resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Jingei Diagnosis: An Effective and Powerful Diagnostic
I graduated from the Kotatama Institute under the direction of Drs. Masahilo and Katsuharu Nakazono in 1984. As a student, I was exposed to the practice of most of the various theories and modalites of Oriental Medicine.
Managing Today's Fertility Patient
I recently received an email from one of my fertility patients: "Got my lab results back. FSH is 11, AMH is 0.7. My doctor said these numbers aren't good. I guess I'm infertile. Just as a thought. Just set up an appointment to speak with an adoption agency."
Calcium Helps Prevent Colorectal Cancer
Over the past 25 to 30 years, studies have suggested calcium may confer protection against colorectal cancer.
The Tao of Gender
If you think gender is as simple as having a new client check off the "male" or "female" box on your intake form, we hope this article will expand your understanding and thus the reach of your health care.
Healing With TCM at San Quentin State Prison
For the prisoners at San Quentin State Prison, life-sentences are the reality of every day life. It is not often that prisoners get the opportunity to use alternative medicine to deal with common ailments they encounter behind bars such as, depression, anxiety and pain.
5 Ways to Occupy Occupational Health
Despite the progress that has been made to better protect workers, occupational health and safety remains a priority area for many national governmental organizations due to the widespread problem of occupationally related morbidity and mortality.
Talking to Patients About Healthy Aging
I've noticed that a particular category of patients seems to make up more and more of my practice – they work out, but still experience lots of degenerative joint disease (DJD) issues.
Managing Patient Expectations About Acupuncture
Last year, I attended the Pacific Symposium in San Diego for the first time in six or seven years. It was the 25th anniversary of this event, and on one evening there was a panel discussion with the title; "What is Qi?."
Help Patients Achieve Optimal Vitamin D Levels
Much research has been done on vitamin D levels and their impact on health; optimal levels have been correlated with a reduced risk of developing numerous conditions.
Web Marketing: Content Is King
Google's sweeping updates to its search algorithms over the past few years have brought a paradigm shift in how you can optimize your chiropractic website to gain maximum marketing leverage.
Transparency and Accountability: Q&A With the CCE
Every profession needs an organization dedicated to upholding the quality and integrity of its degree programs and educational institutions.
The Heart Protector
On the physical level, the Pericardium is a double-layered sac of fibrous tissue that envelops the Heart. The space between the layers is filled with serous fluid that protects the Heart from external shock or trauma and lubricates to allow for normal Heart movement.
Simple Ways To Find True Happiness
Patients in our clinics are always seeking happiness. As their health advocate, we need to ensure we inform them that in order to find happiness, they have to make sure to identify what makes them happy in the first place.
Lime Jello on Morphine
Taste is in the eyes... actually the mouth... of the beholder. My food preferences have changed, lightening from the food of my youth. My parents loved heavy eastern European cuisine and I loved it as a child. Now I enjoy leaner, healthier whole foods.
Understanding and Identifying Pediatric Growth-Plate Fractures
In general, fractures in children heal well with little intervention as long as the alignment is good. Fractures involving the growth plate, however, are a different issue. In fact, growth-plate injuries are the primary reason for the subspecialty of pediatric orthopedics.
Saying No to Medicine
An interesting article recently appeared in Men's Journal titled "When to Say No to Your Doctor." The article begins with the summary statement above and effectively arms readers with information that will help them "take more responsibility for your own health care, because you can't be sure anyone else is.
The Wonders of Light Therapy: An Interview with Wes Burwell
I first met Wes Burwell in 2011 when he was teaching a class on light. Since then, every time I hear him speak, his understanding of the benefits, function and capacity of light has evolved.
The X Factor in Clinical Research: The Patient
It was the great baseball legend, former New York Yankees catcher Yogi Berra – he of countless aphorisms, each with a mind-bending twist – who once declared, "You can observe a lot by watching."
Blaming the Gluteus Medius, Overlooking the Deltoid
The gluteus medius (Gmed) is commonly written about, strengthened and blamed for many conditions, and rightfully so. After all, the Gmed plays a role in pelvic stability, hip motor control and lower-quarter dynamic movements.
AOMA Strengthens Leadership Team
AOMA Graduate School of Integrative Medicine, a leading college of acupuncture & herbal medicine, announced the appointment of Donna LaPoint Hurta, MBA as the new VP of Finance & Operations this Fall.
Pulse Diagnosis: What We Know
I am still finding pearls of wisdom from the books and papers that I inherited from my pulse diagnosis mentor Jim Ramholz.
December, 2011, Vol. 11, Issue 12
Learning from Harm
By Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB
In 2003, Ernst and Grant separately reviewed the medical literature for reports of harm from massage therapy. Both papers were consistent with Ernst's conclusion that, "Massage is not entirely risk free.However, serious adverse events are probably true rarities." I want to briefly point out and review four case reports added to the literature since those two reviews. First, let me add some motivating comments.
As noted by Cohen and Nelson (2011), the legal basis for the regulation of health care practices by the states is protection of the public from harms of incompetence and malfeasance. The latter is primarily a function of oversight and discipline. The first, ensuring competence within scope of practice, has elements both of training and of monitoring for capacity to practice. Here, I'm focusing on the aspect of training.
The importance of a scope of practice is to define what tasks a practitioner is expected to competently perform, in what contexts, and the presence of what co-morbidities. Looking at case reports of injuries might provide a window on flaws in the expected competencies. However, It isn't enough just to know that an injury occurred. We need to identify the nature of the risk and determine if specific changes in training and practice protocols can eliminate or reduce it.
Aksoy et al. report the case of a 38-year-old woman with complaints of persistent right shoulder pain and limited range of motion (ROM) after a single session of deep tissue massage. There were no predisposing factors or specific muscle pains prior to massage. During a deep tissue massage for purposes of relaxation, she felt pain on the left side of her neck and at the top of her left shoulder radiating toward her arm while work was being done along her neck and shoulders. The pain continued afterward, and the patient noted that her left arm felt "long and heavy" while standing. She also had difficulty lifting her arm up and reaching back. There was no numbness or tingling during or after the deep tissue massage. Subsequent diagnosis indicated injury to the spinal accessory nerve, resulting in weakness of the trapezius muscle and scapular winging. While pain resolved, two years after injury recovery of strength was only partial. While a cautionary note for deep work at the neck and shoulder, no details are given that allow technique evaluation. Any sudden pain during massage treatment follow by subsequent indications of motor impairment should be taken as a clear indication for referral.
Crump and Paluska report a case of venous thromboembolism (VTE) following vigorous deep tissue massage in a previously healthy 67-year-old man with no identifiable risk factors other than his age. The authors note that physicians are often either unaware of or fail to follow evidence-based guidelines for the prevention and treatment of VTE. In this case, there was a five-day delay between initial medical examination at an emergency room and initiation of treatment subsequent to a second exam by his primary care physician. The patient reported a history of right calf pain and swelling, which had preceded the onset of his back pain by five days. The right calf symptoms had begun the day after receiving a vigorous deep tissue massage (for nonmedical reasons), which had included the lower extremities. His calf symptoms had gradually improved over the next five days, at which time he developed the right upper thoracic pain that had prompted his initial visit to the emergency department. The reporting physicians' conclusions are simply cautionary.
This case report suggests that nonpenetrating trauma to the legs, such as vigorous massage, is a potential risk factor that might be unrecognized and underreported. This report should not necessarily deter individuals without any known risk factors for VTE from receiving massage therapy. Additional research is needed to clarify the risks associated with nonpenetrating trauma to the legs, especially in older adults and other susceptible groups.
Wu and Wang report on a 40 year-old woman with injury to the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) following a local friction massage for tennis elbow (lateral tendinosis). A detailed review of history and physical examination did not reveal any other possible etiology other than the friction massage. The technique anomaly in this case appears to be extension of the friction massage to more than 4 cm below the epicondyle. The authors note that such extension exposes the PIN to risk of damage via compression in its path through the supinator muscle. They recommend that friction massage not extend more than 4 cm below the epicondyle.
Lee et al. report on a cervical cord injury after massage in a 47 year-old male. In this case, the massage was for relaxation. He lied supine without a pillow under his neck, and passive range-of-motion exercise was applied as warm-up movements for his arms. The operator then applied oil on his body, followed by gliding and compression over his anterior thorax and bilateral neck. Suddenly, he felt acute weakness of all four limbs. The weakness remained even though the massage was stopped immediately. He needed moderate to maximal assistance to stand and walk.
There is nothing particularly striking in the description of the techniques themselves. The authors note that the mechanism of injury is not clear. However, the client had a history of cervical spine degenerative disease and had also experienced far more limited muscle weakness following a previous massage. The report underscores the need for taking a history and in obtaining medical clearance for massage where there are factors predisposing toward serious injury.
Click here for previous articles by Keith Eric Grant, PhD, NCTMB.
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