O-Heaven, Spears Chiropractic Hospital, and Clearview Sanitarium.
How to Correct a Cuboid Subluxation
Cuboid subluxation is a poorly recognized condition, even though it is not uncommon. It has been described in the literature under various names: cuboid subluxation, cuboid syndrome, locked cuboid, dropped cuboid, cuboid fault syndrome or peroneal cuboid syndrome.
News In Brief
A "Modern" Business Model. Acupuncturists may have a new professional atmosphere to consider, as a new concept is on the horizon - at least for one business.
NSAIDs No Better Than Placebo for Spine Pain
A meta-analysis of randomized, placebo-controlled trials comparing the efficacy and safety of NSAIDs with placebo for spinal pain concludes that among 6,065 spine pain patients, "NSAIDs reduced pain and disability, but provided clinically unimportant effects over placebo."
Waist Circumference: A Conversation Starter (Part 2)
Now let's discuss the clinical approach to reducing WC and implementation in today's chiropractic practice. The primary intervention centers around dietary modification and lifestyle habits aimed to reduce adiposity, improve insulin sensitivity and ultimately, diminish systemic metabolic dysfunction.
Chiropractic: A Great Fit for the White House
Dr. Eric Kaplan is a New York Chiropractic College alumnus; a No. 1 best-selling author whose books include Awaken the Wellness Within and The 5 Minute Motivator; a chiropractor for professional sports teams and elite athletes; and even served as an advisor under the Clinton Administration to the President's Council on Sports & Physical Fitness.
The First (Only) Choice for Spinal Pain
The study on NSAIDs for spinal pain summarized on the front page of this issue is intriguing on a number of levels, the most obvious being the conclusion that "compared with placebo, NSAIDs do not provide a clinically important effect on spinal pain, and six patients must be treated with NSAIDs for one patient to achieve a clinically important benefit in the short-term."
The Qi Focus: A Guide to Managing Stress
Stress, are you experiencing heightened stress levels? Your own, and your clients? Is Trumpitis getting to you? I recently polled a cluster of acupuncturists, Asian Bodywork Therapists (ABT) and psychotherapy colleagues on the issue.
5 Ways to Enhance Your Family Practice
Every practice has a personality style. A practice that caters to athletes, PI cases or adults, for example, projects differently to patients than a family wellness practice.
March, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 03
Know What to Look for in That Other Tunnel in the Wrist
By Whitney Lowe, LMT
When a client comes in complaining of pain, numbness/paresthesia or weakness in the hand, it is likely that carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is what comes to mind first. Yet, there is another fibro-osseous tunnel in the wrist where nerve compression occurs, called Guyon's canal or Guyon's tunnel. The ulnar nerve travels through this tunnel and is susceptible to compression here.
There are some key factors to understand about the anatomical arrangement of structures in Guyon's canal that govern the most effective treatments. The first place to begin is with a solid understanding of the anatomical structure of Guyon's canal. Treating compression in this canal differs from treating median nerve pathology (CTS).
The flexor retinaculum, also called the transverse carpal ligament, traverses the base of the hand between the pisiform and hamate on the ulnar side and the scaphoid and trapezium on the radial side. Some anatomy textbooks don't show it, but the flexor retinaculum actually splits into two divisions toward the ulnar side of the hand. There is a broad, deep band and a superficial short band. The space between these two bands is Guyon's canal (Figure 1).
The ulnar nerve artery and vein pass through this canal. Unlike the carpal tunnel which houses numerous tendons, there are no tendons traveling through Guyon's canal. The lack of tendons in the tunnel plays a prominent role in distinguishing ulnar nerve pathology from median nerve pathology.
Guyon's Canal Syndrome
In CTS, structures within the carpal tunnel, such as the flexor tendons, become inflamed and compress the median nerve. Because median nerve compression results from structures within the tunnel, the focus of treatment is on reducing inflammation and compression from these intrinsic (within the tunnel) structures.
In Guyon's canal syndrome (GCS) the only structures within the tunnel are the ulnar nerve, artery and vein, so nerve compression in this condition does not result from intrinsic factors but from those outside the tunnel (extrinsic factors). The nerve compression experienced in GCS is most likely associated with activities where there is either excessive pressure on the base of the hand or pressure applied to the region for prolonged periods.
This condition is frequently referred to as handlebar palsy because of the frequency with which it occurs in long distance cyclists who have their hyperextended wrist pressing on the handlebars and absorbing road vibration. Another common reason for GCS is walking with a cane where body weight pressure is put on the cane handle right over the ulnar nerve in the canal. Falling on an outstretched hand or hitting something hard with the base of the hand can also produce an acute onset of GCS.
The key difference between these situations and that of carpal tunnel syndrome is that in each of the ulnar nerve compression situations, pressure is placed on the base of the hand by some external factor, not compression from within the tunnel. The fact that these causes are all from extrinsic and not intrinsic compression is important when constructing appropriate treatments.
The client with Guyon's canal syndrome may present with both sensory and motor symptoms. Sensory symptoms include pain, paresthesia or numbness in the ulnar nerve distribution of the hand (Figure 2). Motor symptoms include weakness or atrophy in the hypothenar muscles at the base of the hand or in the adductor pollicis muscle of the thumb. The motor symptoms of weakness or atrophy are the most common presentation with this condition.
Visual observation of the base of the hand often reveals an indication of ulnar nerve compression. If there is significant atrophy of the hypothenar muscles, they will appear far less developed than the unaffected side (the other thumb) if there isn't bilateral nerve compression.
The adductor pollicis muscle plays a key role in evaluation of this pathology with a simple orthopedic test called Froment's sign (Figure 3). Have your client hold a thick piece of paper or business card between the thumb and index finger with the fingers folded in as shown in the picture. Instruct the client to hold the paper firmly as you attempt to pull the paper from the client's grip. If you are able to easily pull the paper from the client's grip, it is likely that there is significant weakness in the adductor pollicis muscle and ulnar nerve pathology is likely to blame.
The most important strategies in treatment involve removing any factors that are compressing the nerve and giving the nerve proper time to heal. The client interview is key for determining what the precipitating factors are. Find out what the client's activities are or were that lead up to the symptoms and ask about any changes (use of a cane for example) in their behavior or lifestyle. The reasons for the compression problems are not always obvious, so ask more questions if the symptoms fit the condition but the activities don't initially.
In any nerve compression pathology, the primary goal of treatment is to reduce pressure on the affected nerve. This goal is the same for Guyon's canal syndrome. However, because the primary cause of nerve compression is extrinsic, massage techniques should not be applied directly to this area as they could cause further compression of the nerve and prolong the pathology.
Massage treatment in other portions of the upper extremity can, however, provide significant benefit. Much has been written in recent years about the key benefits of neural mobility.1 Therefore, working all of the tissues along the path of the ulnar nerve will enhance full neural mobility and give the nerve the best possible environment for healing, which sometimes is lengthy with nerve conditions.
Without knowing and understanding some of these key facets of Guyon's canal syndrome, the practitioner may inadvertently aggravate a nerve compression problem by attempting to work around the wrist and hand for someone experiencing hand pain or weakness. This is a valuable reminder that while massage is highly beneficial in most cases, there are instances in which our intervention could be problematic or cause a condition to get worse if we apply it inappropriately.
Click here for more information about Whitney Lowe, LMT.
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