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Desert: A Metaphor from the Study of Genetics
In most of the human lives I know about, there are stretches of time which feel stagnant, or worse. We can feel adrift, or wounded and sidelined, and these times don't seem to carry much usefulness while they are unfolding.
Chinese Doctors Poke Holes in Australian Study
A recent Australian clinical trial, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) in 2014 by Rana Hinman, et el., evaluating the effectiveness of both needle and laser acupuncture for chronic knee pain.
Integrative Medicine for the Underserved: A Seat at the Table
Numerous organizations have risen to the challenge of providing care to medically-underserved populations and here we feature one such group.
The Three Heater Official
This Official, belonging to the element Fire, is responsible for maintaining and regulating the heating system of the body, mind, and spirit. It is named for its function. The trunk is divided into three "burning spaces" or "jiaos."
News in Brief
Investigating the Cellular Impact of Mechanical Force; National Board Seats (Not-So) New Officers at Annual Meeting.
Marketing with a Microphone
When given an option, it stands to reason that people prefer to do business with those they know, like, and trust.
Treatment of PTSD: An Opportunity for the Practice of Integrated Medicine
PTSD is widespread across America today. Not only do many of our honored men and women in uniform bring it home with them from the war zones they have been active in, but it often follows any life-threatening event people go through when their lives have been in danger.
Creating Relationships at Southwest Symposium
The month of May brought many interesting activities. As I have said in many previous columns this year, this profession is moving in a very exciting direction. Make sure you are getting involved. If you're not, you just might get left behind.
Leg-Length Inequality and Pelvic Fixation: A New Approach to the Negative Derifield (Part 3)
A patient with sacroiliac fixation and dysfunction ordinarily demonstrates a noticeable leg-length inequality when placed in the prone position on the adjusting table.
The Source-Luo Point Combination, Part 2
The Da Cheng includes symptoms for the source-luo points that indicate when to use them for treatment. Yang defines the method as the guest-host (it is one of a variety of acupuncture point combinations called guest-host).
Sports Medicine 101: Surgery or No Surgery?
In the world of sports medicine, many careers are saved by surgeries that correct traumatic damage to the body. Muscle tears, ligament damage, fractures, spinal disc herniations, and joint instabilities are a few of the issues frequently addressed with surgical intervention.
I was sitting in a Pizza Hut in Peoria, Ill., with my friend Reggie, sometime in the spring of my senior year in college, when he started doodling on his paper placemat. In those days, the company had a picture of U.S. on the mats, showing all the locations of the "Huts" in the country.
NCCAOM Video Contest
The NCCAOM is excited to announce the launch of the second annual video contest "Because it Works!" 2015.
An International Life: An Interview with Mary Elizabeth Wakefield
I met Mary Elizabeth Wakefield during her class last summer in Seneca Falls, New York at the Finger Lakes School of Chinese Medicine.
Meet Cheyenne: Your Future Colleague
Allow me to introduce you to Cheyenne (Chey), the daughter of some of our family's closest friends. We attend and serve at the same church together, and have known each other for many years.
Q&A With the First VA Chiropractic Residents
As you may have read previously, a major step forward for the profession occurred in July 2014 when the Department of Veterans Affairs began piloting a chiropractic residency program at five locations.
Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology: Version 2.0
The Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology consensus, published in 2001 by the collaborative efforts of the North American Spine Society, the American Society of Spine Radiology and the American Society of Neuroradiology, has guided radiologists, clinicians and the public for more than a decade.
Should You Change an Athlete's Natural Running Form?
Once past the ankle, impact forces travel at about 200 mph into the knee. In addition to allowing the quad to absorb force, bending the knee (E) prevents the hip and pelvis from moving up and down too much (F), which is important for injury prevention and efficiency.
Key Changes and Updates to the 7th Edition CNT Manual
Acupuncture Today recently interviewed Jennifer Brett, ND, L.Ac. regarding the updates to the CNT manaul.
Going On-Site With Chiropractic Care
The Foundation for Chiropractic Progress has released a position paper highlighting the financial, clinical and patient-satisfaction benefits of providing chiropractic care at on-site corporate health clinics.
The Risks I Took
We all take risks when we choose this profession. For some, it is not knowing if you can make a living practicing TCM. For others, it is parental or cultural disapproval.
August, 2012, Vol. 12, Issue 08
Freeing the Heart: Enhancing Central Circulation
By Dale G. Alexander, LMT, MA, PhD
Enhancing central circulation is a notion that has emerged over many years from my work with clients who typically present with exceptionally difficult chronic somatic difficulties. It's combined therapeutic intentions have been to:
Here, we seek to identify the what and where of these therapeutic intentions. Many possible "how to's" are possible when one's treatment goals are clear.
It is postulated that this orientation of enhancing central circulation can serve to reduce the workload required of the heart and may slow the build-up of plaques within the coronary arteries. Further, it is postulated that a dedication to assisting cardiac output, neurological balancing and venous and lymphatic return in each bodywork session will assist the autonomic nervous system to more equitably deliver fresh blood to ischemic tissues associated with stubbornly chronic problems.
From our common training base in Swedish massage, we were taught stroking patterns and a general sequential protocol that was intended to assist systemic venous and lymphatic return. Little attention, however, was given to restoring the underlying mechanism(s) by which the body can reset its efficiency of facilitating the flow of these fluids within itself nor, to balancing the functioning of the two divisions of the autonomic nervous system or to enhancing diaphragmatic and ankle/foot range of motion. Absolutely no attention was given to reducing the resistances to the heart's expansion. That is what makes this construct of enhancing central circulation both useful and unique.
To my sensibilities, there are three great pumps which are designed to move the fluids of the body (arterial, venous, lymphatic and interstitial). These include:
Now, add the notion of equalizing the pressure between the body's three great cavities which is proposed to allow for the natural flow of fluids back to the heart based on restoring normal pressure gradients.2,3 Full credit is given to Dr. Jean-Pierre Barral, DO, for introducing me to this golden anatomical nugget in 1987.
Consider the importance of enhancing the movements of these mechanisms which are the prime pumps of fluids and the importance of restoring the appropriate pressure differentials which assist these fluids to more efficiently move back toward the heart. Consider how therapeutic attention to these factors may together "reduce the need" for the heart to work harder or for the arterial system to narrow. Consider how these intentions might be a contribution our profession could make toward the prevention of high blood pressure.
The notion of reducing sympathetic tone and enhancing parasympathetic outflow is a core construct of craniosacral therapy as was taught by Dr. John Upledger, DO. I was first introduced to this foundational premise in 1986 and my years of clinical practice since vivify the effectiveness of this treatment goal. This relates to all aspects of activating the body's self-corrective capacities and especially to the regulation of a normal heart rhythm as it is the sole duty of the vagus nerve to slow the heart.4,5
Let us now consider the equally important therapeutic intention of reducing or removing obstacles to the flow of fluids back to the heart from below the diaphragm. Obstacles may be many and varied in their presentation but in distillation, they slow the return of raw blood products either by making the fluids take alternate routings, by adding resistance to the speed of normal drainage or by building congestion as the fluids are held back from moving. Similar to being stopped by a traffic snarl, we either seek another route around the tie-up, crawl our way along hoping the problem will clear itself, or when traffic is completely stopped, we wait in frustration for the road to open ahead of us.
My clinical experience suggests that congestion around or inflammation within the liver, gall bladder and pancreas complex is one of the most common obstacles to blood return. Let us appreciate that the liver is suspended from the inferior surface of the diaphragm muscle and its portal vein is the main tributary for venous blood returning to the heart through the inferior vena cava. Together with the gall bladder, its common bile duct and the sphincter of Oddi which is shared with the pancreas, any inflammation in these organs or their tubes can impair venous and lymphatic return. This is why learning to mobilize and gently stretch these organs and tubes, along with others, is such an important skill for touch practitioners to add to their therapeutic tool boxes.3,6,7
Above the diaphragm, another common area where blood seems to become congested is at the cranio-cervical junction. This is a crucial area to evaluate and treat with whatever therapeutic tools you possess. My experience supports another notion that Dr. John Upledger postulated some 26 years ago: that the brain sometimes holds onto blood. And that the bilateral jugular foramen openings in the cranium serve to drain 85% of the fluids leaving the cranium.4 It is through these same openings that the vagus nerves, who have the task of helping to regulate the heart, exit the cranium.8 A simple way to evaluate this notion of vascular congestion is to lift your client's head and feel for its weight in your initial evaluation. Later, if your bodywork has successfully normalized the flow of fluids leaving the cranium, their head will kinesthetically weigh less.
The Inside-Out Paradigm continues to explore the inner workings of how we may assist our clients to both maintain or to regain their functional capacity and quality of life. Enhancing central circulation is proposed to not only to assist the heart itself but may be a key component toward facilitating the autonomic nervous system to increase its delivery of fresh blood to stubbornly chronic somatic tissues as well.
Click here for more information about Dale G. Alexander, LMT, MA, PhD.
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