resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Curbing Label Overwhelm
For the average consumer, reading a food package can be overwhelming: natural, organic, non-GMO, gluten free, free range ... you get the picture.
The Acupuncture Success Express
Time is passing very quickly these days. We are atoms half the way through the year of the horse. You could call it "horse racing season" for this profession. Perhaps it is time for reinvention during this time.
Healing With Hope
Ella is a Gulf War veteran and a survivor of military sexual trauma. Like hundreds of veterans, Ella was on 11 different medications for depression, anxiety, insomnia, irritable bowel syndrome and chronic pain.
Spotlight on Acupuncture Research at IRCIMH
Acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine were well-represented at the International Research Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health (IRCIMH)- 2014 which took place in Miami from May 13–16.
Knee Pain From the Kinetic Chain
As practitioners of manual medicine, chiropractors often treat patients suffering from knee pain.
Coding for the Subluxation: ICD-9 vs. ICD-10
When I attended chiropractic school, I was taught that chiropractors approach health care differently than the traditional medical establishment.
Remembering Clarence Gonstead and 50 Years of the Gonstead Clinic
Dr. Clarence Selmer Gonstead (1898-1978) took chiropractic practice from back-alley bone setting to an understandable biomechanical science. His life was dedicated to clinical competency.
Best Practices for Website Success
If one asked 10 years ago whether a website was relevant I was the first to suggest no. Yet as the world moves increasingly towards electronic information there is a dire need to have a website for your practice. Your website is actually your electronic calling card.
The Science of Stretching
In 1986, Rob DeCastella set a course record by running the Boston Marathon in 2:07:51, just 39 seconds off the world record.
Looking For Answers In Many Places
I am sure we have all heard the old adage: "When the only tool in your toolbox is a hammer, everything starts to look like a nail."
Immunizations by Colorado DCs: Really?
You probably didn't hear about it, but back on Nov. 21, 2013, the Board of Directors of the Colorado Chiropractic Association (CCA) adopted "immunization authority" for Colorado DCs as its No. 2 legislative goal.
Medical Qigong for the Heart: Part II
Chinese Medicine is rich in commentary regarding the emotions and how they affect our qi.
Hazards in the Environment Making Your Patients Sick
Working both separately and together, Western and Chinese medicine have many successes in the treatment of the myriad diseases that afflict human beings in modern times.
Inside Liver Failure, Cirrhosis and Cancer
The Liver belongs to Wood in Five Element Theory and is in charge of Dispersing and Expanding which means all the processing and detoxifying of harmful substances such as medications and chemicals require the efforts of the Liver.
Deciphering The New CMS 1500 Claim Form
Q: I am confused on using the new 1500 form, particularly Block 14 and Block 15. What is required and how do I properly fill these out? And do I actually have to use this new form or may I continue using the old version?
Are You a Bad Chiropractic Patient?
My father was a great DC. In fact, as you might expect, he was the doctor of chiropractic I measured all other doctors against. Sadly, he died at age 61 when I was in my early 30s.
Vaccines and Chiropractic: Evidence-Based Medicine or Medical Dogma?
Right or wrong, the chiropractic profession has historically been against vaccinations. However, a growing trend within the profession is seeking to reverse this position.
Why You Should Include the Single-Leg Stance Test in Every Patient Assessment
The single-leg stance (SLS) test, also known as the single-limb stance test, unipedal stance test or one-legged stance / balance test, is often used in the geriatric population to assess static postural and balance control.
The Kidney Official
The Kidney is known as the Official Who Controls the Waterways. In Western medical terms, a major function of the Kidneys is to filter the blood. Every day, a person's kidneys process about 200 liters of blood to sift out about two liters of waste and excess water.
By the Numbers: 3 Common Financial Mistakes With Major Consequences
Warren Buffett is on record for sharing the hidden art of becoming wealthy and making it simple enough for anyone to grasp.
Fibromyalgia: Put the Pain in Its Place
While some fibromyalgia patients respond favorably to regular chiropractic care, others experience minimal relief. Unfortunately, many of these patients must rely on pharmacological management to relieve their constant pain.
February, 2012, Vol. 12, Issue 02
Seeing Your Massage Clients Through a New Lens
By Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR
I've worked with people young and old with complex medical conditions since 1979 when I began my career as an occupational therapist. From rehabilitation centers, home health agencies, psychiatric hospitals, hospices and long-term care facilities, I've been around the block a time or two.But my work the past decade as a massage therapist has helped me see things through a new lens.
One such thing is the importance of distinguishing between a primary diagnosis and the secondary conditions resulting from the primary illness or injury. It's important to realize that secondary conditions can impact our clinical reasoning, leading to modifications in our approach or techniques, as well as our own feelings and emotional reaction to our client.
There are many diagnosis commonly found in older adults who require skilled nursing or home care. However, I'm focusing on only one — Parkinson's disease, a progressive neurological disorder. Nerve cells located in the area of the brain that controls movement degenerate causing symptoms associated with this disease. In spite of aggressive research, the exact cause is unknown; however there is speculation that genes and environmental toxins might play a role.
So, let me ask, is it necessary to be an expert about Parkinson's disease to have a safe and beneficial massage session for a person with the disease? I don't think so. It's not the diagnosis itself that drives our approach, but rather our observations of the secondary conditions or symptoms. Secondary conditions are those things we can see, feel, hear and sense during a session. They impact our decisions about how to carry out a session; how we position our client; how we communicate; what techniques to use.
What follows are three secondary conditions (symptoms) of Parkinson's disease and corresponding questions that influenced my own clinical reasoning when a woman was referred for massage therapy sessions to improve physical comfort and sleep. Mrs. P. was a woman with advanced Parkinson's disease being cared for in her home by family and a team of home care professionals.
Symptoms included tremor while at rest, involuntary shaking of an extremity, often the hands when the muscles are relaxed. For example, the hands shake when they are lying in the lap. But when the person reaches for something or performs other purposeful movement, the tremor is lessened. Clinical questions: Will her hands shake while I'm trying to massage them? If so, is it okay to massage them anyway? How much pressure should I use? Would compression be a good technique to use? Will massage help quiet the tremor?
When I started seeing Mrs. P., I noticed her right hand had a mild tremor that continued as we talked about how she wanted to receive her massage. I determined that gentle compression techniques to the arm and shoulder attachment sites would be a good technique to use since compression has an inhibitory effect on the nervous system. If compression did not ease the tremor, I understood there was still benefit to offering unconditional touch to sooth her.
Bradykinesia is when people have difficulty initiating movement and appear to move in slow-motion and walk with small, shuffling steps. Speech becomes slurred because the muscles of the mouth and tongue are affected and some people have a mask-like facial expression. It was clear that Mrs. P. was not able to get onto a massage table. Should I use a table-top massage device or have her get up on the bed? Is the area free of clutter or anything that might be a fall risk should she need to move from the chair? Should I have her remove clothing knowing that it takes her a long time to do so? She had a mask-like look on her face making it difficult to read her non-verbal expressions. How else might I determine her reactions and watch for signs of pain?
Mrs. P's speech was very hard to understand because she had difficulty forming the words and her voice was very soft. It took my full attention to understand. But she made it clear that she preferred to get onto her bed for our sessions. Her daughter helped her transfer from the chair to the bed. Mrs. P's movements were excruciatingly slow making the process difficult. It took several minutes for Mrs. P. to get settled in a supine position on the bed. She was dressed in loose fitting clothes and I decided it best to not ask her to remove anything. We would work around and through the clothing.
There was muscle rigidity and atrophy causing stiffness and sometimes painful contractures in the arms, legs and trunk. Is there pain? Does it hurt to move? How much range of motion is present? Should I try stretching it? Are there any positioning techniques I could use to increase her comfort and support during the massage?
As the disease progressed, Mrs. P's muscles became very tight and stiff especially in her arms, legs and neck. She now found it extremely difficult to speak and was now mostly silent. But she was alert and her eyes were bright. Now, when I arrived for our evening sessions she was already in bed. Her arms were usually bent at the elbow and held tightly to her chest. Muscle spasticity in her legs caused them to be clasped together and crossed at the ankles. Her daughter reported that Mrs. P. had difficulty sleeping because of pain. I discovered that effleurage strokes, gentle compression and focused touch, eased the spasticity that caused the stiff posture and she was able to relax her arms enough to be placed comfortably on pillows at her side. Her legs relaxed allowing them to uncross at the ankles. Within minutes of starting our session Mrs. P's eyes would close as she drifted into sleep. Her family reported that on nights she had massage she slept through the night, giving all of them much needed rest.
As our sessions continued, the fact that Mrs. P. had Parkinson's disease became less relevant in my mind. More important were my keen observation skills; meeting her in present time, responding to each moment of every session and allowing her to receive the gift of touch in any way that served her. Sometimes that meant having her cat sit on her stomach watching my every move. I'm not sure if that's a secondary condition or not, but I know I sure enjoyed it!
According to the Mayo Clinic, "Massage therapy can reduce muscle tension and promote relaxation, which may be especially helpful to people experiencing muscle rigidity associated with Parkinson's disease."
Click here for more information about Ann Catlin, LMT, NCTMB, OTR.
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