resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Work Stress and Musculoskeletal Health: Do Your Patients Get the Connection?
Most people underestimate the impact their job has on their health, especially if that job isn't particularly physically demanding. Big mistake.
Lessons from Functional Neurology
Chiropractic neurology, also known as clinical neuroscience or functional neurology, is moving the chiropractic profession forward by leaps and bounds.
Time to Fight for Your Medicare Right
I have heard a lot of noise and a lot of debate about what is going on with Medicare. As an ACA delegate, I often get asked: 'What is the ACA even doing?'
Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Taiwan Hospitals
This spring, a team of Western medical doctors and TCM practitioners from Cleveland Clinic traveled to Taiwan to visit Kaiser Pharmaceutical Co. (KP), and China Medical University (CMU), Taiwan's leading integrative medicine hospital.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lists more than 80 common autoimmune diseases including asthma, Crohn's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus.
The Professional and Practice Benefits of Political Activism
Welcome to election season, a vital part of our American culture. Every two years, without fail, we are bombarded with TV, print materials and phone messages seeking our vote.
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes (Part 1)
More than 45 million children ages 6-18 participate in some form of organized athletics, and 75 percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports.
Let's Talk About Biceps Injuries at the Elbow
While most muscles cross over only one joint, the biceps crosses two joints: the elbow and the shoulder. Injuries to the lower biceps cause considerable elbow pain. Here's how to assess and treat an injury to this area conservatively.
Adventures with the Pericardium
My previous column on the San Jiao deserves equal time for SJ's loving partner, the pericardium. I nicknamed SJ the travel meridian – but pericardium can also play a crucial role in air travel.
Are Probiotics Doing More Harm Than Good?
Considerable controversy exists concerning the efficacy of probiotic supplements. Very few human studies show any real positive impact on the microbiome or health. The "promise" of probiotics is based on the few animal studies that suggest a positive effect.
Chiropractic in the Eyes of the Public: 2nd Gallup-Palmer Poll
The second Gallup / Palmer College poll has been completed, yielding significant additional data regarding Americans' experiences with and perceptions of chiropractic care.
Know Your Research: Tips for Evaluating Literature Reviews
Clinical and experimental studies are not the only types of published research we might encounter as we look for evidence to inform our practices. One of the most useful types is the literature review, which summarizes a group of studies.
What are the Meridians?
The meridian and collateral system (jing luo, hereinafter referred to as "Meridians") is comprised of the main meridian channels (jing mai) and the collateral vessels (luo mai). Jing takes from meaning of the Chinese word pathway (also jing) and are the main branches of the system.
Less Time Than Required
Q: When is it appropriate to use a modifier -52? Can I use it for a timed service when I do less than the time required by the code?
Code Connection: Guidelines for the Use of Modifier -52
Modifier -52 identifies that a service or procedure has been partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This is to indicate the basic service described by the procedure code has been performed, but not all aspects of the service have been performed.
A Study of Relationships
Sa-Ahm's five element acupuncture method is known to be one of the most effective acupuncture techniques in Korea because it gives an instant response at the time of treatment and has a high success rate in resolving chronic problems.
Analyzing Acupuncture Case Studies
Confirm the answer quickly by the elimination method. Take this case study as an example. After two treatments for back pain, a patient presents for a third session complaining of rapid breathing and wheezing that is made worse during cold weather.
Illuminating the Hidden, Freeing the Source
Amongst the Primary Channels, from a classical point of view, the small intestine is perhaps the most important channel to understand. It is one of the least used acupuncture channels in modern acupuncture, yet it within it can be found a wealth of theories from the Ling Shu.
Don't Ignore the Lower Half of the Pelvis (Part 1)
When your patient complains of lower back or pelvic pain, but your usual treatments are not getting the job done, what do you examine and treat? You may be missing important structures in the lower half of the pelvis.
International Congress on Integrative Medicine
"Bridging Research, Clinical Care, Education and Policy" was the theme for the International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health 2016 (ICIMH).
MPA Media Wins More Publishing Awards
The American Society of Business Publication Editors (ASBPE) has honored Dynamic Chiropractic with a national award and two regional awards for editorial excellence, and sister publication DC Practice Insights with two regional awards for graphic design excellence.
July, 2011, Vol. 11, Issue 07
Massage Therapists Team With Pediatric Cardiology Professionals to Examine the Effects of Massage on Exercise Performance and Heart/Lung Function in a Sample of Children With and Without Heart Disease.
By Massage Therapy Foundation Contributor
This month's Massage Therapy Foundation research summary reviews a study that evaluated the effects of massage therapy in a pediatric population with and without congenital heart disease (CHD).This research was a collaborative effort between massage therapists, a pediatric cardiologist and other staff at the UCLA Medical Center in California. It is a stellar example of how massage therapists can collaborate with other medical professionals and researchers to conduct meaningful research. With a common interest in improving the quality of life for children with CHD, this research was conducted to determine if massage therapy could improve exercise performance and heart and lung function.
The research team had three main questions: Is it safe to perform massage on children with CHD? How will providing massage to children affect their performance on an exercise test? Does massage affect healthy children and children with CHD in the same way?
With minimal budget resources and no previous studies involving children to guide them, a pilot study was deemed most appropriate for collecting preliminary data to determine feasibility and potential effects.
The cardiologist recruited children aged 6-13 from clinical practice to participate in the study. Of the 16 children that participated, 6 were healthy and 10 had CHD; 10 were boys and 6 were girls. All children had to be able to ride an exercise bike; healthy children had to be free of any systemic disease. Using the same protocol, each child had two exercise tests: one test with pre-exercise massage and one without massage. Tests were spaced 2-3 months apart to avoid learning and/or treatment effects.
The exercise tests were conducted in a pediatric exercise lab with the cardiologist, parent, and research assistant present. Each child wore a mouthpiece and electrocardiograph leads. At rest, measures included heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen uptake. After a brief warm-up, children were encouraged to pedal the bike for 8-10 minutes. During this exercise, peak measures of heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen uptake, anaerobic threshold, work rate, oxygen pulse, and minute ventilation were recorded. Each participant received a 30-minute massage from a certified therapist trained in pediatric massage. None of the children reported adverse experiences related to their participation or dropped out of the study.
Findings indicate there were no differences in the measures at rest, with or without pre-exercise massage. In other words, having a massage did not seem to impact heart rate, blood pressures or oxygen uptake before exercise.
However, when children received a massage before exercise testing, they had significantly higher peak heart rate, peak minute ventilation, and peak oxygen uptake during exercise. This was true for both groups, healthy children and children with CHD. Statistical tests confirmed that the effects were not likely due to order (whether the children had the massage before the first test or the second test).
Authors hypothesized that the mechanism for the beneficial effect of massage on oxygen uptake was related to decreased anxiety opposed to a change in underlying heart or lung function. This hypothesis is consistent with other research findings that demonstrate that massage therapy reduces anxiety in children.
Although not systematically examined in this study, the massage therapist shared observations during the study. For example, the authors reported that parents were supportive during the study and became interested in massage for themselves or their other children. In addition, the massage therapist reported that although she was not told which children were healthy and which had CHD, she could guess by the way the children with CHD guarded their chests and had increased muscular tension in their chest and shoulder areas.
Although cardiac birth defects are relatively uncommon, the effects on children with CHD can be a lifelong challenge. Many of these children have several surgeries over the course of their childhood, are not able to exercise as intensely as their peers, and are at risk for obesity and psychological conditions. The results of this study suggest massage for children with CHD is feasible, but also warrant larger more rigorous research to confirm that massage therapy can improve quality of life and function for children with CHD.
This publication also supports the central role of massage therapists in collaborative research with other health professionals and researchers. Ideally, massage therapists need to have input in the development and implementation of research to test and demonstrate the effects of massage with diverse populations. With this research paradigm, therapists can ensure that research reflects and informs massage therapy practice.
Source: Beider, S, Boulanger, KT, Joshi, M, Ping Pan, Y, Chang, RKR. Measuring the effects of massage on exercise performance and cardiopulmonary response in children with and without heart disease: a pilot study. International Journal of Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork 2010, 3(3). www.ijtmb.org/index.php/ijtmb/article/view/86/127.
For more information about the Massage Therapy Foundation, visit www.massagetherapyfoundation.org.
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