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Uncle Sam Needs You
Scrutiny into the Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA) continues to grow after efforts to reform the DVA by the former Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Eric Shinseki, were deemed "a stunning period of dysfunction" by Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.).
Thoracolumbar Syndrome: The Great Mimic
The thoracolumbar junction is a common area of joint dysfunction. The most obvious cause is dysfunctional breathing or lack of diaphragmatic breathing. Treating this breathing problem will ultimately be the long-term cure for the syndrome.
A Glimpse Into China's Top Brain Hospital
The sounds of the city pass through the open window are overwhelming the microphone - car horns, construction machinery - and then there's the family at the adjacent bed talking loudly on cell phones, yet you can still hear the faint beep of our patients monitoring equipment.
The Truth About Herbs
I appreciate the effort and research put into the article written in the June issue of Acupuncture Today regarding pesticides and Chinese herbs.
A Healthy Dose of Failure is Vital to Your Success
As an acupuncturist I tend to see people after they have already suffered for years and "tried everything." They are so desperate for some relief that they want to know everything about how to get better, right now.
History of Animal Acupuncture: Part II
In Part I of this article, I had gone back to 1969 and tried to describe the atmosphere and events of that year that engulfed many of the younger generation, some who were all the core members of the National Acupuncture Association.
News in Brief
NBCE Launches Computer-Based Testing Era; California Chiropractors Get Expanded DOT Exam Privileges; New Jeff Hays Documentary.
If You Get a Request for Records, Respond!
In our previous two articles, we discussed two of the main reasons for denial when chiropractic records are reviewed by Medicare contractors.
MPA Media Wins Seven Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Acupuncture Today, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecendented seven publishing awards by the ASBPE, the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
Rethinking GMO: Less Panic, More Context
Some of you may have noticed that after writing parts 1 and 2 of “Genetic Modification of Organisms for Human Consumption” a while back [Nov. 15, 2013 and Jan. 1, 2014 issues], part 3 never appeared.
Medicalization and Mindfulness
The past several years have seen a veritable explosion of research on mindfulness. Research abstracts we've published in each issue of Health Insights Today under the heading "Mind-Body News" have increasingly reported on studies about mindfulness interventions.
When Big Pharma Meets Chinese Medicine
Earlier this year, Bayer made a media splash with their decision to buy the Dihon Pharmaceutical Group Co., a Chinese TCM manufacturer.
The Spirit of the Point
After receiving a large amount of positive feedback on my San Zhen Protocols series, I have decided to focus this article on some relevant clinical aspects of acupuncture therapy prior to moving on to San Zhen Protocols III.
The Problem With Prolonged Sitting
We need to constantly talk to our patients about spending less time sitting and about what can go wrong with poor sitting postures. The fact is we sit too long in repetitive malpositions.
Let the Patient Tell Their Story
Often when a patient presents with an injury, they want to tell their story. People by nature like to talk about themselves, particularly when they're worried about their health.
A Commonly Missed Spinal Fixation: The Upper Lumbar Spine (Part 1)
When we think of lower back pain, we tend to think in terms of the lower lumbar spine and the SI joint. These joints and their discs are obviously important. However, we tend to miss fixations that occur just above – in the upper lumbar spine. Three questions come to mind: 1) Why is the upper lumbar spine so important? 2) Why do we miss the fixations here? 3) How can we adjust them?
The Science Behind Happiness
Are you happy right now? Whether yes or no, there are a myriad of reasons why you feel that way. A whole academic discipline has developed to find out what causes or obstructs happiness, and how to amplify it.
Help Secure Our Future by Sharing It
The National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) conducts one of the most comprehensive surveys of the U.S. chiropractic profession every 4-5 years.
Get Ready For AOM Day
This year, AOM Day 2014 falls on Friday, (October 24th). This is a great opportunity to make your AOM Day celebration or event even bigger by extending it throughout the weekend!
Healing Community Trauma in Israel and Palestine
It's the beginning of August and Israel and Hamas have just agreed to a 72-hour ceasefire after a month of brutal fighting. In the last four weeks, 1,830 Palestinians and 67 Israelis have been killed.
Improving Our Political Effectiveness
The November 2014 elections are right around the corner; members of Congress, governors and state legislators are all running. Now is a good time to talk frankly about our overall political involvement.
February, 2012, Vol. 12, Issue 02
Seeing Your Massage Clients Through a New Lens
By Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR
I've worked with people young and old with complex medical conditions since 1979 when I began my career as an occupational therapist. From rehabilitation centers, home health agencies, psychiatric hospitals, hospices and long-term care facilities, I've been around the block a time or two.But my work the past decade as a massage therapist has helped me see things through a new lens.
One such thing is the importance of distinguishing between a primary diagnosis and the secondary conditions resulting from the primary illness or injury. It's important to realize that secondary conditions can impact our clinical reasoning, leading to modifications in our approach or techniques, as well as our own feelings and emotional reaction to our client.
There are many diagnosis commonly found in older adults who require skilled nursing or home care. However, I'm focusing on only one — Parkinson's disease, a progressive neurological disorder. Nerve cells located in the area of the brain that controls movement degenerate causing symptoms associated with this disease. In spite of aggressive research, the exact cause is unknown; however there is speculation that genes and environmental toxins might play a role.
So, let me ask, is it necessary to be an expert about Parkinson's disease to have a safe and beneficial massage session for a person with the disease? I don't think so. It's not the diagnosis itself that drives our approach, but rather our observations of the secondary conditions or symptoms. Secondary conditions are those things we can see, feel, hear and sense during a session. They impact our decisions about how to carry out a session; how we position our client; how we communicate; what techniques to use.
What follows are three secondary conditions (symptoms) of Parkinson's disease and corresponding questions that influenced my own clinical reasoning when a woman was referred for massage therapy sessions to improve physical comfort and sleep. Mrs. P. was a woman with advanced Parkinson's disease being cared for in her home by family and a team of home care professionals.
Symptoms included tremor while at rest, involuntary shaking of an extremity, often the hands when the muscles are relaxed. For example, the hands shake when they are lying in the lap. But when the person reaches for something or performs other purposeful movement, the tremor is lessened. Clinical questions: Will her hands shake while I'm trying to massage them? If so, is it okay to massage them anyway? How much pressure should I use? Would compression be a good technique to use? Will massage help quiet the tremor?
When I started seeing Mrs. P., I noticed her right hand had a mild tremor that continued as we talked about how she wanted to receive her massage. I determined that gentle compression techniques to the arm and shoulder attachment sites would be a good technique to use since compression has an inhibitory effect on the nervous system. If compression did not ease the tremor, I understood there was still benefit to offering unconditional touch to sooth her.
Bradykinesia is when people have difficulty initiating movement and appear to move in slow-motion and walk with small, shuffling steps. Speech becomes slurred because the muscles of the mouth and tongue are affected and some people have a mask-like facial expression. It was clear that Mrs. P. was not able to get onto a massage table. Should I use a table-top massage device or have her get up on the bed? Is the area free of clutter or anything that might be a fall risk should she need to move from the chair? Should I have her remove clothing knowing that it takes her a long time to do so? She had a mask-like look on her face making it difficult to read her non-verbal expressions. How else might I determine her reactions and watch for signs of pain?
Mrs. P's speech was very hard to understand because she had difficulty forming the words and her voice was very soft. It took my full attention to understand. But she made it clear that she preferred to get onto her bed for our sessions. Her daughter helped her transfer from the chair to the bed. Mrs. P's movements were excruciatingly slow making the process difficult. It took several minutes for Mrs. P. to get settled in a supine position on the bed. She was dressed in loose fitting clothes and I decided it best to not ask her to remove anything. We would work around and through the clothing.
There was muscle rigidity and atrophy causing stiffness and sometimes painful contractures in the arms, legs and trunk. Is there pain? Does it hurt to move? How much range of motion is present? Should I try stretching it? Are there any positioning techniques I could use to increase her comfort and support during the massage?
As the disease progressed, Mrs. P's muscles became very tight and stiff especially in her arms, legs and neck. She now found it extremely difficult to speak and was now mostly silent. But she was alert and her eyes were bright. Now, when I arrived for our evening sessions she was already in bed. Her arms were usually bent at the elbow and held tightly to her chest. Muscle spasticity in her legs caused them to be clasped together and crossed at the ankles. Her daughter reported that Mrs. P. had difficulty sleeping because of pain. I discovered that effleurage strokes, gentle compression and focused touch, eased the spasticity that caused the stiff posture and she was able to relax her arms enough to be placed comfortably on pillows at her side. Her legs relaxed allowing them to uncross at the ankles. Within minutes of starting our session Mrs. P's eyes would close as she drifted into sleep. Her family reported that on nights she had massage she slept through the night, giving all of them much needed rest.
As our sessions continued, the fact that Mrs. P. had Parkinson's disease became less relevant in my mind. More important were my keen observation skills; meeting her in present time, responding to each moment of every session and allowing her to receive the gift of touch in any way that served her. Sometimes that meant having her cat sit on her stomach watching my every move. I'm not sure if that's a secondary condition or not, but I know I sure enjoyed it!
According to the Mayo Clinic, "Massage therapy can reduce muscle tension and promote relaxation, which may be especially helpful to people experiencing muscle rigidity associated with Parkinson's disease."
Click here for more information about Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR.
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