resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Building From the Bottom Up
I caught up with my dear friend Honora Wolfe, in her Colorado painting studio where, if she is not praying in Bhutan or doing charitable work in a Nepali free clinic, she spends most of her time now.
News in Brief
National Chiropractic Health Month: Be Proactive; Collegiate Roundup: Academic Appointments at Parker, Logan.
A History Worth Telling
The popularity and the use of acupuncture for the treatment of animals in the United States is at its peak.
MPA Media Wins 7 Publishing Awards
MPA Media, publisher of Dynamic Chiropractic and DC Practice Insights, among other titles, has been recognized for editorial and design excellence with an unprecedented seven publishing awards by the American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE), the nation's largest organization for business-to-business publications.
Medical Qigong for the Heart: Part III
Part 1 and Part II of this series focused on the physical aspect of the Heart and mental emotional aspects of the Heart respectively. Now, I would like to focus on the spiritual aspect of the Heart.
Peer Points: Always Seeking To Grow
Ellen "Kiki" Geary has spent the last decade honing her craft. As a specialist in integrative holistic care, she went straight from completing her master's degree in acupuncture and chinese herbal medicine from Bastyr University to building a successful and thriving practice in the small community of Anacortes, Washington.
Chiropractic Research in Review
Chiropractic Treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis; Cost / Benefit Analysis: Different Doses of SMT for Low Back Pain; Imaging for Occult Rib and Costal Cartilage Fractures; Treating Neck Pain: Thoracic Thrust Manipulation vs. Non-Thrust Mobilization.
A Chinese Medicine Story: An Interview with Mazin Al-Khafaji
Mazin Al-Khafaji's work has interested me for years. In February 2014, we invited him for the second time to speak at the Southwest Symposium in Austin, Texas.
A Vibrating Capsule for Constipation? Relevance to Your Chiropractic Practice
The relationship between gastrointestinal (GI) complaints and back pain is not typically written about or discussed.
Why Young People Need Chiropractic Now More Than Ever
According to a recent study published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, "It is now widely acknowledged that neck pain (NP), mid back pain (MBP), and low back pain (LBP) (spinal pain) start early in life and that the lifetime prevalence increases rapidly during adolescence to reach adult levels at the age of 18."
A Guide for Talking to Doctors about Acupuncture and Brain Chemistry
Before I begin any discussion of how to talk about the effects of acupuncture on brain chemistry, nervous and endocrine function, it is essential to understand just what physicians most need help with.
New Medical Technologies You Need to Know
We're all familiar with how fast computers become obsolete, as well as the rapid pace of development in the field of cell phone technology. The latest smart phones are far more powerful than desktop computers were only a few years ago.
Don't Turn a 2 Into a 10
The Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale1 is so useful because it can be used by almost anyone. Patients can use the numbers associated with the faces depicted on the scale or select the face that demonstrates their current level of pain from 0-10.
Waking Up the Gluteus Maximus
In previous articles in this series, we expounded on the importance of the gluteus maximus (GM) in athletic performance and protecting the knee from injury. We also know there is a link between iliotibial band syndrome and GM weakness.
9 Common Causes of Thyroid Imbalance and How You Can Help
How you sleep, how easily you wake up, and how much energy and stamina you have during the day are directly related to levels of the thyroid hormones.
Pain Underfoot: Metatarsalgia
Foot pain can interfere significantly with normal activities and severely limit participation in sports. Metatarsalgia is foot pain involving the metatarsal bones in the forefoot – the complaint of pain on the bottom of the ball of the foot.
Finders Keepers: The Secret to Relationship-Based Marketing
Becoming a successful practitioner has less to do with what you learned in school, and more to do with your ability to find new patients and keep them!
September, 2011, Vol. 11, Issue 09
Massage for Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis
A brief review of an article published in the Multiple Sclerosis Journal
By Massage Therapy Foundation Contributor
This month's Massage Therapy Foundation article review addresses a common issue, constipation, or difficulty having a bowel movement, among people with multiple sclerosis (MS).Constipation affects many people; however, this is commonly a chronic issue for people with multiple sclerosis. Constipation can involve discomfort, distress and can negatively affect the quality of life for people with MS. However, research suggests the use of abdominal (stomach) massage can improve bowel movements. McClurg and colleagues conducted a study to determine the feasibility of using abdominal massage to alleviate constipation in people with MS.
Of 41 volunteers, 30 patients with MS and constipation were recruited and met the requirements to be included in the study. Several outcome measures were used, including several self-report questionnaires, including the Constipation Scoring System (CSS), the Neurogenic Bowel Dysfunction Score (NBDS), and a bowel diary. Participants were randomly assigned to a massage group or a control group (no massage). Both groups received bowel management advice. In addition to advice, the massage group participants, or their caregivers, were taught abdominal massage techniques. Four primary techniques were provided – stroking, effleurage, kneading and vibration. Participants and their caregivers were provided with instruction, practice and opportunities to ask questions regarding the techniques. Each participant in the massage group was advised to perform on themselves or receive from their caretakers abdominal massage daily for the 4-week intervention period. An instructional DVD was provided to participants in the massage group. Outcomes were measured at baseline (Week 0), post treatment (Week 4), and at Week 8; and were administered by telephone by a third party data collector who was blinded to participants' group assignment (massage versus control).
Findings indicated participants in the massage and control groups reported a decrease in CSS score (Week 0 to Week 4), suggesting improved bowel function; however, the massage group improved significantly more than the control group. The massage group also reported improvement on the NBDS, but the control group reported worse scores (Week 0 to Week 8); these data indicated the massage group reports were significantly improved over those participants in the control group. The bowel diary also provided telling evidence, such that the frequency of bowel movements increased (improved) for both groups, but participants in the massage group reported significantly more bowel movements than those in the control group (Week 0 to Week 4). Further, participant reports suggest time spent defecating reduced for both groups from Week 0 to Week 4, in the massage group it was reduced from 10 minutes at baseline to 6 minutes per day; and in the control group from 12 minutes to 10 minutes, per day.
The authors reported several limitations in this study, namely the small sample size and the potential lack of sensitivity of the NBDS to detect changes in the study population. As with many similar studies, a convenient sampling strategy was used, in that patients self-selected to participate in the study and thus may have different characteristics than those individuals who do not self-select to participate in research. As with most massage research, it was not possible to blind the participants or clinicians. The duration of the intervention was short compared to other published research; authors suggest the effects may have continued to increase if the intervention had been for a longer duration. Furthermore, some participants felt applying self-massage was tiring, and they were unable to apply the same pressure as the therapist. It is noted that the inability to provide adequate pressure for a sustained period could reduce massage treatment effects.
What is the take home message of this publication? McClurg and colleagues' findings support the feasibility of a randomized control trial (RCT) of abdominal massage to manage symptoms of constipation in people with MS. These study findings provide support for using abdominal massage with clients and patients who report symptoms related to constipation. Notably, study participants reported finding the bowel diary useful; bowel diaries may be a useful tool for monitoring and managing constipation in tandem with other modalities such as massage. Furthermore, as massage becomes recognized as a viable treatment for diverse populations, the use of instructional DVDs continues to gain popularity. Instructional DVDs that provide informal caregivers with massage techniques opens up new opportunities to receive the benefits of massage for people who may not otherwise have the financial resources to access massage.
In closing, McClurg and colleagues provided data in an area where empirical data is needed and demonstrated the feasibility of using abdominal massage "as part of an integrated bowel management program." As more conclusive research findings are published, we will gain more insight into the effects of massage on constipation symptoms in patients with MS and other patient populations who struggle with bowel management.
For more information about the Massage Therapy Foundation, visit www.massagetherapyfoundation.org.
Click here for more information about Massage Therapy Foundation Contributor.
Join the conversation
Comments are encouraged, but you must follow our User Agreementcomments powered by Disqus
Keep it civil and stay on topic. No profanity, vulgar, racist or hateful comments or personal attacks. Anyone who chooses to exercise poor judgement will be blocked. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment.