resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
The Importance of Knowing Mainstream Lingo
There is a secret lingo within mainstream medicine of which the vast majority of acupuncturists and Chinese medical professionals are unaware.
Don't Trust What Your Patients Say
When a patient presents to the office for care, they typically have a specific complaint – lower back pain, whiplash, sinus congestion, sciatica, etc. They are often not interested or engaged in what they consider "unrelated" personal health history.
Replenishing and Restoring Jing
I learned an important principle from my great Taoist Master Sun Hak. He taught me that all people "leak" Jing, and that we can mitigate or stop this leaking, and as a result strengthen our life force, develop enhanced adaptability and lengthen our life.
Vibrational Medicine: Frequency Micro-Current and Color Acupuncture
Vibrational medicine involves the application of various forms of energy frequencies to the body for pain relief, healing and rejuvenation. Vibrational medicine will become a major growing trend in our medical systems for the following reasons:
Medical Qigong for the Heart: Part I
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, affecting people of all ages and backgrounds. Coronary heart disease, in just the United States alone, costs close to 109 billion dollars a year.
"Doctor ... Always Do the Right Thing"
So says "Da Mayor" in the iconic Spike Lee movie. As a fresh grad questioning in-network versus out-of-network, it struck me that some doctors have explicitly skirted the issue, while others have argued adamantly for the latter and "sticking it to the man."
Low Melatonin Linked to Risk of Advanced Prostate Cancer
Epidemiological and experimental studies suggest the hormone melatonin, which plays a role in regulating the sleep-wake cycle, may play a role in the development of prostate cancer, as lower melatonin levels have been associated with an increased risk of prostate (and breast) cancer.
Employers Need Chiropractic First and Sooner
From the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine comes a study that gives excellent direction to employers (and insurers) regarding the management of low back problems (LBP).
News In Brief
Pacific College of Oriental Medicine obtains grant funding from NIH; Yo San University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Announces New President; Kentucky Gets Licensed; PCOM Receives Approval from WASC to Offer FPD.
News in Brief
D'Youville Vet Program Gets High Praise; A Moment of Silence for Dr. Paul Reginald ("Reg") Hug.
New Leadership Era at the WFC
The World Federation of Chiropractic recently announced not only a new president, as is customary every two years, but also an incoming secretary-general, marking the first time since the WFC's inception in 1988 that someone other than David Chapman-Smith, Esq., will serve in that capacity.
CRREW Rallies for Ongoing Acupuncture Relief Effort in the Philippines
On November 8, 2013, Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) made her way through the Philippine Islands, leaving in her wake at least 7,000 people dead, millions homeless and complete communities destroyed.
Don't Trust What a Patient Says
When a patient presents to the office for care, they typically have a specific complaint in mind – lower back pain, whiplash, sinus congestion, sciatica, etc.
Shared Mechanisms Between Computer-Assisted Mechanical Adjusting and Contemporary Acupuncture?
Can contemporary acupuncture provide clues to the mechanisms responsible for pain relief provided by computer-assisted mechanical adjusting instruments, and clarify whether certain mechanical frequency combinations are superior to others for modulation of acute peripheral pain?
Wellness: A New Buzzword at the Aging in America Conference
Aging in America is "the nation's largest gathering of a diverse, multidisciplinary community of professionals in healthcare, social service, government, business and philanthropy with expertise in providing services and products for older adults."
We Get Letters & E-Mail
Imagine What More Could Be Achieved With Your Support; A Lesson in Hygiene: What Do You Do in Your Office? Open Letter to the Profession.
Home Sweet Medical Home
While the Affordable Care Act (ACA) has received its fair share of praise and criticism since its adoption, few question the value of its emphasis on collaborative, patient-centered health care.
Deciphering the New CMS-1500 Claim Form
Q: I am confused about how and when to use the new 1500 form, particularly block 14 and block 15. What is required and how do I properly fill out these fields? And do I actually have to use this new form or may I continue using the old version?
Medial Knee Pain: 11 Potential Causes (and Corrections)
We have all seen patients with medial knee pain that either has no traumatic origin or lasts well beyond when it should be resolved. How can we help these patients? Here is an overview of clinical scenarios and how we can provide conservative care.
The Boston Benevolent Chiropractic Clinic: Standing Up for the Needy
Our chiropractic assistant, Bridget, greeted an arriving patient at the Emmanuel Church in downtown Boston. She said, "Hi, Michael, good to see you. It's been awhile. Have a seat and Dr. Ken will see you soon."
Changes in Herbal Medicines from Ancient Times to the Present
The classical literature of Chinese medicine remains highly relevant in the modern era, as many of the basic theories and herbal combinations emphasized in clinical practice were first established in texts that are nearly 2000 years old.
Working With The Yuan-Source Level: Resonance and the Extraordinary Vessels
How do we stay fresh with our medicine? As healers, how do we balance our medical selves with creative artistry? Chinese Medicine is not a fixed dogmatic entity, but a living system, reliant on a mysterious force called "resonance."
The Search for the Origin of the Wiggle Technique
When Bob had adjusted me previously, most of the time I knew what he was doing. But this time, he had me lie on the treatment table in the usual side-posture position, and he "wiggled" my sacroiliac with the fingers of both hands, while stabilizing my pelvis with his forearm.
March, 2012, Vol. 12, Issue 03
The Relationship Between Doctors and Massage: A Look at the Past
By Judi Calvert, LMP
In 1888, a practicing physician in Carlsbad, Bohemia, by the name of Emil Kleen MD, PhD, wrote a book called the Handbook of Massage in his Swedish language. Dr. Kleen's work was translated into several languages.German writers of that time also began to write books on the subject of massage. Kleen wrote his book as an introduction for younger students of medicine to the indications and contraindications of massage. It was Kleen's "desire to combat the oft-expressed inclination to advance massage to the dignity of an exclusive method of treatment."
Kleen wanted the students and readers of his book to, "look upon massage as I do myself, viz., as a remedial measure, among many, that is capable of being frequently employed, but which is seldom to be resorted to by itself alone."
There were not many illustrations in Kleen's first book because he did not think they would be necessary, considering there were centers teaching massage at the time. His second book, published in 1921, was essentially the same text with some revisions and additions, along with several illustrations. Both books have wonderful chapters titled, "Massage to Diseases of the Joints and Eyes," "Massage for Frostbite," and "Contraindications to Massage."
Kleen's books were intended to support the continuation of manual therapy work that was so successful during World War I. The physicians of Europe, as well as Kleen, believed that manual therapies were very important as a part of their medical practice. Thus, he wrote about the benefits of massage to bring awareness to other doctors around the world. Kleen was a critic of lay practitioners. He and most physicians at the time believed massage was only valuable when performed by physicians and under their direction.
In Kleen's first book, he distinguishes between massage and gymnastics--a recurrent theme in his writings that drew criticism. His distinction was important when it came to applying either massage or gymnastics to the specific medical conditions. Kleen's description of massage was, "a mechanical action which if performed on the soft tissues, for a therapeutical purpose, by means of certain manipulations, namely, stroking, rubbing, kneading and striking." His definition of gymnastics was, "it involves the exercise of the organs of motion." Both forms of treatment he felt had, "many points in common." Kleen felt that most of the writers of the time did not distinguish the difference between these treatments. For the sake of being consistent, he thought it best to, "speak of the manipulations of massage, and of the movements of gymnastics." He felt that both practices were "branches of mechano-therapy, along with orthopaedeics." The conception of massage, in its entirety, embraces not only the manipulation of massage, but also their modes of action."
Here's a question for readers: Do you think that mechano-therapy came first or massage? Dr. Kleen felt that, based on his readings of history that, "on the whole, gymnastics have emerged within the domain of science earlier than massage, since the scientific requirements of the first are much more easily fulfilled than those of the latter." To prove his point, Kleen includes a time line in his book and wrote about several countries that pioneered mechano-therapy and massage.
Of those renowned physicians mentioned in Kleen's book were the Greeks. Kleen, "acclaims Asclepiaedes as the Father of mechano-therapy, for the invention of several devices designed to produce fluid movement through swinging, vibration or violent motion." Asclepiades was a Greek physician who practiced and taught medicine from 124-40 BC. Asclepiades also used massage extensively in his practice.
In the 1860's, Kleen felt that it was Dr. Mezger, of Amsterdam, who achieved fame in spreading the "impulse" of massage. Mezger convinced the public how important massage was and through his teachings to German and Scandinavian students, he had a great influence on the standing of massage by introducing it to the medical world.
The Technique of Massage
Kleen felt that "massage was an easy art, requiring less practice and skill than many other mechanical procedures which recur frequently in our calling, in which we all demand a certain amount of dexterity of ourselves--- as, for instance, in using the laryngoscope or the catheter, the performance of ordinary surgical operations, etc. To be a good masseur one must study anatomy and physiology and pathology." This was the difference that Dr. Kleen felt between a trained or untrained masseur.
The masseur had to have, "normal upper extremities, that are not too weak — the hands especially should not be too lean or small — and some aptness for mechanical work." So I guess people whose hands were either too big or too small were simply out of luck and had to find another career. Kleen believed that students of massage should spend time with an "expert teacher" to learn the correct techniques. When the student gets out on his own, Dr. Kleen felt that each student should, "work out his own technique which soon becomes as characteristic as his own handwriting."
Developing the skills required for accurate palpation tools is the hardest thing to achieve for the masseur, both then and now. This may have been where the phrase, "practice, practice and more practice" came about. Dr. Kleen felt that massage was usually best when given with the hand. He did mention that other masseurs used a variety of tools along with massage done by the hand. The hand techniques performed by the masseur were classified by the Mezger's School using the French terms "Effleurage," "Frictions," "Petrissage," and "Tapotement." I laughed my head off when I read that the Mezger School taught their students to use hog lard as a medium on the skin of massage patients.
Some things never change over time with beginners in massage. Using too much force is something all of them have in common. Dr. Kleen felt that, "on the other hand, professional masseurs go to the other extreme." Kleen felt that in some cases greater force with the hands to the tissues was necessary and if it caused, "spots to show up," the effect was minor and disappears quickly. Dr. Kleen wanted to correct statements some writers made that masseurs should, "not be too energetic as to cause sugillations or discolorations of the skin and that every spot of that sort is a reproach to the masseur."
What was great to learn from Dr. Kleen's book was that masseurs were using hypnotism and hypnotic suggestions with their patients along with massage. They were having wonderful results, but Dr. Kleen wanted to wait a few years before he would discuss it further. I have used hypnotism in my massage practice for a short period of time and also had good results. It was a research project that I did on clients who had been in a bad car accident. Dr. Kleen's book is a wonderful reference from the past, full of valuable information that is relevant today about massage, shared by doctors who had the courage to step out of their box to study, learn and teach massage along with the medicine that they practices in the late 1800's.
Click here for more information about Judi Calvert, LMP.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.