resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
What's New in the NCCIH Strategic Plan
The NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) released its draft strategic plan 2016-2021 for public comment in early spring of 2016.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
Code Connection: Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
January, 2012, Vol. 12, Issue 01
Nurturing Touch in the NICU
By Tina Allen, LMT, CPMMT, CPMT, CIMT
When a baby is born prematurely, parents and caregivers of babies in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) may face some serious challenges. One of the main challenges is likely providing appropriate tactile stimulation.This can be difficult given the number of doctors rounds, medical equipment and requirements for medical interventions. Not only are there the physical limitations, but also consider the emotional component of seeing your baby covered in medical tubes, much smaller in size than you imagined, and the insecurity of not knowing what would be appropriate or might cause harm. When baby does become stable enough for touch, what can a parent or caregiver do to provide comfort to their child? One of the best approaches can be infant massage.
Touch therapy research has demonstrated that nurturing touch for an infant is critical in establishing the foundation of their psychological well-being. When it comes to babies born prematurely, this can become even more important. Evidence has shown that massage therapy provided for neonates:
These recent research findings show there are significant benefits to infant massage that out weigh over-stimulation. Even a simple intervention of massaging a baby's leg prior to a heel stick might decrease pain responses. A nurse I trained at the Sutton's Children's Hospital used this very technique. With the parent's permission, she provided a gentle massage to a neonates lower extremities prior to rounds for blood draw. When the healthcare provider "poked" baby's heels and began to take the sample, he commented about how quickly it worked, and the need to only "poke" once. The nurse shared with me, how she smiled and let the healthcare provider in on her secret. A little massage goes a long way! Now, the healthcare provider plans to massage each baby's legs before administering a heel stick. Not only did it make his job easier, the baby cried less. Sounds like a win-win for all involved. Properly applied techniques produce increased benefits and should be used safely to ensure effectiveness.
Due to the baby's immaturity at birth, it is not appropriate to immediately begin providing massage therapy, but rather to implement nurturing techniques employed by parents and healthcare providers. Once the infant is stable enough, skin-to-skin contact should be utilized to provide appropriate stimulation and encourage bonding between parent and child. This skin-to-skin contact might be in the form of placing the baby securely on the parent's chest as is done with the technique of Kangaroo Care. Kangaroo Care can be a very simple, but powerful intervention providing the infant with stability in regulating heart rate, respiration and body temperature.
There are specific guidelines and protocols to follow prior to introducing infant massage in the neonatal intensive care unit. In addition to providing regular attentive care such as cuddling, holding and comforting, massage should be introduced slowly and with extra care. The baby must meet minimal weight and neurological requirements prior to introducing infant massage. However, as the baby shows stability in response to Kangaroo Care, nurturing touch and containment holds are the next steps to safely progress towards the introduction of infant massage therapy.
Containment holds are performed while always being mindful of the baby's states, cues and all verbal and non-verbal communication. Caregivers are encouraged to watch the baby closely for physiological cues (color changes, tremors, startles), motor state (tone, reflexes), behavioral state (alertness) and skin state (response to stimulation) responses. Whenever the baby exhibits any stress cues or overstimulation cues, it is time for the baby to have a break from tactile stimulation.
The best way to perform containment holds is to first ask the caregiver to relax and then proceed slowly. It is always optional for parents and caregivers to provide nurturing touch, as opposed to outside healthcare providers. This is due to the fact that the caregivers need to feel competent caring for their baby, as well as to encourage bonding to take place between parent and child.
The caregiver should always ask the baby's permission prior to beginning, by speaking gently, warming their hands and asking if it is okay to continue. Throughout the hands-on session, caregivers must watch baby's cues and follow their lead. Mindful of any medical apparatus, hands placed in two safe locations on baby's body. Common places to begin include head and feet, both arms/shoulders, and back/abdomen.
First, caregivers consider each baby's individual touch history and medical intervention history, and caution is used in areas where we believe the baby may have experienced discomfort. Especially on the heels, time must be taken before ever touching the heels. Due to the repetitive heel sticks these infants receive, touching this area might not immediately be well received.
It is imperative that any and all monitors are watched for changes, and that direct placement over medical apparatus is avoided. No lubricant is used on the hands while performing containment holds, as doing so may cause hands to slip, increase possibilities of infection or possible dislodgement of medical lines.
Parents are reminded to always watch baby's cues and make eye contact. Due to an infant's compact sensory receptors and their developmental immaturity, a little touch goes a long way. It can be very easy to cause over stimulation. This is never our goal. Sometimes, just placing your hands on two areas, then pausing and starting again another time, is the best route to safely introduce nurturing touch and containment holds without overstimulation.
Safety and precaution is always the best way to introduce touch in the NICU. Due to their baby's compromised health, many families with babies in the NICU have some delays in bonding. Delays in the bonding process might occur for a variety of reasons, and nurturing touch, along with infant massage, can be very beneficial in contributing to establishing the bond between parent and child.
Nurturing touch and massage contain all of the elements necessary to begin the process of bonding, introduce appropriate tactile stimulation and encourage healthy development. When provided safely, infant massage might be just the nurturing intervention an infant needs to cope with medical interventions and encourage optimum development.
Click here for more information about Tina Allen, LMT, CPMMT, CPMT, CIMT.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.