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Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
February, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 02
CranioSacral Therapy and the Multiple Therapist Approach
By John Matthew Upledger
One of the qualities of CranioSacral Therapy that has always fascinated me is how well the modality lends itself to multiple therapist work. I have watched, as well as experienced, the coming together of two or more therapists as virtually one set of hands, assessing and responding to areas of restriction within a client's body. Through the process I have seen exponential improvements in a person's health.
The approach always reminds me of a concept I learned while working as a waiter in college. The restaurant brought in a wine expert to teach us about the "synergistic" effect of pairing certain foods with different wines. He explained that, while the food and wine were very good individually, when the right ones were combined they were even better.
I like how Sue Cotta, MSPT, CST, describes it in terms of the practice of CST, "In multi-hands work, one plus one equals more than two. More gets accomplished when two therapists treat for one hour than when one therapist treats for two hours." A longtime proponent of the multiple therapist approach, Cotta regularly joins with fellow CST practitioner Susan Steiner OTR/L, CST-D, to work on each others' clients. While they maintain their own practices in separate locations, Steiner in Providence, R.I., and Cotta in Swansea, Mass., they have developed a partnership of sorts, born of more than 20 years each of practicing and teaching CST.
Two of their most challenging cases on which they collaborate are a boy, now 4, with cerebral palsy (Steiner's client) and a girl, now 10, with microcephaly (Cotta's client). For both of these children, life has been a succession of medical and therapeutic interventions; it will be that way throughout their lives. Yet, in the years that each child has received CST, there have been profound breakthroughs — the kind that can't be attributed to anything but CST Cotta says.
Steiner remembers the first time she saw Robbie (name changed). Six months old at the time, he presented with cerebral palsy and severe brain damage due to anoxia resulting from birth trauma. His behavior was characterized largely by screaming and posturing, particularly when placed in a seated position. Just getting him into a car seat to get to the appointment was almost impossible for his frazzled mother.
Assessment showed that Robbie held a restriction, like a whiplash, in his neck. His dural tube was so tight that his hips curled forward and his back arched, causing him to go into spasms. Through the course of the session, Steiner felt Robbie's neck restrictions begin to release and his dural tube to elongate. By the end of the first session, he was able to sit in the car seat without crying. "That was a huge change in quality of life not just for Robbie, but for his mother, too," Steiner said. "Imagine being able for the first time to drive your child around without him screaming."
In the case of Carla (name changed), the challenges to treatment were just as great. Legally blind and fitted with tracheostomy and gastrostomy tubes, the then 2-year-old reacted to her initial sessions in an unexpected way. "She would go upside down almost every session and wanted to stay that way the whole time," Cotta said. Asking the mother about her daughter's birth, Cotta was told that Carla had gotten stuck in the birthing canal. When the delivery actually occurred, she came out so quickly that her clavicle was broken. By going into the upside down posture during sessions, "It was like she wanted to relive her birth except slow it down this time," Cotta said.
CST treatments with both children over the years have been a combination of individual and dual therapist sessions focused largely on their dural tubes and cranial membranes. "To paraphrase Dr. John E. Upledger," Cotta says, "The cranium is like the foundation of a house. If we can get that foundation corrected, it will help the house to be balanced." In other words, "We'll improve the ability of the brain to function (more efficiently)." Over the course of time, both Robbie and Carla have experienced improvements and reached milestones that no one expected.
With Robbie, there is a visible decrease in his tone and pain, and an increase in his ability to sleep and eat. His facial structure has become symmetric and the quality of his skin is much better. His mother described the effect of CST on her son as being "intensely calming" and helping him to "transition from a traumatized, defensive, clenched being into a more relaxed baby, better able to absorb some of the world around him."
Carla, who started with vision of 20/1200 is now at 20/132 and no longer considered legally blind. Doctors are working to reverse the tracheostomy because the tracheomalasia (softening of the trachea) is no longer an issue. She also has seen improvement in the areas of digestion and communication. Just as significant as these physical and functional improvements are the issues that haven't manifested. For example, Carla hasn't developed scoliosis, which doctors expected to happen because of the severity of her diagnosis. Steiner says, "We may never know all the issues that have been prevented because of the cranial work."
Working In Tandem
When working as a part of a multiple therapist team, Steiner and Cotta emphasize that a key to success lies in letting go of ego. Just as in an individual session, the multiple therapist CST experience is about blending and meeting the client where they are. "If both therapists think of themselves as one therapist with four hands, you treat what you find," Cotta says. "Susan and I don't treat independently. Our hands are an extension of the other person's hands."
By working this way, Steiner says, "There is an increased energy and awareness, and more areas of the body can be addressed in one session. Oftentimes, Sue will have the neck and I'll have the sacrum. Sometimes there's a tension involved, and one will have to stabilize while the other mobilizes. We end up being able to treat the entire structure."
Robbie's mom describes the experience from her vantage: "As an observer, the sessions feel like a dance to me. There is an indescribable energy in the room, something that brings about an emotional fluidity, the same way music can strike your soul. The difference between the individual session and the multi-hands session seems to me like the difference between a dancer dancing alone to swinging with a partner. There is a mutual support between the therapists that both broadens the treatment and heightens the awareness of the client."
"Parents who bring their children to CST feel like their children are being touched and seen in a way that is important," Steiner says. "Sometimes we think of CST as helping those who have a pain or want a better quality of life or wellness. These cases show how CST is valuable for anybody with any challenge. When you meet the individual at the place where they are and treat from there, great things can happen."
So whether you are pairing the right wine with dinner or pairing the right therapists for a treatment, the concept that I learned back in my college days holds true. As these cases attest, CranioSacral Therapy and the multiple therapist approach has a synergistic effect.
John Matthew Upledger is the CEO of Upledger Institute International. For 25 years, he has been actively engaged in all aspects of the organization — from education to clinical services. For more information about CranioSacral Therapy and other modalities offered for study through Upledger Institute International go to www.iahe.com.
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