resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Movement Assessments: The DC's Sphygmomanometer
I think back to when I was going through chiropractic school outpatient clinic. I was embarrassed to have my family and friends come in for treatment because initial evaluations took three hours to complete.
Helping to Create the Healthiest Generation
The imperative to create the "Healthiest Generation by 2030," envisioned by the American Public Health Association (APHA), was in full force at the APHA's 142nd Annual Meeting held in New Orleans from November 15-19, 2014.
How to Use Online Video as a Tool to Market Your Practice
Health care practitioners, including chiropractors, should consider online videos as a key element of their Internet marketing strategy. In the next three years, videos are expected to account for nearly 70 percent of all consumer online traffic, according to Cisco.
Right Back Where We Started?
More than 25 years after Judge Susan Getzendanner issued her historic opinion in the Wilk v AMA anti-trust case, evidence suggests that despite increasing collaboration between doctors of chiropractic and their allopathic medical counterparts, when it comes to organized medicine, we may be right back where we started.
Acupuncture and its Place in the Integrative Healthcare Practice: The Need to Move from Modality to Profession
Acupuncture and oriental medicine (AOM) has grown and flourished from its inception thousands of years ago in China. In surrounding regions of Asia, AOM developed as a response to differing cultural, pathological, health and wellness care needs.
Taking the Freeze Out of Adhesive Capsulitis
Adhesive capsulitis or "frozen shoulder" is a relatively common condition resulting in severe shoulder pain and global loss of glenohumeral joint range of motion. Incidence of the condition is approximately 3 percent in the general population.
Show Up and Show Respect
I was recently asked about my chiropractic philosophy. My answer surprised my questioner.
News in Brief
While indignation may be your immediate reaction to H.R. 5780, the Protecting the Integrity of Medicare Act of 2014, the American Chiropractic Association suggests the legislation is just what the chiropractic profession needs.
Fight Colorectal Cancer With Folic Acid
CRC is the second most common cause of cancer mortality in the U.S. and Canada. Although genetic susceptibility plays a role in the etiology of CRC, dietary factors, including certain vitamins, have also been shown to influence the development of the disease in various studies.
Chiropractic Research in Review
Occupational LBP in Primary- and High-School Teachers; Treating MVA Complications With Chiropractic Care; Neck Pain: Immediate Effects of Active Scapular Correction; Taping Benefits Stride, Step Length in Fatigued Runners.
I Felt it in My Fingers First
I'm not afraid to say it. Massage therapists make better acupuncturists. I'll tell you how I know, but first I have a question: What do a microcurrent device, a laser and a hippie massage therapist have in common?
Trouble Down Under: San Zhen Therapy for Lower Jiao Issues
In the last several columns, I have discussed many clinical options for utilizing San Zhen or Three Needle Therapy. In this installment, I will continue this trend and discuss several foundational patterns which can be found in several very common clinical presentations.
The Conscious Evolution of Healing: Importance of Opening the Sensory Portals in Classical Chinese Medicine
The Chinese medical classics are not just clinical guides. They give advice; ways we can awaken more fully into conscious awareness.
The Way of Zen Performance Enhancement
Working with elite athletes and implementing various techniques to keep athletes focused and at their optimal performance for a sustained period of time includes incorporating various meditation techniques that counterbalance their sport-specific physical and mental demands, which is an important element of success throughout the years.
The Static Postural Pelvic Exam
I include a static postural analysis in my evaluation routine whether you are a patient in pain or an elite-sport athlete in training. In my day-to-day practice, I require patients to stand still while I "just look" at them.
Happy New Year 2015 Gong Hoy Fat Choi
Welcome to the year of the sheep! We begin a new year guided by the sign of a quietly and creatively organized animal.
AWB Makes a Difference in the Yucatan
We are in the sleepy town of Izamal, located about an hour from the Merida airport where our group arrived last night. Later that morning, on a bus winding through the dusty roads of the Yucatan, fourteen acupuncturists, two facilitators from AWB and two tour guides make their way to the small rustic town of Popola.
The App Advantage: Get More for Less
You may have noticed the list of "app-exclusive" articles in the directory on the front page of the print issue and in the Table of Contents on page 4. You can't find these articles in print or even in our online archives.
Two for One: The Cervical Distraction Test
In today's healthcare system, diagnoses and treatment plans follow a western medical model - especially if you work with attorneys or insurance companies.
Age and Fertility: Why We Should Worry Less About Age and More About Overall Health
Recently, on one of the acupuncture alumni forums, the topic of age and fertility came up when a practitioner posted a question regarding a patient that was about to turn 40-years-old.
Three for One: The Cervical Distraction Test
Taking the time to do an exam is important, but it is time spent. The exam serves as a way to physically validate your clinical impression following a history and clinical consultation.
Professionalism and Evidence-Based Health Care
Today's chiropractors are facing a conundrum with the Affordable Care Act and its health care reform requirements, including evidence-based practice and health technology assessment.
Environmental Toxins: Cause of Modern Illness, Part 2
In Part I of this article, we detailed the variety of environmental toxins assaulting our bodies. These include pesticides and herbicides; plastics; preservatives; cosmetics; gasoline additives, solvents and glues; and heavy metals.
We Get Letters & Email
Rethinking Our Approach to Immunization; Coming Together for the Good of Our Patients.
Ringing in the Billing New Year
What are the new modifiers that replace modifier 59? Will they allow doctors of chiropractic to be paid for 97140, manual therapy, when done with chiropractic manipulation?
Animal Acupuncture Gaining in Popularity
We have just finished the year of the fire hoarse and now it is time to spend some time alone, daydreaming and thinking outside the box in terms of where our profession is headed. The sheep person is well organized and creative so this should not be difficult to do.
April, 2011, Vol. 11, Issue 04
Massage Therapy Education
The Industry Responds
By Gloria Coppola, LMBT
There isn't a week that goes by that someone does not mention to me their concerns or suggestions about massage programs in the United States. Across the U.S., massage students, therapists, instructors and school owners have shared their joys and frustrations regarding the massage schools of today.
As a former school owner, curriculum developer and instructor, I have seen this profession change in many ways (both good and bad) over the last 20 years. Education about the therapeutic benefits of massage has increased among the public sector. And while this is a great step in the right direction for our profession, there is a much more immediate need that waits to be addressed: massage therapy education. Through a recent survey1 along with several individual interviews, I sought to find out what those in this industry are saying about the state of our education. This article is a compilation of their feedback.
Hours of Education and Curriculum
Many individuals I communicated with agreed that the length of time for a massage program is the most significant change needing attention. In the survey of more than 1,000 massage therapists, over 69 percent responded that massage programs should be 700-1,000 hours in length.
Some individuals I interviewed from schools across the U.S. felt that if the programs were longer (or more spaced out) it would allow time for students to develop as a therapist before they are sent on their own. They would have time to integrate their lives, work, and the healing process that comes with being a therapist. In contrast, faster, more condensed six-month programs seem to be rushing students through training for the sole purpose of making money, while inadequately preparing them for business, and likely setting them up for failure or burnout.
Rick Rosen, founder and co-owner of the Body Therapy Institute in North Carolina and executive director of the Alliance for Massage Therapy Education stated that the goal of the organization is to strengthen and improve massage therapy education overall. However, speaking of student curriculum specifically, he highlighted two key areas that schools need to focus on:
His belief, shared with many others, is that some massage programs offer too many modalities with not enough time devoted to the foundational skills that build confidence, knowledge and awareness.
Many in the survey believed that researching the school prior to attendance was highly important as well. The reason being: the standards of education are simply not the same at every school. Why? For a variety of reasons. Do you know some instructors have never taught anything prior to teaching massage? Often, I have walked in a classroom to evaluate an instructor, only to find them sitting behind a desk learning from the very book that they are teaching. Are there natural-born teachers? Yes, we do exist. However, we all need some basic guidance, teaching skills and training to be effective.
Did you know instructors might get hired for a position they don't have the credentials for? Believe me, I know this firsthand after I was offered this scenario at a very popular massage school. Desperation often leads the administration to hire anyone to cover a class. This is mostly due to a lack of quality instructors and often the pay is inadequate for an experienced instructor.
While compiling this article, I had numerous complaints from students about the instructors of today, many complaining that they have two, three or four instructors for one topic. Feelings of frustration build up and eventually they give up on the whole program.
Massage School Programs
With more and more massage programs popping up across the nation, there is a shortage of well-trained and experienced instructors available. In one of my interviews, an owner of a large school in Kansas City, Mo. expressed that he has seen a shift in the industry over the last eight years. He now sees younger students, many of them entering the programs through promotional venues that promise a high-paying salary for minimal education.
In my findings, instructors across the nation expressed their frustration with the lack of maturity in some of these students. They state that there needs to be a level of commitment. However, many students never realize how much work is involved in the study of massage as admissions offices are not informing them of the intensity. Other instructors shared with me that some school administrations do not support their needs for tools and resources and significantly lack understanding of the emotional component that is involved during these trainings.
Another major concern expressed from colleagues was the offering of title IV funding which may allow individuals who are not qualified to pursue a career in massage or have felony records to enter the program. Although they feel these funding programs might help a less fortunate person explore a career in the healing arts, they also recognize the need to screen those with criminal records. It is my understanding that most, if not all states do not allow someone with a felony record to become licensed. However, from personal experience at a school, I found this situation did exist to my dismay.
Renate Novak, former school owner of Health Choices in New Jersey, has been in the massage industry for 40 years. She feels very few educational centers are doing justice for the profession. She states, "Massage can be a life-changing experience." She explains that most therapists don't receive an education that even comes close to the skills that are possible. Her concerns are that the industry has lowered its standards of respect for massage therapists. As an instructor, her biggest challenges were students with difficult personalities and determining how she would facilitate their integration into the group-learning environment. Several other instructors have shared this same view with me as it continues to be one of the major current challenges across the board.
I was speaking with an instructor who teaches at a community college program and she believes that the slower programs enable the students to foster "body memory" in the movements, which allows for greater understanding of palpation skills. While her original training back in the 90s was a shorter program, she expresses her trepidation in being able to keep up with the demands of the program that she attended.
Hence, the associate's degree program she teaches allows students the time to integrate it all, preparing them with more confidence. Another advantage they have is the resources and funding for equipment and supplies that some school budgets just don't have available. However, because they are a college they are limited in presenting material, very often that a private school can address in the healing arts.
Ariana Vincent, a continuing education provider in Texas, says her program prepared her for Swedish massage, but not deep tissue. She feels a thorough core curriculum should be at least 1,000 hours and that instructors need to be more focused and responsive. Her concerns include clinics that are not well supervised, which was another common complaint from students across the nation.
The individuals who were satisfied with their programs came mostly from private schools or schools that employed "experienced" and "inspirational" instructors. Eighty-two percent of the individuals surveyed said instructors should have a minimum of three years experience as a therapist along with instructor training to deal with a variety of situations and difficulties that might arise in a classroom setting.
So why aren't some schools providing these basics? That will have to be another article, and possibly another survey. But perhaps the influx of ill-equipped educational facilities does not understand the depth of this healing modality and therefore, do not focus on these fundamentals. Perhaps they feel giving a back rub is easy to do and there is nothing else involved. Perhaps they are clueless that this profession requires a profound and professional connection with the client. Or perhaps they only care about making money?
Reflection Of My Findings
Too many students come out of the current massage programs ill-prepared and unable to find the employment that had been promised. I am saddened when I hear employers tell me that potential candidates don't even know how to touch with intention. And I am frustrated when I hear instructors tell me they don't feel they can provide a proper education because there isn't enough time written into their curriculum.
My basic education, over 20 years ago, was a program based in the healing and spiritual approach to massage that took nine months to complete. While I may not have understood it all at that time, I feel it provided me with a knowledge and wisdom of this art that allowed me to explore the boundaries of the body, mind and spirit. I gained a deep respect for the human body and the privilege we have to touch another person. Our training was mostly hands-on, which provided me with a level of confidence I rarely see in programs that offer limited hands-on hours. Although, at the time, the anatomy and physiology was limited and required me to take additional training post-graduation, the foundational hands-on skills excelled.
Many colleagues expressed a need for an associate's degree for massage therapists if we want to be recognized as a health care professional. Perhaps, we need different levels of practice from entry level to clinical therapist levels, as I don't believe personally that every individual requires a degree to be an amazing massage therapist.
However, I do feel that every massage therapist should continue their education with quality classes to further their knowledge after they get their license. It is unfortunate that many states do not have any minimum requirement for licensing renewal. As a result, many never pursue their education beyond their basic foundation. I actually had a woman in my class who had not taken a CE class in 15 years because she was in a state that did not require any further training after the massage certification program.
There is so much to pursue and understand in this growing field. Students need to be prepared to be successful and confident. Business courses that are geared toward our industry are a necessity. What good is the education without the knowledge and skills to successfully practice? I receive numerous e-mails from new therapists stating they can't find work, or can't get their private practice going. They are frustrated and disillusioned because they were not prepared for what is really happening in the field.
We have so much to offer as massage therapists! We are caring, compassionate beings here to serve and provide a healing modality and profound touch to some who may never receive it. We need quality education and supportive environments to learn and grow. We need more instructors who care and who are properly trained. We need employment that supports us on this amazing journey to help others.
Thank you to everyone who shared their views and assisted in the compilation of this article. There was a delightfully overwhelming response received. It should be said that there are many fabulous instructors, therapists and schools out there. What I have experienced, through this research and frequent conversations with colleagues, is that there is an overwhelming concern of what is not happening in the advancement of massage education.
We are passionate individuals about this profession and we feel honored that we get to touch the world!
I would love to hear more about what you think of the state of our education. Contact me at and tell me what's on your mind.
Gloria Coppola has been in the healing arts for 25 years. The former owner of a massage school and curriculum writer for several massage schools across the nation, she is now a continuing education provider. Gloria has also contributed articles to several massage publications over the course of her career. Thanks to Ryan's encour-agement you can also enjoy some video clips on massage at massagenetworknews.com. Contact her at MassageProCE.com or email her at
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