resourcesABOUT MT AUTHOR GUIDELINES CLASSIFIEDS EDITORIAL CALENDAR MEDIA GUIDE MASSAGE MART SCHOOLS & EDUCATION FEEDBACK
Natural Cancer Prevention: Pomegranate for the Prostate
In recent years, the ingestion of pure pomegranate juice (8 ounces per day) has been shown in clinical studies with human subjects to slow, and to some degree, reverse, the progression of prostate cancer – the second leading cause of cancer death in North American men.
U.S. Olympians Have a DC in Their Corner
It's probably old news to you that doctors of chiropractic play an increasingly prominent role in treating athletes, from youth sports participants to weekend warriors, to elite / professional competitors.
Dysautonomia: The Medical Condition You May Already Be Treating
TCM practitioners have spent thousands of years healing patients without knowing or needing the names of their diseases as defined by allopathic medicine. We have syndrome names that are both poetic and efficient.
Getting Paid by Medicare Is Getting a Major Adjustment
The 2015 Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) was signed into law to implement a new approach to clinician payments and replace the Sustainable Growth Rate formula.
Using the Lens of Chinese Medicine
One of the most common medications I see in clinical practice on a daily basis is fluoxetine or Prozac. Consequently, I hear many complaints concerning the side effects of this medication and am frequently asked by patients to help manage these side effects with acupuncture and Chinese medicine.
Four Ways to Attract Patients
Acupuncturist A has been in practice for six years and has struggled since day one. She spends as much time and money on marketing as she can, but since her practice is slow, her budget isn't that big.
Pediatric Asthma: A Case Study
I have had very good success with pediatric asthma, combining acupuncture with Chinese herbal products. Treatment is given over four to eight months, twice monthly, with herbal formulas rotated every month.
ITB Syndrome: Treat the Tensor Fascia Latae
Iliotibial band syndrome is usually the result of repetitive knee flexion, such as in runners or cyclists. Pain may be experienced in the knee and/or the hip. The patient may express a sense of the hip dislocating, popping or snapping.
Update from the International AIDS Conference
The 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa, brought together more than 15,000 of the world's leading scientists, activists, funders, policy makers, and consumers from 153 countries.
Treatment Success at the Won Institute
According to the World Health Organization's 2003 report titled, "Acupuncture: Review and Analysis of Controlled Clinical Trials," acupuncture has been shown to improve many physical, emotional, and mental conditions.
Pediatric Footwear: Function Over Fashion
As practitioners, it is not uncommon for parents to bring us their children to treat or ask us questions related to the pediatric population. Children's feet tend to be a perplexing region for parents and practitioners alike.
Integrative Cancer Care: Chiropractic for Chemotherapy-Induced Hiccups
Hiccups (singultus) are a frequent occurrence during cancer treatment. The cause of the hiccups may be the chemotherapy drug itself, such as Cisplatin; or the prophylactic use of corticosteroids such as Decadron, which is used to prevent nausea and/or vomiting.
National Board Apologizes for Testing Issues
The National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) has issued a formal apology following a series of computer-based testing malfunctions that impacted two separate examinations (March and June 2016) and caused "widespread confusion and frustration" to the nearly 1,500 examinees taking the tests.
Power to the Patient
Against a backdrop of splintered political parties, polarizations within nations, civil unrest, and distrust of established government (such as the growing anti-Washington, D.C. sentiment) comes the not-so-surprising finding that health care authorities and practitioners (with perhaps the exception of insurers) are turning over more and more powers to the individual patient.
Decoding the Mystery of Medical Insurance Acceptance
In the constantly evolving profession of acupuncture, one of the least understood areas is medical insurance acceptance. The profession is filled with controversy surrounding this topic: Is it ethical?
Treating Peripheral Neuropathy: Multi-Faceted Approach Including Laser Therapy
Peripheral neuropathy affects at least 20 million people in the United States1 and nearly 60 percent of all people with diabetes suffer from diabetic neuropathy. Many suffer from the disorder without ever identifying the cause.
Going Beyond Just Feeling Good
We all know that most patients come to us for some pain complaint: neck pain, back pain, sciatica, carpal tunnel, etc. We also all know that acupuncture is a great first-line care for these issues, as well as supporting overall health and wellness.
Six Things Every DC Should Know About the Zika Virus
The Zika outbreak continues to spread across the continental United States and U.S. territories. We offer this brief overview on this important public health problem for the practicing doctor of chiropractic.
Workers' Back Pain: Causes, Costs & Solution
You will want to share two important papers published in the past several months. Why? When read separately, each provides valuable information relevant to your patients, community and practice; together, they tell a compelling story.
Upgrade to "Parker 2.0" in Las Vegas
Continuing your education and refining your practice: two key elements of a successful chiropractic career. Parker Seminars promises both as it celebrates its 65th anniversary in Las Vegas next February, according to Parker University President, Dr. William Morgan, and seminar consultant Dr. Mark Sanna.
April, 2011, Vol. 11, Issue 04
How to Help People With Parkinson's
By Ben Benjamin, PhD
Those readers familiar with my column will know that my articles typically deal with pain and injury conditions. This month, I'm excited to address a very different type of ailment, Parkinson's disease (PD), and a type of exercise therapy that can dramatically reduce the symptoms of this disorder.Seeing the effectiveness of this work with clients has been a wonderful surprise and a great learning experience, as well as being deeply gratifying.
What is Parkinson's Disease?
Nearly one million people in the United States are living with PD, a chronic, progressive, neurological disorder with no known cure. Most PD is idiopathic (of unknown cause), but some cases are thought to be caused by genetic factors or exposure to environmental toxins.
PD affects the brainstem, the lowest part of the brain, which connects directly with the spinal cord. Specifically, it affects the neurons (nerve cells) in an area called the substantia nigra. When they are functioning properly, these neurons produce dopamine, a chemical responsible for transmitting movement-related messages. In a person with PD, 60 to 80 percent of those cells become damaged and no longer produce enough dopamine. As a result, the person begins losing the ability to initiate and control their movements.
While brain scans can reveal whether a person's substantia nigra is damaged, there is still no single test or exam that proves the presence of PD. The primary indicators of the disease are four characteristic symptoms: tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia (slowness of movement), and postural instability. As the disease progresses, these movement conditions ultimately result in paralysis. Additional symptoms often associated with PD include fatigue, sleep disorders, cognitive impairment, depression, speech problems, gastrointestinal issues, impulsive behaviors and pain. The development and advancement of PD is somewhat of a mystery and varies by person. For instance, although tremors are commonly a primary symptom, some individuals experience no tremors but instead have problems with balance. While some people quickly become severely physically disabled, others live with a much slower disease progression over 20 to 30 years.
Treatments for PD vary depending on the stage of the disease and the symptoms the individual is experiencing. The medications currently prescribed do not reverse symptoms but can slow their progression. Unfortunately, some drugs may lose their effectiveness over time, cause an allergic reaction, or cause disconcerting side effects, such as dsykinesia (sudden involuntary movement). However, in many cases, finding the right combination of medications can dramatically improve a person's quality of life.
In cases where medication is not sufficient, PD is sometimes treated with deep brain stimulation (DBS). This is a surgical procedure in which a neurostimulator (essentially a "brain pacemaker") is implanted in the brain. The device sends electrical impulses to the specific areas of the brain that control movement, while also blocking the abnormal nerve impulses that people with PD often experience. It can sometimes take up to three months for this treatment to significantly reduce symptoms, but the success rates are high.
In addition to pharmaceutical and surgical treatments, speech and physical therapy are usually helpful. Physical exercise in particular appears to help some of the movement symptoms by improving balance and flexibility and reducing joint stiffness.
As an experienced therapist, I concluded long ago that there was little that hands-on practitioners could do for people with degenerative neurological conditions such as PD. I'm happy to say that over the past few years, I've been proven wrong. As increasing numbers of massage therapists and bodyworkers are discovering, active isolated stretching (AIS), can be enormously helpful in reducing PD symptoms and restoring normal motor function.
Several aspects of AIS help to explain its unique ability to provide neuromuscular benefits. First, every AIS stretch includes a gentle assist. At the end of the client's active range of motion, the practitioner provides just enough assistance to push slightly beyond what the person could do on his or her own, typically adding two or three degrees with each repetition. This means that the muscles are continually moving into new territory. The brain-muscle connection keeps learning to do something new and different, which means new neural pathways are always being created.1
In addition, the stretches in AIS are active, rather than passive. Although the practitioner supports and assists the stretch, each movement is initiated by the client. This further reinforces the connections between the brain and the muscles.2 Repetition of the stretches also promotes nerve development. Instead of a single stretch held for a prolonged period of time, AIS involves six to 12 repetitions of each movement, performed for just two seconds.
Another relevant factor is the reduction of muscle spasticity, which is excessive tone in a muscle that leads it to involuntarily contract when it is stretched or lengthened. It can vary in severity from mild muscle stiffness to severe, painful spasms. In many cases, AIS can effectively resolve spasms and lessen spasticity.
Beyond these specific neuromuscular effects, some of the more general benefits of AIS are very helpful for individuals with degenerative neuromuscular diseases. AIS helps restore the supply of oxygen and nutrients to chronically contracted, blood-starved tissue. Some of the most affected tissues in Parkinson's patients are the "two joint" muscles that act across more than one joint. These include the hamstrings and rectus femoris (hip and knee joints); gastrocnemius (knee and ankle joints); and the psoas (hip joint and multiple joints in the low back). AIS allows for focused stretching on each of these muscles, working toward restoring normal posture and gait. After flexibility has been restored, the focus shifts to building strength through Active Isolated Strengthening.
My First Client With Parkinson's Disease
It's one thing to have a theoretical understanding of how AIS can reduce neuromuscular symptoms; it's quite another to see this in action, with real people who are suffering from progressive degenerative disorders. When I first heard that AIS could help clients with PD, multiple sclerosis, and other neuromuscular conditions, I was extremely skeptical. Only after seeing dramatic improvements in my own clients did I fully accept that this was possible.
My first client with PD, whom I'll call Mary, was a college professor whose symptoms had begun four-and-a-half years earlier. After receiving a critical evaluation from one of her advisees that she thought was unfair, she became distressed and started shaking. This is common; while life stresses do not cause PD, the first signs of the disease often occur during a stressful event. Although she had no problems with balance, she experienced both tremor and rigidity, which interfered with her daily life.
I began treating Mary with hour-long AIS sessions, twice a week. She began to feel increasingly looser, stronger, more flexible, and less rigid. Within about three months, there was a drastic reduction in her symptoms. Previously, her right foot had dragged, and now she could lift it up, even on days when she was under stress. For several years, she hadn't been able to brush her hair with her right hand; now she could do that regularly. She also credits AIS with eliminating an extreme, acute pain in her arm and an annoying pain in her fingers and toe joints, as well as with improving her ability to write. As the years went by, her writing had become smaller and smaller, and she had lost the capacity to write "N"s and "M"s. After several sessions, she could write an "M". Currently, she can write almost as well as she could five years ago.
The AIS work also seems to have affected Mary's sleep. For four years, she had experienced severe sleep troubles that would cause her to get up in the middle of the night, even with the help of medicine. A month and a half after starting AIS treatment, she began sleeping through the night. After about three months, she told me that for the first time in years, she had woken up feeling truly rested and refreshed. Both she and her doctor (a neurologist who specializes in movement disorders) believe that this improvement is due to AIS. Another benefit was being able to halve the dosage of a medication she was taking, which made her sleepy. Before Mary started with AIS, her doctor wanted to put her on the strongest possible medication. After seeing the progress she was making, he decided to postpone this measure.
One of the most inspiring changes to witness was that as Mary's symptoms decreased, she regained her self-confidence. Because her tremors have diminished significantly, to the point where they are usually unnoticeable by others, she is less self-conscious in stressful meetings or other public interactions. (Mary was impressed when her neurologist told her that her PD could be noticed only during a physical exam performed by a specialist.) She also feels much more comfortable eating with her right hand in public than she had in many years.
Mary has participated very actively in her own recovery. I taught her AIS stretches and strength-building exercises for her neck, arms, hands, fingers, legs, feet and toes, and she has continued to do these regularly at home. When she feels any pain coming back in her arm, she does the arm exercises right at that moment, and it goes away again.
In this way, I have found AIS work to be empowering for Mary and for other individuals with neurological conditions (including multiple sclerosis and muscular dystrophy). It is also empowering for me. It has given me the ability to help an entirely new set of clients who don't respond to the other forms of treatment I offer. I find it exciting to see more and more massage therapists and other health practitioners learning these valuable skills.
Click here for more information about Ben Benjamin, PhD.
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