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Case Study: 2-Year-Old Suffering From Urinary Reflux
A19-month-old female child presented to my office for treatment. Her mother reported the child had been diagnosed with urinary reflux and associated urinary tract infections, recurrent bouts of otitis media and inability to sleep.
Infertility: Managing Irregular Menses
Infertility is an area where Chinese medicine is particularly helpful. In the main, in women below the age of 38 without organic disturbance, the success rate using TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) should exceed 85%.
Why We Need to Fix the Mechanoreceptors (Part 2)
The muscle spindle, a particular type of mechanoreceptor, is located deep within the muscle belly, encapsulated in fascia made up of intrafusal fibers, all within the extrafusal muscle fibers.
Putting POLITE Into Practice
First came the acronym RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation), which eventually became PRICE (Protect, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation). Then in 2015, we started hearing POLICE (Protect, Optimal Loading, Ice, Compression, Elevation).
University of Bridgeport Acupuncture Students Make Rounds at Sisters of Notre Dame
Nuns are not stereotypical acupuncture patients, Dr. Jennifer Brett acknowledges with a laugh. But then again, acupuncture has gone mainstream, just like cappuccinos and recycling. "It's changed a lot from the '70s and '80s," said Brett.
Concerns Regarding CDC Guidelines for Pain Management
In response to the epidemic rates of opioid and heroin addiction, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) set new guidelines for physicians regarding treatment for pain.
Patience vs. Patients
How long have you been in practice? I began my journey more than 20 years ago and opened my first acupuncture clinic in 2008. Just like you, I've learned a lot over the years. Recently, I sat in an interview and was asked what made me successful.
HVLA Technique: Addressing Myths
In the annals of chiropractic history and literature, and in the imagination of the public, there is one manual adjusting technique that can produce a wide range of responses, both from patients and casual observers.
Six Things Every Chiropractor Should Know About Opioids
An increase in addictions and deaths due to opioids has raised significant concern and media attention. We offer this brief overview on this important public health problem for the practicing chiropractor.
The Most Important Vitamin You've Never Heard Of: K2
Imagine if one in every three patients who walked through your door was afflicted with a debilitating, yet completely preventable and treatable disease.
Sacroiliac Joint Fusion: Where's the Wisdom?
We should be very skeptical of the purportedly less invasive version of the already defrocked sacroiliac fusion surgery, "minimally invasive" sacroiliac joint fusion; and concerned this procedure simply represents the device manufacturer's attempt to find yet another new market.
News in Brief
F4CP MEmbership Milestone Reached; ICA Challenging New California Vaccine Law; TCC Names New President; New Provost at UWS.
Dealing with a Pain in the Butt
The patient came into my office with the classic antalgic stoop. She was bent over almost to ninety degrees, leaning on her husband for support and staggering to walk. She had been under supportive care for a long time, but this new pain scared her.
Acupuncture Earns BLS Unique Code
The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics recently announced that acupuncturists will have their own unique occupational code in the 2018 BLS Handbook. The new Standard Occupational Code (SOC) is 29-1291, will be included in the next edition of the BLS Occupational Handbook, which will be published in 2018.
The Drug Epidemic: Are You Guilty, Too?
Attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has become epidemic among children in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the percentage of school-aged children diagnosed with ADHD has grown from 7.8 percent in 2003 to 11.0 percent in 2011.
The Lung Official
The Lung is known as the "Official Who Receives the Pure Chi From the Heavens." The act of breathing in, known as inspiration, brings oxygen into the body from the atmosphere. Each exhalation or expiration removes and releases carbon dioxide, a waste product of the body, into the atmosphere.
CE Regulations Are Hurting Chiropractic
During my 35 years in the chiropractic profession, I have been forced to attend available continuing-education programs that were occasionally incredibly beneficial, but frequently not worth my time.
Comparing Costs of Care: DCs, MDs or PTs - Who Costs More?
In a health care era where evidence is increasingly the benchmark for insurance coverage, patient care and even cultural authority, we get plenty of it courtesy of a retrospective cost analysis spanning 10 years, more than 660,000 "covered lives" and nearly 7.5 million claims from Blue Cross Blue Shield of North Carolina.
We Get Letters & Email
Our Medicare Challenges Aren't an Education Issue; Passion to Succeed: More Pivotal Than GPA?
Letter to the Editor
On December 7, 1999, the U.S. FDA reclassified the status of acupuncture needles from class III (investigative devices subject to investigative device exemptions...) to class II (special controls).
NBCE Fumbles Computerized Testing Process
Imagine being a student again, about to take one of the four tests required to become a doctor of chiropractic. You've studied almost nonstop for the past few weeks. You can feel your anxiety level rise as you sit down in front of the computer screen.
Acupuncture's Essential Role
Acupuncture should play a more prominent role in U.S. healthcare during and after this post-Affordable Care Act era when chronic care and population health management are key concerns for all healthcare providers.
Physical Examination in an Evidence-Based World
I have always had a fascination with physical examination procedures, particularly orthopedic tests. The origin of my fascination began just after graduation when I began the chiropractic orthopedics program.
Forward Head Carriage and the Feet: What's the Connection? (Pt. 2)
Clinical evaluation of standing posture using relatively low-tech tools has been confirmed as valid and reliable by several studies. The original device used to evaluate posture was the plumb line, which served as a reference line for the effects of gravity on body alignment.
July, 2011, Vol. 11, Issue 07
Massage Therapists Team With Pediatric Cardiology Professionals to Examine the Effects of Massage on Exercise Performance and Heart/Lung Function in a Sample of Children With and Without Heart Disease.
By Massage Therapy Foundation Contributor
This month's Massage Therapy Foundation research summary reviews a study that evaluated the effects of massage therapy in a pediatric population with and without congenital heart disease (CHD).This research was a collaborative effort between massage therapists, a pediatric cardiologist and other staff at the UCLA Medical Center in California. It is a stellar example of how massage therapists can collaborate with other medical professionals and researchers to conduct meaningful research. With a common interest in improving the quality of life for children with CHD, this research was conducted to determine if massage therapy could improve exercise performance and heart and lung function.
The research team had three main questions: Is it safe to perform massage on children with CHD? How will providing massage to children affect their performance on an exercise test? Does massage affect healthy children and children with CHD in the same way?
With minimal budget resources and no previous studies involving children to guide them, a pilot study was deemed most appropriate for collecting preliminary data to determine feasibility and potential effects.
The cardiologist recruited children aged 6-13 from clinical practice to participate in the study. Of the 16 children that participated, 6 were healthy and 10 had CHD; 10 were boys and 6 were girls. All children had to be able to ride an exercise bike; healthy children had to be free of any systemic disease. Using the same protocol, each child had two exercise tests: one test with pre-exercise massage and one without massage. Tests were spaced 2-3 months apart to avoid learning and/or treatment effects.
The exercise tests were conducted in a pediatric exercise lab with the cardiologist, parent, and research assistant present. Each child wore a mouthpiece and electrocardiograph leads. At rest, measures included heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen uptake. After a brief warm-up, children were encouraged to pedal the bike for 8-10 minutes. During this exercise, peak measures of heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen uptake, anaerobic threshold, work rate, oxygen pulse, and minute ventilation were recorded. Each participant received a 30-minute massage from a certified therapist trained in pediatric massage. None of the children reported adverse experiences related to their participation or dropped out of the study.
Findings indicate there were no differences in the measures at rest, with or without pre-exercise massage. In other words, having a massage did not seem to impact heart rate, blood pressures or oxygen uptake before exercise.
However, when children received a massage before exercise testing, they had significantly higher peak heart rate, peak minute ventilation, and peak oxygen uptake during exercise. This was true for both groups, healthy children and children with CHD. Statistical tests confirmed that the effects were not likely due to order (whether the children had the massage before the first test or the second test).
Authors hypothesized that the mechanism for the beneficial effect of massage on oxygen uptake was related to decreased anxiety opposed to a change in underlying heart or lung function. This hypothesis is consistent with other research findings that demonstrate that massage therapy reduces anxiety in children.
Although not systematically examined in this study, the massage therapist shared observations during the study. For example, the authors reported that parents were supportive during the study and became interested in massage for themselves or their other children. In addition, the massage therapist reported that although she was not told which children were healthy and which had CHD, she could guess by the way the children with CHD guarded their chests and had increased muscular tension in their chest and shoulder areas.
Although cardiac birth defects are relatively uncommon, the effects on children with CHD can be a lifelong challenge. Many of these children have several surgeries over the course of their childhood, are not able to exercise as intensely as their peers, and are at risk for obesity and psychological conditions. The results of this study suggest massage for children with CHD is feasible, but also warrant larger more rigorous research to confirm that massage therapy can improve quality of life and function for children with CHD.
This publication also supports the central role of massage therapists in collaborative research with other health professionals and researchers. Ideally, massage therapists need to have input in the development and implementation of research to test and demonstrate the effects of massage with diverse populations. With this research paradigm, therapists can ensure that research reflects and informs massage therapy practice.
Source: Beider, S, Boulanger, KT, Joshi, M, Ping Pan, Y, Chang, RKR. Measuring the effects of massage on exercise performance and cardiopulmonary response in children with and without heart disease: a pilot study. International Journal of Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork 2010, 3(3). www.ijtmb.org/index.php/ijtmb/article/view/86/127.
For more information about the Massage Therapy Foundation, visit www.massagetherapyfoundation.org.
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