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TCM Congress in Rothenburg is Largest in Western World
In the medieval town of Rothenburg, deep set within the Bavarian countryside in Southern Germany, the TCM Kongress Rothenburg each year draws around 1.200 participants from more than 40 different countries to attend the biggest TCM conference in the Western world.
The Need for a New Medical Model: A Challenge for Biopsychosocial and Ecopsychologica Medicine
Chinese medicine speaks of alignment between humans, heaven and earth. It is a complex view with a focus upon relationship. These are comprehensive ideas with no specific terms in contemporary medical practice.
A Reality Check – and a Chance to Educate
Imagine working in the public relations department of nutrition retailer General Nutrition Corporation (GNC) and reading the The New York Times announce...
The Way We Are Designed: A Conversation with Gil Hedley, PhD
I was first introduced to the work of Gil Hedley by Tom DiFerdinando. He gifted me Gil's DVD series.
Converting More Patients to Your Practice
In 2013 and 2014, the theme was "the money is in the list." This meant that if you had a big email list, you were really making some "cha-ching." Unfortunately, having thousands of emails doesn't equate to thousands of dollars in profit.
Synergy Doesn't Happen in Silos: Acupuncture in Hospitals and Other Healthcare Settings
As acupuncture and traditional East Asian medicine continue to intersect and integrate with biomedical approaches, the conversation about integration expands and becomes richer.
Interpersonal Skills 101: Enhancing the Value of Our Patient Interactions
Recently, I read an interesting article in our local newspaper titled "The Value of Human Interaction." The article presented comments from a senior editor for Fortune magazine who discussed "Civility in the Business World."
Atypical Femoral Fractures and Bisphosphonate Use: What to Watch For
Bisphosphonates (BP) are popular drugs, with more than 8 billion in sales in 2008; however, profits have declined as patents began expiring. Nonetheless, BP remain the most commonly prescribed drugs for patients at risk of osteoporotic fractures, with several million prescriptions written every year.
Primary Spine Care: Addressing Concerns & Criticisms
The Dec. 1, 2013 issue of Dynamic Chiropractic included an article describing the implementation of a training program for primary spine practitioners (PSP) within a metropolitan region and supported by a large BC/BS plan.
Low Back Pain: Posture and Movement Analysis
When performing static and dynamic movement analysis of the lumbopelvic hip area, begin with standing visual posture analysis of the pelvis, and then perform lumbar range of motion and assess what you might see during normal versus abnormal lumbar flexion motion.
Treating Beyond Pain
More often than not, when a patient presents to the office, it is for a pain complaint. Headache, neck pain, low back pain, sciatica, carpal tunnel... The pain is often the focus of the patient's mindset, and they don't often have any thought of what comes after the pain.
The Dietary Supplement Research Dilemma
I do not care what the truth is, one way or another; I just want to know it. And when it comes to dietary supplements, the truth can be hard to find for a number of reasons.
A Well-Kept Secret: 5 Element Acupuncture, Part II
Supervising acupuncture interns at a TCM college, it has always struck me how funny it is to hear the clinic manager tell the patients that the Five Element clinic specializes in treating emotions, as if patients with physical pain have no emotions!
Impacting Chiropractic's Future With Technology
When it comes to electronic health records (EHR), Robert Moberg and Dr. Steven Kraus are two of the leading industry experts on the topic.
Avoid Random Treatment of Trigger Points (Part 2)
We must acknowledge that the fascia, which surrounds literally everything in our bodies, including every muscle fiber, is more than just a covering.
Help Update the LBP Practice Guideline
The Council on Chiropractic Guidelines and Practice Parameters has announced the release of an updated Clinical Practice Guideline for Chiropractic Management of Low Back Pain for stakeholder review and comment.
B Vitamins Improve Memory, Prevent Brain Atrophy
The 2010 OPTIMA study showed that the accelerated rate of brain atrophy in elderly with mild cognitive impairment could be slowed via supplementation with homocysteine-lowering B vitamins, which included folic acid, vitamin B12 and vitamin B6.
Recreational Cannabis Use and TCM
Many people are drawn to cannabis for its effects physically, mentally and emotionally. Medically, cannabis has some legitimate uses, however the scope of this article is limited to the recreational use of cannabis.
Will You Be an Amplifer or a Mute?
These times are changing, and changing quickly. There have been many challenges to this profession throughout the past few years. The challenge is to talk, then talk and talk some more about this medicine.
Expanding Access, Branch by Branch
The big news coming from Capitol Hill isn't merely the recent introduction of a pair of bills designed to expand chiropractic services in the Veterans Affairs and military health care systems; after all, similar legislation has made its way through Congress before, never reaching the Oval Office for presidential signature.
There Really is No Room for Sexism
Recently, Matteo* (a transgender male) approached me during a break in an advanced shiatsu class in Berlin where he was one of two men in a group of 20 women. "Pamela. Don't forget to remind the translator to include male endings."
January, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 01
Getting the Name Right Gets the Right Essence
By Shellie Enteen, RA, BA, LMBT
When I was teaching professional level aromatherapy to a small group of cosmetology and aesthetics students at a technical college, I happened to see the catalogue all the students were likely to use to purchase supplies.Glancing at the essential oils section, I discovered that only one variety of chamomile was listed and it did not include its full common name. The catalogue was good enough to supply the Latin binomial, Matricaria recutita. That truly surprised me since this is not the chamomile most often used in facials and skin care.
Anyone who purchased this variety of chamomile would have had quite an expensive and unpleasant surprise. That experience clearly demonstrated the importance of getting the name right - both the common name and the one that truly identifies the plant. Without understanding this, a person exploring a different catalogue might also discover more than one type of chamomile listed. That catalogue would surely use the full common names, along with the Latin binomial: Roman Chamomile (also known as English Chamomile) with the Latin binomial Anthemis nobilis or Chamaemelum nobile, German Chamomile, Matricaria recutita or Matricaria chamomilla and Moroccan Chamomile, O. mixta or A. mixta. But, without knowing the difference, how could a wise purchase be made?
Common names for the same essential oils can also vary, so its best to know all the ways an essence might be called. For instance, Frankincense (Boswellia carteri) is the name given by the French who discovered this holy oil during the crusades. It shows the importance placed on this plant by the Arab culture as it means "true incense." In the Middle East, this essence was and still is known as Olibanum, the name it was called for thousands of years. Some texts, catalogues and articles will also use this more ancient name. Another essence, Helichrysum angustifolium, has three common names, Immortelle, Everlasting and simply Helichrysum. When looking for this essence in an alphabetical listing, all three might need to be searched before it is found.
But it is the Latin binomial, also called the "botanical name" that will truly identify the plant itself. Just like anatomical terms, the universal language of Botany uses Latin. The botanical name consists of two Latin words, one of which designates the plant family and the other the specific variety of that family. It could be likened to putting a person's surname first followed by their specific first name, which differentiates them from the others in the family with that same surname. The Latin binomial or botanical name is always written in italics with the first letter of the first name capitalized and the second all lower case.
The botanical name may be close to what the essence is commonly called, or it can be quite different. For example, the common name Thyme has the botanical name Thymus vulgaris while Geranium's botanical name is Pelargonium graveolens. All professional level texts on aromatherapy will list the botanical names for each essential oil described. These binomials are also commonly seen in articles by professional aromatherapists that are aimed at their peers. Gradually, this standard is reaching into the greater marketplace. Knowing the botanical name is a matter of simple memorization. Until that full memorization occurs, when shopping for essential oils, it is good to have a list of common names and Latin binomials handy for consultation.
Going back to the chamomile example, we must know Latin binomials because this commonly used essential oil has different varieties that vary in price and are used for different purposes. This is true for many essences where some varieties available also have toxic properties and are not desirable for use in aromatherapy. And unfortunately, you can't always rely on a catalogue to have only the variety you want.
For example, here are three chamomiles you may find listed:
For massage, any of these chamomiles could be used. German, Matricaria recutita, could be chosen for a severe spasm with inflammation. Roman, Anthemis nobilis, is helpful for stress related muscle pain and tension in the body due to insomnia. It is also very helpful for facial massage for TMJ. Moroccan would be quite helpful in massage for clients with PMS and menstrual issues.
The ever popular lavender also has three common varieties that may be listed in a catalogue: Lavender, Lavender Spike and Lavindin. The lower prices of the other two names might attract a purchase, but you need to know what you would be getting and how it is best used. A less expensive lavender variety is well suited for cleaning purposes, for instance. And one may even be helpful in massage.
Lavender, Lavandula offcinalis, L. angustifolia, is considered "true lavender" and is the most expensive of the three varieties. Spike Lavender, L. spica, L. latifolia, is more camphoraceious in aroma and has a chemical composition that makes it very helpful for protection from respiratory infection (via inhalation), muscle aches and pain, and as an insect repellent. It is less expensive than true lavender because it yields more essence and has a less "flowery" bouquet. Lavandin, L. fragrans, L. burnatti, is a hybrid of true lavender and spike lavender. In this case there are three varieties or clones, Abrial which is closer to spike lavender in property and application, Super, which is more similar to true lavender and Grosso, with the least desirable aroma and rarely used in aromatherapy but could be used for cleaning purposes.
Maritime lavender, L. stoechas, has a high level of ketone content and must be used in caution with children because of possible toxicity. It has mucolytic and antimicrobial qualities that could help with infrequent inhalation in respiratory infection but due to the toxic potential, it is not commonly used in the U.S.
Another thing we may see in the proper listing of an essential oil are words that indicate a particular "chemotype" of the same plant. Rosemary, Rosmarinus offcinalis, is a good example of this differentiation. Sometimes the chemotype is indicate after the designation "ct." There are three principle chemotypes of Rosmarinus officinalis: camphor (Spain), 1,8 cineole (Tunisia) and verbenone (France). Simply put, the camphor type is the one most desirable for massage, the 1,8 cineole for respiratory infection and the verbenone for detoxification and fragrance.
I hope this topic will spur the reader on to learn more about the essential oils, their true names, properties and specific uses. I highly recommend getting a good, professional level education in aromatherapy before embarking on using essential oils in a massage session. This will help not only the therapist, but importantly the client, to receive the perfect essence for their specific needs.
Click here for more information about Shellie Enteen, RA, BA, LMBT.
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