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The Chiropractor's Guide to CRISPR
Science magazine's "Breakthrough of the Year" award for 2015 was described as "the gene-editing tool called CRISPR." CRISPR stands for "clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats."
Treating the Terrain of Chronic Sinus Infections
Chronic sinus infections can be stubborn to treat, but the therapeutic path forward can be simplified when utilizing three distinct treatment principles which take into account the terrain of the body, and the way in which microbes grow.
What's Bugging You? Probiotics and Your Health
An estimated 100 trillion microorganisms representing more than 500 different species inhabit every normal, healthy bowel. Gut-dwelling bacteria keep pathogens in check, aid digestion and nutrient absorption, and contribute to immune function.
5 Ways to Enhance Your Family Practice
Every practice has a personality style. A practice that caters to athletes, PI cases or adults, for example, projects differently to patients than a family wellness practice.
Shedding Light on the Benefits of Heliotherapy
I can't imagine anyone not feeling good strolling in the sun on a beautiful spring day. The sun is responsible for all life on earth and is best illustrated along the equator touting the richest biodiversity on the planet, in stark contrast to the Arctic Circle and South Pole.
How to Correct a Cuboid Subluxation
Cuboid subluxation is a poorly recognized condition, even though it is not uncommon. It has been described in the literature under various names: cuboid subluxation, cuboid syndrome, locked cuboid, dropped cuboid, cuboid fault syndrome or peroneal cuboid syndrome.
Integrative Cardiology: The Heart of TCM & Western Medicine
Patient centered therapy is a growing trend in hospitals that are expanding to boutique services.
The Qi Focus: A Guide to Managing Stress
Stress, are you experiencing heightened stress levels? Your own, and your clients? Is Trumpitis getting to you? I recently polled a cluster of acupuncturists, Asian Bodywork Therapists (ABT) and psychotherapy colleagues on the issue.
The First (Only) Choice for Spinal Pain
The study on NSAIDs for spinal pain summarized on the front page of this issue is intriguing on a number of levels, the most obvious being the conclusion that "compared with placebo, NSAIDs do not provide a clinically important effect on spinal pain, and six patients must be treated with NSAIDs for one patient to achieve a clinically important benefit in the short-term."
Toxicity & Kids: The Importance of Environmental Intake
The old adage is true that children are not little adults. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has long known that the physiology of children is unique, as are the diseases that plague them.
Chiropractic: A Great Fit for the White House
Dr. Eric Kaplan is a New York Chiropractic College alumnus; a No. 1 best-selling author whose books include Awaken the Wellness Within and The 5 Minute Motivator; a chiropractor for professional sports teams and elite athletes; and even served as an advisor under the Clinton Administration to the President's Council on Sports & Physical Fitness.
Give Your Patients the Ergonomic Advantage
Prolonged sitting contributes to low back pain and is a health risk. When I discuss my POLITE technique practice recommendations with patients, ergonomics may be last, but not least!
Insomnia Treatment Based on the Yu Theory
In recent years, acupuncture has risen in popularity as a form of alternative or supplemental medicine for the treatment of many different types of disorders.
Treating LBP the Right Way: Think Natural
An updated clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians (ACP) recommends spinal manipulation and other non-invasive, non-drug therapies as first options for acute, subacute and chronic low back pain, rather than pain medications, as stipulated in the original 2007 guideline.
Good Works at the Canandaigua VA
Faculty and students of the Finger Lakes School of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (FLSAOM) of the New York Chiropractic College have provided acupuncture to veterans at the Veterans' Administration Medical Center (VAMC) in Canandaigua, New York since September of 2007.
Help Save an Important Chiropractic Landmark
The chiropractic profession has a splendid and varied history. Sadly, many landmarks have been lost to bulldozers and wrecking crews, such as the Ryan Building, Little-Bit-O-Heaven, Spears Chiropractic Hospital, and Clearview Sanitarium.
Scope of Chiropractic Practice: Why Now Is the Time to Expand
In my January article, "Scope of Chiropractic Practice: Is It Time for Change?" I discussed the use of the term primary spine care practitioner, the loss of privileges to diagnose in Texas, and the fact that the definition of "chiropractic" varied from state to state.
Waist Circumference: A Conversation Starter (Part 2)
Now let's discuss the clinical approach to reducing WC and implementation in today's chiropractic practice. The primary intervention centers around dietary modification and lifestyle habits aimed to reduce adiposity, improve insulin sensitivity and ultimately, diminish systemic metabolic dysfunction.
Making Sense of Liver Regulation
In Chinese medicine, the liver has the function of moving and storing qi and blood. In its moving function, the liver smoothly distributes qi and blood to the tendons, muscles and flesh through microcirculation.
News In Brief
A "Modern" Business Model. Acupuncturists may have a new professional atmosphere to consider, as a new concept is on the horizon - at least for one business.
NSAIDs No Better Than Placebo for Spine Pain
A meta-analysis of randomized, placebo-controlled trials comparing the efficacy and safety of NSAIDs with placebo for spinal pain concludes that among 6,065 spine pain patients, "NSAIDs reduced pain and disability, but provided clinically unimportant effects over placebo."
January, 2012, Vol. 12, Issue 01
The Potential Dangers of Taking Medications During Pregnancy
By Elaine Stillerman, LMT
We tend to think that if the Food and Drug Administration approves a medicine, it is safe for us to take. And we don't give a second thought to the potential side effects of over-the-counter (OTC) medicines since they don't require prescriptions.But are these popular medications safe for pregnant women and their developing babies? Since very few drug trials involve pregnant women, how can anyone be sure that there are no harmful side effects or birth defects from these seemingly innocuous medicines?
Conception occurs about two weeks before the next menstrual cycle is due, and a positive confirmation of pregnancy may take another few weeks, so there is a window of extreme vulnerability for the growing baby if mom takes certain medicines (drinks or smokes) during this sensitive time. OTC drugs are used by many pregnant women and, as a rule, are generally safe. Some, however, have what are considered to be unproven safety and/or potentially harmful effects on the growing babies. Since an estimated 10% or more of birth defects are a result of maternal drug exposure, the FDA has assigned a risk category to each drug.
OTC medications that are considered relatively safe during pregnancy include most antacids, Acetaminophen, Chlorphenramine, Kaolin and Pectin preparations - although all expectant women should discuss the use of any and every medication (and herb) with their care providers. As an example, seemingly harmless Vitamin A (Retinol) used for skin conditions has shown to contain powerful teratogens which may cause serious birth defects. On the other end of the safety spectrum are drugs like H2 blockers, Pseudoephedrine, and Atropine/Diphenoxylate, to name a few, which are dangerous for developing fetuses.
During the 1940s – 1970s, DES (diethylstilbesterol) was often prescribed during pregnancy to prevent a miscarriage. That was until the daughters (and sons) of these DES mothers developed all sorts of reproductive anomalies and cancers during puberty. Then the use of this drug during pregnancy was immediately discontinued. But not until after the reproductive lives of thousands were adversely affected.
And for those of us old enough to remember the 1960's when thalidomide was prescribed to treat nausea during pregnancy, the images of those deformed babies was seared into our collective memories (remember the picture on the cover of Life Magazine?). Its use was quickly stopped after nearly 10,000 babies (mostly in Europe) were born with major physical disabilities – phocomelia, or seal-like flippers for arms and legs. Of course, the way these drugs received approval was very different 50 years ago than it is now.
The general rule is to avoid all drug exposure (including herbs and aromatherapy) during the first trimester when the fetal organs are developing (organogenesis) to prevent structural and functional abnormalities. Most drugs can cross the placental barrier (this includes pain medications and nerve blocks received during labor) and expose the developing embryo and fetus to harmful effects.
There are certain factors affecting placental drug transference and teratogenic effects:
Even one intrauterine exposure can have harmful effects. Thalidomide, for example, had catastrophic effects after brief exposure. When it comes to over-the-counter medications, some of them have unproven safety records or are known to affect the fetus. More than 80% of pregnant women take OTC or prescription drugs during pregnancy. Pain medications are widely consumed during pregnancy for relief of common aches and pains. A Danish study reported a direct link between the use of prescribed NSAIDS and miscarriages. Kaiser Permanente Medical also concluded the use of NSAIDS during pregnancy increased the risk of miscarriage by 80%, particularly when they were taken around the time of conception.
Categorized for risk during each trimester (1/2/3), this is a list of common analgesics used in pregnancy: Acetaminophen (B/B/B), Aspirin (D/D/D), Ibuprofen (B/B/D), Ketoprofen (B/B/D), and Naproxen (B/B/D). All of these drugs cross the placental barrier. Cold medicines, such as decongestants, expectorants, and antihistamines, may be unsafe during certain trimesters or their risk profile is unstudied.
Since most drugs taken while nursing are found in breast milk, all drugs and medications should be used carefully, conservatively and under medical supervision. The good news is that the concentration of the drugs in breast milk is low and the baby's exposure is less than what would be considered to be a therapeutic dose. If medication has to be taken while nursing, it is advisable to take the dose 30-60 minutes after nursing and 3-4 hours before the next feeding. This provides adequate time for the drugs to clear out of mother's blood, so the concentration in her breast milk will be minimal.
Pregnancy is a time of excitement and change. As the baby grows, mother's body adapts to the posture of pregnancy which can lead to aches and pains. Instead of reaching for that pill bottle, if she can, mom would be well-advised to pick up her phone and make an appointment with a qualified prenatal massage practitioner. So much safer and so much more pleasant.
Click here for previous articles by Elaine Stillerman, LMT.
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