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The Acupuncture Channel System (Part 1)
The earliest Chinese reference to channels is in the Mawangdui Medical Manuscripts,1 which are dated to the Warring States period of the Zhou Dynasty (475 BC-221 AD). The text presents 11 channels. There are no acupuncture points listed in those channels.
Shoulder Rehab: Start With the Scapula
The scapula is an incredible display of elegance and movement within the biomechanics of human motion. It's evolved for mobility and stability in the scapulo-thoracic region, giving us the ability to do things that are uniquely human, such as throwing with accuracy.
Scar Reduction With Acupuncture & Microneedling (Part 2)
Protocols & treatment Timing
The winter season is upon us and offers unique challenges for the clinician and patient alike. To effectively navigate through the winter season there are two main TCM medicinals, Huang Qi and Gan Jiang, to consider, as well as two important formulas which feature these two TCM treasures.
The Case Report: A Valuable Tool
Case reports are a valuable form of descriptive research. The most basic form of practice-based research, a case report is a detailed account of the history, presenting symptoms, assessment, observations, treatment and follow-up of an individual patient, discussed in the context of prior and potential future research.
A New Year and Vision for the ACA
Inadequate pain management coupled with the epidemic of prescription opioid overuse and abuse has taken a severe toll on the lives of millions of people in the United States. Every day, more than 1,000 people are treated in the ER for misusing prescription opioids.
Nutrition for Menopause: Front-Line Therapy for All Phases
Of all the changes women experience during their reproductive life, there is no doubt the most dreaded are the three phases of menopause. This is not surprising since all of the symptoms associated with menopause are replete with unpleasantness.
We Get Letters & Email
Our Country Needs Us Between Elections, Too; Continuing Care: We Aren't There Yet; Our Associations Need to Do More.
Crow Like the Rooster
As we welcome in the Year of the Rooster, we look at some of its major characteristics: confidence and communication, which suits the image we have of the Rooster...strutting in the farmyard, crowing to the others that it's time to wake up.
Qigong for Substance Abuse
It is commonly believed that substance abuse, in addition to harming one’s physiological state, hurts the spirit. There is also a belief that one’s spirit does not weaken due to substance abuse, but rather, the person finds solace in addiction due to an already weak spirit.
Low Back Pain in Running Athletes
After 7 million years of adapting to upright postures, the lumbar spine and pelvis have become remarkably adept at managing ground-reactive forces associated with running.
A Conversation With Dr. Betty Edmond
This month's column is an exclusive interview with Betty Edmond MD, newly elected CEO/President of the AOMA Graduate School of Integrative Medicine in Austin, Texas.
News in Brief
Updated Neck Pain & Whiplash Guideline; Attention, IHS DCs; New VP of Institutional Advancement At Palmer; N.J. DC Interns At U.S. Olympic Training Center; Chiropractic Society Of R.I. On The Front Lines.
An Opportunity & a Responsibility
Nearly 80 Americans die from an opioid-related overdose every day, and spine-related pain is one of the principle drivers of opioid use. This unfortunate situation creates both an opportunity and a responsibility.
Another Step Forward for Chiropractic
Chiropractic is now available to 86,000-plus Latter-Day Saints missionaries and you are invited to become a provider. LDS membership in not required; our only concern is that our missionaries get the best quality care available.
Five Branches University Has First Hospital TCM Residency
Established in 1984, Five Branches University (FBU) has campuses in Santa Cruz and San Jose, Calif., which serve the communities of Santa Cruz, the Monterey Bay, and Silicon Valley.
Acupuncture Points: Broadening Our Scope and Diagnostic Work
As every practitioner knows, the correct diagnosis is everything. Most healing disciplines rely on the use of symptomatology for their treatment implementation. Beyond symptomatology, we have clinical tests to provide more objective findings.
Flirting With Alternative Therapies
There are about as many adjunct therapies being marketed to acupuncturists as there are acupuncturists. While some may remain purist in their application of traditional Chinese medicine, others choose to explore new horizons of treatment.
Anti-Aging With Dr. Ping Zhang
Jennifer Waters, TCM practitioner and writer of the Acupuncture Today column, "Talking With the Masters" sat down with Dr. Ping Zhang to discuss aniti-aging with acupuncture.
True Practice Mobility for the Chiropractic Profession
When natural disasters occur, chiropractors can literally travel to the other side of the world to offer humanitarian relief in less than a day. The chiropractor's license to legally practice, however, can't make it past the state line.
An Education in Gluten Sensitivity
A relatively new syndrome officially documented as non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) or gluten sensitivity (GS) was officially recognized and published in the new list of gluten-related disorders in 2012.
Let's Clear Up the Collection Confusion
This is an often-misunderstood practice swirling with misinformation. First, a few basics: Insurance is a contract between the patient and the insurance company. The insurance company is simply making a payment for services or care on behalf of the patient.
May, 2012, Vol. 12, Issue 05
Gestational Diabetes: Does She or Doesn't She?
By Elaine Stillerman, LMT
Nearly every pregnant woman is tested for gestational diabetes (GD) (or gestational glucose intolerance - GGI) at some point during her second trimester. But what constitutes a "normal" blood glucose level during pregnancy and when maternal or fetal morbidity occurs is controversial.
What is evident in cases of confirmed gestational diabetes is that babies grow larger, weighing over 4000g at birth (fetal macrosomia) or are in the 90th percentile for large-for gestational-age (LGA). And that often increases the likelihood of a surgical delivery and newborn monitoring for hypoglycemia. In the long term, these elevated levels appear to contribute to obesity and diabetes later in the child's life and an increase in the risk of the mother developing type 2 diabetes. On average, however, the rate of confirmed glucose intolerance is small and varies among different ethnic groups. Caucasian women are affected 1% to 2%, Afro-Caribbeans 2% to 3%, and Asians 4% to 5%.
The etiology of defining GD as a medical condition began in the 1950s with a study on women with high sugar values during pregnancy. It was "validated" in 1964 when Drs. O'Sullivan and Mahan, medical researchers, performed a 100g 3-hour oral glucose tolerance test on more than 700 pregnant women who were already hyperglycemic. Their study was to determine if these women were at greater risk of developing diabetes in the future. To no one's surprise, they were. And that led these two men to conclude that the "metabolic stress of pregnancy" exposed women to a "pre-diabetic status." But keep in mind, their research subjects had preexisting high blood glucose levels.
They also made an erroneous correlation that since insulin-dependent diabetes is a known risk to developing babies, this "pre-diabetic status" was as well. But their theory is unfounded. Diabetes types 1 and 2 are completely different in their manifestations and dangers than GD (GGI). For instance, both type 1 and 2 may result in blood vessel and kidney damage, the sequelae of which could be hypertension, insufficient circulation to the lower extremities, possible limb amputation and kidney disease. GD carries none of these risks.
Vacillating levels of high and low blood sugar during early pregnancy in type 1 diabetes might cause congenital malformations or miscarriage. Again, none of these serious complications are caused by GD. The only thing diabetes 1 and 2 share with GD is that the excess glucose goes directly to the babies, making them larger than they would be without the elevated blood sugar levels.
During pregnancy, the pancreas usually produces adequate amounts of insulin to regulate blood sugar levels. However, the hormone HPL (human placental lactogen) inhibits the maternal body's ability to transport the insulin properly out of the bloodstream and into cells, where it is used as fuel, resulting in elevated levels of glucose in the blood - or GD. So, in essence, there is more circulating blood sugar which the baby uses to grow and develop. And as pregnancy progresses, this delicate balance between adequate insulin levels and circulating blood sugar becomes trickier. After eating, blood sugar levels rise and by the time the third trimester comes, blood glucose levels are higher after eating than a woman who is not pregnant. (After a night's sleep, excess insulin goes to work to balance out the extra blood sugar, so morning levels of glucose are actually lower during pregnancy than in nonpregnant women - hypoglycemia.)
But there is a difference between elevated blood sugar levels and diabetes. And current research has not determined when high blood glucose levels, just shy of diabetes, cause harm to mothers and their babies. So screening for GD should come with an understanding, by both mother and her care provider, that the results may or may not be an indication of a serious problem.
Women can actively participate in their health during pregnancy by eating healthy, wholesome foods. They can avoid or control GD by consuming a diet rich in whole foods, high protein and high complex carbohydrates. They can start by eliminating empty calories - soda, white flour, white sugar, fructose and limit sweet desserts. Any food with a sugar content of more than 6 grams (read the label) should be accompanied by a protein source. Milk, often recommended by care providers for the necessary calcium it provides, and yogurt are filled with (milk) sugar and lactose is known to increase blood sugar levels. So consuming excessive dairy products might be contributing to high glucose values.
When eating cereals, the protein and fiber content should be more than 5g per serving and there should be less than 10g of sugar. One third of protein should come from complex carbohydrates. A glycemic index will help some women make healthier choices. And think color when it comes to food choices - the more varied and deeper the pallet, the healthier meals will be.
Clients with GD can still enjoy the benefits of massage. However, it is important to remember that massage, in general, lowers glucose levels. So you have to make sure your client's blood sugar level doesn't get too low, which can lead to impaired judgment and potential accidents. By providing your clients with a nourishing snack, it will raise their blood glucose level enough to get home safely where they can enjoy a healthful, wholesome meal.
Click here for previous articles by Elaine Stillerman, LMT.
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