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Waking Up the Gluteus Maximus
In previous articles in this series, we expounded on the importance of the gluteus maximus (GM) in athletic performance and protecting the knee from injury. We also know there is a link between iliotibial band syndrome and GM weakness.
A History Worth Telling
The popularity and the use of acupuncture for the treatment of animals in the United States is at its peak.
CCE Finally Takes a "Baby Step" Toward Reform
During a 16-month period from October 2010 to February 2012, I devoted four separate columns to the heavy-handed attempt by the Council on Chiropractic Education to radically change the chiropractic profession through the accreditation process.
Building From the Bottom Up
I caught up with my dear friend Honora Wolfe, in her Colorado painting studio where, if she is not praying in Bhutan or doing charitable work in a Nepali free clinic, she spends most of her time now.
MPA Media Wins 7 Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Dynamic Chiropractic and DC Practice Insights, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecedented seven publishing awards by the American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE), the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
A Chinese Medicine Story: An Interview with Mazin Al-Khafaji
Mazin Al-Khafaji's work has interested me for years. In February 2014, we invited him for the second time to speak at the Southwest Symposium in Austin, Texas.
Medical Qigong for the Heart: Part III
Part 1 and Part II of this series focused on the physical aspect of the Heart and mental emotional aspects of the Heart respectively. Now, I would like to focus on the spiritual aspect of the Heart.
A Guide for Talking to Doctors about Acupuncture and Brain Chemistry
Before I begin any discussion of how to talk about the effects of acupuncture on brain chemistry, nervous and endocrine function, it is essential to understand just what physicians most need help with.
Peer Points: Always Seeking To Grow
Ellen "Kiki" Geary has spent the last decade honing her craft. As a specialist in integrative holistic care, she went straight from completing her master's degree in acupuncture and chinese herbal medicine from Bastyr University to building a successful and thriving practice in the small community of Anacortes, Washington.
Don't Turn a 2 Into a 10
The Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale1 is so useful because it can be used by almost anyone. Patients can use the numbers associated with the faces depicted on the scale or select the face that demonstrates their current level of pain from 0-10.
9 Common Causes of Thyroid Imbalance and How You Can Help
How you sleep, how easily you wake up, and how much energy and stamina you have during the day are directly related to levels of the thyroid hormones.
News in Brief
National Chiropractic Health Month: Be Proactive; Collegiate Roundup: Academic Appointments at Parker, Logan.
Chiropractic Research in Review
Chiropractic Treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis; Cost / Benefit Analysis: Different Doses of SMT for Low Back Pain; Imaging for Occult Rib and Costal Cartilage Fractures; Treating Neck Pain: Thoracic Thrust Manipulation vs. Non-Thrust Mobilization.
A Vibrating Capsule for Constipation? Relevance to Your Chiropractic Practice
The relationship between gastrointestinal (GI) complaints and back pain is not typically written about or discussed.
New Medical Technologies You Need to Know
We're all familiar with how fast computers become obsolete, as well as the rapid pace of development in the field of cell phone technology. The latest smart phones are far more powerful than desktop computers were only a few years ago.
Pain Underfoot: Metatarsalgia
Foot pain can interfere significantly with normal activities and severely limit participation in sports. Metatarsalgia is foot pain involving the metatarsal bones in the forefoot – the complaint of pain on the bottom of the ball of the foot.
Why Young People Need Chiropractic Now More Than Ever
According to a recent study published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, "It is now widely acknowledged that neck pain (NP), mid back pain (MBP), and low back pain (LBP) (spinal pain) start early in life and that the lifetime prevalence increases rapidly during adolescence to reach adult levels at the age of 18."
Finders Keepers: The Secret to Relationship-Based Marketing
Becoming a successful practitioner has less to do with what you learned in school, and more to do with your ability to find new patients and keep them!
May, 2012, Vol. 12, Issue 05
Gestational Diabetes: Does She or Doesn't She?
By Elaine Stillerman, LMT
Nearly every pregnant woman is tested for gestational diabetes (GD) (or gestational glucose intolerance - GGI) at some point during her second trimester. But what constitutes a "normal" blood glucose level during pregnancy and when maternal or fetal morbidity occurs is controversial.
What is evident in cases of confirmed gestational diabetes is that babies grow larger, weighing over 4000g at birth (fetal macrosomia) or are in the 90th percentile for large-for gestational-age (LGA). And that often increases the likelihood of a surgical delivery and newborn monitoring for hypoglycemia. In the long term, these elevated levels appear to contribute to obesity and diabetes later in the child's life and an increase in the risk of the mother developing type 2 diabetes. On average, however, the rate of confirmed glucose intolerance is small and varies among different ethnic groups. Caucasian women are affected 1% to 2%, Afro-Caribbeans 2% to 3%, and Asians 4% to 5%.
The etiology of defining GD as a medical condition began in the 1950s with a study on women with high sugar values during pregnancy. It was "validated" in 1964 when Drs. O'Sullivan and Mahan, medical researchers, performed a 100g 3-hour oral glucose tolerance test on more than 700 pregnant women who were already hyperglycemic. Their study was to determine if these women were at greater risk of developing diabetes in the future. To no one's surprise, they were. And that led these two men to conclude that the "metabolic stress of pregnancy" exposed women to a "pre-diabetic status." But keep in mind, their research subjects had preexisting high blood glucose levels.
They also made an erroneous correlation that since insulin-dependent diabetes is a known risk to developing babies, this "pre-diabetic status" was as well. But their theory is unfounded. Diabetes types 1 and 2 are completely different in their manifestations and dangers than GD (GGI). For instance, both type 1 and 2 may result in blood vessel and kidney damage, the sequelae of which could be hypertension, insufficient circulation to the lower extremities, possible limb amputation and kidney disease. GD carries none of these risks.
Vacillating levels of high and low blood sugar during early pregnancy in type 1 diabetes might cause congenital malformations or miscarriage. Again, none of these serious complications are caused by GD. The only thing diabetes 1 and 2 share with GD is that the excess glucose goes directly to the babies, making them larger than they would be without the elevated blood sugar levels.
During pregnancy, the pancreas usually produces adequate amounts of insulin to regulate blood sugar levels. However, the hormone HPL (human placental lactogen) inhibits the maternal body's ability to transport the insulin properly out of the bloodstream and into cells, where it is used as fuel, resulting in elevated levels of glucose in the blood - or GD. So, in essence, there is more circulating blood sugar which the baby uses to grow and develop. And as pregnancy progresses, this delicate balance between adequate insulin levels and circulating blood sugar becomes trickier. After eating, blood sugar levels rise and by the time the third trimester comes, blood glucose levels are higher after eating than a woman who is not pregnant. (After a night's sleep, excess insulin goes to work to balance out the extra blood sugar, so morning levels of glucose are actually lower during pregnancy than in nonpregnant women - hypoglycemia.)
But there is a difference between elevated blood sugar levels and diabetes. And current research has not determined when high blood glucose levels, just shy of diabetes, cause harm to mothers and their babies. So screening for GD should come with an understanding, by both mother and her care provider, that the results may or may not be an indication of a serious problem.
Women can actively participate in their health during pregnancy by eating healthy, wholesome foods. They can avoid or control GD by consuming a diet rich in whole foods, high protein and high complex carbohydrates. They can start by eliminating empty calories - soda, white flour, white sugar, fructose and limit sweet desserts. Any food with a sugar content of more than 6 grams (read the label) should be accompanied by a protein source. Milk, often recommended by care providers for the necessary calcium it provides, and yogurt are filled with (milk) sugar and lactose is known to increase blood sugar levels. So consuming excessive dairy products might be contributing to high glucose values.
When eating cereals, the protein and fiber content should be more than 5g per serving and there should be less than 10g of sugar. One third of protein should come from complex carbohydrates. A glycemic index will help some women make healthier choices. And think color when it comes to food choices - the more varied and deeper the pallet, the healthier meals will be.
Clients with GD can still enjoy the benefits of massage. However, it is important to remember that massage, in general, lowers glucose levels. So you have to make sure your client's blood sugar level doesn't get too low, which can lead to impaired judgment and potential accidents. By providing your clients with a nourishing snack, it will raise their blood glucose level enough to get home safely where they can enjoy a healthful, wholesome meal.
Click here for previous articles by Elaine Stillerman, LMT.
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