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News in Brief
Support of F4CP Continues With Latest Donations; Walter Reed Honors Dr. William Morgan; Recognizing 40 Years of Public-Health Activism; Allstate Decision Reversed.
Exercise Recommendations for Healthy Aging
Aging is inevitable, but how you age is not. Common physical signs of aging include decreased muscle mass, decreased muscular power, increased body fat, and decreased aerobic (lung) capacity.
Fish Oil: A Key Component to Positive Clinical Outcomes
Patients seem to be presenting with more complex problems, and many are responding to care more slowly or have completely unexpected results. Why?
Patient Retention Techniques
When talking about techniques to grow your business, we tend to focus on the "large" aspect of the patient base, that is, on strategies to attract new patients. However, it is important to remember that "loyal" is equally, if not more, important.
Relationship Marketing: A Modern Approach
Remember when you used to get real letters in the mail? Not the automated type, but the real deal, hand written with a personal message just because someone was thinking about you? You know what I'm talking about.
Healing Trauma: Cultivating Resilience and Presence Through Mindfulness, Part 1
All humans, by the very nature of being human, will experience moments of trauma and suffering. What, then, makes the difference in how the individual who experiences trauma, suffering, and spiritual loss reacts to such experiences?
Treat Every Patient as an Athlete
Frontal-plane movement pattern dysfunction can set the stage for musculoskeletal injury. Frontal-plane stabilization is essential during the normal activities of daily living: think single-leg stance and gait cycle.
Technology Meets Practice: Chiropractic Every Day
About a year ago, I had an interesting conversation with a DC who made house calls. When I asked why, she was quick to explain she learns much more about her patients when she sees them at home than she could ever observe in the office.
Preaching to the Choir: How to Extend Our Reach Beyond the CAM Community
Professional conferences offer unique opportunities to network, be exposed to cutting-edge innovators, share your interests and work, and be inspired.
It's Time to Wake Up
It is time for this profession to wake up and tell someone about the healing benefits of acupuncture. This is the time for Asian Medicine. Its popularity, growth and unusual acceptance is nothing short of amazing.
ICD-10 Is Not Scary (and Not About Billing)
In my 13 years of consulting with doctors on billing and coding matters, ICD-10 has aroused the biggest combination of misguided fear and ignorance I can remember.
Lower-Extremity Overuse Injuries: Primer on Causes and Corrections
From ankle sprains to stress fractures, shin splints to plantar fasciitis, the research is clear: These common overuse injuries of the lower extremities – among dozens of others – may be related to abnormal foot function in your patients.
Healing the Core: AWB Nepal Earthquake Relief Project
With almost 9,000 people killed during the earthquakes in April and May, another 23,000 suffering injuries, hundreds of thousands left homeless when entire villages collapsed, and many sacred sites destroyed, no one in this country of approximately 28 million has been left untouched by the disaster.
Making Public Health a Chiropractic Priority
As highlighted in this edition's News in Brief, Rand Baird, DC, MPH, FICA, FICC, editor and occasional author of our long-running column, "Chiropractic in the American Public Health Association", was recognized by the organization recently for 40 years of membership.
What to do When Today Sucks
Have you ever had one of those days when nothing went the way it should have? The patient with migraines got worse instead of better from a treatment similar to one you've effectively used on him before.
Data: The New Frontier in Health Care
Your practice is empowered with the data you need to improve patient health, run a more efficient (read: profitable) practice, get paid in timely fashion and help show the efficacy of chiropractic on the national stage in the midst of sweeping changes in health care!
A War You Can Help Patients Win
The average American consumes approximately 60 percent of calories from sugar, flour and refined oils. A donut is a good example of a so-called "food" that represents these calorie sources.
Learning the Transformative Language of the Channel System: The Sinew Channels
The Chinese medical classics describe the energetic terrain of the body in much detail. The acupuncture channel systems, as presented in the Ling Shu illustrate the various expressions our qi energy can take.
Treating LBP in Golfers: Beyond Basic Assessment
The drive to master the most efficient swing demands a tremendous amount from the lower back. Maintaining stability in a flexed posture, supporting torso rotation and repetitively supporting the golf swing all put the lower back in a vulnerable position.
ASA Ready to Impact Profession
The American Society of Acupuncturists (ASA) is a 501(c)6 (pending), not-for-profit collaboration among state based, acupuncturist professional associations.
Acupuncture Treatment of Trauma in the Canine
From 1972 until 1976, John Ottaviano and I were treating dogs at five different veterinary clinics in the Los Angeles county area. Usually, we were at a clinic for seven to eight hours.
Teaching Qi Gong to Children
Many of us have come to embrace Qi Gong or Tai Chi practice as a regular part of our lives. Qi Gong has been a stabilizing factor in my life for the last twenty years.
Integrative Sports Medicine
One of the most rewarding and challenging clinical scenarios is the treatment of athletes.
An Unexpected Superfood: All About Eggs
About 40 years ago, excessive dietary cholesterol was labeled a public health concern. Specifically, it was thought that there was a causal link between consumption of cholesterol-laden foods and increased risk of heart disease.
Aetna Updates 97140 Policy
In a development the Association of New Jersey Chiropractors is calling "a resounding victory for chiropractors nationwide," Aetna Insurance Company has updated its national reimbursement policy regarding 97140 (manual therapy), reaching an agreement two years after the association filed a declaratory judgment suit in federal court against the insurer.
The Ethics of Herbal Prescribing
While teaching ethics classes, I often encounter licensed acupuncturists who are surprised that our use of herbs and supplements has a specific section in the material. It is often an aspect within ethics that clinicians don't think of in practice.
July, 2011, Vol. 11, Issue 07
Understanding Lumbar Disc Herniation
By Whitney Lowe, LMT
Practitioners are frequently concerned about whether or not it is appropriate to work on clients with herniated discs. Unfortunately, there is a great deal of misinformation about this condition.Disc herniations are sometimes blamed for back pain when they are not actually the cause. It is important to understand the anatomy and symptoms of disc herniation to make proper clinical decisions. Massage can be an effective adjunct treatment for clients with this condition.
When x-ray technology first emerged that could show herniations of the lumbar intervertebral discs, there was a rush to assign blame for low back pain on the bulging intervertebral disc, which clearly appeared to be protruding towards nerve roots. For decades it was assumed that if a person had back pain it was from a lumbar disc herniation. Sadly, this led to an excessive number of – and in many cases unnecessary - surgeries. Soft-tissue treatments are now proving to be quite effective at helping in pain relief for this condition.
In addition, it is now understood that many people with herniated discs function without any pain at all. With the advent of the MRI, disc herniations were proven to occur in a large percentage of the population. More interesting is that many people with disc herniations have no back pain whatsoever.1,2 Thus it is important to know that the presence of a disc herniation is not enough to assume that the disc herniation itself is the cause of the pain. Consequently, sound assessment (including referral if needed) is critical for determining what causes a person's pain.
The following is a more detailed look at the structure of the intervertebral disc and what occurs in pathological herniations in the lumbar region.
Anatomy Of The Disc
Intervertebral discs are made of a dense fibrocartilage. There are two component parts to the disc: the inner gel-like substance called the nucleus pulposus and the denser layered fibrocartilage on the outer rim called the annulus fibrosis (Figure 1). Compressive loads applied to the intervertebral disc cause the inner nucleus to push against the annulus fibrosis. With continued pressure over time, the annulus loses its structural integrity and breaks down causing the disc to change shape.
As the disc changes shape, it will push out in the direction with the least restraint. The most common direction with least restraint is in a posterior and lateral direction. The intervertebral foramen is located close to this region and this is also where nerve roots exit the spine (Figure 2).
There is various terminology used to describe the change in the disc's shape as it is impacted with chronic compressive loads such as protruding, herniated, prolapsed, bulging, or ruptured disc. Also frequently heard is the misnomer, slipped disc, which is technically misleading because the disc has not slipped anywhere, it has just changed shape. An effort has been made to update the terminology so it is consistent with the differing levels of severity of the disc herniation. The terms shown in Figure 3 reflect the types and severity of disc herniation and are preferable for describing disc herniation.
Signs And Symptoms
The most common signs and symptoms of disc herniation involve sensory or motor impairments. Sensory symptoms include sharp, shooting, electrical-type pain sensations, as well as paresthesia (pins and needles) or numbness. Motor impairments are evident with either muscle weakness or atrophy. Lumbar nerve roots feed the nerves of the lower extremities, so symptoms from lumbar disc herniation are generally felt in the lower extremity, although pain may be felt in the back as well.
The region of the lower extremity where the impairments are present helps indicate the corresponding affected nerve root. For example, in the upper lumbar region the nerve roots primarily feed into the femoral nerve and therefore symptoms are generally felt in the anterior thigh region. If the disc herniation is in the lower lumbar region, symptoms will generally be felt down the posterior side of the leg because these nerve roots feed the sciatic nerve. Other nerve compression pathologies can produce symptoms similar to disc pressure on a nerve root. Assessment will help determine crucial information about where the nerve compression is originating.
A key question for massage therapists is whether or not it is appropriate to work on somebody with a herniated disc. Massage therapy can be a valuable means of helping to reduce the aggravating factors that perpetuate lumbar disc herniation and the subsequent pain and dysfunction that result. As with other potentially serious medical conditions, it is a good idea to obtain a doctor's clearance before treating the client.
Many of the muscles in the lumbar region, and especially those attaching directly to the lumbar vertebra, increase compressive loads on the intervertebral disc when they are tight. Consequently, reducing tightness in the lumbar muscles helps decrease compressive stress on the intervertebral disc, thus relieving symptoms. Massage will not reverse the process of disc herniation that has already occurred, but it can help reduce compressive forces that can further deform the disc.
A common concern expressed by massage therapists is whether or not working in the lumbar region will press the protruding disc against the adjacent nerve roots. Note that in Figure 4 we see the relationship between the lumbar muscular structures, the transverse processes of lumbar vertebra and the nerve roots. The transverse processes prevent direct pressure on the nerve root. While the specific massage techniques will not directly compress the disc against the nerve roots, it is possible to aggravate pain from a disc herniation with massage in the lumbar region indirectly by moving the vertebral bodies.
Because the disc does not always protrude in the same direction in relation to the nerve root there is no way to know for sure which motions or positions will aggravate nerve root compression. A good general rule of thumb is that if any motion or position or technique further aggravates the client's symptoms, it should be immediately stopped. However, relieving muscular tension in the lumbar region is an important step to reducing disc compression.
Because herniated discs are more common than once thought, it is likely you have had clients with this condition. In general you should consider it relatively safe to work on clients who have disc herniation. A standard rule of caution should be that anything that further aggravates the client's neurological symptoms should be immediately stopped. As usual, if it is at all possible to get further clarification of the exact nature of the problem from a physician you should definitely try to do that. Massage therapy can be a valuable adjunct treatment for clients with disc herniations, so the more you know about this condition the more effective relief you can provide your clients.
Click here for more information about Whitney Lowe, LMT.
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