resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Raditation & Your Smartphone: Is it Worth the Risk?
If radial arteries could talk (and in my experience they can to some extent), they would say, "Step away from the smartphone." At least that is the message I am receiving loud and clear as I feel the pulses of many patients.
The Visual Error Scoring System: A Concussion Tool
Postural stability and oculomotor function are the most easily recognized physical indicators of neurologic motor dysfunction associated with concussions.
Women's Hormones: A Western & Eastern Perspective
Sometimes it may seem that you require a degree in medicine to understand hormones and how they function.
Eczema & Acupuncture: A Sound Solution (Part 1)
Eczema affects approximately 3.5 percent of the global population and is one of the most common skin complaints seen by dermatologists.
Is the New Medicare Reporting Exemption Right for You?
What you've heard is not a rumor – there will be exemptions for providers of Medicare patients, with no penalties assessed for offices that do not do Quality Payment Program (EHR, PQRS, MACRA and MIPS) reporting.
An Unexpected Diagnosis: The Result of Lacking Communication
A couple years ago I had a case that showed me the importance of open communication between health practitioners. We need to show up with less fear, and let go of our judgments so we can do better for the patient.
Creating Good Business Buzz
What do patients really think about working with you? Rarely do you hear the whole truth. Those who improve may be candid in their gratitude.
Why I Quit Doing House Calls
My father was a chiropractor who did house calls, so when I became a DC, I figured doing house calls was part of the job. My March article recalled my experience as a small boy, accompanying my dad while he went to patients' homes to treat them.
A Major Role in Back Pain: The Multifidus
Back pain affects roughly 80 percent of the population at one time or another and is one of the leading causes of doctor visits.
A Daily Strategy for Heavy-Metal Detox
In modern society, we are constantly exposed to heavy metals such as cadmium, lead and mercury. These heavy metals have no essential biochemical roles in our body, and conversely, can cause us a great deal of harm if they build up to toxic levels.
Universal Design: Principles & Practice
In many respects, universal design serves as the core of ergonomics. It's also a good tool to use when designing a return-to-work program for injured and/or ill patients. Let's take a closer look at universal design and why it should matter to you and your patients.
Balancing Spring Challenges
As the winter months come to a close and warmer spring weather appears, patients may begin to present with new challenging pattern presentations.
New Relationships, Old Trauma: AOM & Other Healing Strategies
Being in love is one the most beautiful and enjoyable experiences. Most of us are willing to pay almost any price to have that experience, and still often find it elusive or fleeting. Navigating the ups and downs of loving relationships are often challenging — even for the most psychologically balanced among us.
Bill With Confidence: Learn What to Collect
Q: I am trying to understand what I may collect from my patient when there is insurance. Do I have to accept the amount allowed by the plan or may I collect up to my billed amount? Please note, I am not a member of any insurance plan.
Clearing Blocks: A Way to Improve Cosmetic Acupuncture
As a Five Element acupuncturist who teaches facial acupuncture classes nationally, I was surprised to learn that one of the basic principles I was taught in school is unfamiliar to most acupuncturists.
Taking the Chiropractic Message to the Press
"There is no better place on earth to have a news event," the National Press Club boasts, and it's easy to understand why: Every year, the 108-year-old Washington, D.C.-based organization hosts countless press conferences on the hottest topics impacting America and often the world.
Is It Time to Rethink Mental Illness? (Pt. 1)
Invariably, patients will ask their chiropractor about depression or various mental illnesses. Some practitioners will reflexively offer a cervical adjustment, suggest St. John's wort or contemplate a referral to a specialist.
An Integrated Approach to Chronic Pain
Findings from a unique Medicaid pilot project in Rhode Island involving high-use Medicaid recipients from two health plans were recently presented to the state's Department of Health, demonstrating stellar outcomes with regard to medication use, ER visits, health care costs and patient satisfaction.
Give Yourself the Digital Advantage
When you see this article in the print version of this issue and swear you read it already, don't be alarmed: you probably did. That's because by that time, the May issue will have been available online in digital format for three weeks.
January, 2012, Vol. 12, Issue 01
Massage Therapy Reduces Pain for Patients in a Postoperative Thoracic Surgery Care Setting
By Massage Therapy Foundation Contributor
What's new in research? We at the Massage Therapy Foundation always want to know! This month's review sponsored by the Foundation is an informative study examining the efficacy and feasibility of using massage therapy within a postoperative thoracic surgery setting at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota.
General thoracic surgery is provided to patients for a spectrum of diseases and conditions, "varying from malignancies of the lungs, esophagus, mediastinum, and chest wall to benign conditions of these same anatomical areas. The surgical procedures encompass either resection-type procedures, such as pulmonary lobectomy or esophagectomy, or reconstructive operations, such as bronchoplasty or antireflux procedures." Patients face considerable challenges with pain and discomfort after undergoing thoracic surgery. This pain is often long-term if it is not managed effectively in the postoperative stage.
Massage therapy has gained support as an effective intervention to improve patient experiences during hospitalization, particularly for pain reduction. While previous studies have identified benefits of massage, none have evaluated its use in reducing pain for thoracic surgery patients. According to Bauer and his colleagues, certain medical strategies have been developed to reduce pain and discomfort for patients undergoing thoracic surgery, however, many patients still suffer from pain and discomfort in the postoperative setting. These authors hypothesized that the patients who received massage therapy would benefit by having their post-surgical pain and discomfort managed. To test this hypothesis, they evaluated patients' reports of pain before and after massage treatments received in a thoracic surgery practice.
Bauer and colleagues used a descriptive pre-post measure evaluation design with a standard numeric pain rating scale. Patients who received massage reported pain scores on a scale of zero to 10; zero being no pain, and 10 being the worst possible pain. These scores were recorded before and after massage and throughout recovery. Descriptive comments provided by patients and staff also were recorded and analyzed.
Two massage therapists provided treatments. Each massage included 20 minutes of hands-on massage on the areas requested by the patient, typically the back, neck and shoulders, and sometimes the hands and feet. Patients were positioned to comfort; positioning depended on patient's comfort level and mobility. Therapists did not massage near surgical wounds. The two therapists in the study used several techniques and modalities including Swedish massage, craniosacral therapy, myofascial release, reflexology and diaphragmatic breathing. Depth and pressure of massage was light to moderate.
This study included a sample of 194 patients, with 160 completing the study. Patient characteristics were similar among the patients who provided responses, with an average age of 61 years and an equal number of males and females. Most patients received one individualized massage during their hospital stay (mean 1.2 massages), but 19 patients had two massages, and eight patients received three massages.
Study findings suggest "patients receiving massage therapy had significantly decreased pain scores after massage (p <= .001), and patients' comments were very favorable. Patients and staff were highly satisfied with having massage therapy available, and no major barriers to implementing massage therapy were identified." Only one patient out of the 160 receiving the massage reported a subjective negative experience. Patient responses after receiving a massage included: "I feel I can breathe again;" "That was wonderful, I can move my neck;" and "Before massage treatment pain was radiating, after treatment pain has completely stopped radiating." Staff comments related to massage therapy included: "The patients love it! They want another one;" "Once they try a massage they can't believe the difference. The pain is still there but they feel they can work with it;" and "Massage calms them."
The compelling findings of this pilot study indicate massage therapy is an effective intervention for helping patients deal with pain. Bauer and colleagues provide both subjective descriptions and objective measures of the benefits of massage therapy for thoracic surgical patients for pain management. Pain scores improved, and patient and staff comments were positive. Further, this study demonstrated the feasibility of integrating massage therapy into a high-volume thoracic surgical practice. Authors suggest, "Massage therapy in the hospital setting needs to be focused on individual patient symptoms, and then the therapy is individualized based on these symptoms, medical status, and positioning tolerance." Bauer and colleagues also suggest their findings warrant further research, particularly to determine optimal frequency, duration, and timing of treatment.
So, what do these findings mean for the massage profession and massage therapists? Postoperative massage therapy might have a significant role in pain management and the healing experience for patients recovering from thoracic surgery. Further, massage treatments can be integrated into hospital settings to facilitate pain symptom management. This research, and the growing knowledge base about the use of massage therapy in the clinical setting, is steadily growing. This work and others like it, published in the International Journal of Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork provide excellent references for the evidence-based practice of massage therapy in clinical and non-clinical settings.
Original research study source: www.ijtmb.org/index.php/ijtmb/article/view/100/168.
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