resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
July, 2012, Vol. 12, Issue 07
Pelvic Pain from The Adductor Magnus
By David Kent, LMT, NCTMB
Living with pelvic pain is a daily occurrence for many people. It is very unsettling for a patient to have undergone countless medical tests and procedures with no clear source of the pain identified.Myofascial trigger points (TrPs) are one possible cause of pelvic pain. Trigger points 1 and 2 in the adductor magnus refer pain into the pelvic region (Image 2b and c). Let's talk about= the anatomy, trigger point locations, referral patterns and provide a link to an online video clip showing a treatment routine for the adductor magnus with the patient in a side lying position.
The adductor magnus is the largest muscle of the adductor group. It is tripartite, composed of three parts, an adductor minimus part, a middle part and an ischiocondylar or "hamstring" part (Image 1).The fibers of the adductor minimus part run almost horizontal. The fibers of the middle part run at an angle and the fibers of the isciocondylar or third part, run vertical (Image 1). Besides having three parts, the adductor magnus contains an opening.
The word hiatus originates from the latin term, hiare, to stand open. A hiatus is a normal opening in a membrane or other body structure. The adductor hiatus is an opening in the distal attachment of the adductor magnus muscle and is located just superior to the adductor tubercle of the femur (Image 1). As the femoral artery and vein pass through the adductor hiatus, their names change to become the popliteal artery and vein.
Two nerves innervate the adductor magnus muscle. The tibial part of the sciatic nerve supplies the ischiocondylar or "hamstring" part of the adductor magnus. This same nerve also innervates the hamstring muscles. The obturator nerve supplies the adductor minimus and middle parts of the adductor magnus.
Proximally, the adductor magnus attaches on the inferior ramus of the pubis, as well as, the ramus of the ischium and the ischial tuberosity. Distally, it attaches on the back of the femur, from the gluteal tuberousity to the adductor tubercle.
Since the adductor magnus has three parts, each with fibers pulling in differ directions and is innervated by two different nerves, the effects on posture and biomechanics are significant. For example, the middle part can rotate and tilt the pelvis, adduct and flex the thigh. While the ischiocondylar or "hamstring" part extends the pelvis. We will visit these dynamics in a future article. For now we will look at trigger points.
Trigger points can form in the adductor magnus for numerous reasons from physical trauma, activities like hiking, slipping on a wet or icy surface that causes the persons legs to extremely abduct, or from many hours of sitting in a hip flexed position on a plane, in a car or while working at a desk, to name a few.
Trigger point 1 (TrP 1) in the adductor magnus muscle is located at the level of the mid thigh. It refers an essential pain zone into the medial thigh, starting below the inguinal ligament, into the pelvic region, running distally to the medial knee (Image 2a - b), "X" indicating the common location of trigger points within the adductor magnus muscle. Solid red areas indicate an essential pain zone. Red dots indicate spillover pain zones. (Image 2 A-C) Trigger point 2 (TrP2) in the adductor magnus muscle is located proximally. It refers internal pelvic pain. Patients may describe the pain as referring into organs such as the vagina, rectum or bladder.
In addition to adductor magnus, other muscles with documented trigger points that refer into the pelvic region include the obturator internus, piriformis and obliquus internus abdominis, coccygeus and levator ani. Be sure you are properly trained, licensed and operating within your scope of practice prior to performing therapy.
I wish you the best helping patients with pelvic pain. If the cause includes trigger points in the adductor magnus, you now have information to provide a soft tissue solution. Here is a link to an online video clip showing a treatment routine for the adductor magnus with the patient in a side lying position: www.youtube.com/KentHealth.
Click here for more information about David Kent, LMT, NCTMB.
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