resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Pediatric Asthma: A Case Study
I have had very good success with pediatric asthma, combining acupuncture with Chinese herbal products. Treatment is given over four to eight months, twice monthly, with herbal formulas rotated every month.
Dysautonomia: The Medical Condition You May Already Be Treating
TCM practitioners have spent thousands of years healing patients without knowing or needing the names of their diseases as defined by allopathic medicine. We have syndrome names that are both poetic and efficient.
National Board Apologizes for Testing Issues
The National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) has issued a formal apology following a series of computer-based testing malfunctions that impacted two separate examinations (March and June 2016) and caused "widespread confusion and frustration" to the nearly 1,500 examinees taking the tests.
Integrative Cancer Care: Chiropractic for Chemotherapy-Induced Hiccups
Hiccups (singultus) are a frequent occurrence during cancer treatment. The cause of the hiccups may be the chemotherapy drug itself, such as Cisplatin; or the prophylactic use of corticosteroids such as Decadron, which is used to prevent nausea and/or vomiting.
Natural Cancer Prevention: Pomegranate for the Prostate
In recent years, the ingestion of pure pomegranate juice (8 ounces per day) has been shown in clinical studies with human subjects to slow, and to some degree, reverse, the progression of prostate cancer – the second leading cause of cancer death in North American men.
Using the Lens of Chinese Medicine
One of the most common medications I see in clinical practice on a daily basis is fluoxetine or Prozac. Consequently, I hear many complaints concerning the side effects of this medication and am frequently asked by patients to help manage these side effects with acupuncture and Chinese medicine.
Update from the International AIDS Conference
The 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa, brought together more than 15,000 of the world's leading scientists, activists, funders, policy makers, and consumers from 153 countries.
Four Ways to Attract Patients
Acupuncturist A has been in practice for six years and has struggled since day one. She spends as much time and money on marketing as she can, but since her practice is slow, her budget isn't that big.
Treating Peripheral Neuropathy: Multi-Faceted Approach Including Laser Therapy
Peripheral neuropathy affects at least 20 million people in the United States1 and nearly 60 percent of all people with diabetes suffer from diabetic neuropathy. Many suffer from the disorder without ever identifying the cause.
Six Things Every DC Should Know About the Zika Virus
The Zika outbreak continues to spread across the continental United States and U.S. territories. We offer this brief overview on this important public health problem for the practicing doctor of chiropractic.
Getting Paid by Medicare Is Getting a Major Adjustment
The 2015 Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) was signed into law to implement a new approach to clinician payments and replace the Sustainable Growth Rate formula.
Power to the Patient
Against a backdrop of splintered political parties, polarizations within nations, civil unrest, and distrust of established government (such as the growing anti-Washington, D.C. sentiment) comes the not-so-surprising finding that health care authorities and practitioners (with perhaps the exception of insurers) are turning over more and more powers to the individual patient.
U.S. Olympians Have a DC in Their Corner
It's probably old news to you that doctors of chiropractic play an increasingly prominent role in treating athletes, from youth sports participants to weekend warriors, to elite / professional competitors.
Decoding the Mystery of Medical Insurance Acceptance
In the constantly evolving profession of acupuncture, one of the least understood areas is medical insurance acceptance. The profession is filled with controversy surrounding this topic: Is it ethical?
Going Beyond Just Feeling Good
We all know that most patients come to us for some pain complaint: neck pain, back pain, sciatica, carpal tunnel, etc. We also all know that acupuncture is a great first-line care for these issues, as well as supporting overall health and wellness.
Upgrade to "Parker 2.0" in Las Vegas
Continuing your education and refining your practice: two key elements of a successful chiropractic career. Parker Seminars promises both as it celebrates its 65th anniversary in Las Vegas next February, according to Parker University President, Dr. William Morgan, and seminar consultant Dr. Mark Sanna.
Treatment Success at the Won Institute
According to the World Health Organization's 2003 report titled, "Acupuncture: Review and Analysis of Controlled Clinical Trials," acupuncture has been shown to improve many physical, emotional, and mental conditions.
Workers' Back Pain: Causes, Costs & Solution
You will want to share two important papers published in the past several months. Why? When read separately, each provides valuable information relevant to your patients, community and practice; together, they tell a compelling story.
First Annual ICD-10 Updates Take Effect
Yes, there was an update to ICD-10 codes on Oct. 1. It was a regular update to the diagnosis coding system and will take place every Oct. 1, just as it did when the ICD-9 system was in place.
Pediatric Footwear: Function Over Fashion
As practitioners, it is not uncommon for parents to bring us their children to treat or ask us questions related to the pediatric population. Children's feet tend to be a perplexing region for parents and practitioners alike.
December, 2012, Vol. 12, Issue 12
Learning to Train the Myofascial System
Understanding Tibial Fractures and Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome
By Debbie Roberts, LMT
Are you asking yourself why as a massage therapist you would ever need to know about tibial fractures? I hope that now you are thinking pre-habilitation instead of rehabilitation.Have you ever gotten a client in your office and you said to yourself or to the client, I wish you would have come to see me sooner before this happened. I could have helped with your range of motion and flexibility and maybe that last injury might have been avoided. Our ability to educate about pre-habilitation is a way to get our patients thinking and understanding that we can do so much more before the injury occurs instead of after the fact. As a massage therapist, knowledge about the myofascial system combined with the working knowledge of how the body's mechanics function, is invaluable for practicing pre-habilitation. Moving our client's into understanding training the myofascial system and not the muscular system is the wave of the future.
Training the Myofascial System
Fitness training is all about pre-habilitation so I thought it was important to bring your awareness to what is happening in the fitness industry that relates directly back to us as massage therapists. Recently, I attended two fitness conventions where the buzz was all about the trainer understanding how the myofascial system worked and the importance of training the myofascial system. The topics being discussed were explaining the front fascial lines, the side fascial lines, the back fascial lines and the spiral fascial lines from the book by Tom Myers, Anatomy Trains.
As a trainer and massage therapist, it was an interesting concept on the importance of training the myofascial system and not the muscular system. So, how in the world do you train the myofascial system and what the heck does it have to do with tibial fractures? The way the foot is able to strike the ground and react to ground forces has everything to do with the tightness or stiffness of the joint structures. There are lines of myofascial pull that are either allowing muscular loading or doing muscular loading. Any potential of injury comes from a muscular imbalance around a joint which is not the muscles themselves exactly but the surrounding myofascial system and the lines of pull. If we use screening skills to see the lines of abnormal pull, lines of abnormal motion under loads, and loss of strength in poor anatomical positions then we will be more successful in treating the client.
Sooner or later, every practicing therapist will be asked to treat injuries in the beginning of the lower extremity kinetic chain the foot and ankle. We commonly see patients with plantar fasciitis, heel spurs, calf strains, achilles tendonitis, shin splints, ankle sprains, lower-Leg compartment syndrome and posterior tibial tendinitis. This wave of triathlons for fund raising is helping drive young and old clients into offices more frequently than ever. I recently consulted with an elderly couple who at 70 and 72 decided to do their first ever triathlon. Great opportunity for pre-habilitation!
For the purpose of this article, we're going to take a closer look at an on-going popular problem of tibial fractures and medial tibial stress syndrome. This is a common injury that affects athletes who engage in running sports (triathlon's) or basic activities such as cross country, football, or hiking.
The foot is a complex structure: 26 bones plus tibia and fibula, which makes up 34 joints, all of which need dynamic reactive stability. And there are 30 muscles crossing the ankle and foot joint, 12 which are multi-joint muscles that send their tendons across at the ankle and subtalar joint into the foot. How these muscles function is through a econcentric function, through the use of gravity, momentum and ground reaction force, to use its eccentric load to produce a concentric function in another plane or at another joint ... most all of the lower leg muscles biomechanically function econcentrically. An example of this is how peroneus longus eccentrically loads as the forefoot enters into the ground in what we call a controlled fall. The peroneus decelerates dorsiflexion of the first ray, decelerates midtarsal joint inversion, decelerates subtalar joint eversion, decelerates ankle dorsiflexion, decelerates midtarsal joint inversion, accelerates plantar flexion of the first ray and eversion of the midtarsal joint and accelerates knee extension (Understanding Ankle Sprains, by Gary Gray, www.GrayInstitute.com). Risk factors for developing tibial fractures include increasing activity, intensity, and duration too quickly and the loss of overall mobility and/or stability.
Types of Tibia Fractures
Tibial injury seems to be connected to excessive bending of the tibia during running. When the damage to the tibia is severe enough and continues long enough, a tibial stress fracture will develop. Runners with long-standing cases of “shin splints” that have diffuse pain along the shin but not a sharp, localized, aching pain on the bone should take care not to increase their training load until they have recovered, lest they will do further damage to bone. With repetitive stress, the impact forces eccentrically fatigues the soleus and creates repeated tibial bending or bowing; thus, contributing to medial tibial stress syndrome. The only test is advanced imaging to properly diagnose. But basically if there is pain that doesn't go away and is sharp, they should see a sports medicine doctor.
Research by Irene Davis at the University of Delaware has examined how biomechanical factors affect stress on the tibia. In a pair of studies published in 2006 and 2007, Davis' lab conducted a biomechanical evaluation of female runners who had suffered and recovered from a tibial stress fracture. The researchers compared their impact loading rate, knee stiffness and tibial shock with that of healthy runners who had never suffered a tibial stress fracture. The findings indicated that runners with a history of tibial stress fracture have significantly higher impact loading rates — the rate at which the force of your foot strike ramps up as your foot hits the ground — as well as a stiffer knee and a higher tibial shock, as measured by an accelerometer taped to the shin. Calf strength, impact loading and knee stiffness are all factors that we can actively change with training interventions, so Davis' research provides another promising route for injury prevention.
In my office, I began to see correlating evidence suggesting a pattern of the precipitating factors surrounding lower extremity pain and in some cases before the tibial fractures happened. I gathered this information while treating six different runners.
Runner One: Age 53, avid male distance runner, spiral tibial fracture.
A. Functional Assessment (weight-bearing)
All of the runners had lost their ability to squat below parallel. All of the runner's weight shifted to the side without pain. All of the runners with the exception of one, abducted and pronated while performing the squat. All of the runners had inversion/eversion stiffness on the side of pain. All of the runners had loss of mobility of the subtalar joint, on the side of pain. All of the runners had increased either their distance or pace too quickly. Five of the runners were in motion control shoes, one runner was in stability shoes. None of the runners did any self-myofascial release or spent the appropriate time stretching compared to their work loads. None of the runners stretched on a slant board used for a soleus stretch. None of the runners worked on the mobility of their feet.
Runner one: Presented for therapy five years after the spiral fracture. He presented with S-postural imbalances from sitting at a desk eight hours a day. He related he had a foot issue before fracture. There was limited hamstring range of motion bilaterally, worse on the side of fracture. Had over-pronation of the foot and weakness of anterior tibialis.
Therapy: Myofascial release and PNF stretching to the muscular imbalances. I performed mobilization to subtalar joint and the foot. He is now running now pain-free in a neutral shoe.
Runner two: Presented with Pes Cavus (high-arched foot) and wore high heels to work every day. She had S-postural imbalances and top of the foot pain that would not go away.
Therapy: Referred her out to podiatrist. She was fitted for orthotics. She received injections to help with the fracture pain. I saw her once a week to help release the myofascial restrictions and muscular imbalances around the ankle. I performed mobilization to subtalar joint. She was restricted from running.
Runner three: Presented with a previous back injury and had not been running for a year and a half, this was her first month back running. She attempted her old pace of a six-minute mile when she felt the pain. She had worked out every day with weights. She had gross immobility of her lower extremity.
Therapy: None for her leg, she was placed in a boot and had a follow-up orthopedic visit in eight weeks.
Runner four: Presented with a very stiff and painful subtalar joint. She had loss of foot mobility on palpation. She had just bought new motion control shoes which were to limit her over pronation.
Therapy: I did mobilization to the subtalar joint, isometrics all around the ankle, mobilization to each individual ray of the foot, worked on gastroc-soleus complex for flexibility. I used myofascial release and PNF stretching to the lines of pull. The next run was pain free.
Runner Five: Presented with an anatomical short leg with a rigid, painful flatfoot (pes planus) with the hind part of the foot in valgus position, characteristic of tarsal coalition. He had a pain at the subtalar joint that would not resolve and he was seeing a massage therapist already.
Therapy: Because of the severe placement of his foot, I referred him out to a physical therapist that is also a runner and did gait analysis. The physical therapist has taken over his care.
Runner Six: Presented with a S-postural imbalance and was overweight by 30 lbs, and the foot was in a position of extreme over pronation, too many toes sign with posterior tibial insufficiency.
Therapy: I referred her out to a podiatrist because she wanted to keep running. She was fitted for an orthotic which had to be adjusted three times before the pain discontinued. We saw her once a week while she was training using myofascial release, cupping and PNF stretching to the muscular imbalances. She also practiced yoga twice a week and started more core training. She went on to run 20 miles in Spain.
As massage therapists, our message should be louder that our myofascial skills should be used as prevention to an injury. Using a few simple screens assessing for risk could save our clients hundreds of dollars in rehabilitation costs. You can help by improving your understanding of the working biomechanics of a joint and the myofascial system. Move away from thinking one muscle is the problem and begin to look at the force-coupling relationship that is formed by the myofascial system.
When searching for strategies to prevent tibial stress fractures, we should turn our attention to intrinsic factors, attempting to correct or ameliorate the effects of inadequate bone strength, weak lower leg muscles, high impact loading rates, muscular-myofascial restrictions and the interplay between the ankle and subtalar joints.
Click here for more information about Debbie Roberts, LMT.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.