resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
CE Regulations Are Hurting Chiropractic
During my 35 years in the chiropractic profession, I have been forced to attend available continuing-education programs that were occasionally incredibly beneficial, but frequently not worth my time.
News in Brief
F4CP MEmbership Milestone Reached; ICA Challenging New California Vaccine Law; TCC Names New President; New Provost at UWS.
The Most Important Vitamin You've Never Heard Of: K2
Imagine if one in every three patients who walked through your door was afflicted with a debilitating, yet completely preventable and treatable disease.
Why We Need to Fix the Mechanoreceptors (Part 2)
The muscle spindle, a particular type of mechanoreceptor, is located deep within the muscle belly, encapsulated in fascia made up of intrafusal fibers, all within the extrafusal muscle fibers.
Putting POLITE Into Practice
First came the acronym RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation), which eventually became PRICE (Protect, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation). Then in 2015, we started hearing POLICE (Protect, Optimal Loading, Ice, Compression, Elevation).
The Drug Epidemic: Are You Guilty, Too?
Attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has become epidemic among children in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the percentage of school-aged children diagnosed with ADHD has grown from 7.8 percent in 2003 to 11.0 percent in 2011.
Acupuncture's Essential Role
Acupuncture should play a more prominent role in U.S. healthcare during and after this post-Affordable Care Act era when chronic care and population health management are key concerns for all healthcare providers.
Forward Head Carriage and the Feet: What's the Connection? (Pt. 2)
Clinical evaluation of standing posture using relatively low-tech tools has been confirmed as valid and reliable by several studies. The original device used to evaluate posture was the plumb line, which served as a reference line for the effects of gravity on body alignment.
Letter to the Editor
On December 7, 1999, the U.S. FDA reclassified the status of acupuncture needles from class III (investigative devices subject to investigative device exemptions...) to class II (special controls).
The Lung Official
The Lung is known as the "Official Who Receives the Pure Chi From the Heavens." The act of breathing in, known as inspiration, brings oxygen into the body from the atmosphere. Each exhalation or expiration removes and releases carbon dioxide, a waste product of the body, into the atmosphere.
Physical Examination in an Evidence-Based World
I have always had a fascination with physical examination procedures, particularly orthopedic tests. The origin of my fascination began just after graduation when I began the chiropractic orthopedics program.
Dealing with a Pain in the Butt
The patient came into my office with the classic antalgic stoop. She was bent over almost to ninety degrees, leaning on her husband for support and staggering to walk. She had been under supportive care for a long time, but this new pain scared her.
Acupuncture Earns BLS Unique Code
The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics recently announced that acupuncturists will have their own unique occupational code in the 2018 BLS Handbook. The new Standard Occupational Code (SOC) is 29-1291, will be included in the next edition of the BLS Occupational Handbook, which will be published in 2018.
We Get Letters & Email
Our Medicare Challenges Aren't an Education Issue; Passion to Succeed: More Pivotal Than GPA?
NBCE Fumbles Computerized Testing Process
Imagine being a student again, about to take one of the four tests required to become a doctor of chiropractic. You've studied almost nonstop for the past few weeks. You can feel your anxiety level rise as you sit down in front of the computer screen.
Six Things Every Chiropractor Should Know About Opioids
An increase in addictions and deaths due to opioids has raised significant concern and media attention. We offer this brief overview on this important public health problem for the practicing chiropractor.
University of Bridgeport Acupuncture Students Make Rounds at Sisters of Notre Dame
Nuns are not stereotypical acupuncture patients, Dr. Jennifer Brett acknowledges with a laugh. But then again, acupuncture has gone mainstream, just like cappuccinos and recycling. "It's changed a lot from the '70s and '80s," said Brett.
Comparing Costs of Care: DCs, MDs or PTs - Who Costs More?
In a health care era where evidence is increasingly the benchmark for insurance coverage, patient care and even cultural authority, we get plenty of it courtesy of a retrospective cost analysis spanning 10 years, more than 660,000 "covered lives" and nearly 7.5 million claims from Blue Cross Blue Shield of North Carolina.
Concerns Regarding CDC Guidelines for Pain Management
In response to the epidemic rates of opioid and heroin addiction, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) set new guidelines for physicians regarding treatment for pain.
Sacroiliac Joint Fusion: Where's the Wisdom?
We should be very skeptical of the purportedly less invasive version of the already defrocked sacroiliac fusion surgery, "minimally invasive" sacroiliac joint fusion; and concerned this procedure simply represents the device manufacturer's attempt to find yet another new market.
Infertility: Managing Irregular Menses
Infertility is an area where Chinese medicine is particularly helpful. In the main, in women below the age of 38 without organic disturbance, the success rate using TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) should exceed 85%.
HVLA Technique: Addressing Myths
In the annals of chiropractic history and literature, and in the imagination of the public, there is one manual adjusting technique that can produce a wide range of responses, both from patients and casual observers.
Patience vs. Patients
How long have you been in practice? I began my journey more than 20 years ago and opened my first acupuncture clinic in 2008. Just like you, I've learned a lot over the years. Recently, I sat in an interview and was asked what made me successful.
December, 2012, Vol. 12, Issue 12
Bringing Relief to First-Time Mothers During Labor
By Massage Therapy Foundation Contributor
Contributed By Jolie Haun, PhD, LMT; Sandy Anderson, BA, LMT, ABT; April Neufeld, BS, LMT, NCTMB
The Massage Therapy Foundation is always looking for ways to expand its borders. This month's review reaches internationally to a study conducted at Baharlou University Hospital in Tehran, Iran. This recent publication in the Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics examined the "effects of massage therapy and presence of attendant on pain, anxiety and satisfaction during labor" in first time mothers.
Since the beginning of time, the majority of women of childbearing age have reported experiencing intense pain and anxiety during labor, particularly first time mothers. Mortazavi and colleagues collected important data for women seeking relief during labor. The study included 120 women pregnant for the first time. Participants were between 16 and 36 years of age, with an average age of 23. Participants had normal term pregnancies (gestational age between 37 and 42 weeks) without complications at the time of admission to the hospital; and had cervical dilatation of no more than 4cm. Potential participants were not included in the study if a cesarean procedure was needed or if Oxytocin infusion was needed to accelerate or augment the progression of labor.
Participants were randomized into three groups of 40 participants: those receiving massage, those with an attendant, and a control group (no massage and no attendant). Participants in the massage group received firm rhythmic massage for 30 minutes during labor in three phases: latent phase (3–4 cm cervical dilation), active phase (5–7 cm cervical dilation), and deceleration phase (8–10 cm cervical dilation). These women were encouraged to close their eyes and breathe deeply while receiving massage. The massage protocol included shoulder and back massage, abdominal effleurage, and/or sacral pressure, depending on the participant's preference. After a 30-minute massage at each stage, pain, anxiety and satisfaction levels were evaluated. Satisfaction was also measured 30 minutes after delivery (considered phase 4). A self-reported pain intensity scale was used to measure the labor pain. Anxiety and satisfaction were measured with a standard visual analog scale.
In the attendant group, an attendant who provided emotional support stayed with the mother throughout the entire labor. Participants in the control group received standard care, with no additional intervention. Outcomes regarding pain, anxiety, and satisfaction were also assessed in both the attendant and control groups.
Results indicated that participants in the massage group had lower pain scores in the second and third phases, compared to the attendant group. However, levels of reported anxiety were lower in the attendant group in second and third phases. Overall, satisfaction was higher in the massage group in all four phases. The massage group had lower pain and anxiety scores compared to the control group and higher satisfaction scores in the massage group compared to the control group. Participants in the attendant group also showed higher satisfaction when compared to the control group. Data findings also indicated that the duration of active phase was lower in the massage group compared to the other groups.
Mortazavi and colleagues conclude that the presence of an attendant can reduce anxiety and improve satisfaction. Additionally, massage is a safe and effective alternative for reducing pain and anxiety during labor and increases satisfaction. Notably, the active phase length was reduced by massage therapy and the presence of an attendant when compared to the control group.
However, before conclusions about the data can be made, study limitations should be noted. The small sample size in this study limits the power of the findings. Studies with larger sample sizes, representing diverse ethnic and cultural populations, as well as geographical locations are needed. In addition, objective outcomes, beyond those that are self-reports in nature, are needed to avoid participant response bias. For example, future studies can evaluate the effects of massage to reduce labor pain by evaluating bio-factors associated with pain and anxiety such as heart rate variability, cortisol levels and the use of pain medication.
Although these study limitations represent some concern for confounding effects (i.e. factors that influence outcomes that are not being measured), the research findings are compelling and warrant further investigation. These preliminary findings reveal massage and attendant presence provide a significant benefit for women during labor, which should be explored in obstetrics practice. Obstetricians serving women in need of perinatal care can provide enhanced support by providing patients with options to integrate complementary modalities into birthing plans.
As massage therapists continue to diversify their practice to meet clients' needs and clients look for new ways to integrate massage therapy into their approach to healthcare, Mortazavi and colleagues present compelling evidence that the approach to birthing plans can be significantly improved through the presence and practice of massage therapists, and offer a pleasant complementary treatment during labor.
These findings also contribute to the wide field of massage therapy research. These data support the evidence-based practice of massage to treat anxiety and pain during labor; consistent with previous findings supporting the use of massage to reduce anxiety and pain associated with chronic pain, lower back pain, muscle pain in general, and cancer pain that is often associated with treatment. This study also illustrates the beneficial effects of massage therapy are experienced across different cultural and ethnic groups and geographic locations.
Source: Mortazavi SH, Khaki S, Moradi R, Heidari K, Vasegh Rahimparvar, SF. Effects of massage therapy and presence of attendant on pain, anxiety and satisfaction during labor. Arch Gynecol Obstet (2012) 286:19–23.
To learn more about the effects of massage therapy, you can review the Massage Therapy Foundation article archives, read accepted MTF Research Grant abstracts, or search Pub Med for massage therapy studies.
Click here for more information about Massage Therapy Foundation Contributor.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.