resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Treating Peripheral Neuropathy: Multi-Faceted Approach Including Laser Therapy
Peripheral neuropathy affects at least 20 million people in the United States1 and nearly 60 percent of all people with diabetes suffer from diabetic neuropathy. Many suffer from the disorder without ever identifying the cause.
ITB Syndrome: Treat the Tensor Fascia Latae
Iliotibial band syndrome is usually the result of repetitive knee flexion, such as in runners or cyclists. Pain may be experienced in the knee and/or the hip. The patient may express a sense of the hip dislocating, popping or snapping.
Workers' Back Pain: Causes, Costs & Solution
You will want to share two important papers published in the past several months. Why? When read separately, each provides valuable information relevant to your patients, community and practice; together, they tell a compelling story.
Going Beyond Just Feeling Good
We all know that most patients come to us for some pain complaint: neck pain, back pain, sciatica, carpal tunnel, etc. We also all know that acupuncture is a great first-line care for these issues, as well as supporting overall health and wellness.
Decoding the Mystery of Medical Insurance Acceptance
In the constantly evolving profession of acupuncture, one of the least understood areas is medical insurance acceptance. The profession is filled with controversy surrounding this topic: Is it ethical?
Getting Paid by Medicare Is Getting a Major Adjustment
The 2015 Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) was signed into law to implement a new approach to clinician payments and replace the Sustainable Growth Rate formula.
Update from the International AIDS Conference
The 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa, brought together more than 15,000 of the world's leading scientists, activists, funders, policy makers, and consumers from 153 countries.
Natural Cancer Prevention: Pomegranate for the Prostate
In recent years, the ingestion of pure pomegranate juice (8 ounces per day) has been shown in clinical studies with human subjects to slow, and to some degree, reverse, the progression of prostate cancer – the second leading cause of cancer death in North American men.
U.S. Olympians Have a DC in Their Corner
It's probably old news to you that doctors of chiropractic play an increasingly prominent role in treating athletes, from youth sports participants to weekend warriors, to elite / professional competitors.
Pediatric Asthma: A Case Study
I have had very good success with pediatric asthma, combining acupuncture with Chinese herbal products. Treatment is given over four to eight months, twice monthly, with herbal formulas rotated every month.
Six Things Every DC Should Know About the Zika Virus
The Zika outbreak continues to spread across the continental United States and U.S. territories. We offer this brief overview on this important public health problem for the practicing doctor of chiropractic.
Dysautonomia: The Medical Condition You May Already Be Treating
TCM practitioners have spent thousands of years healing patients without knowing or needing the names of their diseases as defined by allopathic medicine. We have syndrome names that are both poetic and efficient.
Treatment Success at the Won Institute
According to the World Health Organization's 2003 report titled, "Acupuncture: Review and Analysis of Controlled Clinical Trials," acupuncture has been shown to improve many physical, emotional, and mental conditions.
Upgrade to "Parker 2.0" in Las Vegas
Continuing your education and refining your practice: two key elements of a successful chiropractic career. Parker Seminars promises both as it celebrates its 65th anniversary in Las Vegas next February, according to Parker University President, Dr. William Morgan, and seminar consultant Dr. Mark Sanna.
Power to the Patient
Against a backdrop of splintered political parties, polarizations within nations, civil unrest, and distrust of established government (such as the growing anti-Washington, D.C. sentiment) comes the not-so-surprising finding that health care authorities and practitioners (with perhaps the exception of insurers) are turning over more and more powers to the individual patient.
Using the Lens of Chinese Medicine
One of the most common medications I see in clinical practice on a daily basis is fluoxetine or Prozac. Consequently, I hear many complaints concerning the side effects of this medication and am frequently asked by patients to help manage these side effects with acupuncture and Chinese medicine.
First Annual ICD-10 Updates Take Effect
Yes, there was an update to ICD-10 codes on Oct. 1. It was a regular update to the diagnosis coding system and will take place every Oct. 1, just as it did when the ICD-9 system was in place.
Four Ways to Attract Patients
Acupuncturist A has been in practice for six years and has struggled since day one. She spends as much time and money on marketing as she can, but since her practice is slow, her budget isn't that big.
Pediatric Footwear: Function Over Fashion
As practitioners, it is not uncommon for parents to bring us their children to treat or ask us questions related to the pediatric population. Children's feet tend to be a perplexing region for parents and practitioners alike.
National Board Apologizes for Testing Issues
The National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) has issued a formal apology following a series of computer-based testing malfunctions that impacted two separate examinations (March and June 2016) and caused "widespread confusion and frustration" to the nearly 1,500 examinees taking the tests.
Integrative Cancer Care: Chiropractic for Chemotherapy-Induced Hiccups
Hiccups (singultus) are a frequent occurrence during cancer treatment. The cause of the hiccups may be the chemotherapy drug itself, such as Cisplatin; or the prophylactic use of corticosteroids such as Decadron, which is used to prevent nausea and/or vomiting.
July, 2012, Vol. 12, Issue 07
Sports Massage and Its Impact on the Olympics in the Early 1900s
By Judi Calvert, LMP
In 1906, H. Joseph Fay was considered the Australian authority on scientific massage for athletes. He created a massage system for athletes who competed in sprinting and long-distance running.Fay, an athlete himself, wrote a small 68-page book in 1906 called, Scientific Massage for Athletes. The English and Welsh authorities regarded Fay as one of the world's best athletes in the United Kingdom and as a trainer at accredited universities. So we have some history here that scientific massage was being taught by Fay at these universities.
When Fay arrived in Australia, he found that the athletes were unaware of the meaning of massage or "rubbing," as it was called, and the great benefits that it provided. He felt they needed scientific training to help them understand that they would have more success on the track when massage was added to their program. Fay wrote that, "Not so long ago, Australia was not regarded seriously as having representatives in the athletic arena worthy to compete with the world's best." He believed that it had to do with the British sporting people and their "ignorance concerning the different conditions prevailing in the Antipodes."
It seemed the rules were that the representative athlete had to belong to the Athletic League, which at the time was a well-organized professional league. Its members had to register and were allowed to only compete at meetings over which the League had jurisdiction. Athletics were thriving in England and so it was just a few years before the athletes from England finally came to Australia to compete. In the 1908 Olympiad, the Australians had champions and massage was a part of their training. But in England, massage was regarded as "worthless." There were volumes on athletic training published in England during this time and massage was stigmatized as a "waste of time."
Fay spent some time with the trainers in England and watched them perform their massage techniques. He saw first hand how they "tickled" the athletes and attempted to practice the five-finger exercises. Fay also saw this type of massage in Wales. He felt they had no type of system that they used on the athletes as they laid on the "rubbing boards" as they were called back then. The coaching in England had, for a long time, just been haphazard. According to E. G. Eames, who wrote a new edition of Fay's book and entirely rewrote and revised the book in 1906, it was the trainer's job to simply pick out a "natural-born athlete, and encourage him to further effort." The trainer would have the athlete "strain rather than train" and would give him some "useless exercises, tips, a cold bath and a rubbing, which probably did more harm than good". It was common for an athlete to encounter the condition of an enlarged heart from being worked "too hard and too unscientifically," Eames wrote.
By 1906, top U.S. athletes were getting massage and it was a very important branch of their athletic training. The athletes had much success in competing in the big international meets in the amateur world. Fay knew the athletes in the U.S. were "keen on having their rub after exercising." So, we have more history here that the Americans were using massage on their athletes and were serious about the efficacy and practical proof of it. The Swedes had also adopted the American methods of training and massage. Fay knew the coaches and knew they got their experience in athletics in the U.S.
Fay did his own research and found out that Germany and France had hired coaches to begin training their athletes in massage for the next Olympiad. France had begun to establish a college of athletics so they were getting serious, too.
In 1912, several of the British athletes began to incorporate massage into their training and were becoming champions. They saw first-hand an increase in their speed on the running tracks.
Definition of Massage
Also in 1912, Fay gave his definition of massage. "Massage is the systematic treatment of muscle not lightly but vigorously to bring about definite results. "Fay believed that to be a good "masseur," as they were called back in the day, and a great trainer, a man benefited from being a good a good athlete himself. He also had to be a good "rubber." The trainers had to be strong and hard workers. Fay believed the difference between an average trainer and a practical trainer was that "the latter works with the muscles and does not just pat the muscles."
Benefits of Massage
Fay learned the benefits of massage through his experience:
Movements in Massage
Fay taught three movements, or techniques, to his trainers: Friction, Kneading and Vibration. Friction meant rubbing and was done with the whole or part of the hand over the surface of the body, like a carpenter working on a plane over a piece of wood. It was done with a long, sweeping movement. The masseur could use a liniment or powder. Kneading was the most important movement, according to Fay. It was a kneading technique just like a baker would knead dough. Fay felt that the masseur should knead the muscles using not the end of the fingers, but with "the portion nearer the palms." "The fleshy part of the thumb and not the end should be used," he wrote. Fay wanted this type of movement done by the masseur to make him have to work deeper instead of just "fiddling" with the skin of the athlete.
Rolling was a variation of kneading and the muscles were to be rolled over the bones or the deeper muscles. The masseur could use his hands or the inside of his forearm to the elbow to perform this movement. It was like a "sawing action."
Wringing was another variation of the kneading action that the masseur performed. Vibration was the "third great division" into how Fay divided massage. The masseur would do very fine shaking movements which he "communicated to the body." He broke them down into subdivisions of lateral, superficial and deep, which Fay felt was most important because it would reach the deeper muscles of the athlete. And the last variation was called shaking, which was a tugging action that was performed.
So the next time you athletes are out there running, remember that "no pain, no gain" does not work without massage in your training program.
Click here for previous articles by Judi Calvert, LMP.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.