resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Day in the Life of an Advanced- Practice DC (Pt. 2)
Let's continue our Q&A with Stephen Perlstein, DC, APC, chair of the New Mexico Chiropractic Association PAC and president of the American Academy of Chiropractic Physicians. Part 1 of this interview appeared in the May 1 issue.
The Liver: The Official of Planning
The Liver, with its paired Official, the Gall Bladder, belongs to the Element Wood within us. Wood grants us the power of birth – new beginnings, growth, breaking through boundaries and surging forward. It is the vigorous, exuberant energy of the spring season.
The Good, the Bad and the Successful in Social Marketing
You might be thinking, "social marketing, don't you mean social media?" No, I mean social marketing. Every day, I keep reading, hearing and learning more and more about the changes happening in social media.
Time for World-Wide Growth
Acupuncture is the organically growing around the world. The legislative body in Quatar has said acupuncture is "okay." The United States has five states to go to have every state recognized and regulated.
Herbal Medicine Continues to Evolve
Product manufacturers, industry partners, distributors and practitioners work as a collective Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine (TCHM) community to produce high quality TCHM prescriptions that bring low-risk healthcare to thousands of patients everyday.
Acupuncture at a Pain Clinic
Introduction: Pain is the most comprehensive human experience. The experience of pain is associated with the somatic, emotional and social impact. Pain has not only somatic symptoms, but also psycho-social dimension, especially in case of chronic pain.
Case Studies and Answer Analysis for NCCAOM Exam in Foundation of Oriental Medicine
Case studies are very common for acupuncture school students, either in class exams or during taking the national board exam. Most test takers feel they have no idea where they should start and how they should start to analyze those complicated cases.
Introducing the Dynamic Chiropractic Digital Edition
In response to the changing habits of our readers, Dynamic Chiropractic is proud to introduce a digital edition of the publication beginning with the July 2016 issue.
F4CP Campaign Addresses Public Misperceptions of Chiropractic
In late 2015, results of the Gallup-Palmer College of Chiropractic Inaugural Report: Americans' Perceptions of Chiropractic were published. The report found that 33.6 million U.S. adults (14 percent) had utilized chiropractic care within the previous 12 months.
Bring on the Bitters
Out of all the possible flavor choices with foods, such as sweet, sour, salty, and umami (deliciousness), which would you choose first? Bitter, though not as enjoyable, is also a flavor.
Who is Your Ideal Patient?
Being in a healthcare practice requires you to think critically about many things including your equipment, techniques, documentation, financial goals, and the retention of clients and staff.
What Should You Call Your Patients (and What Should They Call You)?
When I walked into the exam room, the new patient looked uneasy, fumbling with his cellphone. He was a huge Polynesian man, probably in his 40s, with unrecognizable island tattoos.
Shoulder Rehab: The Gait Connection
Shoulder problems can be difficult to rehab completely for several reasons. The shoulder is made up of several joints that must function together smoothly to provide the extreme mobility that is possible and necessary for many activities.
Five-Element Reaches Out to Serve the Community
In 2006, a student at the Institute of Taoist Education and Acupuncture (ITEA) approached the administration about an idea for his senior project.
Immunotherapy: Where Molecular Medicine Crosses Into Holistic Thinking
Immunotherapy, and its promise as a cancer treatment, has been in the news a lot in the last few years, and for good reason. Real shifts are happening in oncology and exciting researchers, clinicians, and patients.
We Get Letters & Email
Another Slap in the Face for DCs; I Know Where to Find the Missing Chiropractic Patients; Clarification on Vitamin D Study.
The Effectiveness of Chinese Medicine in Treating Infertility in the Philippines
Infertility is defined as the inability to achieve a successful pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected intercourse.
Chiropractic Needs a Lesson in Education
The American Chiropractic Association has launched a campaign, The National Medicare Equality Petition, to enact federal legislation that would achieve full physician status for DCs in Medicare.
How to Bill Evaluation and Management Codes
Q: I am in need for guidance on how to bill evaluation and management (E&M) codes in addition to acupuncture the same date of service, I have never been paid for an exam when done with acupuncture and I believe I am doing it wrong.
Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: The Latest Breakthroughs
There are now more than 29 million diabetics in the U.S. and 10% of them have Type 1. The incidence has been increasing in recent years at an epidemic rate.
The Eight Extraordinary Confluent Points
The eight extraordinary confluent points are a very popular set of acupuncture points in the modern practice of acupuncture. They are also called the intersection, meeting, command, opening, master, and the flowing and pooling points of the eight extraordinary vessels.
2016 Trudy McAlister Foundation AOM Scholars
This year, the Trudy McAlister Foundation (TMF) received a record number of excellent applications for the 2016 scholarship awards and has awarded five scholarships for $2000 each. More information is available on our website: AOMScholarship.org
Diet, Nutrition and the Context of Risk (Part 2): Food Poisoning
Other than the morbidity and mortality linked to eating too much food, "all-natural" organisms that contaminate our food cause more illness, more hospitalizations and more death than food contaminated by heavy metals, plastics, preservatives, artificial colors, emulsifiers, artificial sweeteners and pesticides combined.
Are Herbs Useful for Chronic Pain?
The human nervous system is what makes us special, but our greatest strength also makes us vulnerable: witness the growing incidence of chronic addictions, anxiety, depression, sleep disorders and chronic pain syndromes.
July, 2011, Vol. 11, Issue 07
A Portrait of Massage Pioneer John Kellogg
By Judi Calvert, LMP
People who have made a difference in our world are sometimes called heroes. I would like to introduce you to one of mine: John Harvey Kellogg.
John Harvey Kellogg's accomplishments are impressive by any measure: Superintendent and surgeon at the Battle Creek Sanitarium, inventor of myriad medical and surgical instruments; the man behind the discovery of the therapeutic value of electric light and the sinusoidal current, founder of the health food industry at Battle Creek and last, but certainly not least, author of the groundbreaking book, "The Art of Massage" written in 1885.
An American Pioneer
In his book, Kellogg described very clearly the various procedures of massage practiced at his Battle Creek Sanitarium. He believed there had been a larger and more continuous experience with his massage method than at any other health facility in the United States.
Kellogg was a fascinating man with a distinct personality and eccentric habits. He was short, about 5 feet 3 inches, and used showmanship to offset his small frame. He always dressed in white. He would ride his bicycle around the Battle Creek Sanitarium grounds with his favorite bird perched on his shoulder. His brother, Will, would run to keep up, taking notes as his older brother held forth on many ideas springing from his mind.
Like most visionaries, John Harvey was not always well thought of during his era. But through a lifetime of tireless research and advocacy he elevated himself and his field to the respect and credibility each holds today.
A Lifetime Of Accomplishment
One of Kellogg's most important achievements was the early standardization of his massage techniques. He set about writing "The Art of Massage" to "eliminate the unnecessary and inefficient, and to develop and perfect those methods capable of securing most definite and prompt results."
Kellogg was a firm believer in education. He believed a "practical study of anatomy was absolutely indispensable," to the proper understanding of massage and its skillful application, and "it was highly important that the masseur or student of massage should have a good knowledge of the physiology of the nervous system."
Kellogg spent many years researching his techniques, and was able to document the results of his hard work scientifically. He understood the value of massage and touch, defining it as "not simply an ordinary touch or contact of the hand with the body, but a skilled or professional touch. It is a touch applied with intelligence, with control, with a purpose, and simply as it is, capable of producing decided physiological effects." Because of his investigations into the study and application of massage, he established beyond all question that "massage affords one of the most effective means of influencing the functions of the human body."
Raised To Be A Healer
The son of John Preston Kellogg and Anne Jeanette Stanley, John Harvey Kellogg was born on February 26, 1852, in Tyrone, Michigan. He grew up in the days when Michigan was still a wilderness. The frontier life was harsh and dirty, and the settlers moving there suffered from malnutrition and many diseases.
When Kellogg was four years old, his family moved to the village of Battle Creek, Michigan, the headquarters for the Seventh Day Adventist movement. Raised in a devout Seventh Day Adventist family, his father was a man of conscience and fierce loyalty. After converting to the faith in 1852, John Preston Kellogg eventually became a leader within the church.
Kellogg was acquainted early with the "healthy living" tenants advocated by his church. Seventh Day Adventism was a Protestant denomination founded by Ellen Gould Harmon White. Adventists relied on preventative health practices, including hydrotherapy, also known as the water cure, as well as massage to ensure wellness. Adventists were also required to abstain from meat, tobacco and alcohol.
A Passion For Knowledge
In 1866, White and her husband James opened the Western Health Reform Institute. The institute needed a full-time medical director, and the Whites took an interest in a young man named James Harvey Kellogg. The White's helped finance his medical education. He devoted himself to his studies and began training for six months at Dr. Russell T. Trall's Hygieo-Therapeutic College.
Kellogg also began to organic chemistry on his own. A determined man in search of a more scientific medical education, he enrolled at the University of Michigan. Later he moved to New York and attended Bellevue Hospital Medical School. While he was in school, Kellogg kept himself on a strict diet of apples, graham crackers and grated coconut. Within a year he graduated to become a doctor. The year was 1875.
What I love about John Harvey Kellogg is that he did not blindly accept that what people were doing was all for the sake of health. He wanted to do his own research to find out for himself if health practices actually helped people become healthy. To satisfy his thirst for knowledge, Kellogg devoted his life to study diet, health and massage.
A Man Ahead Of His Time
In "The Art of Massage," Kellogg says, "When the writer began the therapeutic employment of massage, this method was generally looked upon with more or less suspicion as being closely allied to quackery if not absolutely irregular."
In his book "Plain Facts for Old and Young," published in 1882, Kellogg says this about quacks: "The victims of self-abuse fall an easy prey to the hordes of harpies, fiends in human shape, who are ready at every turn to make capital out of their misfortunes. The newspapers are full of advertisements of these heartless villains."
Kellogg understood very few skilled people were practicing massage. To gain his own understanding, the young doctor toured Stockholm, Sweden, Germany and France, learning everything he could about the massage methods employed by the "expert manipulators abroad." He also studied the treatises and papers written in twenty years preceding his efforts. Kellogg went the extra mile to learn everything he could on the subject of massage -- another reason he is my hero.
Making History In Battle Creek
When Kellogg returned from Europe to Battle Creek in 1876, he took a position as the Western Health Reform Institute's medical doctor and superintendent. He was just 24 years old. For the next sixty-seven years he was the medical director of the historic facility.
Kellogg had taken on a major challenge. He coined the term "sanitarium" and changed the focus of the institute from hydrotherapy to medical and surgical treatment. "A sanitarium," he said, "is a place where people learn to stay well." He renamed it the Battle Creek Sanitarium.
At the Battle Creek Sanitarium, Kellogg, hired and trained masseurs and masseuses to treat patients that were suffering. A training school for nurses was established in 1883. Kellogg advertised jobs for men and women the major magazines of the era. Women and men trained at his school to become nurses studied massage as part of the program.
Kellogg went the extra mile with constant research and study on testing the various methods and systems of massage. He wanted to "eliminate the unnecessary and inefficient, and to develop and perfect those methods capable of securing most definite and prompt re-sults." He penned "The Art of Massage" to present the indications and contraindications of the techniques he used and taught. He sought to classify the different procedures of massage and categorized them in seven different general classes with subdivisions. In his book, he commended Peter Ling of Sweden for devoting his life to helping patients with research efforts into Swedish massage and gymnastics. He also gave credit to treaties created by Graham, Reibmayr, Murrell, Dowse, Schreiber and Tibbitts on their research on massage.
Kellogg was a generous man. He accepted no fees for his work with the Sanitarium or for any of his surgeries and accepted charitable cases. He took it upon himself to create a nutritional program for undernourished children and their mothers in the community.
A little-known fact about Kellogg is that he challenged what women felt they had to do to achieve a good figure and stay in fashion. He contended that "Tight lacing, or compressing the waist with a corset, is a barbarous practice, which produces problems with the organs." Many women with diaphragm, lung and stomach problems from wearing tight corsets were treated in his sanitarium. Perhaps that's why they had those fainting couches for women to lie on when they attending those high fashion parties.
Kellogg also went after tobacco manufacturers, wrote anti-tobacco industry articles and published the book "Tobaccoism," about the morals of smoking, one more reason Kellogg is one of my heroes.
At his sanitarium in 1888, he offered 200 kinds of "baths, douches and fomentations," for his patients. He invented several massage machines used in his sanitarium. The sanitarium's client list grew to 5,000 and the center had annual revenues of $4 million.
A Man Of Contradictions
Kellogg's "Battle Creek Idea" was that good health and fitness were the result of good diet, exercise, correct posture, fresh air, massage and proper rest. But he didn't practice what he preached. The man suffered from anxiety attacks. He overworked himself and was chronically fatigued. He needed help but his temperament kept away the skilled people who could have helped him.
One of the people he did not treat well was closest to him: his brother Will Keith. Will devoted himself to his brother and the sanitarium, but it was very hard on him. Will was very successful and tried to manage his Kellogg's finances but his older brother would not listen and lost money on many businesses, including the Battle Creek Health Food Company and Sanitas Company.
Kellogg forged his modern legacy with the development of wheat and corn flake breakfast cereals. However, his position regarding medical ethics made him reluctant to attach his name to commercial products. That didn't stop Will from enthusiastic marketing that eventually turned Kellogg's Toasted Corn Flakes into a household brand.
Disagreements over the use of the Kellogg name led to legal battles and the brothers parted ways. Meanwhile, the sanitarium was doing well and added a fifteen-story addition in 1928. Unfortunately, the stock market crashed the next year. Rich clients who were the bread and butter of the facility could no longer afford to come. Despite increasing financial difficulties, Kellogg continued to operate, but by 1930, the institution could no longer survive at its current size. In 1942 the main building was sold to the federal government. Dr. Kellogg moved his treatment center to the Fieldstone Annex building up the street.
Kellogg died on December 14, 1943, at the age of 91. He was still active as a physician and administrator to the end. At the time of his death, he held more than 30 patents for food products and processes, as well as exercise, diagnostic and therapeutic machines.
Kellogg tirelessly promoted massage. As a licensed physician, he granted legitimacy to the art and science of massage practice. He was a visionary who trained many women to become nurses with the skills to practice massage. Kellogg is one of my heroes, but everyone in our profession can benefit from learning about the life, times and many accomplishments of John Harvey Kellogg.
Click here for previous articles by Judi Calvert, LMP.
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