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Qigong for Substance Abuse
It is commonly believed that substance abuse, in addition to harming one’s physiological state, hurts the spirit. There is also a belief that one’s spirit does not weaken due to substance abuse, but rather, the person finds solace in addiction due to an already weak spirit.
Acupuncture Points: Broadening Our Scope and Diagnostic Work
As every practitioner knows, the correct diagnosis is everything. Most healing disciplines rely on the use of symptomatology for their treatment implementation. Beyond symptomatology, we have clinical tests to provide more objective findings.
We Get Letters & Email
Our Country Needs Us Between Elections, Too; Continuing Care: We Aren't There Yet; Our Associations Need to Do More.
Prepare for the End, From the Beginning: Wealth Building and Retirement with the Tao
Yin and yang flow into and out from one another continually. Beginnings become endings and endings become beginnings again. Wholeness and cycles are the nature of Tao.
The winter season is upon us and offers unique challenges for the clinician and patient alike. To effectively navigate through the winter season there are two main TCM medicinals, Huang Qi and Gan Jiang, to consider, as well as two important formulas which feature these two TCM treasures.
Another Step Forward for Chiropractic
Chiropractic is now available to 86,000-plus Latter-Day Saints missionaries and you are invited to become a provider. LDS membership in not required; our only concern is that our missionaries get the best quality care available.
True Practice Mobility for the Chiropractic Profession
When natural disasters occur, chiropractors can literally travel to the other side of the world to offer humanitarian relief in less than a day. The chiropractor's license to legally practice, however, can't make it past the state line.
The Case Report: A Valuable Tool
Case reports are a valuable form of descriptive research. The most basic form of practice-based research, a case report is a detailed account of the history, presenting symptoms, assessment, observations, treatment and follow-up of an individual patient, discussed in the context of prior and potential future research.
Flirting With Alternative Therapies
There are about as many adjunct therapies being marketed to acupuncturists as there are acupuncturists. While some may remain purist in their application of traditional Chinese medicine, others choose to explore new horizons of treatment.
Scar Reduction With Acupuncture & Microneedling (Part 2)
Protocols and treatment Timing: A course of treatments should be performed over a period of 12 weeks if possible. Microneedling should be performed once every two weeks.
A New Year and Vision for the ACA
Inadequate pain management coupled with the epidemic of prescription opioid overuse and abuse has taken a severe toll on the lives of millions of people in the United States. Every day, more than 1,000 people are treated in the ER for misusing prescription opioids.
The Acupuncture Channel System (Part 1)
The earliest Chinese reference to channels is in the Mawangdui Medical Manuscripts,1 which are dated to the Warring States period of the Zhou Dynasty (475 BC-221 AD). The text presents 11 channels. There are no acupuncture points listed in those channels.
Five Branches University Has First Hospital TCM Residency
Established in 1984, Five Branches University (FBU) has campuses in Santa Cruz and San Jose, Calif., which serve the communities of Santa Cruz, the Monterey Bay, and Silicon Valley.
A Conversation With Dr. Betty Edmond
This month's column is an exclusive interview with Betty Edmond MD, newly elected CEO/President of the AOMA Graduate School of Integrative Medicine in Austin, Texas.
Nutrition for Menopause: Front-Line Therapy for All Phases
Of all the changes women experience during their reproductive life, there is no doubt the most dreaded are the three phases of menopause. This is not surprising since all of the symptoms associated with menopause are replete with unpleasantness.
News in Brief
Updated Neck Pain & Whiplash Guideline; Attention, IHS DCs; New VP of Institutional Advancement At Palmer; N.J. DC Interns At U.S. Olympic Training Center; Chiropractic Society Of R.I. On The Front Lines.
Anti-Aging With Dr. Ping Zhang
Jennifer Waters, TCM practitioner and writer of the Acupuncture Today column, "Talking With the Masters" sat down with Dr. Ping Zhang to discuss aniti-aging with acupuncture.
Shoulder Rehab: Start With the Scapula
The scapula is an incredible display of elegance and movement within the biomechanics of human motion. It's evolved for mobility and stability in the scapulo-thoracic region, giving us the ability to do things that are uniquely human, such as throwing with accuracy.
Low Back Pain in Running Athletes
After 7 million years of adapting to upright postures, the lumbar spine and pelvis have become remarkably adept at managing ground-reactive forces associated with running.
Crow Like the Rooster
As we welcome in the Year of the Rooster, we look at some of its major characteristics: confidence and communication, which suits the image we have of the Rooster...strutting in the farmyard, crowing to the others that it's time to wake up.
An Opportunity & a Responsibility
Nearly 80 Americans die from an opioid-related overdose every day, and spine-related pain is one of the principle drivers of opioid use. This unfortunate situation creates both an opportunity and a responsibility.
Let's Clear Up the Collection Confusion
This is an often-misunderstood practice swirling with misinformation. First, a few basics: Insurance is a contract between the patient and the insurance company. The insurance company is simply making a payment for services or care on behalf of the patient.
January, 2012, Vol. 12, Issue 01
Rubefacient Essential Oils for Pain Relief
By Shellie Enteen, RA, BA, LMBT
According to Mosby's Medical Dictionary, the word 'rubefacient' derives from two Latin words: ruber, red, facere, to make, and it is defined as:
This redness is caused by dilation of capillaries and increased blood circulation; a property that is useful for many client issues where pain or stiffness is present. An abstract published in Medline in 1982 reports the effects of a rubefacient commonly used by massage therapists and containing essential oils of cassia and clove called Tiger Balm. They tested application on rabbit skin to discover the effect of long term use and found that, "Tiger Balm Red (which contained 5% cassia oil plus 5% clove oil) caused irritation consisting of erythema, eschar formation and some oedema, to which a degree of tolerance developed. This irritation resulted in hyperkeratosis and sometimes inflammatory changes but no major damage to the skin. Tiger Balm White (no cassia oil and 2% clove oil) was better tolerated and produced less irritation and histological change than either Tiger Balm Red or a mixture of commercial waxes similar in composition to the wax base for Tiger Balm Red. None of the treatments produced any signs of systemic toxicity."
From this study, we learn two important things: rubefacients are well tolerated and don't cause permanent damage, and cassia oil is much more irritating than clove. Trained aromatherapists know this and also how important it is to dilute the rubefacient essential oils by putting them into carrier oil (such as almond, sesame, or my favorite, fractionated coconut) before use on the skin. And cassia (cinnamomum cassia) is listed in Sylla Sheppard Hanger's Aromatherapy Practitioner Manual, Vol. I as being a "DERMAL IRRITANT, avoid use on sensitive or damaged skin; use very highly diluted if at all."
There are many other essential oils that deliver the rubefacient property and which are more commonly used in massage application. They increase circulation in the skin and muscle tissue, creating relief from pain through an anti-inflammatory effect as well as helping to clear the tissue of byproducts of prior inflammation. They provide a comforting feeling of warmth as they accelerate metabolism in the area. Rubefacient essential oils are used to treat conditions such as rheumatoid and osteoarthritis, back pain, bunion, bursitis (application to area without massage or manipulation), muscle cramps, sciatica, strain and sprain. Frequently, they are paired with essential oils that increase detoxification, such as juniper berry (Juniperus communis), carrot seed (Daucus carota) and lemon* (Citrus limon). This is especially helpful for joint pain and arthritis. They can also be blended with more relaxing anti-inflammatory analgesics like lavender (Lavandula angustifolia, Lavandula spica) or German chamomile (Matricaria recutita) where stress and tension is known to be a major cause of muscle pain.
The commonly used rubefacient essential oils are:
You can read profiles on some of those essences in an article on the stimulating essential oils published in the November 2011 issue of Massage Today. Nutmeg is less commonly used and has a reputation for having psychotropic properties. Studies have shown that this is true for whole nutmeg, while the essential oil is weak in the myristicin and elimicin content that metabolize to produce hallucinogenic effects. It is unlikely that non-oral use of the essential oil of nutmeg (the only safe method for delivering this and most essential oils) would have any such affects at all.
An example of a blend for chronic arthritis might be (in 1 oz of carrier oil):
An example of a blend for neck and/or back pain due to tension (in 1 oz of carrier oil):
Blending tip: Essential oils of higher aroma intensity require fewer drops.
*Expressed lemon essential oil is phototoxic. Avoid exposure to sunlight for 18 hours after use, or use distilled lemon essential oil.
Shellie Enteen resides in Greer, S.C., and can be reached at . Shellie will be teaching a three day aromatherapy CEU workshop at the AMTA South Carolina Chapter Spring Mini-Convention in Charleston, SC, March 16-18th, 2012. More more information, visit www.amta-sc.org. For a brief biography, a printable version of this article and a link to previous articles, visit Shellie's columnist page at www.massagetoday.com/columnists/enteen.
Click here for previous articles by Shellie Enteen, RA, BA, LMBT.
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