resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
February, 2012, Vol. 12, Issue 02
Freeing the Heart, Part 2: Equalizing the Pressure
By Dale G. Alexander, LMT, MA, PhD
Cardiovascular disease does not happen overnight. It is a progression that evolves over decades and genetic pre-disposition can accelerate this progression dramatically. That is why we read of so many people in the obituary column dying between the ages of 45 and 65 which is the prime demographic age range of so many of our clients.What is rarely considered is how these progressions toward cardiovascular disease figure into chronic somatic profiles that clients present to us every day and can dramatically affect their quality of life.
Two core principles of the Inside-Out Paradigm assert that the body's two imperatives are to allocate resources (oxygen and nutrition) as equitably as possible to all body tissues and to distribute the strains of physical and emotional stresses across as broad an area as possible. The allocation function is carried out by the blood vessels while the body's intricate reflex arc system governs the distribution of strain thesis. It is my premise that all forms of therapeutic massage and bodywork can positively influence these dynamic relationships.
The names that are given to cardiovascular problems are many and varied. The basic categories concern the heart itself and blood vessels. These terms include: heart attack, stroke, angina pectoris, atherosclerosis, arteriosclerosis and high blood pressure; all pathological progressions are labeled as diseases. I will explore other heart progressions that relate to disruptions in its electric rhythmic activity, infections and congenital pre-dispositions in a separate article.1
In order to de-mystify some of these terms, let's review the contrasting definitions of arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis since even pronouncing them tangles my tongue. According to the Mayo Clinic, healthy arteries are flexible, strong and elastic. Over time, however, too much pressure in your arteries can make the walls thick and stiff and sometimes restricting blood flow to your organs and tissues. This process is called arteriosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries. Atherosclerosis is a specific type of arteriosclerosis. Atherosclerosis refers to the buildup of fats in and on your artery walls (plaques), which can restrict blood flow. These plaques can also burst, causing a blood clot which can either affect your heart causing a heart attack or, if it reaches the brain, may provoke a stroke.1
Functionally then, the term that I propose which makes the most sense to our orientation as massage therapists is "endothelial health."2 This relates to understanding what happens along the internal walls of arteries as a result of increased pressure and the accumulation of calcium and fatty deposits along their inner vascular tubes. Constant high blood pressure hardens and stiffens the arterial walls and makes them more likely to sluff off plaques. Again, it's a progression of deterioration. Pressure is like the Goldilocks fable... too hard, then, too soft, and finally, ah, just right! Instead of seeing pressure as the enemy, let's resolve to learn how we might assist the body to equalize its internal pressure(s) "between" the body's three great cavities and "within its 60,000 miles of blood vessels."3
In 1987, Dr. Jean Pierre Barral DO, inspired my understanding that the pressure within the thoracic cage needs to be "less" than the pressure of the cranial cavity and within the abdominal-pelvic cavity in order for circulation to maintain a normal homeostatic flow of fluids back to the heart.4 With this perspective, our goal as massage therapists is to increase the pliability of the chest wall, especially around the space of the heart, and to also ease the tensions throughout the thoracic cavity. Let's add two steps to the proposed screening protocol from my last article. First, lift the client's head, memorize its weight. Next, palpate the tension of the abdominal wall.
At the end of any bodywork session, not only do we want the chest to become more distensible, we would also like the head to weigh less and the tension of the abdominal wall to ease. All three markers are reliable indicators in my clinical experience that the pressure between the cavities has equalized to some degree.
Let's review one "inside-out" technique that can jump-start the easing of thoracic pressure. Its effectiveness relies on the loosely organized areolar connective tissue along the posterior margin of the diaphragm muscle. Standing on the right side of your supine client, posteriorly contact the opposite side of the spinous processes, beginning at C7, with your upper hand and placing the palm of your lower hand just below the anterior costal arch. Softly anchor C7 with finger tips in contact with the opposite side of the vertebra then stretch the abdominal tissue inferior and medial toward the belly button. Feel for the connectedness between your hands. Your intention is to stretch the internal tissues within the chest so that at the interface of the diaphragm, the downward and medial stretch gaps the loose connective tissues allowing the thoracic pressure to flow from an area of greater concentration to one with a lower concentration. A diffusion gradient is being manually produced. This same procedure can be repeated along each vertebra from C7 - T12. Yes, do both sides.
This approach is not the whole enchilada, but it consistently primes the pump between the thorax and the abdominal-pelvic cavities. And, this technique allows for a two for one potential effect. This same long lever stretching while anchoring each vertebra creates a potential rocker effect to the vertebral/rib complex which is theorized to hydrate and contribute to mobilizing the posterior thoracic spine. Therefore, is my premise that the progression toward all forms of cardiovascular disease is a backstory lurking behind many chronic somatic problems. It is also my assertion that as massage therapists we can make a real difference in the quality of life for our clients as we aspire to comprehend how the human body really works.
Click here for more information about Dale G. Alexander, LMT, MA, PhD.
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