resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Treating the Lower Pelvis (Pt. 2): Midline Structures and Fascia
My previous article [October 2016 issue] outlined evaluation and treatment of pelvic issues involving the sacrotuberous ligament and the pubic symphysis. Now let's discuss two case studies that illustrate how to address additional problematic areas of the pelvis.
AOM Residency at NUNM
Imagine you're a recent acupuncture graduate, worried about making enough income as you forge your new career and seek more in-depth training in a particular treatment style.
Helping Patients With Parkinson's Disease
Parkinson's disease (PD), a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects motor function, has a slow onset over time.
VF Works / DMX Works Epilogue: Almost Two Decades Later, the Lawsuits Continue
An article in the March 8, 1999 edition of Dynamic Chiropractic examined whether then-VF Works / Nu-Best Franchising was selling its franchises illegally to doctors of chiropractic.
Advancing the "Whole Organ" Spine Model
Historically, the human spine has been organized by body region utilizing specific anatomical landmarks and transition zones.
A Brief History of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine Doctoral Programs
A doctorate in acupuncture and Oriental medicine has been a goal of the profession since its beginnings in the late 1970s. At that time, however, the maturity of the educational institutions and the regulatory environment made it a goal with only a distant completion date.
Spiritual Initiation: Opening Your Higher Healing Abilities
People drawn to the field of acupuncture and Oriental Medicine tend to be those who march to the beat of a different drummer.
TCM & the Caregiving Population: Treatment Considerations & Our Vital Role
Informal caregiving is increasingly a reality for many Americans who find themselves providing unpaid care for a loved one or a family member with a long-term, terminal, or chronic illness.
Near-Infrared Therapy for Diabetic Neuropathy
The pain experienced by people with diabetes is a symptom of diabetic neuropathy. The impact on quality of life is significant. Pain makes walking difficult, sleep troublesome, and eventually contributes to a decrease in social interaction.
Reader Beware: Consider the Source
The aftermath of last year's presidential elections brought a running conversation on the role played by "fake news" that was largely presented via social media.
Getting Unstuck: Healing From Trauma With TCM, Qigong & Movement
We all come into this world vulnerable, with seeds to grow into our strength. Some of us — through a combination of good fortune (i.e., family and culture we are born into, constitutional inheritance, or ability to learn) grow with minimal interruption from traumatic injuries and experiences.
House Calls With Dad
My father was a chiropractor and he did house calls. On Wednesday nights, while my mother attended the weekly women's meeting at the Odd Fellows and Rebekahs hall in our small town, dad loaded up the portable adjusting table, fired up the Pontiac and drove off to treat a few patients in their homes. I went with him.
The Acupuncture Channel System (Part 2)
The primary channels (main channels) are introduced in chapter 10 of the Ling Shu, these channels are referenced in many chapters throughout the Su Wen and the Ling Shu. The primary channels have become the main channel system used in TCM.
News in Brief
The American Association of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (AAAOM) board members recently met with the Korean Customs Service, which is similar to the FDA, to discuss herbal safety and importation issues.
Paperwork Done Wrong, Done Right
I was visiting a doctor's office recently and a member of his staff brought a stack of forms to his private office and laid them on the doctor's desk. She informed him he needed to complete the forms for patients and a few third parties.
Chiropractic in Texas Is Under Attack
The profession of chiropractic faces an unprecedented challenge in Texas, an attack that is more aggressive, sustained and dangerous than anything previously seen. The medical lobby has launched a coordinated, multi-front assault.
Latest Cassidy Study on Stroke Risk Published
The latest study to investigate whether a unique association between chiropractic manipulation and risk of cervical artery dissection / stroke exists has yielded similar encouraging findings, with the authors noting "no excess risk of carotid artery stroke after chiropractic care" and no significant risk difference between patients receiving care from a DC or a primary care medical provider.
Gather & Grow
I recently attended a faculty seminar held by one of the acupuncture schools. There was a facilitator who led us through some very interesting experiences. The attendees were a diverse group with varying opinions.
4 Things Every DC Should Know About Levels of Care & Prevention
As health practitioners, we help people with their health problems and assist them with health promotion and disease prevention.
Correcting Rib Dysfunction: Improve Patients' Pain, Posture and Breathing
As chiropractors, we tend to focus on the spine, and rightly so. Many problems our patients face can be corrected by manipulating the correct spinal level.
ICA Goes on the Vaccine Offensive
Have you watched the vaccination documentary, "Vaxxed: From Cover-Up to Catastrophe," by Andrew Wakefield MD, director, and Del Bigtree, producer? This is the documentary Robert DeNiro was pressured to remove from his Tribeca Film Festival.
The Large Intestine Official
The large intestine (AKA colon) is the great eliminator, or as J.R. Worsley called it, "The Drainer of the Dregs." Dregs are defined as the remnants of liquid with its sediment left in a container, or the basest, least valuable portion of anything.
October, 2012, Vol. 12, Issue 10
Neck Pain: You Just Have to Move Like Jagger
By Sheri Wells
Have you ever seen an old video of Mick Jagger performing on stage? One of his vintage moves was to strut across the stage with one hand on his hip while moving his head forward and backward like a chicken.An article appearing in the Wall Street Journal titled: "Neck Pain? Skip the Pills, Just Stretch Like a Chicken" is about the first large federally funded study on neck pain. This published study found that simple home exercises, increasing cervical range of motion, are more effective at relieving acute and sub acute neck pain than medication. Dr. Bronfort, the lead author, said that a neck retraction exercise, or chicken-like maneuver of the head, in which people pull their heads back and then tilt their chins slightly downward "seemed to be especially useful." Maybe Mick Jagger was practicing preventative neck pain exercises?
Neck pain affects around 70 percent of people sometime during their lives. This is a common condition that you most likely see in your clients every day. Neck pain can be caused by many factors including:
Along with the above factors, as we age we begin to lose the fight with gravity and the head starts to slowly, progressively move forward on the neck and shoulders. Part of the problem is that the cervical muscles are simply not strong enough to resist the force of gravity. According to Erik Dalton's article, "Forward Head Posture: The 42 Pound Head," for every inch of forward head posture, the weight of the head on the spine is increased by an additional ten pounds. Through basic anatomy and physics, he explains that a normal head centered on the spine weighs about twelve pounds, but once it starts to move forward on the neck by just an inch, it weighs approximately 22 pounds. In comparison, a gallon of milk weighs about eight pounds. What would happen if you carried a gallon of milk in your hands out in front of you all day long? Wouldn't the muscles of the arms be extremely tired and possibly sore or painful by the end of the day? So, why wouldn't we expect the neck to start to complain with an additional ten pound load on it? Plus, realize that if the head is tilted or shifted to one side that this also increases the weight of the head on the spine and creates compensation patterns traveling down the body as the brain tries to keep the eyes level with the horizon.
As manual therapists, what can we do about this condition? First, educate your clients with the pain problems caused by forward head posture. You will see them immediately try to pull their head backward, but they may not be able to sustain this posture for very long. There are three main problems that need to be solved. The short term "fix," is for you to manually release the tight muscles creating forward head posture and to rebalance the head on the neck. Then, you need to gently stretch the tight muscles to restore normal cervical range of motion (ROM). Finally, the long term solution is to have the clients strengthen their weak anterior deep flexor muscles that are allowing the forward head posture to occur. Basically, to achieve and then maintain normal neck/head alignment, your ultimate goal, you must:
The above mentioned neck pain study involved teaching clients gentle, controlled movements including neck flexion, extension, lateral flexion, rotation and neck retraction. But, do not teach stretches or strengthening exercises if you feel that is outside your scope of practice or if your state does not allow it. As a manual therapist, however, you are allowed to assess and to restore normal cervical range of motion. And, if you are going to correct a neck problem this means you can gently mobilize/stretch your clients during a session to achieve normal ROM.
So, what is normal range of motion of the cervical spine and how do you assess it? Different publications vary with the ideal amount and a great reference is James Waslaski's book "Clinical Massage Therapy." He lists the normal ranges of motion, naming the muscles involved, along with a detailed twelve-step program of soft tissue work that can eliminate or prevent painful neck conditions.
Normal ranges of motion involving single plane movements for the cervical spine are: (Figures 1-4)
It is best to assess active range of motion before you begin your session with the client standing or seated. First, show the client the movement you would like them to perform; flexion, extension, lateral flexion or rotation. Ask them to only move their head as far as they can go without any discomfort. Note the amount of ROM and if it was normal or limited. Use a goniometer or simple plastic school protractor to determine the degree of ROM. If any of the motions had less than normal ROM, then have them gently repeat that same movement again several times and see if their ROM improves. Usually, it will improve 5-10 degrees just through this self mobilization. Make note of any limited ROM you find and your strategy will be to release the tight muscles/fascia that are restricting normal ROM.
Please note that as you restore normal cervical range of motion, you may also need to address forward shoulder posture and any other problems that may have contributed to forward head posture. You must treat the body as an entire structure to achieve better, long lasting results.
Once you have performed soft tissue work and created normal range of motion of the cervical spine, the next steps are to teach your client two simple exercises to stretch their tight cervical muscles: sternocleidomastoid, scalenes and suboccipitals and to strengthen their weak anterior neck flexors longus capitis, longus colli, platysma, sternohyoid and sternothyroid. This "homework" is what I have found is the most important part of correcting and maintaining normal head posture and what I teach every one of my clients (of all ages). If you teach your clients these corrective exercises, it empowers them to take charge of their own healing/wellness. You only see your client for an hour or so at a time and this gives them additional tools to use every day to maintain the normal ROM and structural alignment you achieved during your session.
First, teach them a corrective neck retraction stretch. Have them sit or stand upright and relax their shoulders moving them down and slightly backward (neutral posture). Then, have them place one finger on their chin. Ask them to slightly tuck their chin, and then move their head backward like a "chicken" or like Mick Jagger; whichever cue you prefer, while gently pressing on their chin. Have them hold this position for about two seconds and then release. They can repeat this stretch several times. Advise them to perform this gently and that mild discomfort is not ok. (Figures 5, 6)
The best times to perform this stretch is after daily activities that involve forward head posture: working on the computer, eating, watching TV, etc. Precaution note: this is rare, but if the client indicates pain or neurological symptoms (tingling, numbness in their neck, shoulders or arms), during this stretch, immediately have them return their head to neutral and refer them out.
Once the client has mastered the corrective stretch, teach them a corrective strengthening exercise they can perform every day in their car; "neck press backs." Advise them they can only perform this exercise if there is no discomfort or they are not allowed to do it. Before they start their car, tell them to sit upright and relax their shoulders down and backward (neutral posture). Then, have them slightly tuck their chin and move their head backward like a "chicken" or like Mick Jagger, while pressing back into their headrest (neck retraction). Have them hold this isometric contraction for 5 to 10 seconds, repeating this 2 to 3 times. They could also practice this when they are waiting at a stop light. I don't advise performing it while the car is moving. This is an easy exercise and something that they can and must do every day to help prevent or reverse forward head posture and the resultant pain that accompanies it. (Figures 7, 8)
According to the neck pain study, Dr. Bronfort says that for relief from neck pain "it's good news for patients that there's something they can do themselves." So, if you teach your clients to move like Mick Jagger; retracting their head, it may be one of the most important things you can do to help them relieve and prevent occasional and chronic neck pain.
Sheri Wells is a licensed massage therapist (LMT), and advanced personal trainer (CPT) with a Masters degree in education and a B.S in physical education. She specializes in orthopedic muscle balancing and therapeutic massage for injury rehab, scar tissue mobilization, and postural/structural alignment; restoring pain free normal range of motion throughout the body. She has been an upper level teaching assistant for James Waslaski for more than 10 years. She lives in Dallas and can be reached at
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.