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Physical Exam 101: The Hands
I am sure you are familiar with the old adage: "When the only tool in your toolbox is a hammer, everything starts to look like a nail."
A Chinese Medicine Story: An Interview with Mazin Al-Khafaji
Mazin Al-Khafaji's work has interested me for years. In February 2014, we invited him for the second time to speak at the Southwest Symposium in Austin, Texas.
Remembering Clarence Gonstead and 50 Years of the Gonstead Clinic
Dr. Clarence Selmer Gonstead (1898-1978) took chiropractic practice from back-alley bone setting to an understandable biomechanical science. His life was dedicated to clinical competency.
Fibromyalgia: Put the Pain in Its Place
While some fibromyalgia patients respond favorably to regular chiropractic care, others experience minimal relief. Unfortunately, many of these patients must rely on pharmacological management to relieve their constant pain.
Vaccines and Chiropractic: Evidence-Based Medicine or Medical Dogma?
Right or wrong, the chiropractic profession has historically been against vaccinations. However, a growing trend within the profession is seeking to reverse this position.
Knee Pain From the Kinetic Chain
As practitioners of manual medicine, chiropractors often treat patients suffering from knee pain.
The Science of Stretching
In 1986, Rob DeCastella set a course record by running the Boston Marathon in 2:07:51, just 39 seconds off the world record.
Medical Qigong for the Heart: Part III
Part 1 and Part II of this series focused on the physical aspect of the Heart and mental emotional aspects of the Heart respectively. Now, I would like to focus on the spiritual aspect of the Heart.
Are You a Bad Chiropractic Patient?
My father was a great DC. In fact, as you might expect, he was the doctor of chiropractic I measured all other doctors against. Sadly, he died at age 61 when I was in my early 30s.
Coding for the Subluxation: ICD-9 vs. ICD-10
When I attended chiropractic school, I was taught that chiropractors approach health care differently than the traditional medical establishment.
By the Numbers: 3 Common Financial Mistakes With Major Consequences
Warren Buffett is on record for sharing the hidden art of becoming wealthy and making it simple enough for anyone to grasp.
Curbing Label Overwhelm
For the average consumer, reading a food package can be overwhelming: natural, organic, non-GMO, gluten free, free range ... you get the picture.
Building From the Bottom Up
I caught up with my dear friend Honora Wolfe, in her Colorado painting studio where, if she is not praying in Bhutan or doing charitable work in a Nepali free clinic, she spends most of her time now.
Immunizations by Colorado DCs: Really?
You probably didn't hear about it, but back on Nov. 21, 2013, the Board of Directors of the Colorado Chiropractic Association (CCA) adopted "immunization authority" for Colorado DCs as its No. 2 legislative goal.
A History Worth Telling
The popularity and the use of acupuncture for the treatment of animals in the United States is at its peak.
Peer Points: Always Seeking To Grow
Ellen "Kiki" Geary has spent the last decade honing her craft. As a specialist in integrative holistic care, she went straight from completing her master's degree in acupuncture and chinese herbal medicine from Bastyr University to building a successful and thriving practice in the small community of Anacortes, Washington.
Finders Keepers: The Secret to Relationship-Based Marketing
Becoming a successful practitioner has less to do with what you learned in school, and more to do with your ability to find new patients and keep them!
Why You Should Include the Single-Leg Stance Test in Every Patient Assessment
The single-leg stance (SLS) test, also known as the single-limb stance test, unipedal stance test or one-legged stance / balance test, is often used in the geriatric population to assess static postural and balance control.
A Guide for Talking to Doctors about Acupuncture and Brain Chemistry
Before I begin any discussion of how to talk about the effects of acupuncture on brain chemistry, nervous and endocrine function, it is essential to understand just what physicians most need help with.
July, 2012, Vol. 12, Issue 07
Pelvic Pain from The Adductor Magnus
By David Kent, LMT, NCTMB
Living with pelvic pain is a daily occurrence for many people. It is very unsettling for a patient to have undergone countless medical tests and procedures with no clear source of the pain identified.Myofascial trigger points (TrPs) are one possible cause of pelvic pain. Trigger points 1 and 2 in the adductor magnus refer pain into the pelvic region (Image 2b and c). Let's talk about= the anatomy, trigger point locations, referral patterns and provide a link to an online video clip showing a treatment routine for the adductor magnus with the patient in a side lying position.
The adductor magnus is the largest muscle of the adductor group. It is tripartite, composed of three parts, an adductor minimus part, a middle part and an ischiocondylar or "hamstring" part (Image 1).The fibers of the adductor minimus part run almost horizontal. The fibers of the middle part run at an angle and the fibers of the isciocondylar or third part, run vertical (Image 1). Besides having three parts, the adductor magnus contains an opening.
The word hiatus originates from the latin term, hiare, to stand open. A hiatus is a normal opening in a membrane or other body structure. The adductor hiatus is an opening in the distal attachment of the adductor magnus muscle and is located just superior to the adductor tubercle of the femur (Image 1). As the femoral artery and vein pass through the adductor hiatus, their names change to become the popliteal artery and vein.
Two nerves innervate the adductor magnus muscle. The tibial part of the sciatic nerve supplies the ischiocondylar or "hamstring" part of the adductor magnus. This same nerve also innervates the hamstring muscles. The obturator nerve supplies the adductor minimus and middle parts of the adductor magnus.
Proximally, the adductor magnus attaches on the inferior ramus of the pubis, as well as, the ramus of the ischium and the ischial tuberosity. Distally, it attaches on the back of the femur, from the gluteal tuberousity to the adductor tubercle.
Since the adductor magnus has three parts, each with fibers pulling in differ directions and is innervated by two different nerves, the effects on posture and biomechanics are significant. For example, the middle part can rotate and tilt the pelvis, adduct and flex the thigh. While the ischiocondylar or "hamstring" part extends the pelvis. We will visit these dynamics in a future article. For now we will look at trigger points.
Trigger points can form in the adductor magnus for numerous reasons from physical trauma, activities like hiking, slipping on a wet or icy surface that causes the persons legs to extremely abduct, or from many hours of sitting in a hip flexed position on a plane, in a car or while working at a desk, to name a few.
Trigger point 1 (TrP 1) in the adductor magnus muscle is located at the level of the mid thigh. It refers an essential pain zone into the medial thigh, starting below the inguinal ligament, into the pelvic region, running distally to the medial knee (Image 2a - b), "X" indicating the common location of trigger points within the adductor magnus muscle. Solid red areas indicate an essential pain zone. Red dots indicate spillover pain zones. (Image 2 A-C) Trigger point 2 (TrP2) in the adductor magnus muscle is located proximally. It refers internal pelvic pain. Patients may describe the pain as referring into organs such as the vagina, rectum or bladder.
In addition to adductor magnus, other muscles with documented trigger points that refer into the pelvic region include the obturator internus, piriformis and obliquus internus abdominis, coccygeus and levator ani. Be sure you are properly trained, licensed and operating within your scope of practice prior to performing therapy.
I wish you the best helping patients with pelvic pain. If the cause includes trigger points in the adductor magnus, you now have information to provide a soft tissue solution. Here is a link to an online video clip showing a treatment routine for the adductor magnus with the patient in a side lying position: www.youtube.com/KentHealth.
Click here for more information about David Kent, LMT, NCTMB.
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