resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
How Much Do You Know About the Benefits of Birds Nest?
Edible bird's nest is the nest made by the Swiftlet bird of Southeast Asia that is usually prepared as a soup and prized in Chinese culture as a healthful delicacy.
Term Limits: What's in a Word?
It was the French historian and philosopher Voltaire who once declared the Holy Roman Empire was neither holy nor Roman nor an empire.
PCOM Granted Regional Accreditation
Pacific College of Oriental Medicine (PCOM) recently announce it has received regional accreditation from the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC). This achievement reflects five years of hard work on the part of faculty, staff, and students.
Integrating Art with Clinical Practice for Patients with PTSD: The Artemis Project
Are you restricted by those one-on-one clinic dynamics? Why not join colleagues and clients in experimental group settings? Three of us volunteered to do just that in Austin on behalf of women veteranss from all branches of the service.
5 Simple Steps to Create an Effective Marketing Calendar
In the educational experience of most healthcare practitioners, business and marketing are overlooked topics.
Animal Acupuncture: A Case Study in the Treatment of Traumatic Injury in the Equine
The rise of animal acupuncture in the U.S. began in the early 1970's as a result of the work by members of the National Acupuncture Association in Westwood, Calif.
Medicine is Clumsy, Don't You Be
All medical systems have clumsiness in them. If the technique isn't, the practitioner is. Everyone in every form of medicine is striving to improve. That is why we call it practice.
Applying the Thin Skull Principle
The "thin skull" principle, also known as the "you take your victim as you find them" principle, is a legal principle that can be summed up by the following statement.
The Challenges of Integrating Eastern and Western Medicine
My Masters thesis was titled, "The Challenges of Integrating Eastern and Western Medicine," which highlighted several reasons why it is hard for these two worlds to mix.
Low Back Pain in Professional Golf: A Common Muscular Relationship
Every sport creates its own unique demands on the body. Some sports require such a myriad of body positions that assessing pathology is often difficult and unpredictable.
Marijuana, Apathy and Chinese Medicine, Part 1
This article was written in response to the unheeded acceptance of marijuana as a harmless substance that potentially does good when used for the medical relief of pain.
The Acupuncturist's Problem
I want share with you some observations and insights into what seems to be the most common problem my colleagues in the acupuncture profession struggles with. If you also struggle with this problem, I hope you get a valuable "aha" moment from reading this.
Talking to Patients About Lumbar Facet Denervation (Medial Branch Neurotomy)
Lumbar facet denervation, more appropriately termed medial branch neurotomy (MBN), is a procedure that may be considered when patients suffer from recalcitrant non-radicular axial back and/or leg pain.
The Tide is Rising in the Acupuncture Profession
Former President Ronald Regan said, "When the tide rises all boats float." The tide is rising for the acupuncture profession. Many forces outside the profession are helping the tides to rise.
5 Tips for Using Pinterest to Market Your Practice
Pinterest is a very popular, but often under-utilized, social media platform where people can bookmark, or "pin," fun and interesting things from all across the internet.
Turning a Blind Eye to History – and Reality
The American Medical Association is taking the Supreme Court's Feb. 25, 2015 decision exactly as it always does – by turning a blind eye to history, legal precedent and reality.
A View From the ER
The University of Western States has inked an innovative agreement with local nonprofit health system Legacy Health whereby UWS sports-medicine fellows can experience observational clinical rotations in emergency-room settings within the Legacy system.
A House Divided?
The American Chiropractic Association's House of Delegates voted on 30 resolutions at its annual business meeting in Washington D.C., but two in particular took immediate center stage due to their controversial nature.
Optimism = Compassion = Trust
A randomized clinical trial recently published online in JAMA Oncology examined how patients viewed their doctor based upon how the practitioner presented bad news to the patient.
Sleep, Less Sleep or No Sleep?
I had a dream I wasn't getting enough sleep. It was a very realistic dream, even though I was probably slightly awake and not really deep dreaming. Most likely I had been dozing, caught in that twilight of sleep and wakefulness.
December, 2011, Vol. 11, Issue 12
By Ben Benjamin, PhD
Question: Which assessment test helps you differentiate an injury to the infraspinatus muscle-tendon unit from an injury to the rotator cuff?
Answer: Resisted Lateral Rotation
Resisted lateral rotation is the definitive test for verifying an injury to the infraspinatus muscle-tendon unit. For more refined assessment, and even when the injury is slight, the test can be performed at varying angles. This places more or less stress on the structure you are testing. The strength and flexibility of the infraspinatus muscle varies greatly from person to person. In the average individual, this muscle is fairly weak, but in a tennis player or weight lifter the infraspinatus can be very developed and strong.
You use the infraspinatus muscle-tendon unit fully in backhand motions in tennis, or when swinging a baseball bat or golf club. If it's injured, it often hurts when you do simple tasks such as write, open a door or reach behind you.
The infraspinatus muscle covers the lower portion of the scapula beneath the spine of the scapula, and its tendon attaches to the back of the greater tubercle of the humerus at the posterior upper arm. (Image 1) The infraspinatus muscle-tendon unit is responsible for lateral rotation of the shoulder. The infraspinatus tendon has a very large and broad tendon attachment, about a half-inch wide or more depending upon the size of the person, and a body range of one to two inches long.
Some people may have a minor strain of the infraspinatus tendon that remains barely noticed for years. They may experience slight discomfort when reaching up for something on a high shelf, or back for something toward the back seat of their car. However, when this minor strain does not heal properly, it can set the stage for a more severe injury later. If it starts to hurt when you pull your shirt off overhead, put on your socks, or when you lie on your side to go to sleep, then it means things are getting worse. Often, an infraspinatus tendon injury persists for years, defying all attempts at treatment. It can be a very painful and tenacious injury. If the strain is mild, it can be difficult to assess. But there is a special test that uncovers the injury, even if it is very mild.
Test 1 - Resisted Lateral Rotation (Images 2, 3 and 4)
Have the person stand with their legs at least shoulder-width apart so they feel stable while doing the test. Place one hand on the upper arm, just above the elbow, and press the upper arm into the body to stabilize it. With the person's arm bent at a right angle in front of their body, place your other hand just above their wrist on the dorsal aspect of the client's lower arm. Now ask the client to push laterally toward you while you resist with equal and opposite force. This test is done at 90 degrees to the body.
If that test gives no positive result, you may need the more subtle test which is applied at 30 degrees. In this position, the client's wrist is situated about four inches from the person's navel. Putting the muscle into the stretch as you test it places much more stress on the structure and usually yields a positive result. A positive test means pain is felt, which indicates that the infraspinatus is injured
Click here for more information about Ben Benjamin, PhD.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.