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The Source-Luo Point Combination, Part 3
Dr. Nguyen Nghi (NVN) was born in Vietnam and is one of the most important scholars, writers, teachers and practitioners of modern time. Many of his theories and applications are the source of modern teachers from Europe and the United States.
News in Brief
Support of F4CP Continues With Latest Donations; Walter Reed Honors Dr. William Morgan; Recognizing 40 Years of Public-Health Activism; Allstate Decision Reversed.
The Art of Creating a Healing Space
I always advise my graduates to examine their group practice or treatment rooms with fresh eyes after they leave my CE workshops. I tell them, "Ask yourselves - is your space qi filled, welcoming and healing? Or is it cold and clinical?"
The Integrative Medicine Puzzle: Putting the Pieces Together
The conversation is changing in the broader healthcare community with patients actually moving the discussion toward more integrative topics. Patients today want to know their options.
Colon Health and TCM
I still remember many years ago, the loud "Yuck" from my wife at the time when we were together watching the Chinese movie "Last Emperor."
Exploring and Learning from the Gift of Life
I'm grateful to have had the opportunity to teach cadaver dissection classes and workshops with Stephen Cina at the New England School of Acupuncture over the past seven years, first through the Sports Medicine Acupuncture Program and later as a NESA elective course.
The Roots of TCM in Depression Treatment
In traditional Chinese medicine, there is historical precedent for the treatment of so-called "Shen" (Heart-Mind) disorder, or disorder/dysregulation of the spirit, which is also considered as distinct but not separate from the cognitive function of the brain.
Abdominal Acupuncture for Eye Healing: The Sacred Turtle and Ba Gua Map
Our ideas about western medicine have shifted in recent decades, while the public is asking more from health care providers.
Aetna Updates 97140 Policy
In a development the Association of New Jersey Chiropractors is calling "a resounding victory for chiropractors nationwide," Aetna Insurance Company has updated its national reimbursement policy regarding 97140 (manual therapy), reaching an agreement two years after the association filed a declaratory judgment suit in federal court against the insurer.
Data: The New Frontier in Health Care
Your practice is empowered with the data you need to improve patient health, run a more efficient (read: profitable) practice, get paid in timely fashion and help show the efficacy of chiropractic on the national stage in the midst of sweeping changes in health care!
Treat Every Patient as an Athlete
Frontal-plane movement pattern dysfunction can set the stage for musculoskeletal injury. Frontal-plane stabilization is essential during the normal activities of daily living: think single-leg stance and gait cycle.
Lower-Extremity Overuse Injuries: Primer on Causes and Corrections
From ankle sprains to stress fractures, shin splints to plantar fasciitis, the research is clear: These common overuse injuries of the lower extremities – among dozens of others – may be related to abnormal foot function in your patients.
Treating LBP in Golfers: Beyond Basic Assessment
The drive to master the most efficient swing demands a tremendous amount from the lower back. Maintaining stability in a flexed posture, supporting torso rotation and repetitively supporting the golf swing all put the lower back in a vulnerable position.
A War You Can Help Patients Win
The average American consumes approximately 60 percent of calories from sugar, flour and refined oils. A donut is a good example of a so-called "food" that represents these calorie sources.
Merger Creates New Model of Care
Two San Francisco powerhouses of holistic healing, the American College of Traditional Chinese Medicine (ACTCM) and California Institute of Integral Studies (CIIS), are merging. Together they are building a visionary approach to applied integral health.
Online Marketing Basics: Google Ranking, Part 1
We all know there is so much opportunity with online marketing. And, let's face it, if you don't have a presence online with a website and social media, you are probably not where you want to be.
Can Acupuncture Treat Knee Pain?
Recently, an article in the Journal of the American Medical Association concluded that, "neither laser nor needle acupuncture conferred benefit over sham for pain or function" among older chronic knee pain patients.
Technology Meets Practice: Chiropractic Every Day
About a year ago, I had an interesting conversation with a DC who made house calls. When I asked why, she was quick to explain she learns much more about her patients when she sees them at home than she could ever observe in the office.
Making Public Health a Chiropractic Priority
As highlighted in this edition's News in Brief, Rand Baird, DC, MPH, FICA, FICC, editor and occasional author of our long-running column, "Chiropractic in the American Public Health Association", was recognized by the organization recently for 40 years of membership.
Melatonin: A Promising Natural Agent in the Prevention of ALS
A number of years ago, experimental studies suggested melatonin could block key steps in the development of Alzheimer's disease, primarily by acting as a brain antioxidant and inhibiting the build-up of beta-amyloid plaque in the brain.
ICD-10 Is Not Scary (and Not About Billing)
In my 13 years of consulting with doctors on billing and coding matters, ICD-10 has aroused the biggest combination of misguided fear and ignorance I can remember.
Adding Microneedling to Your Clinic for Results and Profit
Microneedling has taken the beauty world by storm over the last 10 years. Under the names dermaroller, microneedling or skin needling you will see these treatments listed in the services of nearly every fashionable beauty salon and day spa in the country.
January, 2013, Vol. 13, Issue 01
Getting the Name Right Gets the Right Essence
By Shellie Enteen, RA, BA, LMBT
When I was teaching professional level aromatherapy to a small group of cosmetology and aesthetics students at a technical college, I happened to see the catalogue all the students were likely to use to purchase supplies.Glancing at the essential oils section, I discovered that only one variety of chamomile was listed and it did not include its full common name. The catalogue was good enough to supply the Latin binomial, Matricaria recutita. That truly surprised me since this is not the chamomile most often used in facials and skin care.
Anyone who purchased this variety of chamomile would have had quite an expensive and unpleasant surprise. That experience clearly demonstrated the importance of getting the name right - both the common name and the one that truly identifies the plant. Without understanding this, a person exploring a different catalogue might also discover more than one type of chamomile listed. That catalogue would surely use the full common names, along with the Latin binomial: Roman Chamomile (also known as English Chamomile) with the Latin binomial Anthemis nobilis or Chamaemelum nobile, German Chamomile, Matricaria recutita or Matricaria chamomilla and Moroccan Chamomile, O. mixta or A. mixta. But, without knowing the difference, how could a wise purchase be made?
Common names for the same essential oils can also vary, so its best to know all the ways an essence might be called. For instance, Frankincense (Boswellia carteri) is the name given by the French who discovered this holy oil during the crusades. It shows the importance placed on this plant by the Arab culture as it means "true incense." In the Middle East, this essence was and still is known as Olibanum, the name it was called for thousands of years. Some texts, catalogues and articles will also use this more ancient name. Another essence, Helichrysum angustifolium, has three common names, Immortelle, Everlasting and simply Helichrysum. When looking for this essence in an alphabetical listing, all three might need to be searched before it is found.
But it is the Latin binomial, also called the "botanical name" that will truly identify the plant itself. Just like anatomical terms, the universal language of Botany uses Latin. The botanical name consists of two Latin words, one of which designates the plant family and the other the specific variety of that family. It could be likened to putting a person's surname first followed by their specific first name, which differentiates them from the others in the family with that same surname. The Latin binomial or botanical name is always written in italics with the first letter of the first name capitalized and the second all lower case.
The botanical name may be close to what the essence is commonly called, or it can be quite different. For example, the common name Thyme has the botanical name Thymus vulgaris while Geranium's botanical name is Pelargonium graveolens. All professional level texts on aromatherapy will list the botanical names for each essential oil described. These binomials are also commonly seen in articles by professional aromatherapists that are aimed at their peers. Gradually, this standard is reaching into the greater marketplace. Knowing the botanical name is a matter of simple memorization. Until that full memorization occurs, when shopping for essential oils, it is good to have a list of common names and Latin binomials handy for consultation.
Going back to the chamomile example, we must know Latin binomials because this commonly used essential oil has different varieties that vary in price and are used for different purposes. This is true for many essences where some varieties available also have toxic properties and are not desirable for use in aromatherapy. And unfortunately, you can't always rely on a catalogue to have only the variety you want.
For example, here are three chamomiles you may find listed:
For massage, any of these chamomiles could be used. German, Matricaria recutita, could be chosen for a severe spasm with inflammation. Roman, Anthemis nobilis, is helpful for stress related muscle pain and tension in the body due to insomnia. It is also very helpful for facial massage for TMJ. Moroccan would be quite helpful in massage for clients with PMS and menstrual issues.
The ever popular lavender also has three common varieties that may be listed in a catalogue: Lavender, Lavender Spike and Lavindin. The lower prices of the other two names might attract a purchase, but you need to know what you would be getting and how it is best used. A less expensive lavender variety is well suited for cleaning purposes, for instance. And one may even be helpful in massage.
Lavender, Lavandula offcinalis, L. angustifolia, is considered "true lavender" and is the most expensive of the three varieties. Spike Lavender, L. spica, L. latifolia, is more camphoraceious in aroma and has a chemical composition that makes it very helpful for protection from respiratory infection (via inhalation), muscle aches and pain, and as an insect repellent. It is less expensive than true lavender because it yields more essence and has a less "flowery" bouquet. Lavandin, L. fragrans, L. burnatti, is a hybrid of true lavender and spike lavender. In this case there are three varieties or clones, Abrial which is closer to spike lavender in property and application, Super, which is more similar to true lavender and Grosso, with the least desirable aroma and rarely used in aromatherapy but could be used for cleaning purposes.
Maritime lavender, L. stoechas, has a high level of ketone content and must be used in caution with children because of possible toxicity. It has mucolytic and antimicrobial qualities that could help with infrequent inhalation in respiratory infection but due to the toxic potential, it is not commonly used in the U.S.
Another thing we may see in the proper listing of an essential oil are words that indicate a particular "chemotype" of the same plant. Rosemary, Rosmarinus offcinalis, is a good example of this differentiation. Sometimes the chemotype is indicate after the designation "ct." There are three principle chemotypes of Rosmarinus officinalis: camphor (Spain), 1,8 cineole (Tunisia) and verbenone (France). Simply put, the camphor type is the one most desirable for massage, the 1,8 cineole for respiratory infection and the verbenone for detoxification and fragrance.
I hope this topic will spur the reader on to learn more about the essential oils, their true names, properties and specific uses. I highly recommend getting a good, professional level education in aromatherapy before embarking on using essential oils in a massage session. This will help not only the therapist, but importantly the client, to receive the perfect essence for their specific needs.
Click here for more information about Shellie Enteen, RA, BA, LMBT.
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